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Encyclopedia > Travelling matte

Matte can take on one of at least two distinct meanings.


Matte in art

Matte or matt can be used to describe a non-glossy finish on a surface; it can also be used to denote the surface surrounding a framed picture, between the picture itself and the frame; usually made from coloured card.


Matte in filmaking

Matte is a process in photography or filmmaking in which film of a live actor is mixed with an artificially created image to give the impression that the actor has a different background or surroundings. Lens and mounting of a large format camera Photography is the process of making pictures by means of the action of light. ... Filmmaking is the act of making a movie using a film recording medium. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...


The original technique was to shoot an actor on a small set through a hole in a sheet of transparent glass or plastic plate bearing a painted background. The camera would be carefully positioned so that the background drawn on the plate would appear to blend with the set as seen from the camera, giving the impression that the actor was in a large space without having to actually build that space. A similar effect, using models and a mirror, is called the Sch├╝fftan process. In drama, the set (or setting) is the location of a storys action. ... A camera is a device used to take pictures (usually photographs), either singly or in sequence, with or without sound, such as with video cameras. ... The Schüfftan process, named after its inventor Eugen Schüfftan (1893–1977), is a movie special effect widely used in the first half of the 20th century. ...


A later development, called the travelling matte, allowed the shape and position of the matte to be altered from frame to frame, enabling greater freedom of composition and movement as the actors did not have to remain within a set portion of the image. If the matte were made exactly the same size and shape as the image of the actor, it was even possible to replace the entire background.


In modern times similar effects have been achieved digitally, see: Bluescreen The bluescreen setup The final image Bluescreen is the film technique of shooting foreground action against an even-lighted blue background, which is then replaced by a separately shot background plate scene by optical composition. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
matte: Definition and Much More From Answers.com (451 words)
Matte or matt can be used to describe a non-glossy finish on a surface; it can also be used to denote the surface surrounding a framed picture, between the picture itself and the frame; usually made from coloured card.
Matte is a process in photography or filmmaking in which film of a live actor is mixed with an artificially created image to give the impression that the actor has a different background or surroundings.
A later development, called the travelling matte, allowed the shape and position of the matte to be altered from frame to frame, enabling greater freedom of composition and movement as the actors did not have to remain within a set portion of the image.
Superman III (2185 words)
Matte painting extensions were used for aerial shots of the chemical plant to add scope.
Over the shoulder shots were filmed with travelling mattes and innovative shadow play against rippled water (filmed in the Pinewood paddock tank) was used to create oil slick An extreme long shot of the event uses plate footage with animated oil slick.
Travelling mattes were used to show Superman head-on energetically dodging the missiles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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