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Encyclopedia > Travel class

A travel class is a quality of accommodation on public transport. The accommodation could be a seat or a cabin for example. Higher travel classes are more comfortable and more expensive. Travel classes are a form of price discrimination. People who travel and stay away from home for more than a day need lodging mainly for sleeping. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... For other pricing strategies and policies see: Pricing Strategies Price discrimination exists when sales of identical goods or services are transacted at different prices from the same provider. ...

Contents


Airlines

Airlines traditionally have three travel classes (although now more longhaul airlines are introducing the Premium Economy concept): A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ...

  • First Class, the highest quality of accommodation available
  • Business Class, high quality, traditionally purchased by business travellers
  • Premium Economy, slightly better Economy Class seating
  • Economy Class (also known as coach, tourist or cattle class), basic accommodation, commonly purchased by leisure travellers

However, with premium travelers choosing private planes and businesses becoming more fare-sensitive, the distinctions between classes have become blurred. First class travel is a particularly high quality travel class offered by passenger airlines, railways and shipping companies. ... Business class (also known as club class or executive class) is a high travel class available on some commercial airlines and raillines. ... Economy class, also known as coach class, is the third or lowest class of seating in airline travel. ...


Three-cabin configuration is found only on international flights. For shorter distances, most airlines fly a two-cabin plane, featuring only Business and Economy Class cabins. The short-haul Business Class cabin is usually designated as "First Class" in North America (domestic).


Some airlines merge their international First and Business classes into a premium business product (for example, Continental Airlines have a BusinessFirst class), whereas others supplement the Business Class cabin with a Premium Economy class cabin. Some flights operated by Singapore Airlines (using their Airbus A340-500 aircraft) offer only Business and Premium Economy Class service. Some airlines, such as Japan Airlines and Lufthansa, offer flights with only a Business Class service. Singapore Airlines Limited (Abbreviated: SIA; Chinese: 新加坡航空公司; Pinyin: Xīnjīapō Hángkōng Gōngsī; abbreviated 新航) (IATA: SQ, ICAO: SIA, and Callsign: Singapore) SGX: S55 is the national airline of Singapore, and the worlds second-biggest carrier by market value. ... Japan Airlines Corporation ) (TYO: 9205 ), or JAL, is the largest airline operator in Asia. ... Lufthansa (Deutsche Lufthansa AG) is the largest German airline. ...


Most low-cost carriers only provide an Economy Class. The costs of extra services and amenities afforded to the premium cabins is eliminated, and more seats can be installed on an aircraft. Boeing 737-200 of low-cost Irish airline Ryanair A low-cost carrier or low cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ...


Fare class

Within each travel class there are often different fare classes, relating to ticket or reservation restrictions and used to enhance opportunities for price discrimination. Passengers within the same travel class receive the same quality of accommodation and may indeed sit next to each other; however, the price or restrictions they face for that accommodation will vary depending on the fare class. Fare classes may also vary by how far ahead the ticket must be purchased, or how long the length of stay is. For example, full fare economy class passengers (booking code Y) are usually able to make changes to their reservation, while discount economy class passengers in the lowest booking code usually have tickets that are non-refundable, non-upgradeable, non-transferable, or non-changeable without a hefty fee. For other pricing strategies and policies see: Pricing Strategies Price discrimination exists when sales of identical goods or services are transacted at different prices from the same provider. ...


Airline fare classes are commonly indicated by letter codes, but the exact hierarchy and terms of these booking codes vary greatly from carrier to carrier.


First class codes

  • A, F, P, R, Z

On domestic flights, F commonly indicates first class on a two-cabin plane. If a three-cabin aircraft is used, P (for "premium") may be used to distinguish the higher level of service in first class. The R code indicated supersonic transport and is no longer used with the retirement of the Concorde. The A and Z codes may indicate a first class ticket whose fare is reduced due to restrictions on refunds, advance reservation requirements, or other terms. A supersonic transport (SST) is a civil aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound. ... The Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde supersonic transport (SST) was one of only two models of supersonic passenger airliners to have seen commercial service. ...


The codes in short:

  • A = First Class Discounted,
  • F = First Class,
  • P = First Class Premium,
  • R = Supersonic (concorde),
  • Z = Business Class Discounted
  • (a lowercase "n" after any class code indicates Night Service)

Business class codes

  • C, J, D, I

On many airlines, C or J indicate full fare business class, whereas discounted and thus restricted and un-upgradeable fares are represented by D or I.


The codes in short:

  • C = Business Class,
  • D = Business Class Discounted,
  • J = Business Class Premium
  • (a lowercase "n" after any class code indicates Night Service)

Economy class codes

  • Full fare: Y, B, H
  • Standard fare: M, N
  • Special or discount fares: G, I, K, L, O, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X

In most airlines, a full fare, unrestricted economy ticket is booked as a Y fare. Full fare tickets with restrictions on travel dates, refunds, or advance reservations are commonly classed as B, H, or M, although some airlines may use S, W, or others. Heavily discounted fares, commonly T or W, not only will not permit cabin upgrades, refunds, or reservation changes, but may require Internet booking, not issue credit miles or elite status credit in a frequent flyer program, or impose many other restrictions. Other fare codes are restricted for use by consolidators, group charters, or travel industry professionals. A frequent flyer program is a service offered by many airlines to reward customer loyalty. ...


Most low-cost carriers have greatly simplified the fare classes they use to a handful of cases, unlike the dozens employed by a traditional airline. While some traditional carriers have followed, others continue to prefer price discrimination over commoditization.


The codes in short:

  • B = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • E = Shuttle Service (No reservation allowed), or Economy/Coach Discounted
  • G = Conditional Reservation
  • H = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • K = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • L = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • M = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • N = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • Q = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • R = Economy/Coach Heavily discounted
  • S = Economy/Coach
  • T = Economy/Coach Discounted, or Premium
  • U = Shuttle Service (No res. needed/Seat guaranteed)
  • V = Economy/Coach Discounted
  • W = Economy/Coach Premium
  • Y = Economy/Coach
  • (a lowercase "n" after any class code indicates Night Service)

Trains

Trains often have first class (the higher class) and second class (known as standard class in the UK). For trains with sleeping accommodation, there may be more levels of luxury.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Science Fair Projects - Travel class (782 words)
A travel class is a quality of accommodation on public transport.
Passengers within the same travel class receive the same quality of accommodation and may indeed sit next to each other; however, the price or restrictions they face for that accommodation will vary depending on the fare class.
For example, full fare economy class passengers (booking code Y) are usually able to make changes to their reservation, while discount economy class passengers in the lowest booking code usually have tickets that are non-refundable, non-upgradeable, non-transferable, or non-changeable without a hefty fee.
Travel class - definition of Travel class in Encyclopedia (625 words)
A travel class is a quality of accommodation on public transport.
Travel classes are a form of price discrimination.
For example, full fare economy class passengers (booking code Y) are usually able to make changes to their reservation, while discount economy class passengers in the lowest booking code usually have tickets that are non-refundable, non-upgradeable, non-transferable, or non-changeable without a hefty fee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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