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Encyclopedia > Trauma center

A trauma center is a hospital equipped to perform as a casualty receiving station for the emergency medical services by providing the best possible medical care for traumatic injuries 24 hours a day, 365 days per year. Trauma centers were established as the medical establishment realized that such injuries often require immediate and complex surgery to save the patient. A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Emergency medical service (known by the acronym of EMS in the USA and Canada) is a branch of medicine that is performed in the field, pre-hospital, (i. ... In medicine, a trauma patient has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death. ... A thoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, November 1990. ...


In order to qualify as a trauma center, a hospital must have a number of complex capabilities including a well-stocked emergency department, a high-quality intensive care ward, and an operating room staffed around the clock. A trauma service is led by a team of trauma surgeons, including specialists such as neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons. ER Docs are an optional helper group. The team has immediate access to advanced diagnostic equipment such as a computed tomography (CT) scanner. Most importantly are the surgical specialists who can stop bleeding and stem infection. Surgeons are the main component in trauma centers that save lives through surgery and inpatient critical care. A trauma center may have a helipad for receiving patients by MEDEVAC and usually has well-developed contingency plans for disasters. Trauma Surgeons practice the last subspecialty of General Surgery to be created. ... Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline focused on treating the central and peripheral nervous system. ... This fracture of the lower cervical vertebrae, known as a teardrop fracture is one of the conditions treated by orthopaedic surgeons. ... CT apparatus in a hospital Computed tomography (CT), originally known as computed axial tomography (CAT or CAT scan) and body section roentgenography, is a medical imaging method employing tomography where digital geometry processing is used to generate a three-dimensional image of the internals of an object from a large... A helipad is a landing area for a helicopter. ... Airbus A310 MRT MedEvac of the German Airforce. ...


Trauma centers have a limited number of beds, and can be limited as well by the amount of blood available for use in transfusion or surgery. Like other hospitals, trauma centers overwhelmed by patients during a disaster may be forced to close their doors and send incoming patients to other regional care facilities. Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ...


The operation of a trauma center is extremely expensive. Some areas are under-served by trauma centers because of this expense (for example, Harborview Medical Center in Seattle serves the states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Alaska). In Florida, Orlando Regional Medical Center, built to serve five counties, serves more than twenty. Still, in many cases, persons injured in remote areas and brought to a trauma center by helicopter can receive faster and better care than a person injured in a city and taken to a normal hospital by ground ambulance. History Harborview Medical Center began as a six-bed King County welfare hospital in a two-story South Seattle building in 1877. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Emerald City Location Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Washington King County Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels Geographical characteristics Area     City 369. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) None Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26 N to 49° N  - Longitude 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Mil (Russian Federation) Mi-8, by far the most common model of helicopter in the world with more than 12 thousand units built, sixfold quantity comparing to production of the second most common model Sikorsky S-70. ... An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ...


In the United States, trauma centers are ranked in four categories, from a limited care facilities in Level III up to comprehensive service in Level I centers. Some centers specialize in adult or pediatric care. A Level III trauma center provides Emergency medicine to trauma patients who do not need the services of a Level I or a Level II trauma center. ... Level I trauma center provides the highest level of Surgical care to trauma patients. ... The term adult describes any mature organism, but normally it refers to a human: one that is no longer a child / minor and is now either a man or a woman. ... Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants and children. ...


The concept of a trauma center was developed at the University of Maryland, Baltimore in the 1960s and 1970s by heart surgeon and shock researcher R Adams Cowley, who founded what became the Shock Trauma Center in Baltimore, Maryland. [1] The first trauma center in the United States opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, in 1966. [2] University of Maryland, Baltimore, (also known as UMB, and occasionally as UMAB due to its former name, University of Maryland at Baltimore) was founded in 1807. ... Shock Trauma Center is a shortening and a common reference to the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center located at the University of Maryland, Baltimore Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Cook County Hospital is the fictional hospital in the NBC series ER ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ...


See also

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trauma center - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (687 words)
Trauma centers were established as the medical establishment realized that such injuries often require immediate and complex surgery to save the patient.
Trauma centers have a limited number of beds, and can be limited as well by the amount of blood available for use in transfusion or surgery.
The concept of a trauma center was developed at the University of Maryland, Baltimore in the 1960s and 1970s by heart surgeon and shock researcher R Adams Cowley, who founded what became the Shock Trauma Center in Baltimore, Maryland.
Trauma center - definition of Trauma center in Encyclopedia (374 words)
A trauma center is a hospital equipped to perform as a casualty receiving station for the emergency medical services by providing the best possible medical care for traumatic injuries on a 24 hour, 7 days per week, 365 days per year basis.
The trauma center is so-named because a trauma patient often requires immediate and complex surgery in order to survive.
One reason for the establishment of trauma centers is the recognition in emergency medicine that trauma patients often needed immediate surgery, when most emergency rooms lacked the staff required to perform the surgery immediately.
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