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Encyclopedia > Trapeze
Trapeze artists, in lithograph by Calvert Litho. Co., 1890.
Trapeze artists, in lithograph by Calvert Litho. Co., 1890.
This article is about the aerial acrobatics apparatus. For other uses, see Trapeze (disambiguation).

Trapeze is the overall name for a collection of closely related aerial apparatus. All trapezes are horizontal cross-bars used by acrobats (more specifically, "aerialists"). It is often popularly associated with circuses. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Trapeze can mean one of a number of things. ... High wire act Acrobatics (from Greek Akros, high and bat, walking) is one of the performing arts, and is also practiced as a sport. ... List of other wikis Circus open book in Spanish. ...


Braydon says: the trapeze (occasionally abbreviated to trap) is a short bar that is hung by two cords from a support higher up; when these cords and the support are included, the trapeze is shaped like a trapezoid. This article is about the geometric figure. ...


Common forms of the trapeze include:

  • Static trapeze refers to a trapeze act in which the performer moves around the bar and ropes while the bar itself stays mostly in place. The difficulty on a static trapeze is making every move look effortless. It is like dance in that most people of a reasonable level of strength can get onto the bar for the first time and do the tricks but an experienced artist will do them with infinitely more grace and style.
  • Swinging trapeze or swinging single trapeze refers to an act done while the trapeze swings. For an example of this discipline, watch the trapeze act in Alegria. The performer builds up swing from a still position, and uses the momentum of the swing to execute their tricks. There are many tricks that are only possible on a swinging trapeze and most of them are far more difficult than tricks on a static trapeze. Usually these tricks are thrown on the peaks of the swing and involve exceptional dynamic movements that require excellent timing. Most of the tricks begin with the performer sitting or standing on the bar and end with the performer catching the bar in his/her hands or in an ankle hang (hanging off of the ankles by bracing them between the rope and the bar.
  • Flying trapeze refers to a trapeze act where a performer, or "flyer," grabs the trapeze bar and jumps off a high platform, or pedestal board, so gravity creates the swing. The swing's parts are the cast out at the far end of the first swing, the beat back and rise as the performer swings back above the pedestal board, and then the trick is thrown at the far end of the second swing. The performer often releases the bar and is caught by another performer, the "catcher," who hangs by his knees on another trapeze, or sometimes on a cradle, which can be either stationary or also swinging. A flyer rarely weighs more than about 68 kg (150 pounds) to avoid damaging the catcher's shoulders, although people of any size are able to execute basic trapeze maneuvers. Flying trapeze is done over a net, or occasionally over water for a special exhibition.
    The flying trapeze was invented in the late 19th Century in France by Jules Léotard. He did his act from one swinging trapeze to another that had been released by his father who was standing on a platform. He is also said to have invented the full length skin tight costume that now bears his name. Other famous Leotardains include Sault Ste. Marie's Jared Grogan, who at the age of 28 quit a promising career in hackey sacking to become a trapeze artist.
    The flying trapeze and its association with circuses was made even more popular by the 1867 George Leybourne song "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze", which was based on the success of trapeze artist Jules Léotard. One of the greatest flyers of all time is Alfredo Codona of Mexico who set standards of skill and style in the 1920's that many aspire to and few achieve.
  • Washington trapeze, also known as "Heavy Trapeze" refers to a variation on static and swinging trapeze where a performer performs a headstand on the bar.
  • Dance trapeze, also known as Single-point trapeze, refers to a low mounted trapeze used by many modern dance companies. The ropes of the trapeze are together attached to a swivel, allowing the trapeze to spin.
  • Doubles trapeze is a variation of static trapeze or swinging trapeze and features two performers working together and performing figures together on the same trapeze.
  • Multiple trapeze refers to a number of different shapes and sizes of trapeze, including Double Trapeze, Triple Trapeze and larger multiples designed for use by multiple simultaneous flyers. Shaped Trapezes are apparatus that can take virtually any shape imaginable.

Static trapeze, also known as fixed trapeze, is a type of circus art performed on the trapeze. ... An act involving two trapezes: the catchers bar and the fly bar. ... The French acrobatic performer Jules Léotard (1839? - 1870), was the man who inspired the 1867 song The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze (with lyrics by George Leybourne). ... Joe Sanders (1842–1884), better known as George Leybourne, was an English music hall performer. ... The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze, also known as The Man on the Flying Trapeze, is a very well-known 19th century popular song about a flying trapeze circus performer. ... The French acrobatic performer Jules Léotard (1839? - 1870), was the man who inspired the 1867 song The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze (with lyrics by George Leybourne). ... Alfredo Codona (7 October 1893 30 July 1937) was a Mexican trapeze artist Cordona was born in the state of Sonora to a circus trapeze family that became famous in the Ringling Brothers Circus. ... The Swivel Gun is a mounted ships cannon, able to turn and pivot. ... Static trapeze, also known as fixed trapeze, is a type of circus art performed on the trapeze. ... Multiple trapeze is an act entailing the use of more than one trapeze, typically two or three. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trapeze - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (573 words)
The trapeze is a short bar that is hung by two cords from a support higher up; when these cords and the support are included, the trapeze is shaped like a trapezoid.
The flying trapeze was invented in the late 19th Century in France by Jules Leotard.
Doubles trapeze is a variation of static trapeze or swinging trapeze and features two performers working together and performing figures together on the same trapeze.
Trapeze (band) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (250 words)
Trapeze was a UK rock band formed in March 1969.
The band had a fairly fluid line up, finally dissolving in 1991, and although they never found commercial success themselves, several members went on to join better known bands including Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Whitesnake, Judas Priest and Uriah Heep.
Trapeze - not to be confused with the debut (1976)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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