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Encyclopedia > Transportation in Iran



total: 6,130 km

broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge (connected to Pakistan Railways)

standard gauge: 6,036 km 1.435-m gauge (187 km electrified)

note: broad-gauge track is employed at the borders with Azerbaijan Republic and Turkmenistan which have 1.524-m broad-gauge rail systems; 41 km of the standard-gauge, electrified track is in suburban service at Tehran (2001) City with underground railway system: Tehran In 2002, the Iran Parliament approved the funding of a new line from Mashhad towards Herat across the border in Afghanistan. Metro is: a general term, synonymous with rapid transit, subway or underground, for an urban underground rail public transit system (see list of rapid transit systems); any of several specific public transport systems, including: Bi-State Development Agency in Missouri and Illinois, d/b/a Metro since 2003 Buffalo Metro... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran Tehran is Irans commercial, economic, and political capital. ...

Railway links with adjacent countries

  • Afghanistan - planned
  • Azerbaijan - break-of-gauge 1435mm/1524mm
  • Armenia - ??
  • Iraq - part under construction, part planned.
    • one longish link heads directly for the Iraqi capital
    • one short link of about 50km links Khorramshahr to Basra and is due for completion in March 2006.

With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran (Persia). ... Location of Basra Basra (also spelled Başrah or Basara; historically sometimes written Busra, Busrah, and the early form Bassorah; Arabic: , Al-Basrah) is the second largest city of Iraq with an estimated population of c. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Lake Van from space, September 1996 Lake Van Landsat photo Lake Van (Turkish Van Gölü, in Armenian: Վանա լիճ) is the largest lake in Turkey, located in the far east of the country. ... Railways: total: 2,187 km broad gauge: 2,187 km 1. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ...


total: 167,157 km paved: 94,109 km (including 890 km of expressways) unpaved: 73,048 km (2000est.)


total: 904 km note: the Arvandrud is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use. The Shatt al-Arab (Arabic: شط العرب, Stream of the Arabs) or Arvand (called اروندرود: arvandrūd in Persian), also called the Shatt-al-Arab waterway, is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200 km in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al...


crude oil 5,900 km; petroleum products 3,900 km; natural gas 4,550 km Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petrus – rock and oleum – oil), mineral oil, or crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths...

Ports and harbors

Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali, Bushehr, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman, Chabahar (Bandar-e Beheshti), Kharg island, Lavan island, Sirri island, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Noshahr Abadan (آبادان in Persian) is a city in the Khuzestan Province of southwestern Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Ahvaz The township of Ahvaz (Persian: اهواز Ä€vāz), is built on the banks of the Karun River in the middle of the Iranian province of Khuzestan. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Bushehr or Bushire (بوشهر), pop. ... Chabahar (in Persian چابهار) is an Iranian city and free port on the coast of the Sea of Oman. ... Kharg Island from space, April 1993 Kharg Island (Arabic: Jazirat Kharg, also sometimes written as Khark Island) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. ... Lavan may refer to: Lavan, an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf. ... Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran (Persia). ... Noshahr (also written Nowshahr, Noushahr and نوشهر in persian) is a port city in the province of Mazandaran in northern Iran. ...

Merchant marine

total: 138 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,517,751 GRT/6,208,230 DWT ships by type: bulk 45, cargo 36, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 1, container 7, liquified gas 1, multi-functional large load carrier 6, petroleum tanker 26, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off 9, short-sea passenger 1 (1999 est.)


288 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 112
over 3,047 m: 38
2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
1,524 to 2,437 m: 23
914 to 1,523 m: 24
under 914 m: 6 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 176
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 123
under 914 m: 32 (1999 est.)

National airline:

An Iranair Boeing 747-100 lands over the houses at London (Heathrow) Airport Iran Air is the national and international airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ...


15 (2005 est.)

See also

External links

  • Iran airfields
  • Travel to/in Iran

  Results from FactBites:
Urban Transportation in IRAN (Part I) (723 words)
Transportation is vital to the dynamism of a City and the well being of its citizens, without access to good passenger and freight transportation services, economic development stalls.
Among the problems cities are grapping with in the transportation arena: maintenance costs, skyrocketing investment, growing traffic congestion, escalating air pollution diminishing access of the poor to transportation services, rising levels of oil dependence.
Transportation sector in Iran is one of the largest consumers of oil and one of most rapidly growing, particularly in the country with strong economics that are seeing rapid increase in their car population.
  More results at FactBites »



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