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Encyclopedia > Transportation in Greater Tokyo
Shinkansen at Tokyo Station
Shinkansen at Tokyo Station
Tokyo subway line map
Tokyo subway line map
The Ginza Line, Asia's oldest subway line, first opened in 1927.
The Ginza Line, Asia's oldest subway line, first opened in 1927.
JR Yamanote Line
JR Yamanote Line

The transportation network in Greater Tokyo includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; and commercial shipping. While the nexus is in the downtown parts of Tokyo, every part of the Greater Tokyo Area has rail, road, air, or sea transportation service. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 401 KB) Description: 500 series Shinkansen train at Tokyo Station, Tokaido Shinkansen Source: っs file Date: October 2005 Author: っ Permission: as follows Copyrighted by っ Also CC-by-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 401 KB) Description: 500 series Shinkansen train at Tokyo Station, Tokaido Shinkansen Source: っs file Date: October 2005 Author: っ Permission: as follows Copyrighted by っ Also CC-by-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1409, 108 KB) Summary Map of Tokyo subway system, made by me, based on a number of Tokyo subway maps. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1409, 108 KB) Summary Map of Tokyo subway system, made by me, based on a number of Tokyo subway maps. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Ginza Line (Click on image to enlarge. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 813 KB)JR Yamanote line train. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 813 KB)JR Yamanote line train. ... Tokyo ) (help· info), literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized downtown area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the metropolis of Tokyo and the prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ...


Public transportation within Tokyo is dominated by an extensive network of clean and efficient, if occasionally very crowded trains and subways run by a variety of operators, with buses, monorails and trams playing a secondary role. Outside the center, the emphasis shifts to include greater emphasis on automobile, bus, and truck transportation.

Contents


Airports

Two airports handle the vast majority of commercial flights in the region. Tokyo International Airport (Haneda) in Ota, Tokyo is the primary field for domestic flights. Narita International Airport in Narita, Chiba Prefecture is the major gateway for international travelers. Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai KÅ«kō) (IATA: HND, ICAO: RJTT) is an airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan (35°33′8″N, 139°46′47″E). ... ÅŒta (Japanese: 大田区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Narita International Airport (Japanese: 成田国際空港 Narita Kokusai KÅ«kō) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... The street of Narita-san temple Narita ) is a city located in Chiba, Japan. ... Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ...


Other airfields in the area:

In addition, the Greater Tokyo area hosts military bases with airfields: Chofu Airport is an airport located in Japan, west of central Tokyo. ... Chōfu (調布市; -shi) is a city located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Hachijojima (八丈島; Hachijo Island) is a Japanese island in the Pacific Ocean, 300km south of Tokyo. ... View from Kozushima Miyakejima is an island in the Izu group, southeast of Honshu, Japan. ... Tokyo Heliport (東京へリポート) is a heliport in Koto, Tokyo, mainly used for chartered flights, in the Greater Tokyo Area. ...

Yokota Air Base is home to C-130 Hercules aircraft similar to this one photographed in Iraq Yokota Air Base (横田空軍基地), a base of the United States Air Force, is located in Fussa City (福生市) and nearby communities in the suburbs of Tokyo, Japan. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces. ... The Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) (kanji:航空自衛隊 koukuu jieitai) is the aviation branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and other aerospace operations. ... NAF Atsugi is a United States Navy base located between Yamato City and Ayase City in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations around the globe. ... The Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) is the maritime branch of the Japanese Self-Defense Force, tasked with the naval defense of Japan and formed following the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Navy after World War II. The force is based strictly on defensive armament, lacking the offensive weapons...

Railways and subways

Rail is the primary mode of transportation in Tokyo, which has the most extensive urban railway network in the world and an equally extensive network of surface lines. Most lines in Tokyo are privately owned and operated, with the exception of Toei Subway (run directly by the metropolitan government). Railway and subway lines are highly integrated; commuter trains from the suburbs continue directly into the subway network on many lines, often emerging on the other side of the city to serve another company's surface line. It is estimated some 20 million people take the 70 plus train lines and go through 1000 stations in the metropolitan area daily. Shinjuku Station is the busiest train station in the world by passenger throughput. South side of Shinjuku Station Ōedo Line Ōedo Line Ticket gates on the Ōedo Line A northbound Saikyo Line train bound for Kawagoe takes on passengers at Shinjuku Station. ...


JR

East Japan Railway Company, or JR East, is the largest passenger railway company in the world. It operates throughout the Greater Tokyo area (as well as the rest of northeastern Honshu). Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div...


In addition to operating some long-haul Shinkansen ("bullet train" lines), JR East operates Tokyo's largest railway network, including the Yamanote Line loop that encircles the center of Tokyo, and commuter lines linking the city with the region. These include the Keihin-Tohoku Line between Saitama and Yokohama, the Chuo Line to West Tokyo, and the Sobu Line to Chiba. The Keiyo serves nearby parts of Chiba. The Yokohama, Tokaido, and Yokosuka Lines serve the southwestern parts of the area. Shinkansen 0 Series at Fukuyama Station, April 2002 Shinkansen 500 Series at Kyoto Station, March 2005 300 (Left) and 700 Series Shinkansen at Tokyo Station The Shinkansen (Japanese: 新幹線) is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan. ... Passengers prepare to board a train on the Yamanote Line 205 series Cattle wagon before the morning rush Display within Yamanote Line car shows next stop and route map The Yamanote Line (山手線; Yamanote-sen) is one of Tokyos busiest and most important commuter lines. ... A northbound Keihin-Tohoku line rapid train bound for Minami-Urawa pauses at Ueno Station The Keihin-Tohoku Line (京浜東北線) is a 59 km railway line in Japan that connects the cities of Saitama, Warabi, Kawaguchi, Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Yokohama. ... Commuter train on Chuo Line at Tokyo Station Chuo Main Line The Chuo Main Line (中央本線), commonly called the Chuo Line, is one of the trunk lines of JR, the intercity rail group in Japan. ... Sōbu Main Line (総武本線 Sōbu-honsen) is a railway line between Tokyo and the east coast of Chiba Prefecture, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. ... Keiyo Line The Keiyō Line ) is a railroad that connects Tokyo Station in Tokyo, Japan and Soga Station in the city of Chiba, in Chiba Prefecture. ... Tokaido Main Line The Tōkaidō Main Line (東海道本線 Tōkaidō-honsen) is the busiest trunk line of Japan Railway (JR), connecting Tokyo Station and Kobe Station. ... A northbound Yokosuka Line train bound for Narita Airport passes a grade crossing outside of the Kita-Kamakura station. ...


Many additional lines form a network outside the center of the city. Among these are the Hachiko, Itsukaichi, Joban, Joetsu, Kawagoe Line, Musashino, Ome, Negishi, Nambu, Sagami, Takasaki, and Tsurumi Lines. The Hachiko Line (八高線, -sen) is a 92 km regional railway line in the East Japan Railway Company system in Tokyo, Saitama, and Gunma Prefectures in Japan. ... The Itsukaichi Line (五日市線) is a railway line of JR East in Tokyo, Japan. ... Jōban Line. ... The Joetsu Line is a major rail line in Japan. ... The Kawagoe Line (Japanese: 川越線 Kawagoe Sen) is a 30. ... The Musashino Line (武蔵野線) is a railway line of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East). ... Categories: Stub | Railway lines of Japan ... A northbound Keihin-Tohoku line rapid train bound for Minami-Urawa pauses at Ueno Station The Keihin-Tohoku Line (京浜東北線) is a 59 km railway line in Japan that connects the cities of Saitama, Warabi, Kawaguchi, Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Yokohama. ... Categories: Stub | Railway lines of Japan ... The Sagami Line (相模線) is a railway line in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ... The Takasaki Line (Japanese: 高崎線 Takasaki Sen) is a 74. ... 103 Series train running on the Tsurumi Line The Tsurumi Line (鶴見線) is part of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) rail network in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ...


JR East is also the majority stockholder in the Tokyo Monorail, one of the world's most commercially successful monorail lines. Tokyo Monorail (東京モノレール) is a monorail system connecting Tokyo International Airport to Hamamatsucho Station in downtown Tokyo, Japan. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, a modern straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a transit system, resembling a metro or railroad with a track consisting of a beam (guideway), not a single rail as is commoly thought, as opposed to the traditional track with two parallel rails. ...


Other carriers operating in Tokyo

Regional railways carry commuters into the center of Tokyo. These include several private railway networks.

Some private and public carriers operate within the boundaries of Tokyo. Keihin Electric Express Railway (京浜急行電鉄) Keihin Electric Express Railway Co. ... Shinagawa (品川駅; -eki) is the first major station south of Tokyo Station and is a major interchange between the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, several JR commuter and regional lines as well as the private Keihin KyÅ«kō (京浜急行) line. ... Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai KÅ«kō) (IATA: HND, ICAO: RJTT) is an airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan (35°33′8″N, 139°46′47″E). ... The Keio Electric Railway (京王電鉄 Keio Dentetsu) is a private railway in Tokyo, Japan. ... South side of Shinjuku Station Ōedo Line Ōedo Line Ticket gates on the Ōedo Line A northbound Saikyo Line train bound for Kawagoe takes on passengers at Shinjuku Station. ... The Keisei Electric Railway (京成電鉄 Keisei Dentetsu, Keisei Dentetu) is a major private railway in Chiba and Tokyo, Japan. ... Ueno Station was the destination of thousands of laborers from the Tohoku region who came to Tokyo seeking employment. ... Narita International Airport (Japanese: 成田国際空港 Narita Kokusai KÅ«kō) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... The Odakyu Electric Railway (小田急電鉄 Odakyu Dentetsu) is a major private railway company in Tokyo, Japan, best known for its express trains from Tokyo to Odawara,Enoshima, and Hakone. ... South side of Shinjuku Station Ōedo Line Ōedo Line Ticket gates on the Ōedo Line A northbound Saikyo Line train bound for Kawagoe takes on passengers at Shinjuku Station. ... Categories: Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Mt. ... Seibu Railway train in the city of Higashi Murayama, Tokyo The Seibu Railway Company, Ltd. ... South side of Shinjuku Station Ōedo Line Ōedo Line Ticket gates on the Ōedo Line A northbound Saikyo Line train bound for Kawagoe takes on passengers at Shinjuku Station. ... Ikebukuro Station (池袋駅 Ikebukuro-eki) is Tokyos second-busiest train station, after Shinjuku Station. ... Tobu Railway (東武鉄道) is a commuter railway company in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan as well as an intercity and regional operator. ... Ikebukuro Station (池袋駅 Ikebukuro-eki) is Tokyos second-busiest train station, after Shinjuku Station. ... Also means Express train 特急 The Tokyo Kyuko Electric Railway (東京急行電鉄 Tōkyō KyÅ«kō Dentetsu), better known as Tokyu(東急), is a major private railway operator in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan. ... Shibuya station platform The statue of Hachiko is a famous meeting place. ... Trains of Tsukuba Express (Type TX-2000) The Tsukuba Express (Japanese : つくばエクスプレス) is a railway line of the Metropolitan Intercity Railway Company (首都圏新都市鉄道, Shuto-ken Shin Toshi Tetsudō) that links Akihabara Station in Chiyoda ku, Tokyo, and Tsukuba Station in the city of Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. ... Akihabara Station (秋葉原駅; -eki) is located in Tokyos Chiyoda ward. ... Tsukuba (Japanese: つくば市 Tsukuba-shi) is a planned city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. ...

Tama Toshi Monorail (多摩都市モノレール) is the third-sector company that operates the Tama Toshi Monorail Line in western Tokyo, Japan. ... Tachikawa (立川市; -shi) is a city located in western Tokyo, Japan. ... The Toden Arakawa Line (都電荒川線) is a streetcar line in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Tokyo Waterfront Railway (東京臨海高速鉄道 Tokyo Rinkai Kosoku Tetsudo, or Rinkai Line) is a private railway in Tokyo, Japan, connecting Tokyo to the artificial islands of Aomi and Odaiba in Tokyo Bay. ... New Transit Yurikamome (新交通ゆりかもめ) is an automated guideway transit service operated by the Tokyo Waterfront New Transit Corporation, connecting Shinbashi to Ariake on the artificial island of Odaiba in Tokyo, Japan. ...

Subways in Tokyo

new Tokyo Metro sign and logo This office tower, above Tokyo Metro Ueno Station, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metro. ... The Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (東京都交通局 Tōkyō-to Kōtsū-kyoku) is Tokyos public transportation authority. ... The Toden Arakawa Line (都電荒川線) is a streetcar line in Tokyo, Japan. ...

Railways outside of Tokyo

The Chiba Urban Monorail (千葉都市モノレール Chiba toshi monoreru) is a third-sector transportation system operating two lines. ... Ina Line (Japanese: 伊奈線 Ina Sen) is a 12. ... The Saitama Rapid Railway or Saitama Kosokutetsudo (埼玉高速鉄道線)is the continuation of the Namboku Line which starts at Akabane-iwabuchi station in Tokyo and ends at Saitama Misono Station in Saitama. ... Keisei Type 3600 trainset in Shibayama Railway livery Shibayama Railway (芝山鉄道) is a railway company in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ... The Yokohama subway network in Yokohama, Japan is operated by two groups. ...

Buses

Toei bus
Toei bus

Tokyo's metropolitan government operates Toei buses mainly within the 23 special wards while private bus companies operate other bus routes. Bus transportation is convenient for places far from the train or subway stations. Most bus routes stop or terminate at a train or subway station, and they can be quite complicated with no signs in English. The Toei buses charge 200 yen per ride which the customer pays while boarding. Buses run by other companies may charge according to distance, and the customer pays when leaving the bus.
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (東京都交通局 Tōkyō-to Kōtsū-kyoku) is Tokyos public transportation authority. ... The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ...


Roads

This marker in Nihonbashi is the place from which distances along highways are reckoned.
This marker in Nihonbashi is the place from which distances along highways are reckoned.

Nihombashi, Chuo, Tokyo, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Nihombashi, Chuo, Tokyo, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ...

Local roads

National, prefectural and metropolitan, and local roads crisscross the region. Some of the major national highways are Routes 1, 4, 6, 14, 16, 17, and 20. Route 1 links Tokyo to Osaka along the old Tokaido, while Route 6 and Route 4 carries traffic north all the way to Sendai and Aomori respectively. Route 14 connects Nihonbashi with Chiba Prefecture. Route 16 is a heavily travelled circumferential linking Yokosuka, Yokohama, western Tokyo, Saitama, and Chiba. Route 17 originates in central Tokyo and passes through Saitama en route to Niigata Prefecture. Route 20 crosses Tokyo from east to west, continuing into Yamanashi Prefecture. The datum from which distances are reckoned is in Nihonbashi. Route 1 sign Route 1 passes in front of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo. ... Osaka Castle Location in Japan Osaka (Japanese: 大阪市, ÅŒsaka-shi, â–¶ (help· info)) is the capital of Osaka Prefecture and the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ... Tōkaidō (東海道) (literally, East Sea Route) is the name of several things: National Route 1, which links Tokyo and Osaka; The Tokaido Main Line, which links Tokyo and Kobe; One of the Edo Five Routes, which linked Edo (now Tokyo) and Kyoto along the shore (see below); and An ancient... National Route 6 (国道6号, kokudō rokugō) is a Japanese highway which goes from Tokyo via Mito and Hitachi in Ibaraki Prefecture towards Sendai. ... National Route 4 (国道4号) is a major highway in eastern Honshu, Japan. ... Location Country Japan Region Tōhoku Prefecture Miyagi Prefecture District N/A Sendai Citys location in Miyagi Prefecture Physical characteristics Area 788. ... Aomori Waterfront Aomori (青森市; Aomori-shi) is the capital city of Aomori Prefecture (青森県; Aomori-ken), the north end of HonshÅ«. The city faces Mutsu Bay connecting Tsugaru Channel and the Hakkoda Mountains lie in the southern part of Aomori. ... Nihombashi (the bridge) Marker from which distances are measured Nihombashi (or Nihonbashi, 日本橋, lit. ... Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... A view of Yokosuka from Verny Park. ... Japans tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... Saitama ) is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture in Japan. ... Chiba (千葉市 Chiba-shi) is the capital city of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ... Niigata Prefecture (新潟県; Niigata-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Yamanashi Prefecture (山梨県 Yamanashi-ken) is located in the Chubu region on Honshu island, Japan. ...


Local and regional expressways

The Shuto Expressway network covers central Tokyo, linking the intercity expressways together, while primarily serving commuters and truck traffic. Important regional expressways include the Tokyo Gaikan Expressway, Daisan Keihin Highway, and Keiyo Highway. Presently under construction (with some segments operating), the Ken-ō Expressway will be a major circumferential through the area. Shuto Expressway (首都高速道路 Shuto-kōsoku-dōro Metropolitan Expressway) is a network of expressways in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan. ...


National

Tokyo is a focus of the nationwide expressway system. Many long-haul routes converge at Tokyo including the Tomei Expressway, Chuo Expressway, Kan'etsu Expressway, and Tōhoku Expressway. The Tōmei (東名) Expressway runs alone the Pacific Coast of Honshū, Japans main island, from Tōkyō (東=東京) to Nagoya (名=名古屋). ... The Chūō Expressway affords many fine views of Mount Fuji. ... The Kan-etsu Expressway (関越自動車道 Kanetsu jidōshadō) is a divided, limited-access toll road that connects the Kanto region and the Kō-Shin-Etsu part of the Chubu region of Japan. ... Route of Tōhoku Expressway and Hachinohe Expressway The Tōhoku Expressway (東北自動車道 Tōhoku jidōsha-dō) is a divided highway in Japan. ...


 
 

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