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Encyclopedia > Transport in Iran
Major routes and railways of Iran

Iran has a long paved road system linking most of its towns and all of its cities. In 2007 the country had 178,152 km (111,000 mi) of roads, of which 66 percent were paved. There were 55 passenger cars for every 1,000 inhabitants. Trains operated on 11,106 km (6,942 mi) of railroad track. The country’s major port of entry is Bandar-Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. After arriving in Iran, imported goods are distributed throughout the country by trucks and freight trains. The Tehran-Bandar-Abbas railroad, opened in 1995, connects Bandar-Abbas to the railroad system of Central Asia via Tehran and Mashhad. Other major ports include Bandar e-Anzali and Bandar e-Torkeman on the Caspian Sea and Korramshahr and Bandar e-Khomeyni on the Persian Gulf. Dozens of cities have airports that serve passenger and cargo planes. Iran Air, the national airline, was founded in 1962 and operates domestic and international flights. All large cities have mass transit systems using buses, and several private companies provide bus service between cities. Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahvaz and Esfahan are in the process of constructing underground mass transit rail lines. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2036x2037, 1882 KB) Iran. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2036x2037, 1882 KB) Iran. ... The Hindu Temple in Bandar Abbas, Iran, built during the Qajar era for Indian soldiers serving in the British Army during the British occupation. ... Historical map of the area (1892) Map Of Strait of Hormuz Satellite image The Strait of Hormuz (Arabic: ‎, Persian: ‎) is a narrow, strategically important stretch of ocean between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... The Hindu Temple in Bandar Abbas, Iran, built during the Qajar era for Indian soldiers serving in the British Army during the British occupation. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Iran Air(Persian: ) is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... For other uses, see Shiraz (disambiguation). ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... The city of Ahvaz or Ahwaz[1] (Persian: ahvāz, Arabic: ), is the capital of the Iranian province of KhÅ«zestān. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Esfahan. ...

Contents

Railways

Railway system map (09-2006)
Iran extends its railway system to Iraq and Syria. (01-2007)

Total: 11,106 km Broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge (connected to Pakistan Railways) Standard gauge: 7,162 km 1.435-m gauge (186 km electrified) note: broad-gauge track is employed at the borders with Azerbaijan Republic and Turkmenistan which have 1.524-m broad-gauge rail systems; 41 km of the standard-gauge, electrified track is in suburban service at Tehran (2007). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1142x1042, 290 KB) Summary Iranian Rail Network Map As of 09-2006. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1142x1042, 290 KB) Summary Iranian Rail Network Map As of 09-2006. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (IR) is the national state-owned railway system of Iran. ... Pakistan Railways is the state-owned railway company of Pakistan. ...


Railway links with adjacent countries

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Transportation in Afghanistan: Landlocked Afghanistan has no functioning railways, but the Amu Darya (Oxus) River, which forms part of Afghanistans border with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, has barge traffic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Transportation in Azerbaijan Railways total: 2,125 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines broad gauge: 2,125 km 1. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Railways: total: 825 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines broad gauge: 825 km 1. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... // Railways total: 2,032 km standard gauge: 2,032 km 1. ... Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... This article is about the city of Basra. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pakistan is a country that has an extensive and varied transportation system. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Bam or BAM may mean: Bam, Iran Bam Province, Burkina Faso ISO 639 code for Bambara language Bam Margera An onomatopoeia for a sound. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... // Railways total: 8,607 km standard gauge: 8,607 km 1. ... Lake Van Armenian: ; (Turkish: Van Gölü; Kurdish: ) is the largest lake in Turkey, located in the far east of the country. ... A loaded train ferry approaching the dock in Detroit, Michigan, April 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Railways: total: 2,187 km broad gauge: 2,187 km 1. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ...

Couplings, Brakes and Electrification

Knuckle (AAR Type E) couplers in use AAR Type E railroad car coupling A coupling (or a coupler) is a mechanism for connecting railway cars in a train. ... Brakes are used on railway trains to bring the train to a standstill. ... Electrification refers to changing a thing or system to operate using electricity. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ...

Metro

Main article: Tehran Metro

Others cities with plans to construct a metro: Tehran Metro // The initial plans of the Tehran Metro, which was to be Irans first metro system, were laid out before the Iranian revolution in the 1970s. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...

  • Mashhad Metro
  • Isfahan Metro
  • Shiraz Metro
  • Tabriz Metro
  • Ahvaz Metro

Shiraz is the capital city of Fars province and the largest city in southern Iran with a population of over 1. ...

Highways And Automobiles

Total: 178,152 km Paved: 118,115 km (including 751 km of expressways) Unpaved: 60,037 km (2002 est.) There were more than 7 million vehicles in Iran by 2006 mostly manufactured or assembled locally. // Hemmat Highway Resalat Highway Iranpars Navvab Highway Tehran-Shomal Highway Azadegan Highway Niayesh Highway Kordestan Highway Sheikh Fazlolah Highway Chamran Highway Yadegar-e-Emam Highway Modares Highway Sadr Highway Ashrafi Esfahani Highway Sayad Shirazi Highway Tehran-Karaj Highway Tehran-Ghom Highway Tehran-Saveh Highway Coastal Highway of Caspian Sea Sevad...


Waterways

Total: 904 km note: the Shatt al-Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use. The Shatt al-Arab (Arabic: شط العرب, Stream of the Arabs) or Arvand (called اروندرود: arvandrūd in Persian), also called the Shatt-al-Arab waterway, is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200 km in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al...


Pipelines

See also: Ministry of Petroleum of Iran

Condensate/gas 212 km; gas 16,998 km; liquid petroleum gas 570 km; oil 8,256 km; refined products 7,808 km (2004) The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ...


Ports and harbors

Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali (Caspian sea), Bushehr, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman (Caspian sea), Chabahar (Bandar-e Beheshti), Kharg island, Lavan island, Sirri island, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Noshahr (Caspian sea) Abadan (آبادان in Persian) is a city in the Khuzestan Province of southwestern Iran. ... The city of Ahvaz or Ahwaz[1] (Persian: ahvāz, Arabic: ), is the capital of the Iranian province of KhÅ«zestān. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Bushehr or Bushire (بوشهر), pop. ... Bandar Lengeh is a port city in the Hormozgan province of Iran on the coast of the Persian Gulf. ... Bandar Torkaman (Bandar-e Torkaman, Persian بندری تورخومان, formerly Bandar Shah) is a port in Iran on the Caspian Sea. ... Coast of Chabahar Chabahar (in Persian چابهار), previously also Bandar Beheshti, is an Iranian city and a free port (Free Trade Zone) on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. ... Kharg Island from space, April 1993 Kharg Island (Arabic: Jazirat Kharg, also sometimes written as Khark Island) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. ... Lavan is a Persian (Iranian) island in the Persian Gulf. ... Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... Noshahr (also written Nowshahr, Noushahr and نوشهر in persian) is a port city in the province of Mazandaran in northern Iran. ...


Merchant marine

See also: Iran Shipping Lines

Total: 143 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 5,129,056 GRT/8,908,336 metric tons of deadweight (DWT) The maritime fleet of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL Group) comprises 115 ocean-going vessels with the total capacity of 3. ... Dead weight tonnage refers to the weight, in long tons, that a ship can safely carry when fully loaded. ...


Ships by type: bulk carrier 38, cargo ship 48, chemical tanker 4, container ship 14, liquefied gas 1, passenger ship 1, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 30, roll on/roll off ship 3 (2005) Main article: Merchant ship A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is a merchant ship used to transport unpackaged bulk cargo such as cereals, coal, ore, and cement. ... Hapag-Lloyd Container ship Container ship A cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another. ... A chemical tanker is a type of tanker designed to transport chemicals in bulk. ... Container ship in Istanbul Container ships are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size containers, in a technique called containerization. ... An LNG carrier is a ship designed for transporting liquefied natural gas. ... A passenger ship is a ship whose primary function is to carry passengers. ... A tanker is usually a vehicle carrying large amounts of liquid fuel. ...


Airports

See also: Airlines of Iran

321 (2006) List of airports in Iran, sorted by location. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Airports - with paved runways


total: 129
over 3,047 m: 46
2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
1,524 to 2,437 m: 25
914 to 1,523 m: 31
under 914 m: 6 (2006 est.)


Airports - with unpaved runways


total: 192
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
914 to 1,523 m: 140
under 914 m: 43 (2006 est.) National airline:

Iran Air(Persian: ) is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ...

Heliports

15 (2006 est.)


See also

Tehran Metro // The initial plans of the Tehran Metro, which was to be Irans first metro system, were laid out before the Iranian revolution in the 1970s. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ... According to the Fourth Five-Year Economic Development Plan (2005-2010), the Privatization Organization of Iran affiliated to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance is in charge of setting prices and ceding shares to the general public and on the stock market. ... Environmental issue in Iran Especially in urban areas, vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents contribute to poor air quality. ... The economy of Iran is a transition economy where a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%.[8] According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent would be needed... This page lists all the major Iranian companies operating inside and outside of Iran. ... The government runs the broadcast media, which includes three national radio stations and two national television networks, as well as dozens of local radio and television stations. ...

References

External links

Key Organizations

  • Iran Road Development Organization
  • Iran Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization
  • Civil Aviation Organization of Iran
  • Iran Railways Co. (also)
  • Raja Railway Co. of Iran
  • Tehran Traffic Bureau
  • Iran Ports and Shippind Organization
  • Iran Ports and Shippind Organization

Useful Links

  • Iran in Maps
  • Iran airfields
  • Privatization and Structure of Iran's Transportation System (2000)
This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

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