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Encyclopedia > Transkei
Flag of Transkei bantustan
Flag of Transkei bantustan
Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994
Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994
Transkei, as of 1978
Transkei, as of 1978

The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. It is also the name of an Apartheid-era Bantustan (1959-1994) corresponding to this territory. The Transkei is bordered by the Umtamvuna River in the north and the Great Kei River in the south, while the Indian Ocean and the Drakensberg mountain range of the landlocked kingdom of Lesotho serve as the Transkei's eastern and western frontiers respectively. The main city is Mthatha. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1046x1386, 260 KB) Summary Produced by the CIA. From the Perry-Castaneda Map Collection. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1046x1386, 260 KB) Summary Produced by the CIA. From the Perry-Castaneda Map Collection. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Map of the black homelands in South Africa as of 1986 Map of the black homelands in Namibia as of 1978 Bantustan is a territory designated as a tribal homeland for black South Africans and Namibians during the apartheid era. ... The Great Kei River is a river in South Africa. ... The Drakensberg Drakensberg Range from space, April 1993 The Drakensberg (Dragon Mountains in Afrikaans) mountains are the highest in South Africa, rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana to 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. ... Mthatha (formerly Umtata) is the main town of the King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality in Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ...

Contents


Geography

The Transkei has many rivers flowing from the mountains to the oceans, so unlike much of South Africa, it is relatively unscathed by drought. Xhosa, with its distinctive clicks derived from the Bushman or Khoi-San peoples, is the main language. The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ... This article is about the Khoisan ethnic group. ...


People

For much of the 1900s, many black male farmers in the Transkei were forced by punitive taxes levied only on Africans, known as poll taxes, to head north by train to work contracts underground in Johannesburg's gold mines. Some never returned, crushed in rockfalls in mines with very low standards of safety for their workers. Others returned with dreadful lung diseases from inhaling particles, or tuberculosis. Migrant labour has continued to shape the Transkei ever since. , City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Tuberculosis (commonly abbreviated as TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ...


Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first democratic president, was born in the Transkei in 1918, and still has a home in Qunu. His first two wives were also from what later became Transkei, as was the father of his second wife Winnie Madikizela, who served as Agriculture Minister in the Transkei. Mandela redirects here. ... Qunu is a small rural village in South Africas Eastern Cape Province, where Nelson Mandela was born, and where he retired after leaving office. ... Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (born September 26, 1934 or 1936 as Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela) is the ex-wife of former South African president and African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela. ...


History of the Bantustan

In 1959, the National Party government introduced legislation to create eight ethnically and linguistically divided homelands (Bantustan) for black South Africans in order to pursue a policy of "Separate Development" for South Africa's various races. The Transkei and Ciskei were set aside for Xhosa people. The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of South Africa from June 4th 1948 until May 9th 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. ... Map of the black homelands in South Africa as of 1986 Map of the black homelands in Namibia as of 1978 Bantustan is a territory designated as a tribal homeland for black South Africans and Namibians during the apartheid era. ... Ciskei Flag of Ciskei Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. ... The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ...


For much of its history, the Transkei Bantustan was ruled by Chief Kaizer Daliwonga Matanzima, a nephew of Mandela's. In 1980, he deposed the king of the Thembu people, Sabata Dalindyebo. The Transkei homeland became a nominally independent state in 1976 with its capital at Umtata (now Mthatha), although it was only recognised by South Africa. From 1978 to 1980 territorial disputes prompted Transkei to sever diplomatic relations with South Africa. This created the unique situation of a country refusing to deal with the only (internationally-recognised) nation it was recognized by. In 1987 there was a military coup led by General Bantu Holomisa. The Transkei government was a participant in the Codesa negotiations for a new South Africa. It was reincorporated into the 'new' South Africa, on 27 April 1994. Kaiser Daliwonga Matanzima (June 15, 1915 _ June 15, 2003) was a former leader of the then-bantustan of South Africa; besides various formal titles he held, he is often thought of as Chief Matanzima, reflecting a title traditional with his ethnic group. ... The Thembu are a subgroup of the Xhosa people of South Africa. ... Mthatha (formerly Umtata) is the main town of the King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality in Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... Bantu Holomisa is a South African Member of Parliament representing the United Democratic Movement. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ...


See also

Apartheid-era Bantustans in South Africa Flag of South Africa
Bophuthatswana | Ciskei | Gazankulu | KaNgwane | KwaNdebele | KwaZulu | Lebowa | QwaQwa | Transkei | Venda
Nominally independent Bantustans are in italics

  Results from FactBites:
 
Transkei. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (321 words)
Transkei was separated from Cape Province in 1963 to become the first of ten fl areas within South Africa that were allegedly internally self-governing.
In 1976 Transkei became the first of the homelands to be granted “independence.” The South African government then revoked the citizenship of its residents.
Transkei’s assembly controlled many internal matters, but its decisions were subject to the control of the South African government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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