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A transition economy is an economy which is changing from a planned economy to a free market. The countries of the former Soviet bloc have transition economies. The People's Republic of China, Cambodia and Vietnam are sometimes included. These economies and their dynamics have been the subject of extensive study by proponents of economic development such as the World Bank.poo Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... A planned economy is an economic system in which decisions about the production, allocation and consumption of goods and services is planned ahead of time, in either a centralized or decentralized fashion. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... During the Cold War, the Eastern Bloc (or Soviet Bloc) comprised the following Central and Eastern European countries: Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Albania (until the early 1960s, see below), the Soviet Union, and Czechoslovakia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means...
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Policy Research Working Papers from the World Bank
First came the dismantling of the centrally planned economy that was a hallmark of the Soviet Union, and then its replacement by an economy operating on the basis of market forces and private property.
The attempts and failures of reformers during the era of perestroika (restructuring) in the regime of Mikhail Gorbachev (in office 1985-91) attested to the complexity of the challenge.
According to Stiglitz, the key economic mistakes of the transition were the emphasis on privatization over competition and the emphasis on restructuring existing enterprises over creation of new jobs and enterprises.
The so-called transitioneconomies are commonly understood to refer to countries which have moved or are moving from a primarily state-planned to a market-based economic system, with private ownership of assets and market-supporting institutions.
While the transition countries in the FSU differ from those in Asia and Africa and from one another in many respects, including culture, economic structure and extent of the informal sector, and pre-transition starting points, they nonetheless are affected by transition in much the same way.
Transitions in Africa have been complicated by conflict and severe deteriorations in the terms-of-trade and are often constrained by very low income country settings.
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