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Encyclopedia > Transit of Mercury
Transit of Mercury (time lapse showing entire event)
Transit of Mercury (time lapse showing entire event)
Transit of Mercury 11-8-06 - Photographed by Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www.wtastro.org) from Washington Elementary, Midland, Texas.
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Transit of Mercury 11-8-06 - Photographed by Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www.wtastro.org) from Washington Elementary, Midland, Texas.
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Transit of Mercury on November 8, 2006 - Photographed by Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www.wtastro.org) in Midland, Texas.

A transit of Mercury across the Sun takes place when the planet Mercury comes between the Sun and the Earth, and Mercury is seen as a small black dot moving across the face of the Sun. On the 8th of November, 2006, the planet Mercury could be last seen going across the sun. The best place to have observed the transit on that date was in Hawaii. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x440, 27 KB) Image of May 7, 2003 Mercury Transit was taken by NASA/ESAs SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) and posted to http://soho. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x440, 27 KB) Image of May 7, 2003 Mercury Transit was taken by NASA/ESAs SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) and posted to http://soho. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1027x1127, 53 KB) Author: Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1027x1127, 53 KB) Author: Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1365x1126, 74 KB) Author: Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1365x1126, 74 KB) Author: Eric S. Kounce of the West Texas Astronomers (www. ... Deimos transits the Sun, as seen by Mars Rover Opportunity on March 4, 2004 The word transit has two meanings in astronomy: A transit is the astronomical event that occurs when one celestial body appears to move across the face of another celestial body, as seen by an observer at... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ... The eight planets and three dwarf planets of the Solar System. ... Earth (IPA: , often referred to as the Earth, Terra, the World or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Transits of Mercury with respect to Earth are much more frequent than transits of Venus, with about 13 or 14 per century, in part because Mercury is closer to the Sun and orbits it more rapidly. Note: This article contains special characters. ... The 2004 transit of Venus A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and the Earth, obscuring a small portion of the Suns disc. ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ...


Transits of Mercury can happen in May or November. November transits occur at intervals of 7, 13, or 33 years; May transits only occur at intervals of 13 or 33 years. The last three transits occurred in 1999, 2003 and 2006; the next will occur in 2016. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2016 (MMXVI) will be a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During a May transit, Mercury is near aphelion and has an angular diameter of 12"; during a November transit, it is near perihelion and has an angular diameter of 10". This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... The angular diameter of an object as seen from a given position is the diameter measured as an angle. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ...

Contents

Grazing transits of Mercury

Sometimes Mercury only grazes the Sun during a transit. In this case it is possible that in some areas of the Earth a full transit can be seen while in other regions there is only a partial transit (no second or third contact). The transit of November 15, 1999 was such a transit, and the previous one before that was on October 28, 743. The next such transit will occur on May 11, 2391. November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events Umayyad caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (724-743) succeeded by al-Walid II ibn Abd al-Malik (743-744). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ...


It is also possible that a transit of Mercury can be seen in some parts of the world as a partial transit, while in others Mercury misses the Sun. Such a transit last occurred on May 11, 1937, and the previous one was on October 21, 1342. The next such transit will occur on May 13, 2608. May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ...


Simultaneous transits

The simultaneous occurrence of a transit of Mercury and a transit of Venus is extremely rare, and will next occur only in the years 69163 and 224508. The 2004 transit of Venus A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and the Earth, obscuring a small portion of the Suns disc. ... Several predictions have been made concerning the future following the 11th millennium and beyond. ... Several predictions have been made concerning the future following the 11th millennium and beyond. ...


The simultaneous occurrence of a solar eclipse and a transit of Mercury is very rare. The next solar eclipse occurring during a transit of Mercury will be on July 5, 6757, and will be visible in Eastern Siberia. Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 6757 is a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Past and future transits

The first observation of a transit of Mercury was on November 7, 1631 by Pierre Gassendi. He unsuccessfully attempted to observe the transit of Venus just one month later, but due to inaccurate astronomical tables he did not realize that it was not visible from most of Europe, including Paris. A transit of Venus was not observed until 1639, by Jeremiah Horrocks. November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... Pierre Gassendi (January 22, 1592 – October 24, 1655) was a French philosopher, scientist and mathematician, best known for attempting to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity and for publishing the first official observations of the Transit of Mercury in 1631. ... The 2004 transit of Venus A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and the Earth, obscuring a small portion of the Suns disc. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Jeremiah Horrocks (c. ...


Mercury typically transits the sun in November or May.

Transits of Mercury
Date of
mid-transit
Time (UTC) Notes
Start Mid End
1631 Nov 7  
1651 Nov 3 Observed by Jeremy Shakerly in the East Indies, he died on the expedition and his work was lost.
1661 May 3 Occurred on the day of the Coronation of King Charles II of England. Observed by Christiaan Huygens in London.
1677 Nov 7  
1743 Nov 05 Coordinated scientific observations were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle worldwide.
1753 May 6  
1769 Nov 09 Noted that Mercury had little or no atmosphere.
1907 Nov 14 10:24 12:07 13:50  
1914 Nov 07 09:57 12:03 14:09  
1924 May 08 21:44 01:41 05:38  
1927 Nov 10 03:02 05:46 08:29  
1937 May 11 08:53 08:59 09:06 Only visible as partial transit in Southern Africa, Southern Arabia, South Asia and Western Australia.
1940 Nov 11 20:49 23:21 01:53  
1953 Nov 14 15:37 16:54 18:11  
1957 May 06 23:59 01:14 02:30  
1960 Nov 07 14:34 16:53 19:12 [1]
1970 May 09 04:19 08:16 12:13 [2]
1973 Nov 10 07:47 10:32 13:17 [3]
1986 Nov 13 01:43 04:07 06:31 [4]
1993 Nov 06 03:06 03:57 04:47 [5]
1999 Nov 15 21:15 21:41 22:07 [6] Partial transit in Australia, Antarctica and Southern Island of New Zealand
2003 May 07 05:13 07:52 10:32 [7]
2006 Nov 08 19:12 21:41 00:10 [8]
2016 May 09 11:12 14:57 18:42  
2019 Nov 11 12:35 15:20 18:04  
2032 Nov 13 06:41 08:54 11:07  
2039 Nov 07 07:17 08:46 10:15  
2049 May 07 11:03 14:24 17:44  
2052 Nov 09 23:53 02:29 05:06  
2062 May 10 18:16 21:36 00:57  
2065 Nov 11 17:24 20:06 22:48  
2078 Nov 14 11:42 13:41 15:39  
2085 Nov 07 11:42 13:34 15:26  
2095 May 08 17:20 21:05 00:50  
2098 Nov 10 04:35 07:16 09:57  

... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... The name Charles II is used to refer to numerous persons in history: Kings: Charles the Fat (also known as Charles II of France and Charles III of the Holy Roman Empire) Charles II of England Charles II of Naples Charles II of Navarre Charles II of Romania Charles II... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Christiaan Huygens Christiaan Huygens (pronounced in English (IPA): ; in Dutch: )(April 14, 1629–July 8, 1695), was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer and physicist; born in The Hague as the son of Constantijn Huygens. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Events First performance of Racines tragedy, Phèdre Sarah Churchill marries John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough Battle of Cassel, Philippe I of Orléans defeats William of Orange Mary II of England marries William of Orange English Statute of frauds is passed into law Battle of Landskrona Elias... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... One of the 11 sons of Claude Delisle (1644–1720), Joseph-Nicolas Delisle was born in Paris on April 4, 1688. ... 1753 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 2016 (MMXVI) will be a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s - 2030s - 2040s 2050s 2060s 2070s 2080s Years: 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 - 2032 - 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 The year 2032 (MMXXXII) in the Gregorian calendar corresponds to 5792-5793 in the Hebrew calendar. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 2039 (MMXXXIX) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 2049 will be a common year starting on a Friday. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... (Redirected from 2052) (20th century - 21st century - 22nd century - other centuries) Definition In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing, lasting from 2000-2099. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... (Redirected from 2062) Millennia: 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium - 4th millennium Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s - 2060s - 2070s 2080s 2090s Years: 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 The Decade as a Whole This decade is expected to be called... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... (Redirected from 2065) Millennia: 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium - 4th millennium Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s - 2060s - 2070s 2080s 2090s Years: 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 The Decade as a Whole This decade is expected to be called... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 2078 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... (Redirected from 2085) (20th century - 21st century - 22nd century - other centuries) Definition In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing, lasting from 2000-2099. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... (Redirected from 2095) (20th century - 21st century - 22nd century - other centuries) Definition In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing, lasting from 2000-2099. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... (Redirected from 2098) (20th century - 21st century - 22nd century - other centuries) Definition In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing, lasting from 2000-2099. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ...

References

Cunningham, Clifford J., "Mercury's Time to Shine," Mercury Sep-Oct 2006.


A historical painting is associated with this event by artist Johanne Eckstein, a copy of which recently sold on e-bay with the following description: The Transit of Mercury, on the 7th of May 1799,a group of amateur astronomers stand in front of an inn either gazing through telescopes at the painted sign of star, or Mercury, upon which sits an owl, or else carefully scrutinizing its reflection in a bowl of punch, a parson in riding boots draws on his pipe while he studies his glass, his telescope resting in his hat, lower left, an ape drinks from a bottle, lower right.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NASA - 2006 Transit of Mercury (1733 words)
The position angle is the direction of Mercury with respect to the center of the Sun's disk as measured counterclockwise from the celestial north point on the Sun.
Transit timings and geographic coordinates of the observing site (measured from a topographic map or GPS) should be sent to Dr. John Westfall ([email protected]), A.L.P.O. Mercury/Venus Transit Section, P.O. Box 2447, Antioch, CA 94531-2447.
To determine whether a transit is visible from a specific geographic location, it is simply a matter of calculating the Sun's altitude and azimuth during each phase of the transit.
Transit of Mercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (591 words)
Transits of Mercury with respect to Earth are much more frequent than transits of Venus, with about 13 or 14 per century, in part because Mercury is closer to the Sun and orbits it faster.
During a May transit, Mercury is near aphelion and has an angular diameter of 12"; during a November transit, it is near perihelion and has an angular diameter of 10".
The transit of November 15, 1999 was such a transit, and the previous one before that was on October 28, 743.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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