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Encyclopedia > Transcontinental country
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A transcontinental country is a country belonging to more than one continent. The definitions used may vary according to which criteria are used (whether purely geographical or, on the other hand, political, economic or cultural criteria). An example is Russia, which has its historical core as well as most of its population (74%), economic activity and political institutions (such as its capital city) in Europe, yet geographically most of the territory (77%) is actually in Asia. By most definitions, Russia straddles Eurasia. Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... Image File history File links Circle-question. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Map of the Earth Geography (from the Greek words Geo (γη) or Gaea (γαια), both meaning Earth, and graphein (γραφειν) meaning to describe or to writeor to map) is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena. ... Political geography is a field of human geography that is concerned with politics. ... Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organisation of economic activities across the Earth. ... Cultural region is a term used mainly in the study of geography. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Eurasia Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is an immense landmass covering about 54,000,000 km² (or about 10. ...

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Definitions of the continents

Islands

Continents are called so because they are continuous bodies of land. Thus, an island is not strictly part of any continent, but many islands can be associated with one by geographical proximity (or also by historical convention, political ties or similar "human" criteria). For example, Sumatra, Singapore and Hainan are not literally "in" Asia; nevertheless they are closer to Asia than to any other continent, and also are most closely associated with Asia, so this article will consider them Asiatic islands, and Indonesia a transcontinental country (likewise for other continents and their adjacent islands). Alternate associations would be defensible in some cases. Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Using this definition, the following countries could all be considered transcontinental by virtue of the fact that an integral part of their national territory consists of islands that are situated within the continental shelf of another continent or are otherwise geographically closer to a continent on the mainland of which they have no territory (mainland continent shown below in bold text):  Sediment  Rock  Mantle  The global continental shelf, highlighted in cyan The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs. ...

Four countries also include both continental territory and islands in mid-Pacific Ocean; see Oceania, below. At least four countries also include both continental territory and Antarctic island territories recognized by international law; see Antarctica, below. Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Islands Map of Prince Edward Islands The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are politically part of South Africa. ... Location of the British Overseas Territories A British Overseas Territory is one of fourteen[1] territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. ... The British Isles in relation to mainland Europe The British Isles (French: , Irish: [1] or Oileáin Iarthair Eorpa,[2] Manx: Ellanyn Goaldagh, Scottish Gaelic: , Welsh: ), are a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ... This article is about the British dependencies. ... Anthem God Save the Queen Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Occupied Areas) Sovereign Base Areas indicated in pink. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Motto Our faith is our strength Anthem God Save the Queen Capital (and largest city) Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... Isla de Aves (Spanish for Island of Birds) is a Caribbean islet with sovereignty disputed between Dominica and Venezuela. ...


Europe and Asia

The nature and boundaries of Europe are as much sociopolitical questions as geographical. Many geologists and geographers agree that Europe and Asia share many common geographical features and they are sometimes referred to as the single continent Eurasia. Europe is nevertheless a distinct geographical entity, mostly a super-peninsula of the mainland of Asia. Eurasia Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is an immense landmass covering about 54,000,000 km² (or about 10. ...


The eastern boundary of Europe has been variously defined since antiquity. Herodotus regarded Europe as extending all the way to the Eastern Ocean, and being as long as (and much larger than) Africa and Asia together. The modern world is in consensus that Europe ends at the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea and the Ural Mountains, but the boundaries between these latter two features are uncertain; that leading from the Urals to the Black Sea, for example, has been drawn by different authorities as at the Don, the Kuma-Manych Depression, the Caucasus, the Russian frontier or the Rioni River. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The Don (Дон) is one of the major rivers of Russia. ... The Kuma-Manych Depression (Russian: Кумо-Манычская впадина, Kumo-manychskaya Vpadina), also called Manych, or Manyč, is a geologic depression in western Russia that divides the Russian Plain (north) from the North Caucasus foreland (south). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... The Rioni River (Georgian რიონი) is the principal river of western Georgia. ...


Western sources (e.g. the National Geographic Society) usually state that the Europe-Asia boundary follows the watershed of the Ural Mountains from near Kara, Russia on the Kara Sea to the source of the Ural River, then follows that river to the Caspian Sea. The border then follows the watershed of the Caucasus Mountains from the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea. The National Geographic Society, headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the worlds largest not-for-profit educational and scientific organizations. ... Main European water divides (red lines) separating catchments (gray regions). ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... A map showing the location of the Kara Sea. ... The Ural (Russian: , Kazakh: Жайық, Jayıq or Zhayyq), known as Yaik before 1775, is a river flowing through Russia and Kazakhstan. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...

Green - Europe; pink/gray - Asia

By this definition, the Ural Mountains are on the border of Europe and Asia, likewise for the Greater Caucasus (although Mount Elbrus, which would be the highest point in Europe, is north of the watershed divide, and as such would be entirely in Europe by this definition). The Lesser Caucasus is located entirely in Asia. Russia and Kazakhstan have both European (western) and Asian (eastern) parts (and Russia even had a North American part, before Alaska was sold to the United States in 1867). The Turkish city Istanbul lies in both Europe and Asia, effectively making it a transcontinental city. Georgia and Azerbaijan both have most of their territory in Asia, although each has small parts of its northern territory in Europe. Download high resolution version (417x909, 26 KB)Geographical border between Europe and Asia based on Image:Europe_political_map. ... Download high resolution version (417x909, 26 KB)Geographical border between Europe and Asia based on Image:Europe_political_map. ... Mount Elbrus (Russian: Эльбрус) is a peak located in the western Caucasus mountains, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia, near the border of Georgia. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ...


Due to Kazakhstan's Central Asian culture and political orientation, it is very rarely regarded as a European country, despite its sizable territory in Europe. Many would argue, as has been the case with the like of Professor Torosyan, Dr. Lewis and M. Shearmen of the Charlton Institute, that Kazakhstan is in fact not a trancontinental country, but rather lies geographically as well as culturally within Asia[citation needed]. Three nations of the South Caucasus, however – Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia – have a stronger sociopolitical claim to be European. Of these three, only Georgia and Azerbaijan are generally regarded as having portions of territory in Europe, but Armenia may be regarded as European for cultural and historical reasons. All three, however, are typically excluded from lists of European states.


According to the standard Russian/Soviet definition, the boundary between Europe and Asia runs along the Mugodzhar Hills, then down the Emba River to the Caspian Sea. From the Caspian Sea it runs to the Black Sea along the Kuma-Manych Depression, marked by the rivers of the same name. This definition was in use by Russian geographers since mid-18th century; it was officially recommended for use in textbooks by the Geographical Society of USSR in 1958. It places all of the Caucasus, including countries of Georgia and Azerbaijan and North Caucasian republics of Chechnya and Dagestan, entirely in Asia. Mugodzhar Hills (Mugojar, Russian: Мугоджары, Мугоджарский хребет (Mugodzhar Range), Kazakh: Mughalzhar, Mugalzhar) is a series of mountain ranges in Northwestern Kazakhstan 275 miles (440 km) long. ... The Emba River in west Kazakhstan rises in the Mugodzhar Mountains and flows some 400 miles (640 km) southwest into the Caspian Sea. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Kuma-Manych Depression (Russian: Кумо-Манычская впадина, Kumo-manychskaya Vpadina), also called Manych, or Manyč, is a geologic depression in western Russia that divides the Russian Plain (north) from the North Caucasus foreland (south). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... The Chechen Republic (IPA: ; Russian: , Chechenskaya Respublika; Chechen: , Noxçiyn Respublika), or, informally, Chechnya (; Russian: ; Chechen: , Noxçiyçö), sometimes referred to as Ichkeria, Chechnia, Chechenia or Noxçiyn, is a federal subject of Russia. ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...


Russia's Vaygach Island and Novaya Zemlya extend northward from the northern end of the Ural Mountains and are a continuation of the chain into the Arctic Ocean. They separate the European Barents Sea and the Asian Kara Sea, and may be considered part of Europe or Asia. The maps on this page show them with Europe, as they are used in the calculations. The Russian Arctic archipelago of Franz Josef Land farther north is also associated with Europe. All of these Arctic islands are part of the European Arkhangelsk Oblast. Vaygach Island (sometimes Vaigach) (Вайгач in Russian) is an island in the Arctic Sea on the border of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea. ... Novaya Zemlya (Russian: , lit. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Location of the Barents Sea. ... A map showing the location of the Kara Sea. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Location of Franz Josef Land (Map is annotated in German). ... Arkhangelsk Oblast (Russian: , Arkhangelskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ...


Lesser accepted Europe and Asia divisions

Greater Caucasus (Russian: , sometimes translated as Caucasus Major, Big Caucasus or Large Caucasus) is the major mountain range of Caucasus mountains. ... Lesser Caucasus (Azeri: Kiçik Qafqaz DaÄŸları, Georgian: მცირე კავკასიონი, Russian: , sometimes translated as Caucasus Minor) is one of the two main mountain ranges of Caucasus mountains, of length about 600 km. ... The Rioni River (Georgian რიონი) is the principal river of western Georgia. ... Mtkvari (Kura) River near Old Town, Tbilisi Kura (Georgian მტკვარი - Mtkvari, Azerbaijani Kür) is a river in the Caucasus Mountains. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Main European water divides (red lines) separating catchments (gray regions). ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... The Russian Waterways definition is one proposed border for Europe and Asia lesser known than other proposes (as Ural Mountains, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River). ... Map of the White Sea Two satellite photos of the White Sea The White Sea (Russian: ) is an inlet of the Barents Sea on the North Western coast of Russia. ... The Northern Dvina (Се́верная Двина́) is a river in Northern Russia flowing through the Vologda Oblast and Arkhangelsk Oblast into the Dvina Bay of the White Sea. ... Sukhona (Сухона) is a river in the European part of Russia, tributary to the Northern Dvina. ... Sheksna (Шексна́) — (former) river in Russia, left tributary of Volga. ... The Rybinsk Reservoir, informally called the Rybinsk Sea (Rybinskoye vodokhranilishche), is a vast water reservoir on Volga River and its tributaries Sheksna and Mologa. ... The Volga (Russian: , Tatar Cyrillic: Идел, Latin: Ä°del) is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. ... The Lenin Volga-Don Shipping Canal (In Russian Волго-Донской судоходный канал имени Ð’. И. Ленина) is a canal, which connects the Volga River and the Don River in a closest location between them. ... The Don (Дон) is one of the major rivers of Russia. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Kerch Strait. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Flag Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Russian: ), or Nenetsia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast). ... Capital Syktyvkar Area - total - % water Ranked 15th - 415,900 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 54th - est. ... Perm Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) that came into existence on December 1, 2005 as a result of the 2004 referendum on the merger of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. ... The Republic of Bashkortostan, or Bashkiria (Russian: or ; Bashkir: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Orenburg Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Russian: ), or Yamalia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast). ... Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra (Russian: ), or Khantia-Mansia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast). ... Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast Sverdlovsk Oblast (Russian: , Sverdlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) located in the Urals Federal District. ... Chelyabinsk Oblast (Russian: , Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ...

Culturally European states

Other nations have strong cultural ties with Europe, such as the northern African states of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. However, the clear boundary of the Mediterranean Sea excludes these nations geographically. Some in Israel, Morocco and Tunisia have shown ambition to become a state of the European Union, but currently full membership is disallowed (Morocco applied to join, but was rejected on geographical grounds). Of course, many other countries outside Europe have cultural and historical ties to Europe as a consequence of colonization and migration. Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue) and negative (orange) Human migration denotes any movement by humans from one locality to another (migration), often over long distances or in large groups. ...


Politically European states

See also Geographic criteria for EU membership

Europe ends in the west at the Atlantic Ocean, although Iceland (in the Atlantic, between Europe and North America) is usually considered European, as is the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Greenland is geographically associated with North America but politically associated with Europe (as it is still part of Denmark, although EU law no longer applies there). Turkey, despite having only 3% of its land in Europe, has been a member of the Council of Europe since 1949 and an official candidate for membership of the European Union since 2005. Islands geographically associated with one continent sometimes have stronger political and cultural ties to another. For example, Cyprus, an island geographically a part of Asia, was admitted to the Council of Europe in 1961 and joined the EU in 2004. Cape Verde, an island group off the Atlantic coast of Africa, has also shown an interest in joining the EU. Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan, also geographically Asian states (although Azerbaijan and Georgia have a part of their land in Europe,) have all joined the Council of Europe. The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 6 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General  Terry Davis  -  Commissioner for Human Rights   Establishment  -  Treaty of London 5...


Africa

The natural geographical boundaries of Africa are the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The boundary between them has been drawn either up the Gulf of Suez or up the Gulf of Aqaba. On purely geological grounds, the boundary could be drawn along the fault-line into the Jordan River valley (which would make Israel, Lebanon and a small part of Syria part of Africa.) Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... The northern end of the Red Sea is bifurcated by the Sinai Peninsula, creating the Gulf of Suez (Arabic: خليج السويس; transliterated: Khalyj as-Suways) in the west and the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. ... Sinai Peninsula, with the Gulf of Aqaba (east) and the Gulf of Suez (west), as viewed from the Space Shuttle STS-40. ... The Jordan River runs along the border between the West Bank and the Kingdom of Jordan Northern part of the Great Rift Valley as seen from space (NASA) The Jordan River Road sign In spring The Jordan River (Hebrew: נהר הירדן nehar hayarden, Arabic: نهر الأردن nahr al-urdun) is a river in Southwest...


The usual line today is at the Isthmus of Suez along the path of the Suez Canal. This makes the Sinai Peninsula geographically Asian, and Egypt a transcontinental country. Nevertheless Egypt is commonly referred to as an African state, because most of its population and territory are there. Geopolitically, Egypt is sometimes regarded as an Asian state, and it is usually considered part of the transcontinental geopolitical region of the Middle East. Suez Canal, seen from Earth orbit, NASA. Ships moored at El Ballah during transit The Suez Canal (Arabic: , transliteration: ), is a large artificial canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 For other uses of the word Sinai, please see: Sinai (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


In historical geography, several of the larger Mediterranean islands have often been more akin to Africa than to Europe or Asia. Ancient Egypt often ruled Cyprus, and sometimes Crete and Rhodes. The Roman Empire grouped Crete with Cyrenaica (in ancient Libya.) The Balearic Islands and half of Sicily were ruled from Carthage. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Deer statues in Mandraki harbor, where the Colossus of Rhodes once stood This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Roman Carthage with former military harbor Carthage (Greek: , Latin: , from the Phoenician meaning new town; Arabic: ) refers both to an ancient city in Tunisia and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ...


The Canary Islands and Madeira Islands are off the Atlantic coast of Morocco, and although they are geographically part of Africa, they are under the rule of Spain and Portugal, respectively, and geopolitically part of Europe. Under Moorish rule prior to Southwest European colonization, they were fully integrated into Africa. Anthem: Arrorró Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Portuguese: Of the islands, the most beautiful and free) Official language Portuguese Capital Funchal Other towns Porto Santo, Machico, Santa Cruz, Câmara de Lobos, Santana, Ribeira Brava, Caniço Area 797 km² Population  - Total (1991)  - Density... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


Mayotte, situated in the Mozambique Channel between Africa and Madagascar (also geographically part of Africa) is under the rule of France, as are Réunion Island east of Madagascar and some scattered islands in the Indian Ocean also associated with Africa. The Seychelles, Mauritius, and Comoros are island nations also associated with Africa. Location of Mozambique Channel The Mozambique Channel is a portion of the Indian Ocean between the island of Madagascar and southeast Africa, namely Mozambique. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses...


Africa and Europe

The boundaries between Europe and Africa are almost entirely clear-cut and undisputed, since the two continents occupy opposite sides of the Mediterranean Sea, of which the midway areas are mostly devoid of islands. Spain owns the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the African mainland. Sicily forms an extension of Europe into the heart of the Mediterranean, with only Malta, Pantelleria, and the Pelagie Islands falling into question. World map showing the location of Europe. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) is the term that has been historically given to the Spanish possessions in North Africa (as opposed to what was previously part of the Spanish protectorate over the north of Morocco). ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Trapani (TP) Mayor Salvatore Gabriele (since May 17, 2005) Elevation 5 m Area 83 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 7,679  - Density 73/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Panteschi Dialing code 0923 Postal code 91017 Patron St. ... The Pelagie Islands. ...


Malta is geographically associated with Africa but has geopolitically been considered part of Europe since its Christian reconquest. It is closer to the African mainland than the Italian mainland and has historically been associated with Africa much longer. The Maltese people speak a North African dialect of Arabic and are descended from the ancient Libyans, Egyptians, and Phoenicians, as well as the island's Islamic conquerors. World map showing the location of Europe. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Phoenicia was an ancient civilization in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal plain of what is now Lebanon and Syria. ...


The Italian islands of Pantelleria and the Pelagie Islands are closer to Tunisia on the African continent than Sicily and thus part of Africa. The Portuguese Atlantic island possession of the Azores is slightly closer to Europe than Africa and is associated with Europe. Country Italy Region Sicily Province Trapani (TP) Mayor Salvatore Gabriele (since May 17, 2005) Elevation 5 m Area 83 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 7,679  - Density 73/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Panteschi Dialing code 0923 Postal code 91017 Patron St. ... The Pelagie Islands. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi...


Africa and South America

The boundaries between Africa and South America are clear-cut and undisputed, since the two continents occupy opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean, of which the midway areas are devoid of islands. While the uninhabited Brazilian island possession of Saint Peter and Paul Rocks is associated with South America, the British island possessions of Ascension Island, Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha, and Gough Island are associated with Africa. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Saint Peter and Paul Rocks lie near the middle of the Atlantic Narrows. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Motto Our faith is our strength Anthem God Save the Queen Capital (and largest city) Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the...


Americas

The border between North America and South America has been drawn variously, generally somewhere along the Isthmus of Panama. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Isthmus of Panama. ...


One common demarcation follows the Darien Mountains watershed divide along the Colombia-Panama boundary where the isthmus meets the South American continent. Another reckons the continental divide at the Panama Canal, whereby Panama has territory on either side in both continents. Geopolitically (i.e., not strictly geophysical), Panama is usually included with the other North American countries in Central America. The border between North and South America has also been drawn (infrequently) between Costa Rica and Panama, or at one of several other lines across the Isthmus of Panama.[citation needed] Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


In other cultures, America is thought of as one continent or supercontinent encompassing the entire landmass between Alaska and Tierra del Fuego. In this way, North, Central and South America are thought of as regions of the greater landmass. America is often regarded as a single continent in Latin America, Spain, and Portugal, along with other countries. The Olympic Rings represent the Americas with a single ring. In geology, a supercontinent is a land mass comprising more than one continental core, or craton. ... Tierra del Fuego Cerro Sombrero Village, Chile. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1], Central America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Among the recognizable Olympic symbols: The Olympic flag: A white flag with the Olympic Rings on it in five colours. ...


This collection of lands and regions in the Western hemisphere is referred to as the Americas by the English-speaking world. From a sociopolitical and cultural perspective, the Americas are generally divided into Anglo-America (namely the U.S. and Canada, where English prevails) and Latin America (the rest of the Americas, where Romance languages generally predominate). Latin America – particularly Hispanic America – is generally considered a transcontinental region straddling two continents, much like the Middle East. Moreover, the Guyanas are sometimes grouped with the Caribbean region along with Belize and Bermuda (a British possession actually 1000 km east of the US mainland, also sometimes grouped with Anglo-America.) It is not uncommon for what is geopolitically considered North America to be limited to the US, Canada, and sometimes Bermuda. The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1], Central America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... This article is under construction. ... The term Anglo-America is used to describe those parts of North America in which English is the main language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages) are a branch of the Indo-European language family, comprising all the languages that descend from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. ... Hispanic America (Hispanoamérica in Spanish) refers to those parts of the Americas inhabited by Spanish-speaking peoples. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ...


The Galápagos Islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean are a possession of Ecuador and associated with South America. The uninhabited French possession of Clipperton Island 600 miles off the Mexican coast is associated with North America. France also continues to control French Guiana on the northern mainland of South America, as well as Saint-Pierre and Miquelon off the coast of Newfoundland and Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Barthélemy, and Saint Martin in the North American Caribbean. The Netherlands and the United Kingdom are two other European nations that also continue to control islands in the Caribbean, and the Netherlands Antilles are considered split between North and South America. This article is about the islands. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Motto: A Mare Labor(Latin) From the Sea, Work[] Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Saint-Pierre Official languages French Government  - President of the General Council Stéphane Artano  - Préfet (Prefect) Yves Fauqueur Collectivité doutre-mera of France   - ceded by the UKe 30 May 1814   - Territoire d... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ... Anthem For Sweden - The Land of The Incredible Biffs Capital (and largest city) Gustavia Official languages Swedish Government  -  Prime Minister of Sweden Nick XII Bonaparte  -  Prefect Per af Biffsläkt  -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Henning is the mayor of Saint-Barthelemy Overseas Collectivity of Sweden   -  Swedish... Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Marigot Official languages French Government  -  President of France Jacques Chirac  -  Prefect Dominique Lacroix  -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Albert Fleming is the mayor of Saint-Martin Overseas Collectivity of France   -  Island divided between France and the Netherlands 23 March 1648...


Europe and North America

The boundaries between Europe and North America are mostly clear-cut and undisputed, since the two continents occupy opposite sides of the North Atlantic Ocean, of which the midway areas are devoid of islands, except in the north, where the line comes down to Greenland and Iceland. Iceland and the Azores are protusions of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and are associated with and peopled from Europe. Greenland not only is usually considered geographically North American, most of the Greenlander ancestry is from the Inuit people indigenous to northern North America. The Norwegian Arctic islands of Jan Mayen and Svalbard archipelago are associated with Europe. Although Greenland is the closest land to them, they are much closer to Europe than to the North American mainland. World map showing the location of Europe. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Courtesy USGS The ridge was central in the breakup of Pangaea that began some 180 million years ago. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ...


Asia and North America

The Bering Strait and Bering Sea separate the landmasses of Asia and North America, as well as forming the international boundaries between Russia and the United States, respectively. This national and continental boundary separates the Diomede Islands in the Bering Strait, with Big Diomede in Russia and Little Diomede in the US. The Aleutian Islands are an island chain extending westward from the Alaska Peninsula toward Russia's Komandorski Islands and Kamchatka Peninsula, as well as an integral part of the transcontinental American state of Alaska. Most of them are associated with North America, except for the westernmost Near Islands, which are beyond the North Aleutians Basin and on Asia's continental shelf, and allow the US to be considered a transcontinental country without Hawaii and other Oceanian island possessions. St. Lawrence Island in the northern Bering Sea belongs to Alaska and may be associated with either continent, as may the Rat Islands in the Aleutian chain. Satellite photo of the Bering Strait Photo across the Bering Strait Nautical chart of the Bering Strait The Bering Strait (Russian: ) is a sea strait between Cape Dezhnev, Russia, the easternmost point (169°43 W) of the Asian continent and Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, the westernmost point (168°05... Satellite photo of the Bering Sea Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean Bearing Sea with Kamchatka Peninsula and Alaska The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water north of, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Satellite photo of the Bering Strait, with the Diomede Islands at center. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles) to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. ... The Komandorski Islands or Commander Islands (Russian: ) are a group of treeless islands east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, in the Bering Sea. ... Kamchatka is home to many volcanoes, including Avachinsky shown here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The Near Islands are the smallest and westernmost group of the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska, at about 52°51′ N 173°11′ E. The largest of the Near Islands are, from west to east, Attu, Agattu, and Buldyr. ... The North Aleutians Basin is a geographic phenomenon, primarily a submarine depression, occurring in the southern Bristol Bay region of the Bering Sea and just off the northern shore of the Alaska Peninsula. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... St. ... The Rat Islands is a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska, between the Near Islands, to its west, and the Andreanof Islands group, to its east, at about 52° 6 North, 177° 36 West. ...


Asia and Oceania

Green - Oceania; pink/gray - Asia; M - Melanesia line

Indonesia is a multi-island, transcontinental state belonging both to Asia and to Oceania. The geological and zoological border follows the Wallace line. Alternatively it may be divided according to the Melanesia definition – accounting for human language, genetics, history and crafts – placing more territory in Asia (shown by the line labelled M on the map.) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1276x802, 48 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1276x802, 48 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Wallaces line between Australasian and Southeast Asian fauna. ... Map showing Melanesia. ...


Indonesia is today more commonly referred to as one of the Southeast Asian countries, and thus simply Asian. East Timor, an independent state that was formerly a territory of Indonesia, is sometimes considered part of Oceania, but is classified by the United Nations as part of the "South-Eastern Asia" block. It is expected to join the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [1] having been involved as a ASEAN Regional Forum member since independence, and participated in the Southeast Asian Games since 2003. Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) holds annual meetings in relation to economic, and cultural development of Southeast Asian countries. ... Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,465,5001 km²   sq mi  Population  -   estimate 558,812,2001, 2   -  Density 125 /km²   /sq mi GDP (PPP) 20051 estimate  -  Total US$ 2. ... The Southeast Asian Games Federation logo and flag The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biannual multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. ... The 22nd Southeast Asian Games were held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 5 December - 13 December 2003. ...


The Wallace line separates Bali, Borneo, and Mindanao on its Asian side from Lombok, Sulawesi, and the Talaud Islands on the Oceanian side, respectively. This boundary leaves all of The Philippines in Asia. Bali is an Indonesian island located at , the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ... Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... Gunung Rinjani from Gili Trawangan Lombok (1990 pop. ... Location of Sulawesi Island (light green) among the various islands of Indonesia. ... Talaud Islands is a group of islands located north of Sulawesi island in Indonesia. ...


Oceania

To English-speaking people, Oceania is not considered to be a continent; however, Australia by itself is usually considered one. By such a definition, neither the annexation of Hawaii by the United States in 1898 nor its admission as the 50th American state in 1959 in and of itself made the U.S. a transcontinental nation, although it was transcontinental by virtue of its possession of the Asian islands of the Philippines and western Aleutian Islands. World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900...


If Oceania were considered a continent, rather than the part of the Earth furthest from any of them, the following countries might be considered transcontinental, as occupying land in both Oceanian islands and a continent:

motto: ( Rapa Nui ) Also called Te Pito O Te Henua (Ombligo del mundo) (Navel of the world) Capital Hanga Roa Area  - City Proper  163. ... Isla Sala y Gómez (Rapa Nui: Motu Motiro Hiva) is a small uninhabited island lying in the eastern Pacific at 26°27′ S 105°28′ W. It is part of Chiles Easter Island province. ... The town of San Juan Bautista in Cumberland Bay, Robinson Crusoe Island Map of Isla Más Afuera / Selkirk Map of Isla Más a Tierra / Crusoe Orthographic projection centred over Juan Fernandez The Juan Fernández Islands is a sparsely inhabited island group in the South Pacific Ocean, situated... Map Of Desventuradas Islands (Chile) Map Of Chile The Desventuradas Islands (Spanish: ) are relatively small oceanic islands located approximately 850 km off the coast of Chile; they are part of the Valparaíso commune (municipality). ... Valparaíso is Chiles fifth administrative region from north to south. ... Aerial photo from 1987 Minamitori-shima (南鳥島) or Marcus Island is an isolated island in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, located at . ... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... A map of the Ogasawara Islands south of Japan The Ogasawara Islands ) are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical islands some 1,000 km directly south of central Tokyo, Japan. ... Map of the Hawaiian Islands, a chain of islands that stretches 2,400 km in a northwesterly direction from the southern tip of the Island of Hawai‘i. ... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ...

Australia

The Commonwealth of Australia consists not only of its namesake continent and the island state of Tasmania, but also external island possessions in the sub-Antarctic (see Antarctica below) and to the east and northwest of the continent. Of the tropical island territories, Norfolk Island, the Coral Sea Islands, and Lord Howe Island in the Pacific Ocean and the Ashmore and Cartier Islands in the Indian Ocean are in Oceania, while Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to the west of Sumatra) are associated with Asia. The majority of the ancestry of Australia's Asian island residents is Asian and the majority of them are Muslim or Buddhist. Macquarie Island is part of the transcontinental state of Tasmania and the transcontinental Local Government Area of Huon Valley, while Lord Howe Island is part of New South Wales and the other external islands are federal territories. Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114 (7th)  - Product per capita  $33,243/person (8th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  489,600 (6th)  - Density  7. ... For the island off Solomon Islands, see Ontong Java Atoll Lord Howe Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean 600 km (373 mi) east of the Australian mainland. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Orthographic projection over Macquarie Island Macquarie Island lies in the Southern Ocean, about half-way between Australia and Antarctica. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Huon Valley Council is a Local Government Area of Tasmania. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ...


Antarctica

Antarctica and its outlying islands have no permanent population. All land south of 60°S latitude is terra nullius and the Antarctic Treaty System holds all claims to such land in abeyance. Although South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are closer to Antarctica, the inhabited Falkland Islands are closer to South America and the continental boundary separates them from the South Georgia group. Terra nullius (English pronunciation , Latin pronunciation [[IPA]])is a Latin expression deriving from Roman Law meaning no mans land or, literally, empty land. // Rationale As in Antiquity peace was considered an exceptional condition between states, only established by peace treaty, war being their natural rapport, any territory that was... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only continent without a native population. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The following are sub-Antarctic island territories north of 60° and associated with Antarctica:

If the Prince Edward Islands are considered associated with Antarctica, Cape Town is a transcontinental city and Western Cape is a transcontinental province, since they include the islands. Orthographic projection over Macquarie Island Macquarie Island lies in the Southern Ocean, about half-way between Australia and Antarctica. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... ÃŽle Amsterdam IPA: (meaning Amsterdam island, after the Dutch capital) is a French island in the Indian Ocean located at . ... Map of St. ... Basic data Administrative status: district Country: French Southern and Antarctic Lands Capital: Port-aux-Français Population: ca. ... The position of the Antipodes Islands relative to New Zealand, and other outlying islands. ... Southern coast of the main island The Auckland Islands (Motu Maha) ( ) form a sub-Antarctic archipelago of New Zealand, and include the following: Auckland Island, Adams Island, Enderby Island, Disappointment Island, Ewing Island, Dundas Island and Green Island. ... The Campbell Island group (or Campbell Islands) is a group of sub-antarctic islands, belonging to New Zealand. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Islands Map of Prince Edward Islands The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are politically part of South Africa. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Elevation Highest point: Seweweekspoort Peak at 2325 meters (7628 feet) Lowest point: sea level Languages Afrikaans (55. ...


List of geographically transcontinental states

A transcontinental state is a country whose contiguous continental territory or, (in the case of an island state, its different islands) lie in two (or more) different continents, or which has nearby outlying islands associated with a continent other than where it is based. Non-contiguous parts of countries are not considered (i.e. distant integral parts, extraterritorial possessions, dependencies and the like – examples include Bermuda, French Guiana, Greenland, and Hawaii,) although they may still be considered portions of transcontinental countries. This list includes the countries meeting that definition and presents tables showing the calculated area and population of each country on each continent. Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ...


Methodology of calculation

There are two main methods for non-scientific calculation of parts of the territorial area:

  • The smaller part of the territory is divided into rectangles, which area can be easily calculated using simple distance tools. This method gives results with moderate errors and can be used only for area, but not for population.
  • If the administrative divisions (sub-regions) of the state are going along the continents' geographical border (or near it) then much more correct data (widely available area and population data for the regions) can be added up together.

The total area and population of countries is well known from various sources, so when there is data for the part of the country on one continent - then the percentages of the other part (on the other continent) can be easily calculated by subtraction.


Countries in both Asia and Europe

See "Europe and Asia" section of this article for more details about the geographical border between Europe and Asia.
See also Geographic criteria for EU membership.
  • Azerbaijan - situated in both Western Asia and Eastern Europe.
  • Georgia - situated in both Western Asia and Eastern Europe.
  • Kazakhstan - situated in both Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
  • Russia - situated in both Northern Asia and Eastern Europe.
  • Turkey - situated in both Western Asia and Southeastern Europe.

Map colours: Geographical Europe is coloured green. The Asian territory of states that lie both in Europe and Asia are coloured light pink. Dark-pink are coloured states that lie entirely on the Asian continent, but are considered European because of cultural and historical reasons. Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan is also coloured dark-pink because it is not a continuous extension of Azerbaijan's territory.
World map showing the location of Europe. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union. ... Map of Azerbaijan, showing Naxçıvan to the bottom-left Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (or Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is an exclave of Azerbaijan. ...


Statistics

State Total Area
km²
Area in Asia
km²
Area in Asia
% of total
Area in Europe
km²
Area in Europe
% of total
Russia 17,075,200 13,115,200 76.81 3,960,000 23.19
Azerbaijan 86,600 79,490 91.79 7,110 8.21
Kazakhstan 2,717,300 2,567,300 94.48 150,000 5.52
Turkey 769,604 745,972 96.93 23,632 3.07
Georgia 69,700 67,700 97.13 2000 2.87

Countries are sorted according to percentage of European area.
Sources: Turkey: Turkish Statistical Institute (land area) [3]
Other countries: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [4]
For methodologies of calculation see below.

State Total Population Population in Asia Population in Asia
% of total
Population in Europe Population in Europe
% of total
Russia 143,780,000 37,742,857 26.25 106,037,143 73.75
Turkey 67,803,927 59,898,281 88.34 7,905,646 11.66
Kazakhstan 15,140,000 14,400,000 96.04 600,000 3.96
Azerbaijan 7,870,000 7,694,800 97.77 175,200 2.23
Georgia 4,690,000 4,652,480 99.2 37,520 0.8

Countries are sorted according to percentage of European population.
Sources: Turkey: Turkish Statistical Institute [5]
Other countries: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [6]
For methodologies of calculation see below.


Russia

Russian regions' borders follow the Ural Mountains and Ural River closely enough. The deviations of the borders are such that if one mainly European region has a small part of its territory in Asia, then another mainly Asian region has a small part of its territory in Europe. Such cases are rare and nearly compensate one another, so for such a rough calculation we can claim high accuracy. There is also a very small area (less than 300 km²) of Russian territory south of the main Caucasus watershed in Asia. This is also a small deviation and it does not seriously affect the calculation accuracy. Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The Ural (Russian: , Kazakh: Жайық, Jayıq or Zhayyq), known as Yaik before 1775, is a river flowing through Russia and Kazakhstan. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high (but better is possible)
  • Accuracy of population calculation: high (but better is possible)

Azerbaijan

The northeastern Azerbaijan district borders run mostly along the main Caucasus watershed. Five districts are entirely within Europe, and the transcontinental Khizi district is almost equally divided on the two sides of the watershed, so area calculation is easily made. The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Xizi is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high (but better is possible)
  • Accuracy of population calculation: high-to-medium

Georgia

Georgia regions' borders don't follow the main Caucasus watershed (a newer map is needed that is showing South Ossetia correctly and not divided between other regions - mostly the former Tsinkvalli region.) Georgia's three transcontinental regions are Shida Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, and Kakheti. The Java district of Shida Kartli is transcontinental and the region's other four districts are entirely within Asia. The Kazbegi and Dusheti districts of Mtskheta-Mtianeti are transcontinental and the region's other three districts are entirely within Asia. The Akhmeta district of Kakheti is transcontinental and the region's other seven districts are entirely within Asia. The area is calculated by the rectangle method. The population is calculated using the inhabitants/km² of Azerbaijan's European territory (because it is in the same region and is somewhat accurate.) The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Anthem unknown Capital Tskhinvali Official languages Ossetian1 Government  -  President Eduard Kokoity  -  Prime Minister Yury Morozov De facto independence from Georgia  -  Declared November 28, 1991   -  Recognition none  Currency Russian ruble (RUB) Russian in widespread use by government and other institutions. ... Shida Kartli is a region of Eastern Georgia. ... Mtskheta-Mtianeti is a region in eastern Georgia (country) comprising the town of Mtskheta, which serves as a regional capital, together with its district and the adjoining mountainous areas. ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Georgia (country) ... Java (Georgian: ჯავა) is a district (Raioni) in Georgias Shida Kartli region. ... Alaverdi Akhmeta is a very old village in the Kakheti province of Georgia. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: low
  • Accuracy of population calculation: low

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan's provincial borders don't follow the Ural River. Two of the provinces are transcontinental, Atyrau Province and West Kazakhstan Province. The capital of the former, Atyrau, is split by the mouth of the Ural and is a transcontinental city. Almost all of it is in Asia with a small portion in Europe. Two of Atyrau Province's districts are entirely in Europe, three of its districts are entirely in Asia, and its Inderskiy and Makhambetskiy districts are transcontinental. Five of West Kazakhstan's districts and the city of Oral are entirely in Europe, five of its districts are entirely in Asia, and its Akzhaikskiy district is transcontinental. Atyrau is a province of Kazakhstan. ... West Kazakhstan (Batys Qazaqstan) is a province of Kazakhstan. ... Geographical location of Atyrau. ... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ... Oral on the map of Kazakhstan. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: low
  • Accuracy of population calculation: low

Turkey

Three of Turkey's provinces are entirely in Europe while Çanakkale and Istanbul are transcontinental provinces. Three of Çanakkale's districts are entirely in Europe and its other nine districts are entirely in Asia. 19 of Istanbul's districts are entirely in Europe and its other 12 districts are entirely in Asia. The accuracy of both land area and population percentages is the highest possible. shows the Location of the Province Canakkale Çanakkale is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. ... Shows the Location of the Province İstanbul Istanbul Province is a province located in north-west Turkey. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Countries in both Asia and Africa

green - Asia, pink/gray - Africa
green - Asia, pink/gray - Africa
See Geography of Africa and Asia pages for more details about the geographical border between Africa and Asia.
  • The border between the two continents is considered to go along the Isthmus of Suez and the Suez Canal. This border lies in Egypt, so it is considered both North African and Southwest Asian. The border continues through the Gulf of Suez, Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. International arbitration of the Hanish islands crisis in 1998 split control of the Hanish Islands in the Red Sea between Yemen and Eritrea along this border.


Statistics Download high resolution version (1276x833, 35 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1276x833, 35 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Maps of Africa Africa is a continent comprised of 61 political territories (including 53 countries), representing the largest of the three great southward projections from the main mass of Earths surface. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Suez Canal, seen from Earth orbit, NASA. Ships moored at El Ballah during transit The Suez Canal (Arabic: , transliteration: ), is a large artificial canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. ... The northern end of the Red Sea is bifurcated by the Sinai Peninsula, creating the Gulf of Suez (Arabic: خليج السويس; transliterated: Khalyj as-Suways) in the west and the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Gulf of Aden in 1860 The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن; transliterated: Khalyj Adan) is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... Combatants Eritrea Yemen Strength unknown unknown Casualties 3-12 killed 15 killed 196 captured 17 civilians taken prisoner The Hanish islands crises (or the Eritrean-Yemeni Border crises also known as the Odd War) took place over three days from 15 December and 17 December 1995 on the island of... The Hanish Islands are an island group in the Red Sea. ...

State Total Area
km²
Area in Africa
km²
Area in Africa
% of total
Area in Asia
km²
Area in Asia
% of total
Egypt 1,001,450 937,894 93.65 63,556 6.35
Yemen 527,968 3,808 0.72 524,160 99.28

Countries are sorted according to percentage of African area.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [7]
For methodologies of calculation see below.

State Total Population Population in Africa Population in Africa
% of total
Population in Asia Population in Asia
% of total
Egypt 74,718,797 73,340,638 98.16 1,378,159 1.84
Yemen 20,975,000 44,260 0.21 20,930,740 99.79

Countries are sorted according to percentage of African population.
Sources: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [8]
Yemen: Also the MOPD-EU Socotra Development Masterplan [9]
For methodologies of calculation see below.


Egypt

Three of Egypt's governorates lie entirely in Asia and two are transcontinental. Ismailia Governorate is nearly equally divided by the Suez Canal and Suez Governorate, which is coterminous with the transcontinental city of Suez, has a small portion east of the Suez Canal. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with muhafazah. ... Map of Egypt showing Al Ismailiyah Governorate. ... Suez Canal, seen from Earth orbit, NASA. Ships moored at El Ballah during transit The Suez Canal (Arabic: , transliteration: ), is a large artificial canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. ... Map of Egypt showing Suez Governorate. ... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ... Northermost part of Gulf of Suez with town Suez on map of 1856. ... Suez Canal, seen from Earth orbit, NASA. Ships moored at El Ballah during transit The Suez Canal (Arabic: , transliteration: ), is a large artificial canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high (but better is possible)
  • Accuracy of population calculation: high-to-medium

Yemen

Although mainland Yemen is in the southern Arabian Peninsula and thus part of Asia, and its Hanish Islands and Perim in the Red Sea are associated with Asia, Yemen controls the archipelago of Socotra, which lies east of the horn of Somalia and is much closer to Africa than Asia. Socotra and the mainland city of Aden constitute the transcontinental 'Adan Governorate, so the Socotra archipelago constitutes a portion of a political subdivision that can only be approximated. The Arabian Peninsula Emirets towers in United Arab Emirates; the eastern part of Arabian Penisula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية, or جزيرة العرب) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Hanish Islands are an island group in the Red Sea. ... Perim (Arabic: [Barīm]) is a volcanic island in the Strait of Mandeb off the southwestern coast of Yemen. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Map of the Socotra archipelago Socotra or Soqotra (Arabic سقطرى ; Suquṭra) is a small archipelago of four islands and islets in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Somalia some 350 km south of the Arabian peninsula. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Port of Aden (around 1910). ... Media:Example. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high (better is possible)
  • Accuracy of population calculation: medium

Countries in both Asia and Oceania

green - Oceania, pink/gray - Asia
green - Oceania, pink/gray - Asia
See Wallace Line and the Oceania and Asia pages for more details about the grouping of the islands between Oceania and Asia.

A traditional geographical definition to determine which island should be included with Oceania and which with Asia is to use the Wallace line, although it is less favoured contemporarily and within Asia itself, where the zoogeographical boundary is less known. Download high resolution version (1276x833, 47 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1276x833, 47 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... Wallaces line between Australasian and Southeast Asian fauna. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

  • According to this definition some of the eastern Indonesian islands should be considered Oceanian. So Indonesia is both in Southeast Asia and in Oceania. However, it is common practice on maps to consider all of Indonesia, including Western New Guinea, as 'Asia'. Indonesia is highly sensitive to ideas of separatism in its eastern borders, and would not want to be considered a country divided by two continents with distinct social characteristics. It is also common practice to consider all of Indonesia outside of New Guinea as being Asian.
  • According to this definition the whole of the state East Timor lies only in Oceania. Culturally it is also much closer to the Pacific people than to Asians (although much of the Malay Archipelago may show similar characteristics due to it being a transitional area between mainland Asia and the Pacific islands). East Timor is considered as a part of Asia primarily due to its past occupation by Indonesia, which is regarded mostly a Southeast Asian state. It is, however, an observer in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and is classified as Asian by the United Nations [10].

Although Australia controls the inhabited Asian Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, they are too far from the Australian continent to include in the charts below and consider the nation a transcontinental state. West Papua is also the name of the province of Indonesia formerly called West Irian Jaya. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Separatism is a term usually applied to describe the attitudes or motivations of those seeking independence or separation of their land or region from the country that governs them. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,465,5001 km²   sq mi  Population  -   estimate 558,812,2001, 2   -  Density 125 /km²   /sq mi GDP (PPP) 20051 estimate  -  Total US$ 2. ...


Statistics

State Total Area
km²
Area in Asia
km²
Area in Asia
% of total
Area in Oceania
km²
Area in Oceania
% of total
East Timor 15,007 0 0 15,007 100
Indonesia 1,904,443 1,158,645 60.84 745,798 39.16

Countries are sorted according to percentage of Oceanian area.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [11]
For methodologies of calculation see below.

State Total Population Population in Asia Population in Asia
% of total
Population in Oceania Population in Oceania
% of total
East Timor 1,019,252 0 0 1,019,252 100
Indonesia 238,452,952 208,176,381 87.3 28,159,300 12.7

Countries are sorted according to percentage of Oceanian population.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [12]
For methodologies of calculation see below.


East Timor

Geographically and culturally, East Timor is entirely within Oceania, so the accuracy of both area and population percentages is the highest possible. World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ...


Indonesia

Sulawesi, the Maluku Islands, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, the Sangir Islands, the Talaud Islands, and Western New Guinea lie entirely in Oceania, while Indonesia's other islands and island groups lie entirely in Asia, and none of its provinces crosses the Wallace Line, so the accuracy of both the area and population percentages is the highest possible. Location of Sulawesi Island (light green) among the various islands of Indonesia. ... The Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Moluccan Islands or simply Maluku) are an archipelago in Indonesia, and part of the larger Malay Archipelago. ... Map showing West Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat) is a province in south-central Indonesia. ... Map showing East Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. ... The Sangihe Islands (or Sangir Islands) is a group of islands in northern Indonesia, northeast of Sulawesi in the Celebes Sea, roughly half way between Sulawesi and Mindanao, in the Philippines. ... Talaud Islands is a group of islands located north of Sulawesi island in Indonesia. ... West Papua is also the name of the province of Indonesia formerly called West Irian Jaya. ... Wallaces line between Australasian and Southeast Asian fauna. ...


Countries in both North America and South America

green - South America, pink/gray - North America
green - South America, pink/gray - North America
See North America and South America pages for more details about the geographical border between the two Americas.
  • Most geographic authorities delineate the land border dividing the Americas somewhere along the Isthmus of Panama. One common demarcation follows the Darien watershed along the Colombia-Panama boundary. Another common dividing line (and used herein) is the Panama Canal transecting the isthmus; thus, Panama is reckoned to have territory in both continents. Panama City, Panama's capital, sits on the Pacific (southern) coast near the Panama Canal in the eastern (South American) portion of the country. Panama lies almost entirely on the Caribbean Plate, with a small portion on the South American Plate. Geopolitically, all of Panama is often considered a part of North America alone and among the countries of North America.
  • The sea islands division is more complicated. All Caribbean islands are often labeled as North American. The Dutch dependency Aruba, some parts of the Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire and Curaçao islands), and the state of Trinidad and Tobago lie on the continental shelf of South America, and are considered South American. Venezuela's Isla Aves and the Colombian islands of San Andrés and Providencia are geographically North American. Venezuela is not included in the charts below since Isla Aves only covers a small fraction of a km² and is uninhabited. Isla Aves is one of the Federal dependencies of Venezuela under the administration of the transcontinental city of Caracas.


North American Caribbean islands belonging to South American countries: Download high resolution version (1276x833, 40 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1276x833, 40 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Bicontinental country Categories: GFDL images ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1], Central America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... The Isthmus of Panama. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Panama City (Spanish: Ciudad de Panamá), population 708,738, with a total metro population of 1,063,000 is the capital of Panama, located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, at . ... Detail of tectonic plates from: Tectonic plates of the world. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... Anthem: Tera di Solo y suave biento Capital (and largest city) Kralendijk Official languages Dutch Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  - Bonaire Administrator  - Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles  Area  - Total 288 km² 111 sq mi  Population  - 2001 census 10,791  - Density... For other uses, see Curaçao (disambiguation). ...  Sediment  Rock  Mantle  The global continental shelf, highlighted in cyan The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs. ... Isla de Aves (Spanish for Island of Birds) is a Caribbean islet with sovereignty disputed between Dominica and Venezuela. ... Motto: Capital San Andrés Governor Area 52 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   83,491 1,600 people/km² Adjective San Andrés and Providencia (Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia) is one of the departments of Colombia. ... The Federal Dependencies of Venezuela encompass all of Venezuelas off shore islands in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Venezuela. ... A transcontinental city is a city occupying portions of more than one continent. ... Nickname: La Sultana del Avila (English:The Avilas Sultan) La Sucursal del paraiso Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ...

Isla Aves [13]


South American Caribbean islands: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Motto: Capital San Andrés Governor Area 52 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   83,491 1,600 people/km² Adjective San Andrés and Providencia (Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia) is one of the departments of Colombia. ... Isla de Aves (Spanish for Island of Birds) is a Caribbean islet with sovereignty disputed between Dominica and Venezuela. ...

Statistics Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Curacao_Location. ... Image File history File links Curacao_Location. ... For other uses, see Curaçao (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Bonaire_Location. ... Image File history File links Bonaire_Location. ... Anthem: Tera di Solo y suave biento Capital (and largest city) Kralendijk Official languages Dutch Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  - Bonaire Administrator  - Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles  Area  - Total 288 km² 111 sq mi  Population  - 2001 census 10,791  - Density... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

State Total Area
km²
Area in North America
km²
Area in North America
% of total
Area in South America
km²
Area in South America
% of total
Aruba 1 180 0 0 180 100
Trinidad and Tobago 5,128 0 0 5,128 100
Colombia 1,141,748 57 0.005 1,141,691 99.995
Netherlands Antilles 1 800 68 8.5 732 91.5
Panama 75,517 47,484 62.88 28,033 37.12

1 Extraterritorial part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Countries are sorted according to percentage of South American area.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [14]
For methodologies of calculation see below.

State Total Population Population in North America Population in North America
% of total
Population in South America Population in South America
% of total
Aruba 1 103,000 0 0 103,000 100
Trinidad and Tobago 1,104,209 0 0 1,104,209 100
Colombia 42,090,502 83,491 0.20 42,007,011 99.80
Netherlands Antilles 1 221,226 59,226 26.77 162,000 73.23
Panama 3,000,463 2,498,717 83.28 299,936 16.72

1 Extraterritorial part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Countries are sorted according to percentage of South American population.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [15]
For methodologies of calculation see below.


Aruba

Geographically entirely in South America, so the accuracy of both area and population percentages is the highest possible. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Trinidad and Tobago

Geographically entirely in South America, so the accuracy of both area and population percentages is the highest possible. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Colombia

Mainland Colombia is in northwestern South America, but the nation also controls the San Andrés and Providencia archipelago, 400 miles WNW of Columbia's Caribbean coast, near the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. This archipelago is coterminous with the department of the same name, but the population can only be approximated. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Motto: Capital San Andrés Governor Area 52 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   83,491 1,600 people/km² Adjective San Andrés and Providencia (Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia) is one of the departments of Colombia. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high-to-medium
  • Accuracy of population calculation: medium

Netherlands Antilles

Bonaire and Curaçao lie entirely in South America, while Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten lie entirely in North America, so the accuracy of both area and population percentages is the highest possible. Anthem: Tera di Solo y suave biento Capital (and largest city) Kralendijk Official languages Dutch Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  - Bonaire Administrator  - Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles  Area  - Total 288 km² 111 sq mi  Population  - 2001 census 10,791  - Density... For other uses, see Curaçao (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Motto Remis Velisque (Latin) With oars and sails (English) Anthem Saba you rise from the ocean Capital The Bottom Largest city The Bottom Official languages Dutch, English (unofficial) Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  -  Saba Administrator A.J.M. Solagnier  -  Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part... Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin. ... Motto Semper pro grediens (Latin) Anthem O sweet Sint-Maartens Land Capital (and largest city) Philipsburg Official languages Dutch, English Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  -  Administrator Franklyn Richards constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles, separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands as from December 15... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Panama

Three of the provinces lie entirely in South America. Panamá Province and Colón Province are both transcontinental, with Colón nearly equally divided between both Americas and Panamá unequally divided, with nearly a 1:4 ratio in South America's favor. The Pearl Islands and Taboga Island in the Gulf of Panama are part of Panamá Province and are associated with South America and North America, respectively. A map of the locations of the districts of these two provinces and their area and population numbers are needed. Panamá is a province in Panamá. The capital is the city of Panamá. The current governor of the province is Erich Rodríguez Auerbach. ... Colón is a province of Panama. ... Pearl Islands (or Archipelago de las Perlas in Spanish) is a group of islands on the Pacific side of Panama, the most notable of which is Contadora Island known for its resorts. ... Taboga is a small island in Panama Bay, easily accessible by Ferry from Panama City. ... Gulf of Panama with minor gulfs. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: medium
  • Accuracy of population calculation: low

Countries in both Africa and Europe

See "Africa and Europe" section of this article for more details about the geographical border between Africa and Europe.
State Total Area
km²
Area in Africa
km²
Area in Africa
% of total
Area in Europe
km²
Area in Europe
% of total
Italy 301,318 110 0.037 301,208 99.963
Portugal 92,391 797 0.863 91,594 99.137
Spain 505,992 7,497 1.48 498,495 98.52
Malta 316 316 100 0 0

Countries are sorted according to percentage of European area.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [16]
For methodologies of calculation see below.
A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...

State Total Population Population in Africa Population in Africa
% of total
Population in Europe Population in Europe
% of total
Italy 58,751,711 13,745 0.023 58,737,966 99.977
Portugal 10,605,870 253,482 2.39 10,352,388 97.61
Spain 44,708,964 2,109,044 4.718 42,599,920 95.282
Malta 404,039 404,039 100 0 0

Countries are sorted according to percentage of European population.
Source: World Gazetteer, Statistics of administrative units, towns and cities [17]
For methodologies of calculation see below.


Italy

Although mainland Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, the Aegadian Islands, Ustica, and the Aeolian Islands are associated with Europe, the closest land to Pantelleria and the Pelagie Islands is Tunisia on the African mainland. They belong to the transcontinental Sicilian provinces of Trapani and Agrigento, respectively, and they are coterminous with the comuni of Pantelleria and Lampedusa e Linosa, respectively. They represent portions of political subdivisions that can only be approximated. Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or Sardinnya) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... A map showing the Aegadian Islands. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Palermo (PA) Mayor Aldo Messina (since May 27, 2005) Elevation 49 m Area 8 km² Population  - Total (as of 2001) 1,330  - Density 166/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Usticesi or Usticani Dialing code 091 Postal code 90010 Location of Ustica in... The Aeolian Islands. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Trapani (TP) Mayor Salvatore Gabriele (since May 17, 2005) Elevation 5 m Area 83 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 7,679  - Density 73/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Panteschi Dialing code 0923 Postal code 91017 Patron St. ... The Pelagie Islands. ... Trapani (Italian: Provincia di Trapani) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy. ... Agrigento (It. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Province of Agrigento (AG) Mayor Elevation 16 m Area 25. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high (better is possible)
  • Accuracy of population calculation: medium

Portugal

The Portuguese mainland is in Europe, while the Azores archipelago (also associated with Europe) and the archipelago of Madeira (geographically part of Africa) in the Atlantic Ocean constitute the Autonomous regions of Portugal. World map showing the location of Europe. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Motto Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres(Portuguese) Of all islands, the most beautiful and free Anthem A Portuguesa(national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira(local) Capital (and largest city) Funchal Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Alberto João Jardim Establishment  -  Settled 1420   -  Autonomy... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Portugal has two autonomous regions: Azores and Madeira. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high
  • Accuracy of population calculation: high

Spain

Although its mainland is in Europe, Spain has holdings (the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and its Plazas de soberanía including Ceuta and Melilla on the African mainland) that are geographically part of Africa. They are considered Autonomous communities of Spain. Anthem: Arrorró Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain has five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) near Morocco administrated directly by Madrids Government. ... Plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) is the term that has been historically given to the Spanish possessions in North Africa (as opposed to what was previously part of the Spanish protectorate over the north of Morocco). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ...

  • Accuracy of area calculation: high
  • Accuracy of population calculation: high

Malta

Geographically entirely in Africa,[citation needed] so the accuracy of both area and population percentages is the highest possible. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


List of transcontinental empires and countries in history

Parent article: Transcontinental country The following is a list of historical instances of nations covering land on two or more continents, including islands associated with a continent other than the one where the nation was based. ...

See also

It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The term thalassocracy (from the Greek Θαλασσο-κρατία) refers to a state with primarily maritime realms—an empire at sea, such as the Phoenician network of merchant cities. ... This is a list of the countries of the world by continent, displayed with their respective national flags and capitals. ...

External links

  • Transcontinental states according to World Gazetteer

  Results from FactBites:
 
Asia - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (2919 words)
name={{{name}}}}}}}} Egypt Egypt is generally considered a transcontinental country in Northern Africa and Western Asia; population and area figures are for Asian portion only, east of the Suez Canal (Sinai Peninsula).
Naxçivan (Azerbaijan) Azerbaijan is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe.
In the late 80's and early 90's Japan's economy was almost as large as that of the rest of the continent combined.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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