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Encyclopedia > Trans

Trans is a Latin noun or prefix, meaning "across", "beyond" or "on the opposite side [of]" . It is the opposite of cis, which means "on the same side [of]". Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Look up Antonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CIS usually refers to: Commonwealth of Independent States, a modern-day political entity consisting of 11 former Soviet Union Republics CIS is also an acronym for: Canadian Interuniversity Sport Cancer Information Service Carcinoma in situ Centre for Independent Studies Center for Immigration Studies Chinese International School Cisalpino Citizenship & Immigration Services...

  • In chemistry, a double bond (or ring) not subject to free rotation in which the greater radical on both ends is on the opposite side of the bond (or face of the ring) is called trans. Compare with cis.
In the diagram on the right, the hydrogen atoms are on opposite sides of the carbon chain. They cannot rotate to the same side of the molecule, as (unlike with a single bond) double bonds prevent this from happening. A similar phenomenon is seen in cyclic compounds (in which the atoms form a closed ring), where substituents can be on the same "face" of the ring (cis) or opposite faces (trans.)
See geometric isomerism for more on this topic. See also Trans fat.
  • In cell biology, external factors which act on a molecule are considered to act in trans. For example, proteins which are transcription factors bind to the DNA in trans to modify the rate of RNA transcription. Internal factors act in cis. For example, a specific promoter sequence which recruits RNA polymerase and thereby increases the rate of RNA transcription acts in cis.

Trans is also: Chemistry - the study of atoms, made of nuclei (center particles) and electrons (outer particles), and the structures they form. ... Covalent bonding is a description of chemical bonding that is characterized by the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms. ... cyclobutane Cycloalkanes are chemical compounds with a one or more rings of carbons to which hydrogens are attached according to the formula CnH2n. ... CIS usually refers to: Commonwealth of Independent States, a modern-day political entity consisting of 11 former Soviet Union Republics CIS is also an acronym for: Canadian Interuniversity Sport Cancer Information Service Carcinoma in situ Centre for Independent Studies Center for Immigration Studies Chinese International School Cisalpino Citizenship & Immigration Services... a trans configuration, from screenshot of public domain FDA website at http://www. ... This article is about the chemistry of hydrogen. ... cyclobutane Cycloalkanes are chemical compounds with a one or more rings of carbons to which hydrogens are attached according to the formula CnH2n. ... CIS usually refers to: Commonwealth of Independent States, a modern-day political entity consisting of 11 former Soviet Union Republics CIS is also an acronym for: Canadian Interuniversity Sport Cancer Information Service Carcinoma in situ Centre for Independent Studies Center for Immigration Studies Chinese International School Cisalpino Citizenship & Immigration Services... Cis-2-butene Trans-2-butene In chemistry, geometric isomerism or cis-trans isomerism is a form of stereoisomerism and describes the orientation of functional groups within the molecule. ... A trans fatty acid (commonly shortened to trans fat) is an unsaturated fatty acid molecule that contains a trans double bond between carbon atoms, which makes the molecule less kinked compared to cis fat. Research suggests a correlation between diets high in trans fats and diseases like atherosclerosis and coronary... Cell biology (also called cellular biology or formerly cytology, from the Greek kytos, container) is an academic discipline that studies cells. ... In the context of genetics, a transcription factor is a regulatory protein that initiates the transcription of certain genes upon binding with DNA. The binding of a transcription factor to a specific DNA sequence can result in either an increased rate of transcription of the gene, known as activated transcription... RNAP from pictured during elongation. ... In geography and cartography, a toponym is a place name, a geographical name, a proper name of locality, region, or some other part of Earths surface or its natural or artificial feature. ... In linguistics, a prefix is a type of affix that precedes the morphemes to which it can attach. ... Transalpine Gaul was a Roman province whose name was chosen to distinguish it from Cisalpine Gaul. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given, in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... The west face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... Flag of Transkei bantustan Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994 Transkei, as of 1978 The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ... Old road bridge at Great Kei River, looking towards west bank Great Kei River from Kei Bridge to Kei Mouth The Great Kei River is a river in South Africa in the Eastern Cape province. ... Flag of Transvaal For the Russian theme park, see Transvaal Park. ... The Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa. ... Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire: the lighter green shows Hungary proper and the darker green shows autonomous Croatia-Slavonia within Hungary. ... The Leitha (German: Leitha; Hungarian: Lajta; Czech: Litava) is a river in Central Europe with a length of approximately 180 km. ... Prekmurje (or Transmuraland) is the easternmost region of Slovenia. ... Mura (German Mur) is a river in Central Europe, a subsidiary of the bigger Drava and subsequently Danube. ... Map showing modern Transoxiana. ... The Amu Darya (in Persian آمودریا; Darya means river in Persian) rises in the Pamirs and flows mainly north-west through the Hindu Kush, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to join the Aral Sea in a large river delta. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ... Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ... The Transcaucasus is a region covering the majority of Caucasus mountain range. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Look up Antonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CIS usually refers to: Commonwealth of Independent States, a modern-day political entity consisting of 11 former Soviet Union Republics CIS is also an acronym for: Canadian Interuniversity Sport Cancer Information Service Carcinoma in situ Centre for Independent Studies Center for Immigration Studies Chinese International School Cisalpino Citizenship & Immigration Services... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant Astronomy is the science of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as auroras and cosmic background radiation). ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[1] Outer space, also simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... Apparent magnitude: up to -12. ... Look up Antonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A trans-Neptunian object (TNO) is any object in the solar system that orbits the sun at a greater distance on average than Neptune. ... The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. ... Adjectives: Neptunian Atmosphere Surface pressure: ≫100 kPa Composition: 80% ±3. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is an overarching term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ... Look up Transsexualism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A transwoman (also spelled trans-woman) is a transsexual or transgender person who was physically identified as male at birth, but believes that this is not an accurate or complete description of herself and identifies as a woman. ... Transmen or trans men are transgender or transsexual people who were identified female at birth based on genital appearance (or, in cases of intersexuality, were later assigned to the female gender) and who feel that this is not an accurate or complete description of themselves. ... Cisgender (IPA: ) is an adjective neologism that means non-transgender. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sex assignment refers to the assigning of sex at the birth of a baby. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (231 words)
Trans is a Latin word meaning "across", "beyond" or "on the opposite side" and is the opposite of cis, which means "on the same side".
In chemistry, a bond not subject to free rotation in which the greater radical on both ends is on the opposite side of the bond is called trans.
Trans, a commune in the Mayenne département, in France;
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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