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Encyclopedia > Training

Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills. It forms the core of apprenticeships and provides the backbone of content at technical colleges and polytechnics. Today it is often referred to as professional development. Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of skilled crafts practitioners, which is still popular in some countries. ... A technical college focuses on teaching work skills. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ... Professional development refers to vocational education with specific reference to continuing education of the person undertaking it in the area of employment, it may also provide opportunities for other career paths. ...

Physical training is more mechanistic: planned suites of regimes develop specific skills or muscles with a view to peaking at a particular time. A field of training often used in sports is autogenic training. Another type of training is fartlek training which is a flexible training type which can be adapted to suit almost any athlete. Autogenic training is a term for a relaxation technique developed by the German psychiatrist Johannes Schultz first published in 1932. ... Fartlek, which means ‘speed play’ in Swedish, is a form of conditioning which puts stress mainly on the aerobic energy system due to the continuous nature of this exercise. ... Look up Athlete in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Many early American astronauts trained extensively in Iceland's central highlands due to its similarity to an extraterrestrial planet.
Many early American astronauts trained extensively in Iceland's central highlands due to its similarity to an extraterrestrial planet.

Training & Development is the field concerned with workplace learning to improve performance. Such training can be generally categorized as on-the-job or off-the-job. On-the-job describes training that is given in a normal working situation, using the actual tools, equipment, documents or materials that they will use when fully trained. On-the-job training is usually most effective for vocational work. Off-the-job training takes place away from normal work situation which means that the employee is not regarded as productive worker when training is taking place. An advantage of off-the-job training is that it allows people to get away from work and totally concentrate on the training being given. This type of training is most effective for training concepts and ideas. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 801 KB) Summary I, Moshe Ash, have created this image and allow it to be used by all, provided I am accredited. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 801 KB) Summary I, Moshe Ash, have created this image and allow it to be used by all, provided I am accredited. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... The eight planets and three dwarf planets of the Solar System. ... In organizational development, the related field of training and development (aka T & D) deals with the design and delivery of workplace learning to improve performance. ...

In military use, training means gaining the physical ability to perform and survive in combat, and learning the many skills needed in a time of war. These include how to use a variety of weapons, outdoor survival skills, and how to survive capture by the enemy, among others. See military education and training. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... These are articles containing basic information for surviving dangerous situations. ... Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel in their respective roles. ...

Training methods have been developed for artificial intelligence as well. Evolutionary algorithms, including genetic programming and other methods of machine learning use a system of feedback based on "fitness functions" to allow computer programs to determine how well a task is being performed. A series of programs, known as a “population” of programs are automatically changed and then automatically tested for “fitness,” i.e. how well they perform the intended task. New programs are automatically generated based on members of the population that perform the best. These new members replace programs that perform the worst. The procedure is repeated until optimum performance is achieved.[1] In robotics, such a system can continue to run in real-time after initial training, allowing robots to adapt to new situations and changes in itself, for example due to wear or damage. Robots have also been developed that can appear to mimic simple human behavior as a starting point for training.[2] Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... An evolutionary algorithm (also EA, evolutionary computation, artificial evolution) is a generic term used to indicate any population-based optimization algorithm that uses mechanisms inspired by biological evolution, such as reproduction, mutation and recombination (see genetic operators). ... Genetic programming (GP) is an evolutionary algorithm based methodology inspired by biological evolution to find computer programs that perform a user-defined task. ... As a broad subfield of artificial intelligence, machine learning is concerned with the design and development of algorithms and techniques that allow computers to learn. At a general level, there are two types of learning: inductive, and deductive. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Feedback loop. ... A computer program (often simply called a program) is an example of computer software that prescribes the actions (computations) that are to be carried out by a computer. ... Robotics is the science and technology of robots, their design, manufacture, and application. ... Robots may refer to: Robot, an dogs-mechanical or bio-mechanical device Robots (film), a computer-animated film Robots (video game), based on the movie Robots (novel), a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov Robots (J-Pop) Robot (disambiguation) Category: ... ADAPT - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

In religious and spiritual use, training means purifying mind, heart, understanding and actions to obtain a variety of spiritual goals such as closeness to God or freedom from suffering. Typical of institutionalized spiritual trainings is the Buddhist Threefold Training. Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Dukkha (Pāli दुक्ख ; according to grammatical tradition from Sanskrit uneasy, but according to Monier-Williams more likely a Prakritized form of unsteady, disquieted) is a central concept in Buddhism, the word roughly corresponding to a number of terms in English including sorrow, suffering, affliction, pain, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress... The Buddha identified the threefold training (sikkhā)[1] as training in: higher virtue (adhisÄ«la-sikkhā) higher mind (adhicitta-sikkhā) higher wisdom (adhipaññā-sikkhā) Pursuing this training leads to the abandonment of lust, hatred and delusion. ...

Training differs from exercise in that exercise may be an occasional activity for fun. Training is specific and done to improve one's capability, capacity, and performance. The term Exercise can refer to: Physical exercise such as running or strength training Exercise (options), the financial term for enacting and terminating a contract Category: ...

Training Methodologies

  • Training Within Industry - A national conference for those interested in deploying the TWI training methodology.
  • There are several methods which are possible but only one things counts - what the trainee learns. (Benjamin Rankin)

See also

// Learning and Development can be described as interventions and activities that are intended to improve the knowledge and skills in organisations which increasingly focus on the learner. ...


  1. ^ Genetic Programming An Introduction, Wolfgang Banzhaf, Peter Nordin, Robert E. Keller, and Frank D. Francone, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., 1998
  2. ^ HR-2 Robot can mimic simple human behavior

  Results from FactBites:
TRAIN (798 words)
With Train's new line-up gelling as a unified musical ensemble working and playing as one on For Me, It's You, the group's new album emerges as the most fully realized and keenly focused collection of the band's career.
It was Brendan who suggested Train cover the Bob Mould composition, "If I Can't Change Your Mind." Train's "3rd generation version of a Sugar song" is one of the many musical highpoints on For Me, It's You.
Early in 2000, Train took a break from the road to begin recording a new album with producer Brendan O'Brien.
Train - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2082 words)
In the United Kingdom, a train hauled by two locomotives is said to be "double-headed", and in Canada and the United States it is quite common for a long freight train to be headed by three, four, or even five locomotives.
The first trains were rope-hauled, gravity powered or pulled by horses, but from the early 19th century almost all were powered by steam locomotives.
Long-distance trains, sometimes crossing several countries, may have a dining car or restaurant car; they may also have sleeping cars, but not in the case of high-speed rail; these arrive at their destination before the night falls and are in competition with airplanes in speed.
  More results at FactBites »



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