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Encyclopedia > Train
Rail transport
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Trains
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Modelling Look up Train in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word train from the Latin traho (to draw or pull) means that which is drawn along. Generally trains are a series of connected animals and/or vehicles that move together, usually along a planned route, which may or may not be... Trains may be: Trains, the plural of train. ... Railway tracks. ... railroads redirects here. ... A rail transport or railroad system is a complex synergy of components which may be classified into two groups: extrinsic factors and intrinsic factors. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Great Western Railway No. ... A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... Horse drawn railway coach, late 18th century Density of the railway net in Europe 1896 Main article: Rail transport The history of rail transport dates back nearly 500 years, and includes systems with man or horse power and rails of wood or stone. ... // Asia History of rail transport in India Europe Denmark France Germany Great Britain Ireland Spain Sweden North America Canada United States Oceania Australia See also History of rail transport Categories: History of rail transport ... Two rail welds in continuous welded rail in Wisconsin. ... This page provides an index of articles on Rail transport by country. ... HO scale model railroad. ...

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An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992.
An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992.
A train in Oslo, Norway
A train in Oslo, Norway
An electric Transperth train at Mclver, Perth, Western Australia
An electric Transperth train at Mclver, Perth, Western Australia
Modern German Class 423 EMU trainsets meet each other
Japanese Shinkansen 500 Series (High-speed rail)
Japanese Shinkansen 500 Series (High-speed rail)
A heritage steam train in Poland
A heritage steam train in Poland
An early horse-pulled train
Interior of a passenger car in a long-distance train in Finland
Interior of a passenger car in a long-distance train in Finland
Interior of a 6 door passenger car in Japan, when the bench seats are folded
Interior of a 6 door passenger car in Japan, when the bench seats are folded
V43, a common Hungarian electric locomotive used in passenger train service.
An electric container freight train
An electric container freight train

In rail transport, a train is a series of rail vehicles that move along guides to transport freight or passengers from one place to another. The guideway (permanent way) usually consists of conventional rail tracks, but might also be monorail or maglev. Propulsion for the train is provided by a separate locomotive, or from individual motors in self-propelled multiple units. Most trains are powered by diesel engines or by electricity supplied by trackside systems. Historically the steam engine was the dominant form of locomotive power through the mid-20th century, but other sources of power (such as horses, rope, wire, gravity, pneumatics, or gas turbines) are possible. Download high resolution version (1092x566, 184 KB)SP 8033, a GE Dash 8-39B, leading an EMD SD40T-2 and a second GE locomotive on a westbound train through Eola, Illinois (just east of Aurora), October 6, 1992. ... Download high resolution version (1092x566, 184 KB)SP 8033, a GE Dash 8-39B, leading an EMD SD40T-2 and a second GE locomotive on a westbound train through Eola, Illinois (just east of Aurora), October 6, 1992. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1522 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Oslo Airport, Gardermoen Flytoget BM71 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1522 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Oslo Airport, Gardermoen Flytoget BM71 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 752 KB) Summary Photo taken (15th July 2005) and supplied by Nachoman-au. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 752 KB) Summary Photo taken (15th July 2005) and supplied by Nachoman-au. ... The Transperth B-series trains (also known as new trains) are electric trains that run on the Transperth system in Perth, Western Australia. ... McIver Train Station, is a Transperth train station 0. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 897 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Wessex Trains Class 153 DMU 153372 on a Taunton to Cardiff Central service at Patchway railway station. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 897 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Wessex Trains Class 153 DMU 153372 on a Taunton to Cardiff Central service at Patchway railway station. ... Class 153, no. ... DMU, type SA108 of Great Poland Voivodship in PoznaÅ„, Poland The Transwa Prospector DEMU capable of up to 200 km/h provides a passenger service between Perth, Western Australia and the mining town of Kalgoorlie A Diesel Multiple Unit or DMU is a multiple unit train consisting of multiple carriages... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 169 KB) Summary Moder German Class 423 EMU trainsets meet each other on some station. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 169 KB) Summary Moder German Class 423 EMU trainsets meet each other on some station. ... Image File history File links Shinkansen_500_Kyoto_2005-03-19. ... Image File history File links Shinkansen_500_Kyoto_2005-03-19. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... Shinkansen 500 Series at Kyoto Station, April 2002 The 500 Series Shinkansen are the fastest, most powerful and most expensive Japans Shinkansen high_speed rail network. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x679, 175 KB) PociÄ…g retro KoÅ›cierzyna-Gdynia ciÄ…gniÄ™ty przez PiÄ™knÄ… HelenÄ™. Autor zdjÄ™cia: Topory 28 sierpnia 2005r. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x679, 175 KB) PociÄ…g retro KoÅ›cierzyna-Gdynia ciÄ…gniÄ™ty przez PiÄ™knÄ… HelenÄ™. Autor zdjÄ™cia: Topory 28 sierpnia 2005r. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wagonway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wagonway. ... Interior of an InterCity2 (long-distance train) double decker passenger car in Finland, enroute from Turku to Helsinki. ... Interior of an InterCity2 (long-distance train) double decker passenger car in Finland, enroute from Turku to Helsinki. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links V43. ... Image File history File links V43. ... Modern three-phase AC locomotive (DBAG Class 152) A GG1 An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electric motors which draws current from an overhead wire (overhead lines), a third rail, or an on-board storage device such as a battery or a flywheel energy storage system. ... Download high resolution version (1024x774, 233 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x774, 233 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... railroads redirects here. ... The permanent way refers to the rails and sleepers of a railway line. ... Rail tracks. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ... Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid maglev in Shanghai Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a radically new form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles via electro-magnetic energy. ... Great Western Railway No. ... This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ... A diesel engine built by MAN AG in 1906 Rudolf Diesels 1893 patent on his engine design A Diesel engine is an internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle. ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... Overhead wire in Coventry, England Overhead wire and its suspension system in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives and multiple units. ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... Gravity is a force of attraction that acts between bodies that have mass. ... Pneumatics is the use of pressurized air to effect mechanical motion. ... This machine has a single-stage centrifugal compressor and turbine, a recuperator, and foil bearings. ...


In American railway terminology, the term consist is used to describe the group of rail vehicles which make up a train. When referring to motive power, consist refers to the group of locomotives powering the train. Similarly, the term trainset refers to a group of rolling stock that is permanently or semi-permanently coupled together to form a unified set of equipment (the term is most often applied to passenger train configurations). In the United Kingdom, the interchangeable terms set and unit are used to refer to a group of permanently or semi-permanently couple vehicles such as those of a multiple unit. While when referring to a train made up of a variety of vehicles, or of several sets/units, the term formation is used. (Although the UK public and media often forgo 'formation', for simply 'train'.) Rail terminology is a form of technical terminology. ... In thermodynamics, motive power is an agency, as water or steam, used to impart motion. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Rolling Stock banner Rolling Stock was a newspaper of ideas and a chronicle of the 1980s published in Boulder, Colorado by Ed Dorn and Jennifer Dunbar Dorn. ... This article is about trains in rail transport. ... This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ...


In the United Kingdom Section 83(1) of the Railways Act 1993 defines "train" as follows:

a) two or more items of rolling stock coupled together, at least one of which is a locomotive; or
b) a locomotive not coupled to any other rolling stock.

Similarly, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway's 1948 operating rules define a train as: "An engine or more than one engine coupled, with or without cars, displaying markers."[1] The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ...

Contents

Types of trains

There are various types of trains designed for particular purposes.

Further information: rail transport operations

A train can consist of a combination of one or more locomotives and attached railroad cars, or a self-propelled multiple unit (or occasionally a single powered coach, called a railcar). Trains can also be hauled by horses, pulled by a cable, or run downhill by gravity. A rail transport or railroad system is a complex synergy of components which may be classified into two groups: extrinsic factors and intrinsic factors. ... Great Western Railway No. ... A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ... A railcar (not to be confused with a railway car) is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers. ...


Special kinds of trains running on corresponding special 'railways' are atmospheric railways, monorails, high-speed railways, maglev, rubber-tired underground, funicular and cog railways. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles (especially trains) using electromagnetic force. ... Bogie from an MP 89 Paris Métro rolling stock An MP 73 Paris Métro rolling stock Rubber tracks between Pont de Neuilly and Esplanade de la Défense Rubber-tyred metro is a form of rail transport, but using some road technology: the vehicles have wheels with rubber... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... Rack railway track using Von Roll system rack. ...


A passenger train may consist of one or several locomotives, and one or more coaches. Alternatively, a train may consist entirely of passenger carrying coaches, some or all of which are powered as a "multiple unit". In many parts of the world, particularly Japan and Europe, high-speed rail is utilized extensively for passenger travel. This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ...


Freight trains comprise wagons or trucks rather than carriages, though some parcel and mail trains (especially Travelling Post Offices) are outwardly more like passenger trains. British Rail TPO vehicle NSA 80390 on display at Doncaster Works open day on 27th July 2003. ...


In the United Kingdom, a train hauled by two locomotives is said to be "double-headed", and in Canada and the United States it is quite common for a long freight train to be headed by three, four, or even five locomotives. A train with a locomotive attached at each end is described as 'top and tailed', this practice typically being used when there are no reversing facilities available. Where the second locomotive is attached temporarily to assist a train up steep banks or grades (or down them by providing braking power) it is referred to as 'banking' in the UK, 'helper service' in North America.


Trains can also be mixed, hauling both passengers and freight, see e.g. Transportation in Mauritania. Such mixed trains became rare in many countries, but were commonplace on the first 19th century railroads. Railways: total: 704 km (single track, standard gauge 1435mm ); owned and operated by government mining company S.N.I.M.; one of the worlds longest trains runs here, up to 2. ...


Special trains are also used for Track Maintenance; in some places, this is called maintenance of way. Rail tracks. ... Maintenance of way (often abbreviated as M of Way, MOW or MW) refers to the maintenance of railroad rights of way. ...


Motive power

The first trains were rope-hauled, gravity powered or pulled by horses, but from the early 19th century almost all were powered by steam locomotives. From the 1920s onwards they began to be replaced by less labour intensive and cleaner (but more complex and expensive) diesel locomotives and electric locomotives, while at about the same time self-propelled multiple unit vehicles of either power system became much more common in passenger service. Most countries had replaced steam locomotives for day-to-day use by the 1970s, usually with diesel locomotives. A few countries, most notably the People's Republic of China, where coal and labour are cheap, still use steam locomotives, but this is being gradually phased out. Historic steam trains still run in many other countries, for the leisure and enthusiast market. One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... A modern Diesel locomotive. ... Modern three-phase AC locomotive (DBAG Class 152) A GG1 An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electric motors which draws current from an overhead wire (overhead lines), a third rail, or an on-board storage device such as a battery or a flywheel energy storage system. ... This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


Electric traction offers a lower cost per mile of train operation but at a very high initial cost, which can only be justified on high traffic lines. Since the cost per mile of construction is much higher, electric traction is less favored on long-distance lines with the exception of long-distance high speed lines. Electric trains receive their current via overhead lines or through a third rail electric system. The overhead lines of a Swiss Federal Railways track. ... Third rail at Bostons South Station A third rail is a method of providing electricity to power a railroad, typically a mass transit system. ...


Passenger trains

Passenger trains have passenger cars. Passenger trains travel between stations. The distance between stations may vary from under 1 km to over 1000 km, and their journey time may vary between minutes and days. Restored passenger cars on display at the Mid-Continent Railway Museum in North Freedom, WI. A passenger car is a piece of railroad rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ...


Long-distance trains

Long-distance trains travel between many cities and/or regions of a country, and sometimes cross several countries. They often have a dining car or restaurant car to allow passengers to have a meal during the course of their journey. Trains traveling overnight may also have sleeping cars. Very long distance trains such as those on the Trans-Siberian railway are usually not high-speed. Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad lightweight dining car Silver Grill passes through Denver, Colorado on October 24, 1936. ... The interior of a Pullman car on the Chicago and Alton Railroad circa 1900. ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ...


High-speed trains

Main article: High-speed rail

High speed trains normally travel during the day, and arrive at their destination before the night falls and are in competition with airliners in speed. In Japan, most of the public transportation travel between the Tokyo metropolitan area and the Osaka metropolitan area (with around 500 km in distance between them) is dominated by the Shinkansen, however in travel further than around 500 km (such as Tokyo-Hiroshima) more people prefer to travel by air.[2] French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ...


Very fast trains sometimes tilt, like the APT or Pendolino or Talgo. Tilting is a system where the passenger cars automatically lean into curves, reducing the centrifugal forces acting sideways on passengers and permitting higher speeds on curves in the track with greater passenger comfort. The X 2000 trainset on a US tour stopped at Union Station, Chicago, Illinois, in 1993. ... Look up APT on Wiktionary, the free dictionary APT or Apt may mean: Advanced Portfolio Technologies Arbitrage pricing theory, in finance and financial economics Alabama Public Television, network of PBS TV stations run by the U.S. state of Alabama American Public Television, a television program provider in the U... Pendolino (from Italian Pendolo [pndolo] Pendulum and -ino, a diminutive suffix) is an Italian family of tilting trains used in Italy, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia, Finland, the Czech Republic, United Kingdom,Switzerland and China. ... Tilting Amtrak Cascades passenger cars use the Talgo design. ... In mathematics, curvature refers to a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry. ... Centrifugal force (from Latin centrum centre and fugere to flee) is a term which may refer to two different forces which are related to rotation. ... Rail tracks. ...


The fastest train on rails is the French TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) (French for High Speed Train) which achieved a 574.8 km/h (356 mph) speed in testing in 2007. However, TGVs run at a maximum commercial speed of 300-320 km/h. The German ICE uses this commercial speed of 300-320 km/h too. For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ...


Inter-city trains

For trains connecting cities, we can distinguish inter-city trains, which do not halt at small stations, and trains that serve all stations, usually known as local trains or "stoppers" (and sometimes an intermediate kind, see also limited-stop). Inter-city rail services are express train passenger services which cover longer distances than commuter trains. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Limited-stop bus, tram or train services omit calls at certain stops in order to offer a faster trip between the places served. ...


Branch line trains

Connections to local stations or local lines and are usually stopping services, running usually to all stations or the majority of stations on a line.


Commuter trains

For shorter distances many cities have networks of commuter trains, serving the city and its suburbs. Some carriages may be laid out to have more standing room than seats, or to facilitate the carrying of prams, cycles or wheelchairs. Some countries have double-decked passenger trains for use in conurbations. Double deck high speed and sleeper trains are becoming more common in Europe. A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... It has been suggested that Child carrier be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A double decker is a bus, airplane, train, tram, ferry, or any public transit vehicle that has two levels for passengers, one deck above the other. ...


Passenger trains usually have emergency brake handles (or a "communication cord") that the public can operate. Abuse is punished by a heavy fine. Emergency brake handle in a German train around 1920 An emergency brake is a brake system that is generally only to be used in emergency situations to slow or stop a machine. ... FINE was created in 1998 and is an informal association of the four main Fair Trade networks: F Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) I International Fair Trade Association (IFAT) N Network of European Worldshops (NEWS!) and E European Fair Trade Association (EFTA) // The aim of FINE is to enable these...


Large cities often have a metro system, also called underground, subway or tube. The trains are electrically powered, usually by third rail, and their railroads are separate from other traffic, without level crossings. Usually they run in tunnels in the city center and sometimes on elevated structures in the outer parts of the city. They can accelerate and decelerate faster than heavier, long-distance trains. A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ... The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing) is a crossing on one level (at-grade intersection) — without recourse to a bridge or tunnel — of a railway line by a road, path, or another railroad. ...


A light one- or two-car rail vehicle running through the streets is by convention not considered a train but rather a tram, trolley, light-rail vehicle or streetcar, but the distinction is not always strict. In some countries such as the United Kingdom the distinction between a tramway and a railway is precise and defined in law. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


The term light rail is sometimes used for a modern tram, but it may also mean an intermediate form between a tram and a train, similar to metro except that it may have level crossings. These are often protected with crossing gates. They may also be called a trolley. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


Maglev trains and monorails represent minor technologies in the train field. Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles (especially trains) using electromagnetic force. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ...


The term rapid transit is used for public transport such as commuter trains, metro and light rail. However, in New York City, lines on the New York City Subway have been referred to as "trains". “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority , an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. ...


Some commuter trains in Tokyo, Japan have special cars which the bench seats fold up to provide standing room only during the morning rush hour (until 10 a.m.). The E231 series train has two of these cars in each set (usually as part of a 10- or 11-car set), officially nicknamed "roku-tobira-sha" (literally, "6 door car") - all the other cars have four sets of doors on each side. For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... The E231 series is currently the standard EMU used for commuter and outer-suburban services operated by JR East. ...


An estimated 3.5 million passengers ride every day on Tokyo's Yamanote Line, with its 29 stations. For comparison, the New York City Subway carries 4.8 million passengers per day on 26 lines serving 468 stations. A Yamanote Line E231 series EMU on the left departs with a 205 series on the right Passengers prepare to board a train on the Yamanote Line 205 series 6-door car before the morning rush Display within Yamanote Line car shows next stop and route map. ...


Named trains

Railway companies often give a name to a train service as a marketing exercise, to raise the profile of the service and hence attract more passengers (and also to gain kudos for the company). Usually, naming is reserved for the most prestigious trains: the high-speed express trains between major cities, stopping at few intermediate stations. The names of services such as the Orient Express, the Flying Scotsman, the Flèche d’Or and the Royal Scot have passed into popular culture. Look up kudos in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Poster advertising the Orient Express Orient Express is the name of a long-distance passenger train originally operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. ... British Railways Poster celebrating the centenary of the Flying Scotsman. ... The Golden Arrow was a luxury train of the Southern Railway and later British Railways that linked London with Dover, where passengers took the ferry to Calais to join the Flèche d’Or of the Chemin de Fer du Nord and later SNCF that took them onto Paris. ... The Royal Scot is a named passenger train that runs between London Euston and Glasgow, the length of the WCML with previously a portion also going to Edinburgh. ...

See also: Famous trains
See also: List of named passenger trains

A somewhat less common practice is the naming of freight trains, for the same commercial reasons. The "Condor" was an overnight London-Glasgow express goods train, in the 1960s, hauled by pairs of "Metrovick" diesel locomotives. In the mid-1960s, British Rail introduced the "Freightliner" brand, for the new train services carrying containers between dedicated terminals around the rail network. And the Rev. W. Awdry coined the term The Flying Kipper for the overnight express fish train that appeared in his stories in The Railway Series books. The ensuing list of Famous trains primarily includes those train routes that have come to be considered legendary both in recent times and during their past history. ... The following is a list of named passenger trains and some summary information about them. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... British Rails Class 28 diesel locomotives or as they were usually known Metrovicks were built as part of the early modernisation plan. ... This article is about the defunct entity British Railways, which later traded as British Rail. The History of rail transport in Great Britain is covered in its own article. ... Class 47, no. ... Shipping containers at a terminal in Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. ... Wilbert Vere Awdry, OBE, (June 15, 1911 – March 21, 1997), better known as the Reverend W. Awdry, was a clergyman, railway enthusiast and childrens author. ... The Flying Kipper is a fictional goods train from the Book Series The Railway Series, by the Reverend Wilbert Vere Awdry, and the television show Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: The Railway Series The Railway Series is a set of story books about a fictional railway system located on the fictional Island of Sodor and the engines that lived on it. ...


Freight trains

Freight trains have freight cars. Much of the world's freight is transported by train. In the USA the rail system is used mostly for transporting cargo (or freight). A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... This article is about transported goods. ...


Under the right circumstances, transporting freight by train is highly economic, and also more energy efficient than transporting freight by road. Rail freight is most economic when freight is being carried in bulk and over long distances, but is less suited to short distances and small loads. Bulk aggregate movements of a mere twenty miles can be cost effective even allowing for trans-shipment costs. These trans-shipment costs dominate in many cases and many modern practices such as container freight are aimed at minimizing these. Shipping containers at a terminal in Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. ...


The main disadvantage of rail freight is its lack of flexibility. For this reason, rail has lost much of the freight business to road competition. Many governments are now trying to encourage more freight onto trains, because of the benefits that it would bring. Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ...


There are many different types of freight trains, which are used to carry many different kinds of freight, with many different types of wagons. One of the most common types on modern railways are container trains, where containers can be lifted on and off the train by cranes and loaded off or onto trucks or ships. A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... A modern crawler type derrick crane with outriggers. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ...


This type of freight train has largely superseded the traditional boxcar type of freight train, with which the cargo has to be loaded or unloaded manually. For other uses, see Boxcar (disambiguation). ...


In some countries "piggy-back" trains are used: trucks can drive straight onto the train and drive off again when the end destination is reached. A system like this is used through the Channel Tunnel between England and France, and for the trans-Alpine service between France and Italy (this service uses Modalohr road trailer carriers). 'Piggy-back' trains are the fastest growing type of freight trains in the United States, where they are also known as 'trailer on flatcar' or TOFC trains. 'Piggy-back' trains require no special modifications to the vehicles being carried. An alternative type of "inter-modal" vehicle, known as a Roadrailer, is designed to be physically attached to the train. The original trailers were fitted with two sets of wheels: one set flanged, for the trailer to run connected to other such trailers as a rail vehicle in a train; and one set tyred, for use as the semi-trailer of a road vehicle. More modern trailers have only road wheels and are designed to be carried on specially adapted bogies (trucks) when moving on rails. An intermodal train carrying both shipping containers and highway semi-trailers in piggyback service, on flatcars, passes through the Cajon Pass in February, 1995. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A railroad gondola seen at Rochelle, Illinois. ... semi-trailer truck with sleeper behind the cab. ... FEC 37066 passing Glen Haven, Wisconsin, on the Mississippi River, is carrying two containers. ... In railroad terminology a Roadrailer or RoadRailer is a highway trailer, or semi-trailer, that is specially-equipped for use in railroad intermodal service. ... semi-trailer truck with sleeper behind the cab. ... A bogie is a wheeled wagon or trolley. ...


There are also many other types of wagons, such as "low loader" wagons for transporting road vehicles. There are refrigerator cars for transporting foods such as ice cream. There are simple types of open-topped wagons for transporting minerals and bulk material such as coal, and tankers for transporting liquids and gases. Today however most coal and aggregates are moved in hopper wagons that can be filled and discharged rapidly, to enable efficient handling of the materials. A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... A string of refrigerator cars owned by Pacific Fruit Express is mechanically-supplied with fresh ice at an Oxnard, California produce packing plant in the Spring of 1964. ... A railroad gondola seen at Rochelle, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... A modern tank car, owned by the Union Tank Car Company, passes westbound through Rochelle Railroad Park, Rochelle, Illinois on May 29, 2005. ... 2-bay hopper cars of the Reading Railroad. ...


Freight trains are sometimes illegally boarded by passengers who do not wish to pay money, or do not have the money, to travel by ordinary means. This is referred to as "hopping" and is considered by some communities to be a viable form of transport. Most hoppers sneak into train yards and stow away in boxcars. More bold hoppers will catch a train "on the fly", that is, as it is moving, leading to occasional fatalities. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Trains

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Horse drawn railway coach, late 18th century Density of the railway net in Europe 1896 Main article: Rail transport The history of rail transport dates back nearly 500 years, and includes systems with man or horse power and rails of wood or stone. ... The ensuing list of Famous trains primarily includes those train routes that have come to be considered legendary both in recent times and during their past history. ... Examples of railways in fiction include: Back to the Future Part III The improvised method of propelling the time machine to 88MPH in 1885 was by using a steam locomotive, also Emmett Brown refitted a similar train as the basis of his new time machine. ... List of rail accidents from 2000 to the present. ... This is a list of the worlds railway operating companies listed alphabetically by continent and country. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ... HO scale model railroad. ... A toy train. ... A unit train, also called a block train is a type of train where all the cars making it up are shipped from the same origin to the same destination. ... Polish armoured train Danuta from 1939. ...

References

  1. ^ Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (1948). Rules: Operating Department, p 7. 
  2. ^ Central Japan Railway (2006). Central Japan Railway Data Book 2006, p 16. 

Further reading

  • Glancey, Jonathan (2005), The Train, Carlton Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-844423-45-3, 256 pp.


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