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Encyclopedia > Traditional Korean medicine

Traditional Korean medicine (Hangul: 한의학, Hanja: 韓醫學) developed with the influence of Chinese medical techniques and procedures. Techniques in treatment and approach are similar to other traditional medicine, but boosting the essence is the main focus in Korea. Hangul also refers to a word processing application widely used in Korea. ... It has been suggested that Sino-Korean be merged into this article or section. ... Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) also known simply as Chinese medicine (Chinese: 中醫學 or 中药学, zhōngyào xŭe) or traditional Oriental medicine, is the name commonly given to a range of traditional medical practices originating in China thousands of years ago. ... The term traditional medicine is used with two main meanings. ...

Contents


History

The origin of Korean Medicine goes back to ancient times. In Samguk Yusa·Gojoseon(삼국유사·고조선), where the founding myth of Korea is recorded, there is a story of a tiger and a bear who wanted to reincarnate in human form took wormwood and garlic. In Jewang Ungi(제왕운기), which is written in around time with Samguk Yusa, wormwood and garlic are described as 'eatable medicine' and this tells us that even in times when incantatory medicine was the mainstream, medicinal herbs were applied. Moreover the fact that wormwood and garlic are not found in Chinese herb classic shows Korean Medicine had its own originality. Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, is a collection of legends, folktales, and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during, and after the Three Kingdoms period. ... Gojoseon (ancient Joseon, to distinguish the later Joseon Dynasty) was the first Korean kingdom. ... A long time ago when Hwanung, a son of heaven, ruled the people, there lived a tiger and a bear. ... Species See text Artemisia is a large, diverse genus of plant with about 180 species belonging to the Sunflower family Asteraceae. ... Binomial name Allium sativum L. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a perennial plant in the family Alliaceae and genus Allium, closely related to the onion, shallot, and leek. ...


In the period of the Three Kingdoms(삼국시대), Chinese Medicine and Indian Medicine were adopted thereby setting up the foundation of original Korean Medicine. In the period of Goryeo(고려), traditional medicine from Silla(신라) and especially Indian Medicine affected by Buddhism were adopted. By the time Yuan Dynasty(元) was established in China, Goryeo Medicine of could develop its originality because there was not enough interchange of medicine between the two countries. Therefore more investigation of domestic herbs were required and the result was publication of numerous books on domestic herbs. The theories were based on medicine of Song(宋) and Yuan(元) but prescriptions were based on medicine of Unified Silla(통일신라). Hyangyak Gugeupbang(향약구급방)』is the book that can evidence this fact. The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. The Three Kingdoms period in Korea is usually considered to run from the 1st century BCE until Sillas triumph over Goguryeo in 668... TCM shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a comprehensive system of medicine, first described by Charaka around the beginning of the Common Era, Presently the central document of Ayurveda is considered to be Charaka Samhita which is a treatise of 500 drugs compiled by Charaka under... The state of Goryeo ruled Korea from the fall of Silla in 935 until the founding of Joseon in 1392. ... Silla (also denoted as Shilla) was one of the three kingdoms of ancient Korea. ... Buddhism (Pāli Buddhadhamma or Sanskrit Buddhadharma) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, who lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following his death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and... The Yuán Dynasty (Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus; Chinese: 元朝) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty, was the name given to the significant ruling family of Borjigin in Asia. ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... The Yuán Dynasty (Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus; Chinese: 元朝) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty, was the name given to the significant ruling family of Borjigin in Asia. ... Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla after 668. ...


Medicine was in full flourish in the period of Joseon(조선). By the time of King Sejong, a book named Euibang Ryuchwi(의방류취) was published and it was the integration of every books on Chinese medicine. After this, many books on specialties were published. After Japanese invasion in 1592(임진왜란) Dongeui Bogam(동의보감) was written by Heo Jun(허준) and it was the integration of Korean medicine. By that time Korea medicine was based on Chinese medicine in theory, and on Korean herbal drugs (향약; herbs produced in Korea) in practice. But Dongeui Bogam unified these. Heo Jun gathered all the previous theories before him and made his own. It was the unification of Chinese(Ming) Medicine and Korean(Joseon) Medicine. Therefore it has spread widely to China, Japan and Korea and is still effective. The Joseon Dynasty was the final ruling dynasty of Korea, then called Joseon, lasting from 1392 until 1910. ... King Sejong the Great (May 6, 1397 - May 18, 1450), born I Do, was the fourth ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea from 1418 to 1450. ... The Seven-Year War was the conflict from 1592 to 1598 on the Korean peninsula, following two successive Japanese invasions of Korea. ... Dongeui Bogam(동의보감, Thesaurus of Oriental Medicine)is famous medical book in Korea. ... Heo Jun (1546-1615) was a court physician during the reign of King Seonjo of Joseon Dynasty in Korea. ...


In late Joseon dynasty, positivism was in widespread. Thereby, actual proofs and experiences were taken highly. Scholars who had turned away from politics devoted themselves to treating diseases and as consequence new school tradition was established. Simple books on medicine for the common people were made. During those days Sasang typology(사상의학) by Lee Jae-ma(이제마) was established. He typified human and matched treatments. After this, Korean medicine went through much difficulties when Western medicine was introduced and Japan ruled Korea. However Korean Medicine kept its progress. The Sasang [Sa-Sáng] typology is a part of traditional Korean medical typology, which was systematically theorized by Jae-Ma Lee in his book Dong-Yi-Soo-Se-Bo-Won” [the principle of life preservation in oriental medicine] in 1984. ...


See also

This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ... Traditional Korean thought There are a number of religious and philosophical thought-systems that have influenced life in Korea. ... The Sasang [Sa-Sáng] typology is a part of traditional Korean medical typology, which was systematically theorized by Jae-Ma Lee in his book Dong-Yi-Soo-Se-Bo-Won” [the principle of life preservation in oriental medicine] in 1984. ... Kampō (or Kanpō , 漢方) medicine is the Japanese study and adaptation of Chinese medicine. ... TCM shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...

External links

  • The association of Korean Oriental Medicine
  • All About Sasang typology

References

  • Jeon, Sang-woon (1998). A history of science in Korea, Seoul:Jimoondang. ISBN 89-88095-11-1.

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In the period of the Three Kingdoms(삼국시대), Chinese Medicine and Indian Medicine were adopted thereby setting up the foundation of original Korean Medicine.
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