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Encyclopedia > Trading Card
Various trading cards
Various trading cards

A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting. They began originally as premiums distributed with tobacco products, but became very popular as inserts to bubblegum packs. Eventually, the cards became the more desirable content, and the gum, with few exceptions, is no longer included in trading card packs. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x617, 191 KB) Summary I release all rights I may have from taking this picture; however, the individual cards depicted are protected by copyright, trademark, etc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x617, 191 KB) Summary I release all rights I may have from taking this picture; however, the individual cards depicted are protected by copyright, trademark, etc. ... Look up card in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Trade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Trade centers on the exchange of goods and/or services. ... // The hobby of collecting consists of acquiring specific items based on a particular interest of the collector. ...


Trading cards are traditionally associated with sports; baseball cards are especially well-known. Cards dealing with other subjects are often considered a separate category from sports cards, known as editorial trading cards or simply nonsports trading cards. These often feature cartoons, comic book characters, television series, or movie stills. They should not be confused with a trade card. Topps Baseball cards from the 50s, 60s and 70s A baseball card is a small card printed on heavy paper stock, featuring one or more baseball players. ... Some Topps baseball cards. ... An editorial trading card is a trading card featuring entertainment content on some subject of popular interest, designed for collecting. ... A cartoon is any of several forms of illustrations, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Trade card describes small cards, similar to the visiting cards exchanged in social circles, that businesses would distribute to clients and potential customers. ...


As with playing cards, which they generally resemble, trading cards may sometimes be used to play various games. In the 1990s, cards designed specifically for playing games became popular enough to develop into a distinct category of collectible card games. These tend to use either fantasy subjects or sports as the basis for gameplay. Some typical Anglo-American playing cards from the Bicycle brand Set of 52 playing cards A playing card is a typically hand-sized piece of heavy paper or thin plastic. ... Collectible card games (CCGs), also called trading card games (TCGs) or customizable card games (a phrase specific to two Decipher, Inc. ... Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ...


The development of the Internet has brought the development of various online communities through which members could trade cards with each other. Cards are often bought and sold via eBay, which has been a boon to card collectors, but has led to the demise of many local card shops. eBay headquarters in San Jose eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) eBay Inc. ...


The value of trading cards depends on a combination of the subject's popularity, the scarcity of the cards, and their condition. In some cases, especially with older cards before the advent of card collecting as a widespread hobby, they have become collector's items of considerable value. In more recent years, many sports cards have not necessarily appreciated as much in value due to mass production, although some manufacturers have used limited editions and smaller print runs to boost value. A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ... A collectors item is an object or item of any kind that has become valuable -- often unexpectedly. ...


In some jurisdictions, trading cards are distributed by police officers to children in order to boost public relations. While through America baseball cards are popular, in Canada the RCMP distribute cards of each Mountie in the Musical Ride. Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Public relations (PR) is the art of managing communication between an organization and its key publics to build, manage and sustain a positive image. ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP or Mounties; French, Gendarmerie royale du Canada, GRC) is both the federal police force and the national police of Canada. ... The Musical Ride of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police is a formal event showcasing the equestrian skills performed by thirty-six cavalry who are regular Members of the Force. ...

Contents

Terminology

Presented in logical order, not alphabetical:

  • Cards - usually the standard baseball size of 2.5 in. by 3.5 in., but 'widevision' cards are of the tall historically-basketball size.
  • Packs - the original wrapper with base and insert cards within, often called 'wax packs', typically with two to eight cards per pack.
  • Wrappers - the original pack cover, often with collectible variations.
  • Retail Cards -- cards, packs, boxes, and cases sold to the public, typically via retail stores.
  • Hobby Cards -- items sold mainly to collectors, typically via mail-order. Usually contains some items not included in the retail offerings.
  • Blister Packs -- factory plastic bubble pack of cards or packs, for retail peg-hanger sales.
  • Rack Packs -- factory packs of unwrapped cards, for retail peg-hanger sales.
  • Tins -- factory metal can, typically filled with cards or packs, often with inserts.
  • Boxes - original manufacturer's container of multiple packs, often 24 packs per box.
  • Cases - factory-sealed box filled with card boxes, often six to ten card boxes per case.
  • Common Cards -- also known as base cards. Nonrare cards that form the set.
  • Insert Cards -- also known as chase cards. Nonrare to rare cards that are randomly inserted into packs at various ratios.
  • Promo Cards -- cards that are distributed, typically in advance, by the manufacturer to enhance sales.
  • Redemption Cards -- special cards that come in packs that are mailed (posted) to the manufacturer for a special card or some other gift.
  • Sketch Cards -- insert cards that feature near-one-of-a-kind artists sketches.
  • Autograph Cards -- printed insert cards that also bear an original cast or artist signature.
  • Box Topper Cards -- cards that are included in a factory sealed box.
  • Case Cards -- card or cards included as a bonus in a factory sealed case.
  • Oversized Cards -- any base, common, insert, or other cards not of standard or widevision size.
  • Unreleased Cards -- cards printed by the manufacturer, but not officially distributed for a variety of reasons. Often leaked to the public, sometimes improperly.
  • Base Sets -- a complete set of base cards for a particular card series.
  • Insert Sets -- a complete set of a particular class of inserts, often called a 'subset'.
  • Master Sets -- not well defined; often a base set and all readily available insert sets; typically does not include promos, mail-in cards, sketch, or autograph cards.
  • Factory Sets -- card sets, typically complete base sets, sorted and sold from the factory.
  • Uncut Sheets -- sheets of uncut base, insert, promo, or other cards.
  • 9-Up Sheets -- uncut sheets of nine cards, usually promos.
  • Sell Sheets -- also 'ad slicks'. Usually one page, but increasingly fold-outs, distributed by the manufacturers to card distributors, in advance, to enhance case sales.

Condition Descriptors

  • M/NM -- Mint/Near Mint. Items without any flaws. For example, not misprinted, with corner dings, card creases, etc.
  • Excellent -- A near perfect card, but with a dinged corner or other very minor imperfection.
  • Very Good -- Looks fine at arm's length, but looking closer reveals soft corners and other imperfections.
  • Good -- A card with writing on it, poor centering, a mild crease, or worn but present corners.
  • Fair -- A rather damaged card, such as bad crease or worn-off corners.
  • Poor -- A seriously damaged card.
  • Pack Fresh -- just removed from the pack, box, or case. Not necessarily M/NM.
  • Factory Fresh -- items not distributed via packs, but instead directly from the manufacturers. Also know as 'unused'.

Companies that produce or have produced trading cards

Ace Authentic is a sports card company manufacturing company based in the United States. ... Action Packed is a music album by Richard Thompson released in 2001. ... Bowman Gum was a manufacturer of bubble gum and trading cards in the period surrounding World War II. Originally known as Gum, Inc. ... A classic is an item that has become a ubiquitous and unique symbol or icon of a time gone by, mainly because of its inherent quality or its representative status. ... Donruss is a U.S. brand of bubble gum and trading card. ... The Fleer Corporation, founded by Frank H. Fleer in the mid-19th century, was the first company to successfully manufacture bubblegum. ... Goodwin & Company is a national executive search firm headquartered in Washington, DC. The firm specializes in recruiting for not-for-profit, corporate and government organizations with local national and international public policy interests. ... The Goudey Gum Co. ... In the Game is a sitcom that is being produced for ABC by Touchstone Television and has Jennifer Love Hewitt (Party of Five) as an up-and-comming sports producer and single mom who unwillingly becomes an on-camera reporter. ... The Leaf Candy Company was a major American producer of candy and trading cards based in Bannockburn, Illinois and later in Brooklyn, New York. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... O-Pee-Chee was a 20th-century Canadian company that produced candy, and later trading cards. ... Parkhurst Products was a Canadian manufacturer of sports cards, primarily for ice hockey. ... The Philadelphia Chewing Gum Company is an American candy, chewing gum, and confectionary company. ... Pinnacle Brands was a trading card company from 1988 to 1998. ... ESPNsoccernet PressPass is an half hour, twice weekly football (soccer) discussion show between Derek Rae, Tommy Smyth and Janusz Michallik. ... Sport Select refers to a group of sports betting games offered by Canadas provincial governments. ... SkyBox International Inc. ... Tobacco Bad Kids manufactures trading cards with an anti-tobacco theme. ... Some Topps Baseball cards from 1977 The Topps Company, Inc. ... The Upper Deck Entertainment logo. ... Wizards of the Coast (often referred to as WotC or simply Wizards) is a publisher of games, primarily based on fantasy and science fiction themes. ...

Categories of Trading Cards

Sports cards

A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Boxing, also called prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing), the sweet science (a common nickname among fans) or the gentlemans sport (used mainly in England), is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight classification fight each other with their fists in a series of one... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Greg Norman on the 18th tee at St Andrews. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... A race is a competition of speed. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ...

Non-sports cards

Movie & television cards

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trading card - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting.
Trading cards are traditionally associated with sports; baseball cards are especially well-known.
In some jurisdictions, trading cards (particularly baseball cards) are distributed by police officers to children in order to boost public relations.
Collectible card game - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1089 words)
Frequently, the cards which comprise a player's deck are also in and of themselves a resource, with the frequency of cards moving from the deck to the play area or player's hand being tightly controlled.
Relative card strength is often balanced by the number or type of basic resources needed in order to play the card, and pacing after that may be determined by the flow of cards moving in and out of play.
Players select which cards will compose their deck from the available pool of cards - unlike traditional card games such as poker or UNO where the deck's content is limited and pre-determined.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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