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Encyclopedia > Track cycling
Bicycle racing
Gear
Racing bicycle
Mountain bike
Track bicycle
Cyclo-cross bicycle
BMX
Types
Road bicycle racing
Mountain bike racing
Track cycling
Cyclo-cross racing
BMX racing
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Bicycle | Cycling
Bike trials riding Download high resolution version (1560x1002, 1267 KB)Criterium race at Burlington, Vermont, April 2004 From stock. ... Bicycle racing encompasses many forms in which bicycles are used for competition. ... An aluminum racing bicycle made by Raleigh and built using Shimano components. ... A cross country mountain bike race A hardtail mountain bike A mountain bike, mountain bicycle or ATB (All Terrain Bicycle) is a bicycle designed for mountain biking, either on dirt trails or other unpaved environments. ... A track bicycle made by Cyfac. ... Photograph of Simon Zahners Ridley X-Night cyclo-cross bicycle. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on the road (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... A rider during a Cross Country race The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) recognised the sport of mountain bike racing relatively late in 1990, when it sanctioned the world championships in Purgatory, Colorado. ... Cyclo-cross (sometimes CX, Cyclo-X or Cross) is a form of bicycle racing. ... BMX racing is a type of off-road bicycle racing. ... This racing bicycle is built using lightweight, shaped aluminium tubing and carbon fiber stays and forks. ... Cycling is a recreation, a sport and a means of transport across land. ... Bicycle trial rider Bike trials is a form of offroad cycling derived from motorcycle trials where one slowly negotiates man-made and natural obstacles. ...

Compare to...
Utility cycling
Recreational cycling

Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles. Utility cycling encompasses any cycling not done primarily for fitness, recreation such as cycle touring, or sport such as cycle racing, but simply as a means of transport. ... ... Bicycle racing encompasses many forms in which bicycles are used for competition. ... Bicycle racing on a velodrome A velodrome is a sporting arena purpose-built for track cycling, i. ... A track bicycle made by Cyfac. ...


Track racing is also done on grass tracks marked out on flat sportsfields. Such events are particularly common during the summer in Scotland at Highland Games gatherings, but there are also regular summer events in England. Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Opening ceremonies of 2004 Canmore Highland games Highland games are festivals held throughout the year in Scotland and many other countries of the world as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage, especially that of the Scottish Highlands. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked...


Many individuals enjoy the freedom of a fixed-gear bicycle for regular transportation and have adapted the track bike as a commuter tool as well a lighter, easier to fix alternative to the traditional geared bicycle. A fixed gear bicycle A fixed-gear bicycle or fixed wheel bicycle, is a bicycle without a freewheel and usually only one gear ratio. ...

Contents


Riding position

A Track Cycling Race

The bicycles are designed to reduce aerodynamic drag caused by the machine itself and the rider's racing position. Handlebars can differ signficantly from the familiar drop bars found on road bicycles. In timed events, riders will often use triathlon bars designed to allow the rider to extend their arms in front of their body which leans forward almost to the horizontal so as to present the minimum frontal area and thus reducing drag. These triathlon bars or 'aerobars' are often bolted on to traditional drop bars or more aerodynamic bull horn bars. These aerobars are not allowed in mass-start races. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 167 KB) Track Cycling. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 167 KB) Track Cycling. ... This racing bicycle is built using lightweight, shaped aluminium tubing and carbon fiber stays and forks. ... This article is about the branch of Physics. ... It has been suggested that Drag equation be merged into this article or section. ... Triathlon bars is a catch-all term referring to various styles of aerodynamic handlebars for racing bicycles. ...


Formats of track cycle races are also heavily influenced by aerodynamics. If one rider closely follows, he drafts or slipstreams another, because the leading rider pushes air around themselves, any rider closely following has to push out less air than the lead rider and thus can travel at the same speed while expending less effort. This fact has led to a variety of racing styles that allow clever riders or teams to exploit this tactical advantage, as well as formats that simply test strength, speed and endurance. This article is about the racing technique. ... The slipstream of a moving object is a region of reduced pressure or even suction (negative pressure), exerted in the neighbourhood of the object and in the direction of its movement, and caused by its movement through a medium. ...


During the early 1990s in individual pursuit events, some riders adopted a straight-armed Superman-like position with their arms fully extended, but this position was subsequently outlawed by the Union Cycliste Internationale, the sport's ruling body. Recumbent bicycles can actually be ridden faster, but are banned from UCI competition. The International Human-Powered Vehicle Association is a separate organisation that runs recumbent races, including the human-powered speed record. In track cycling, the individual pursuit is an event where two cyclists begin their race from a stationary position (nowadays held by gates, in the past, riders were supported by track officials until the starting gun fired) on opposite sides of the track. ... Superman is a fictional character and the staple superhero of DC Comics. ... Entrance of UCI headquarter at Aigle (Switzerland) Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) is a professional cycling union that oversees cycling events in the international community. ... Tandem recumbent bicycle manufactured by BikeE Two short-wheelbase recumbents in an amateur HPV race A recumbent bicycle is a variety of bicycle which places the rider in a seated or supine position (rarely, in a prone position). ... The International Human Powered Vehicle Association is an association dedicated to promoting the design and development of human powered vehicles. ...


Main centres

Track cycling is particularly popular in Europe, notably Belgium, France, Germany and Great Britain where it is often used as off-season training by road racers (professional six-day 'Madison' events were often entered by two-man teams comprising a leading road racer and a track specialist). Six-day racing is a track cycling specialism, which - as the name suggests - involves racing over six days. ...


The sport also has significant followings in Japan and Australia. It is part of the Summer Olympic Games, and there are world championships as well as circuits of professional events in many areas. Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ...


Track racing reached a peak of popularity in the 1930s in the United States, when six-day races were held in Madison Square Garden in New York. The word "Madison" is still used to describe a relay cycling race. There have been numerous World Championships in the last few years and track cycling is gaining in popularity. This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ...


Race formats

Some of the most common race formats include:

In track cycling, the individual pursuit is an event where two cyclists begin their race from a stationary position (nowadays held by gates, in the past, riders were supported by track officials until the starting gun fired) on opposite sides of the track. ... The team pursuit is a track cycling event similar to the individual pursuit, except that two teams, each of four riders, compete, starting on opposite sides of the velodrome. ... The sprint is a track cycling event involving a one-on-one match race between opponents who, unlike the individual pursuit, start next to each other. ... In the track time trial, a track cycling event, cyclists compete individually against the clock to record the fastest time over the specified distance from a standing start. ... The points race is a mass start track cycling event involving large numbers of riders simultaneously on track. ... The Madison is an event in track cycling, named after the Madison Square Garden in New York, and known as the American race in French (course à laméricaine). ... Keirin is a track cycling event in which racing cyclists sprint for victory. ... Miss and Out or Devil Take the Hindmost is a massed start track cycling distance event. ... Keirin is a track cycling event in which racing cyclists sprint for victory. ... A Derny is a type of motorcycle designed and built specifically for motor-paced track cycling events (eg: motor-paced races in six-Day and Keirin racing) or motor-paced road races. ... A Scratch Race is a race in which all contestants start from scratch (on equal terms). ...

Track Records

In addition to regular track racing, tracks are also the venue for many cycling records. These are over either a fixed distance or for a fixed period of time. The most famous of these is the hour record, which involves simply riding as far as possible in one hour. The history of the hour record is replete with exploits by some of the greatest names in cycling from both road and track racing (including, among others, Major Taylor, Henri Desgrange, Fausto Coppi, Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, and Francesco Moser). Originally, attempts were made at velodromes with reputations for being fast (such as the Vigorelli in Milan). More recently, attempts have moved to high-altitude locations, such as Mexico City, where the thinner air results in lower aerodynamic drag, which more than offsets the added difficulty of breathing. Innovations in equipment and the rider's position on the bike have also led to dramatic improvements in the hour record, but have also been a source of controversy (see Graeme Obree). The hour record for bicycles is the record for the longest distance cycled in one hour on a bicycle. ... Marshall Walter (Major) Taylor (November 26, 1878 - June 21, 1932) was the cyclist who won the world 1-mile cycling championship in 1899, 1990, and 1901. ... Henri Desgrange (1865 in Paris, France - 1940 in Beauvallon, France) was a competitive bicycle racer and French sports journalist. ... Fausto Coppi Fausto Coppi (September 15, 1919 in Castellania, province of Alessandria - January 2, 1960, Tortona) was an Italian racing cyclist. ... Jacques Anquetil (January 8, 1934 - November 18, 1987), was a French cyclist and the first cyclist to win the Tour de France five times, in 1957 and from 1961 to 1964. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Francesco Moser (Born June 19, 1951) was an Italian professional road racing cyclist. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán) is the main city of northern Italy, and is located in the plains of Lombardy, the most populated and developed region in Italy. ... High altitude are regions on the Earths surface (or in its atmosphere) that are high above mean sea level. ... Graeme Obree is a Scottish racing cyclist who, in July 1993, broke the world Hour record, previously held for nine years by Francesco Moser, with a distance of 51. ...


Links to Individual Velodromes

Cities that have host the Summer Olympic games usually construct a new velodrome for the event. World-class competition quality tracks not yet included in this section are located in Moscow, Seoul, Barcelona, Atlanta, Sydney and Athens. The Summer Olympic Games are an international multi-sport event held every four years, organised by the International Olympic Committee. ...

The Forest City Velodrome is an indoor cycling facility located in London, Ontario, Canada. ... The Herne Hill Velodrome is a cycling venue situated in a park off Burbage Road, Herne Hill, built in 1891, is the only remaining cycle racing track in London, and hosted the track cycling events in the 1948 Olympic Games. ... Manchester Velodrome is a velodrome in Manchester. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Track cycling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (866 words)
Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles.
Track cycling is particularly popular in Europe, notably Belgium, France, Germany and Great Britain where it is often used as off-season training by road racers (professional six-day 'Madison' events were often entered by two-man teams comprising a leading road racer and a track specialist).
Track racing reached a peak of popularity in the 1930s in the United States, when six-day races were held in Madison Square Garden in New York.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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