FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Toyota MR2
Toyota MR2
Second-generation Toyota MR2 Turbo
Manufacturer Toyota Motor Corporation
Production 1984-2007 [1] (imports to the US ended 2004).
Assembly Tokyo, Japan
Class Sports car
Layout MR layout

The Toyota MR2 is a two-seat, mid-engined, rear wheel drive sports car produced by Toyota from 1984 until July 2007 when production stopped in Japan, in three different design series. The latest version was called the Toyota MR-S in Japan, the Toyota MR2 Spyder in the United States, and the Toyota MR2 Roadster in Europe. When said in French, the name MR2 [ɛm ɛʀ ˈdø] sounds like est merdeux [ˈmɛʀd] (fr: is terribleand hell). Thus, the car was sold there only as the MR. In English, the MR2 is frequently called the "Mister Two." Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 473 pixelsFull resolution (2496 × 1476 pixel, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mid-engine design . ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mid-engine design . ... Rear wheel drive was a common form of engine/transmission layout used in automobiles throughout the 20th century. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... This article is about the automaker. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Mr. ...


It is a common misconception that the MR2 was Lotus-designed but assembled and distributed by Toyota. In actuality the Lotus M90 (a.k.a. the X100) project was scrapped after a single prototype was built and Lotus was later bought out by General Motors, ending its relationship with Toyota (until Lotus' decision to source a Toyota 2ZZ-GE engine for its second-generation Elise). The MR2 was designed by Toyota with Lotus engineer Roger Becker involved on its suspension and handling. With its mid/rear engine and small size, the MR2 is often compared to more exotic sports cars. Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ... The Lotus M90 or sometimes referred to as the Lotus X100 is a concept car that was developed by Lotus using many Toyota parts. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Toyota ZZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. ... The Lotus Elise is a roadster conceived in early 1994 and released in September 1996 by the English manufacturer Lotus Cars. ... Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ... Car handling and vehicle handling is a description of the way wheeled vehicles perform transverse to their direction of motion, particularly during cornering and swerving. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mid-engine design . ...

Contents

Origins

The MR2's life began in 1976 when Toyota launched a design project with the goal of producing a car which would be enjoyable to drive, yet still provide decent fuel economy. Initially, the purpose of the project was not a sports car. The actual designwork began in 1979 when Akio Yoshida from Toyota's testing department started to evaluate different alternatives for engine placement and drive method. It was finally decided to place the engine transversely in the middle of the car. The result was the first prototype in 1981, dubbed the SA-X. From its base design, the car began evolving into an actual sports car, and further prototypes were tested intensely both in Japan and in California. A significant amount of testing was performed on actual race circuits such as Willow Springs, where former Formula One driver Dan Gurney tested the car. This article is about the automaker. ... Fuel efficiency, sometimes also referred to as fuel economy and commonly gas mileage in the United States, is a numeric measure often used to describe the amount of fuel consumed with regard to the distance travelled in a transportation vehicle, such as an automobile. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... “F1” redirects here. ... Daniel Sexton Gurney (born April 13, 1931) is one of the most important figures in the history of American auto racing. ...


Toyota made its SV-3 concept car public in the autumn of 1983 at the Tokyo Motor Show, gathering a huge amount of publicity both from the press and the audience. The car, scheduled to be launched in spring 1984 in the Japanese market under the name MR2, which stands for "Midship Runabout 2-seater" and also refers to the vehicle's mid-engine rear-drive configuration, was to become the first mass-produced mid-engined car to come from a Japanese manufacturer. The Tokyo Motor Show is an annual auto show held in November in Tokyo, Japan. ...


First generation / AW10/AW11 (1984-1989)

First generation
(AW10/AW11)
Toyota MR2
Production 1984-1989
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
Engine(s) 1.6L 115 hp I4
1.6L 145 hp supercharged I4
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 91.3 in
Length 155.5 in
Width 65.6 in
Height 48.6 in
Related Toyota Celica
Toyota Supra
Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Corolla
Daihatsu Charmant
Toyota Sprinter Trueno
Chevrolet Nova (1985-88)
1986 MR2 AW11 in Light Blue Metallic
1986 MR2 AW11 in Light Blue Metallic

The small and light MR2, code named AW11, was something no one had expected from any Japanese car manufacturer, known for their economical and practical cars. The two-seat MR2 was definitely not practical as a family car, but the design criteria were different from that of most previous cars. The most important feature of the AW11 was its light body (as low as 2,200 lb (998kg) in Japan and 2,350 lb (1066kg) in the US), superior handling and lightly powered, small-displacement engine. Toyota's cooperation with Lotus during the prototype phase can be seen in the AW11, and it owes much to Lotus's legendary sports cars of the 1960s and 1970s. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (2420 × 1676 pixel, file size: 447 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the high-performance versions of the Celica, see Toyota Celica GT-Four. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The Toyota Corolla is a small family car produced by Toyota of Japan. ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ... 1987 Daihatsu Charmant The Daihatsu Charmant was a compact sedan built by Daihatsu of Japan, based on the Toyota Corolla. ... 1984 Toyota Sprinter Trueno liftback The 1983–1987 Toyota AE86 Sprinter Trueno, also known as the Hachi-Roku (Eight-Six, from the Japanese hachi for eight and roku for six), is a car made famous by the hit anime series Initial D. Before that, it was known among Japanese... The Chevrolet Nova or Chevy II was an American compact car introduced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors in 1962. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports cars and racing cars based in Hethel, Norfolk, formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ...


As a powerplant, Toyota chose to use the 4A-GE 1587 cc I4 engine with two overhead camshafts which allowed the use of 16 valves for a better gas flow through the combustion chamber. The engine was also equipped with a Bosch L-Jetronic type multi-point fuel injection and a variable intake geometry (T-VIS), giving the engine a maximum power output of 128 hp (95 kW). US engines were rated at 112 hp (84 kW), European engines at 124 hp (93 kW), Australian engines at 118 hp (88 kW) and Japanese engines at 130hp (97 kW). The engine had already been introduced earlier on the Toyota AE86, gathering a lot of positive publicity. This engine was the first mass-produced 4 valve/cylinder engine. There was also a JDM model AW10 which used the more economical 1452 cc 3A-U engine, but it didn't gain too much popularity. This article is about the automaker. ... The A Series engines are a family of straight-4 internal combustion engines with displacement from 1. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... For the fictional characters of the same name, see Camshaft (Transformers). ... A poppet valve is a valve consisting of a hole, usually round or oval, and a tapered plug, usually a disk shape on the end of a shaft also called a valve stem. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... // Fuel injection is a means of metering fuel into an internal combustion engine. ... Toyota Variable Induction System, or T-VIS, is a variable intake system designed by Toyota. ... The AE86 generation of the Toyota Corolla Levin and Toyota Sprinter Trueno is a small, lightweight coupe introduced by Toyota in 1983 as part of the fifth generation Toyota Corolla line-up. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ... The term JDM Japanese domestic market (JDM) is used to describe Japans economic market for Japanese-brand goods, chiefly automobiles and parts. ... The A Series engines are a family of straight-4 internal combustion engines with displacement from 1. ...


For the 1986 model year, the AW11 went through several changes which affected both its looks and performance. The most important addition was probably having the option of a removable t-top, not available in the US until the next model year. The exterior was modified by color-coding the bumpers and side stripes, adding small side skirts and a translucent spoiler to the rear of the roof. Other new options included a leather interior and a four-speed automatic transmission. Some further changes were made to the exterior for 1987, such as new tail lights and wheels, but more notable were the addition of larger brakes and a heavier and stronger C52 transmission which replaced the older C50. The significance of the introduction of this newer transmission is readily apparent today, as the C50 is known to develop a fifth gear popout problem as it ages. Open sunroof in a Peugeot 206. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... “Gearbox” redirects here. ...


Also noteworthy is the lack of a rear anti-sway bar after 1985 (though some 1989 models were equipped with them again). Models with the rear bar are considered more valuable to those who enjoy racing. Retrofitting a car not sold with an OEM rear bar can be either simple or complex. Toyota reportedly continued manufacturing strut towers with the proper rear sway bar mounting tabs until well into the 1986 and possibly 1987 model years, but no actual numbers or cut-off dates are available.


In 1987,(1988 for the US market) Toyota brought a new choice for an engine for people longing for more power. Based on the same block and head, the 4A-GZE was equipped with a Toyota SC-12 roots-type supercharger and Denso top mount intercooler. The compression ratio, valve timing and ports were modified. The engine produced a maximum power of 145 hp (108 kW) and accelerated the small car from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in 6.7 to 7.0s. In addition to the new engine, the MR2 SC was also equipped with stiffer stabilizer bars and reinforcements in the bodyshell to improve rigidity. Unfortunately, this model was never sold in European markets, although some cars were privately imported. The A Series engines are a family of straight-4 internal combustion engines with displacement from 1. ... A Roots blower The Roots type supercharger or Roots blower is a positive displacement type device which operates by pulling air through a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears. ... A supercharger (also known as a blower) is an air compressor used to force more air (and hence more oxygen) into the combustion chamber(s) of an internal combustion engine than can be achieved at ambient atmospheric pressure (natural aspiration). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The press received the AW11 with open arms and praised its innovation, great feeling, and responsive engine. American car magazines Road & Track and Car and Driver both chose the AW11 on their lists of ten best cars which included some tough competition, such as the Ferrari Testarossa. The Australian Wheels magazine chose the 1988 AW11 as its favourite sports car. The MR2 was Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year for 1985. In 2004, Sports Car International named the MR2 number eight on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s. The MR2 was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1986 and 1987. This vehicle was often referred to as a "Pocket Rocket". Silver models were often called "The Silver Bullet". Road & Track is an automobile enthusiast magazine in the United States, founded by two friends in 1947. ... Cover of Car and Driver from age of psychedelic lettering Car and Driver is an American automotive enthusiast magazine. ... The Ferrari Testarossa is a 12-cylinder mid-engined sports car made by Ferrari, which went into production in 1984 as the successor to the Ferrari 512 Berlinetta Boxer. ... Wheels Magazine is an Australian automotive magazine. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Car of the Year is a phrase usually considered to have been invented by Motor Trend magazine in the 1950s for their annual award for best automobile. ... Sports Car International is an automobile magazine in the United States focused on sports cars. ... Sports Car International magazine compiled a list of the Top Sports Cars of the last few decades. ... Main article: Car and Driver Car and Driver magazine annually nominates a list of what it considers the Ten Best cars and Five Best trucks. ...


Second generation / SW20 (1990-2000)

Second generation
(SW20)
Pre-facelift second generation Toyota MR2
Production 1990-2000 (1991-1995 for United States, 1991-1993 for Canada)
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
Engine(s) 2.2L 130 hp I4
2.0L 200 hp I4
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 94.5 in
Length 164.2 in
Width 66.9 in
Height 48.6 in
Related Toyota Celica
Toyota Supra
Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Corolla
Geo/Chevrolet Prizm
Designer Kazutoshi Arima
Tadashi Nakagawa (roadster)
MR2 SW20 sporting a Ferrari F355 bodykit

The MR2 went through a complete redesign in 1989, when the new Mark II body was produced. No 1990 MR2s were produced for North America. The new MR2, designated SW20 (in America the chassis codes were SW22 for the turbocharged model and SW21 for the naturally-aspirated model), was longer, wider and heavier than its predecessor and had smoother bodylines. While the AW11 was a pure sports car, made in the spirit of Lotus, the SW20, being quite larger, could be classed as a GT-car. Since the resemblance between the Ferrari 348tb and the Ferrari F355 and the new MR2 was quite striking, the SW20 is sometimes referred to as a "poor man's Ferrari". Indeed, many bodykits became available to make the SW20 imitate the Ferrari F355 with, sometimes, indistinguishable results. Download high resolution version (1024x630, 115 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the high-performance versions of the Celica, see Toyota Celica GT-Four. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The Toyota Corolla is a small family car produced by Toyota of Japan. ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ... {{Infobox Automobile |name=Geo Prizm |image= |aka=Chevrolet Prizm Toyota Corolla |manufacturer=NUMMI [[General Motors/Toyota |parent_company=General Motors |production=1990–2002 |class=Subcompact (1990-1992) Compact (1993-2002) |predecessor=Chevrolet Nova Geo Spectrum |successor=Chevrolet Cobalt |layout=FF layout |platform=GM S platform |assembly=Fremont, California |similar=Ford Escort... The Chevrolet Prizm was a small sedan sold from 1998 through 2002. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Automotive design. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MR2-Ferrari355. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MR2-Ferrari355. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports cars and racing cars based in Hethel, Norfolk, formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gran Turismo. ... The Ferrari 348 is a mid-engined V8-powered 2-seat sports car. ... The Ferrari F355 is a sports car built by Ferrari from May 1994 to 1999. ... Ferrari Enzo. ... The Ferrari F355 is a sports car built by Ferrari from May 1994 to 1999. ...


When the SW20 went on sale in spring 1990, it was offered with four different engine choices depending on the market area. All engines were 1998 cc I4 engines with DOHC and 16 valves, excluding the naturally-aspirated US model which used the 2164 cc 5S-FE engine. The most powerful engine was the turbocharged 3S-GTE, which was available in Japan at 220 hp (164 kW) (as the MR2 GT) and the USA at 200 hp (149 kW) (as the MR2 Turbo). Europeans had to settle for the naturally-aspirated 156 hp (116 kW) 3S-GE engine. The Japanese MR2 GT model was able to accelerate from 0-100 km/h in 5.6 s. The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... A cylinder head sliced in half shows two overhead camshafts—one above each of the two valves. ... A poppet valve is a valve consisting of a hole, usually round or oval, and a tapered plug, usually a disk shape on the end of a shaft also called a valve stem. ... The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ... The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ... The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ...


Keeping with the unique styling cues of the MK-I, the MK-II was offered with several choices of roof type for U.S. sale. Standard in the lineup was a hardtop coupe. Optionally the car could be ordered with either a T-top roof (commonly referred to as the T-bar option) or a moon roof option. The SW20's entry to the market was not quite as smooth as the AW11's. Toyota's goal was to make the car's suspension geometry work the same way that true supercars do. This made the SW20's cornering abilities quite excellent, but it was much too easy for an inexperienced driver to make a mistake, leading to sudden oversteer (also called "snap oversteer") which can result in a spin unless the driver reacts both quickly and correctly. This trait was not considered very desirable among the press, because the MR2, unlike expensive supercars, was priced so that even "average people" were able to buy one. Some magazines stated that the SW20 was downright dangerous to drive. 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... For other uses, see Supercar (disambiguation). ... Ideally, when the car reaches the turn, the driver will steer it along the line marked with green dots. ... Snap oversteer is the tendency of mid-engine design cars to spin out of control easily, often catching inexperienced drivers unaware. ...


To respond to the feedback they had received, Toyota changed the 1993 model to include wider rear tires and changed the rear suspension, mainly the vehicle's height, shock absorbing properties and longer rear toe links, so that the car would be more consistent and less prone to "snap oversteer". Along with the suspension changes, the SW20 also got new 15" wheels to fit the larger brakes that were also introduced. Some shifting problems which affected the first revisions (1990-1991) were remedied with stronger dual synchronization rings. This article is about the automaker. ... Synchronizers are used in manual transmissions (gearboxes) in automobiles built since about 1960 to ease shifting gears by synchronizing the teeth speed prior to engagement. ...


The next big change occurred in 1994, when Japanese SW20s received some small new engine mods for each model and some considerable changes to its exterior. For Japanese market cars, the 3S-GTE switched to the use of a MAP-sensor (as opposed the Air Flow Meter (AFM)), in addition to the removal of T-VIS in favor of smaller intake ports, a lower compression ratio and a new Ceramic CT20b (1990-1993 had CT26 Ceramic Turbo Chargers) turbocharger running an increased turbo boost pressure increased the maximum power to 245 PS (180 kW). The normally aspirated 3S-GE received fewer changes but still improved its maximum power to 172 hp (128.3 kW). The US market still received the 200hp variant from 1991-1995. New round taillights and a color-coded center panel replaced the old square-shaped lights and the rear grille. The original three-piece rear spoiler was replaced with the lighter one-piece spoiler which attached only to the trunklid. The side stripes and skirts were also color coded, and the "dot matrix" pattern on the glass was replaced with a solid pattern. The steering wheel was also replaced with a slightly smaller model, now universally shared across many Toyota models (the "MR2" insignia was replaced with the Toyota symbol). 1995 was the last year Toyota sold the Mk II in North America. In 1996, the front and side signals were changed to use a clear lens but no other modifications were made. The 1998 model, known as the "Revision 5" model, came modern looking 5 spoke 16" alloy wheels, a more aggressive spoiler, and a leather shift knob with red style baseball stitching. The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ... The manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor is an important sensor in modern internal combustion engines that use fuel injection. ... Toyota Variable Induction System, or T-VIS, is a variable intake system designed by Toyota. ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ...


On the SW20's last production year in 1999, the car was updated with a few significant changes. While the turbocharged engine remained the same, in JDM models the normally aspirated 3S-GE engine was equipped with Toyota's VVT-i system which allowed the timing of the intake camshafts to be modified according to the engine's rotation speed and load. This, and some other changes improved the engine's power output to a respectable 198 PS (148 kW). All models also received new wheels, optional Recaro seats, and a three-way adjustable rear spoiler. Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... JDM is an abbreviation or initialism that may refer to: Java Data Mining Juvenile dermatomyositis Japan Domestic Market This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The S Series engines are a family of straight-4 engines with displacement from 1. ... VVT-i, or Variable Valve Timing with intelligence, is an automobile variable valve timing technology developed by Toyota. ... For the fictional characters of the same name, see Camshaft (Transformers). ... Recaro is a German company based in Kirchheim unter Teck in the vicinity of Stuttgart, well known for their bucket seats and commonly contracted to produce upgraded racing style seats for all the sporty cars built by the Volkswagen Group as well as many other manufacturers. ...


The SW20 has become a major collector's car since the 2003 Ultimate Street Car Challenge win of Brad Bedell and his yellow V6-powered MR2. The 1MZ-FE motor, that comes from the V6 powered Solara and Camry, has quickly become a popular modification as the expense of switching to the V6 motor is roughly in line with installing a turbocharged motor into a formerly naturally aspirated car. Sport Compact Car is a magazine that focuses on racing and modifying compact sports cars. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Toyota MZ engine family is a V6 piston engine series. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... Late-model Toyota Camry (left) and Ford Excursion (right) The Toyota Camry is a large family car manufactured by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky, USA; Australia; and Japan. ... The Toyota Camry is a mid-size sedan assembled by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky; Altona, Victoria, Guangzhou, China and the original factory in Toyota City, Japan. ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... A naturally-aspirated engine (NA - aspiration meaning breathing) refers to an internal combustion engine (normally petrol or diesel powered) that is neither turbocharged nor supercharged. ...


SW20 TRD2000GT

In 1998, Toyota Racing Development [2] offered an official kit body conversion and tuning program for MR2 owners to transform their existing SW20 MR2 into a widebody TRD2000GT kit replica car. This was to pay homage to the wins by their TRD2000GTs in the GT-C Japanese racing series, the TRD2000GT racing series cars were based on the SW20 floorpan. Toyota also did the same with their Supra Twin Turbo model, offering a conversion service to transform these cars into a TRD3000GT[3]. Toyota Racing Development or TRD is the in-house tuning shop for all Toyota, Lexus, and Scion cars, which are Toyota brands and domestically branded as such in Japan. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ...


In order to ensure exclusivity, a high price tag was charged and total of just 35 factory car conversions were completed by Toyota Technocraft Ltd. Each official Technocraft car converted was made using lightweight fibreglass components (in place of heavy steel original parts: front fenders, trunk lid extension, rear quarter panels, gas door, front and rear bumpers, 3-piece wing) and re-classified as completely new cars (with their own specially numbered TRD vin plate riveted to the body to indicate their authenticity and rarity).


The Toyota Technocraft Ltd. TRD2000GT had a 60 mm (2.4 in) wider front and rear track (due to the addition of wider wheels and tires) which improved handling considerably over the original equipment. Virtually every car converted also had other TRD parts fitted too including extensive changes to both the suspension and engine. Most cars left the factory making more power due to TRD bolt-ons, some cars even left the factory boasting up to 500 PS (493 hp/368 kW) and less than 1100 kg (2425 lb) for a very impressive power to weight ratio. While TRD Japan only offered a small number of kits with all body parts required for third-party conversion, Toyota Technocraft Ltd. offered complete car conversions.


Only 3 complete Toyota Technocraft Ltd. cars are known to have been shipped into Europe with only 10 complete cars allocated to TRD USA for the entire American market. This makes these officially built Toyota Technocraft Ltd. TRD2000GTs the rarest of all MR2s and ultimately the most sought after and difficult to find. It is unknown how many original Toyota Technocraft Ltd.(non factory replica) cars still exist today, but it is known that a small number of conversion kits were imported from TRD Japan into the US for USDM Conversions. In many respects the extended body can be compared to that of a Porsche Turbo widebody. The car track width is extended and body dimensions dramatically changing the cars overall visuals, giving the car a "supercar" look, and also better handling and weight reduction. Very little is known about these cars outside of Japan.[4] Porsche 911 in hillclimb The Porsche 912 (pronounced as nine eleven) is a sports car made by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany. ...


SARD MC8-R

SARD MC8-R
Category GT1
Constructor
Designer(s)
Technical Specifications
Chassis
Suspension (front)
Suspension (rear)
Engine Toyota 1UZ-FE 3968 cc twin turbo
Transmission Hewland VGC (1995), March (1996) 6 (1995), 5 (1996)
Tyres Dunlop
Competition History
Notable entrants SARD
Notable drivers
Debut 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans
 Races   Wins    Poles     FLs   
0 0 0
Constructors' Championships 0
Drivers' Championships 0


The Sard MC8-R was a modified and lengthened version of the SW20 built for GT racing by Toyota's works team SARD (Sigma Advanced Research Development). The MC8-R housed a twin turbo version of the 1UZ-FE V8 giving out 600bhp.[1] Eligible for the GT1 category, the MC8-R lacked pace against the new generation supercars and homologation specials such as McLaren F1, but did compete alongside a similarly modified Toyota Supra. Later that year the car attempted the 1000km Suzuka, this time managing to finish. The MC8-R made its first outing in the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans where it retired after 14 laps. It reappeared at Le Mans the following year, finishing 24th, the second last position of cars that were still running. The car would attempt the 1997, only for it not to make it past pre-qualifying stage.[2] Two cars were entered in the FIA GT Championship round at the 1000km Suzuka, but neither car managed to finish. It was replaced for the following year with the GT-One. The Toyota UZ engine family is a 32-valve quad-camshaft V8 piston engine series used in Toyotas luxury offerings and sport utility vehicles. ... The 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 63rd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 17 and 18, 1995. ... In motorsport the quickest lap during the whole race is called the Fatest Lap. ... Sard is a reddish-brown chalcedony, SiO2, much used by the ancients as a gemstone. ... The Toyota UZ engine family is a 32-valve quad-camshaft V8 piston engine series used in Toyotas luxury offerings and sport utility vehicles. ... Homologation is a technical term, derived from the Greek homologos (ομόλογος) for agree, which is generally used in English to signify the granting of approval by an official authority. ... The McLaren F1 is a former fastest street legal production car in the world. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The 1000km Suzuka is an annual 1000 kilometer endurance race for sports cars held at the Suzuka Circuit. ... The 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 63rd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 17 and 18, 1995. ... The 1996 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 64th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 11 and 12, 1996. ... The 1997 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 65th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 14 and 15, 1997. ... The FIA GT Championship is a sports car motorsport series organized by the Stéphane Ratel Organisations (SRO) at the behest of the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA). ... The 1000km Suzuka is an annual 1000 kilometer endurance race for sports cars held at the Suzuka Circuit. ... The Toyota GT-One, also known as the TS020, was raced in the 1998 and the 1999 Le Mans by Toyota in the GTP category (known as GT1 prior to 1999). ...


One MC8 road car was built in order to meet homologation requirements, but its current whereabouts are unknown.




Third generation / ZZW30 (1999-2007)

Third generation
(ZZW30)
2003-2005 Toyota MR2 Spyder
Production 1999-2007
Body style(s) 2-door convertible
2-door coupe
Engine(s) 1.8L 138hp I4
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 96.5 in
Length 153 in
Width 66.7 in
Height 48.8 in
Related Toyota Celica
Toyota Supra
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Corolla
Toyota RAV4
Toyota Matrix/Pontiac Vibe
Toyota Voltz
Chevrolet Prizm
2002 Toyota MR2
2002 Toyota MR2
ZZW30 MR2 modified for road racing. Note the rare hardtop fitted.
ZZW30 MR2 modified for road racing. Note the rare hardtop fitted.

After having been in the market for almost ten years, the SW20 had to move aside as Toyota released the new MR2, designated ZZW30. The new MR2 was, in a way, a return to the design concept of the AW11 since the weight of the car was once again dropped below a metric tonne and it was significantly smaller than the SW20. The biggest change was, however, the replacement of the solid, T-Top, and sunroof roof options with a true convertible soft top, giving the car the 'Spyder' designation. Due to a new car design rule from SAE (The Society of Automotive Engineers), the pop-up headlights as seen on SW20 had to be removed. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 516 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1476 pixel, file size: 333 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the high-performance versions of the Celica, see Toyota Celica GT-Four. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The Toyota Paseo (known as Cynos in Japan and other regions) was released in 1991 and was loosely based off of the Toyota Tercel. ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ... An all-electric version of the RAV4, the RAV4 EV, is detailed on its own page. ... The Toyota Matrix is a car manufactured by Toyota in Cambridge, Ontario, Canada and sold in North America. ... The Pontiac Vibe is a car produced in Fremont, California, USA by NUMMI (New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc), a shared endeavor between General Motors and Toyota. ... The Toyota Voltz is a rebadged version of the Pontiac Vibe that was sold in Japan from 2002 to 2004. ... The Chevrolet Prizm was a small sedan sold from 1998 through 2002. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (1139 × 737 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (1139 × 737 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x802, 163 KB) Summary ZZW30-model Toyota MR2 with a hardtop, modified for SCCA racing Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Toyota MR2 ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x802, 163 KB) Summary ZZW30-model Toyota MR2 with a hardtop, modified for SCCA racing Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Toyota MR2 ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... Spyder or Spider is a term for a convertible car body style. ...


Many claim that this car was inspired by Porsche Boxster which was released in 1996, due to its similar appearance. However, the first prototype of MR-S appeared in 1997 at Tokyo Motorshow, which had slightly more angled and rigid appearance than the current production model. The production model includes additional curves for a more aerodynamic and appealing look. The MR2 Spyder chief engineer Harunori Shiratori once said "First, we wanted true driver enjoyment, blending good movement, low inertia and light weight. Then, a long wheelbase to achieve high stability and fresh new styling; a mid-engine design to create excellent handling and steering without the weight of the engine up front; a body structure as simple as possible to allow for easy customizing, and low cost to the consumer." The Porsche Boxster is a mid-engined roadster built by Porsche. ...


In Japan, the car is called the MR-S, which purportedly is derived from the forementioned designation. Toyota changed the American name to "MR2 Spyder" reportedly because the idea of a car with the nickname of "Mrs." would sound funny. In spite of this effort, the car is referred to as the "Mrs. 2" by some enthusiasts. The 1999 MR2 Spyder was an element of Toyota Project Genesis, a failed effort to bring younger buyers to the marque in the United States. Project Genesis was a plan by the Toyota Motor Corporation to attract more youthful buyers to the companys products. ...


The engine of the ZZW30 was the brand-new all-aluminium 1ZZ-FED, a 1794 cc I4. Like its predecessors, the engine used dual overhead camshafts and 16 valves. The intake camshaft timing was adjustable via the VVT-i system, which was introduced earlier on the 1998 SW20. Unlike its predecessors, however, the engine was placed onto the car the other way round, making the exhaust manifold point towards the rear of the car. The 138 hp (104 kW) maximum power was quite a drop from the SW20 GT, but thanks to the lightness of the car it could move quite quickly, accelerating from 0 to 100 km/h in 7.0 to 8.3 s depending on the transmission option, the Sequential Manual being unable to launch and shift as quickly as the clutch operated manual. The car only weighs 975kg (2150lbs) with the 5 speed manual or 997kg (2200lbs) with the SMT, making this model MR2 the lightest of the MR2 series. In addition to the 5-speed manual transmission, a 5-Speed or 6 speed Sequential Manual Transmission (SMT) controllable from 2 pairs of buttons on the steering wheel was also available. SMT is standard feature in Australian market, however air conditioning was optional. After 2003, a 6-speed SMT was an option. The Toyota ZZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... A cylinder head sliced in half shows two overhead camshafts—one above each of the two valves. ... A poppet valve is a valve consisting of a hole, usually round or oval, and a tapered plug, usually a disk shape on the end of a shaft also called a valve stem. ... For the fictional characters of the same name, see Camshaft (Transformers). ... In automotive engineering, an intake manifold or inlet manifold is a part of an engine that supplies the fuel/air mixture to the cylinders. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... A sequential manual transmission (or sequential manual gearbox) is a type of manual transmission used on motorbikes and high-performance cars or auto racing, where gears are selected in order and random access to specific gears is not possible. ...


The feedback for the new model was somewhat mixed - some liked its return to the AW11's design concept, while the fans of the SW20 would've liked it to continue along the path of the previous model. All agreed, however, that the ZZW30 had nearly perfect handling. The ZZW30 is considered to be the best-handling MR2. For example, Tiff Needell, a very experienced race driver and the former host of the BBC TV show Top Gear, praised the handling of the ZZW30. Although some complained of the relative lack of power the vehicle had, many owners have recently discovered a way to switch out the 1ZZ-FE engine in exchange for the 180 hp 2ZZ-GE. This drastically brings up the accelerating properties of the ZZW30. During a comparison test during a Japanese motorsports show, "NA vs. Turbo", the Techno Spirits ZZW30, outdrove several more powerful cars. However, the driver of the ZZW30, Manabu Orido, allowed the other vehicles (a much higher powered S15 Silvia, S14 Silvia, and Amuse S2000) to catch up (in an effort to demonstrate the difference between NA and turbo) and ended in the ZZW30 losing to the higher powered S15 Silvia. Although it lost, the ZZW30 proved the top-class handling abilities of the ZZW30. On race tracks, a stock ZZW30 has a superior handling around the corners but lacks power in the straights. Timothy Tiff Needell (born October 29, 1951 at Havant, Hampshire) is a British racing driver and television presenter. ... This article is an overview article about the Crown chartered British Broadcasting Corporation formed in 1927. ... Top Gear in its original 30 minute format was a BBC television series about cars produced by BBC Birmingham. ... The Toyota ZZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. ... The Toyota ZZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. ... Manabu MAX Orido , alternative nickname Monkichi) Orido first appeared in the series in 1996 and won the GT300 title for the following year, up until the 2000 season when he moved up to GT500 he took three wins altogether and has since taken two GT500 wins to date. ... The Nissan 240SX was a car introduced to the North American market by Nissan in 1989 and sold there until 1998. ... The Nissan 240SX was a car introduced to the North American market by Nissan in 1989 and sold there until 1998. ...


The Techno Pro Spirit MR-S was also the first car to be able to beat Tsuchiya's champion AE86 in its own grounds, the touge. Keiichi Tsuchiya , born January 30, 1956, Nagano, Japan) is a professional racing driver. ...


Another effective and typical modification to the MR-S is the addition of a turbocharger. Many companies such as Power Enterprise, Top Secret, Tom's, TTE, Monkeywrench Racing and Hass supply simple bolt-on kits for the MR-S. This simple addon can easily bring the car to 200bhp+, at only a low boost of 4-5psi. In a video by BMI, Tom's Turbo MR-S came only a split second behind the Techno 2zz MR-S at the touge. However, there is no doubt that the MR-S in turbo guise would easily outrun the 2zz MR-S in the straights.


In the JGTC/SuperGT GT300 class, a Reckless MR-S driven by Kota Sasaki & Tetsuya Yamano is the current 2005 champion. Previously in 2002 Morio Nitta & Shinichi Takagis' ARTA Toyota MR-S also won the GT300. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


The MR-S was originally introduced in October of 1999 to the consumer market and received a sequential transmission in August 2000. For 2003, the ZZW30 received some exterior changes, including a new front bumper, front and rear lights, a new rear grille, and the computer also received an upgrade allowing the gears to change and engage much quicker than the pre-2003 models which were equipped with the sequential manual transmission. The air intakes on the sides of the car were now color coded and the interior was modified with new seats and a gauge cluster. The rear wheels were increased to 16" with larger 215 mm tires, while the front ones remained at 15" and 185 mm tread width. The suspension was uprated with new springs and shock absorbers and a brace was added to the bottom of the car to improve rigidity. A limited-slip differential was also available from the factory. For 2004, the body was strengthened, adding 10 kg to the vehicle's weight. The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. ... Gasfilled Shock absorber. ...


In July 2004, Toyota announced that the MR2 (as well as the Celica) would be discontinued in the US at the end of the 2005 model year because of increasing competition and lack of sales. [5] The ZZW30 sold 7,233 units in its debut year, falling to just 121 for the 2005 model, for a total of 23,868 through its six years of production in the US. However, it is still sold in Mexico, Europe and Japan. The 2006 model year is the last for the MR2, with the United Kingdom getting 300 final models in a special numbered TF300 series. A special 182 bhp turbocharged variant called the TTE Turbo (TTE standing for Toyota Team Europe) is available as a dealer installed package. This package is also available for fitting to older Mk. III MR2s. For the high-performance versions of the Celica, see Toyota Celica GT-Four. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... Toyota Team Europe is a Toyota division based in Köln, Germany. ...


MR-S V Edition

While the MR2 Spyder was not sold after 2005 in the United States, it was offered in Japan and the United Kingdom until early 2007. As a farewell to the MR2, Toyota produced 1000 limited-edition "V Edition" MR-S cars for those respective markets. They are distinguished by different wheels, titanium interior accents, certain slightly modified body panels, a helical limited slip, and different steering wheel trim.


Future

For two decades, the MR2 has been popular among enthusiasts around the world, offering an affordable way to experience handling of a mid-engine sports car. Toyota is cutting down its selection of sports cars and replacing them with less aggressive "sports packages" offered on their more sedate cars. Many had hoped that Toyota would continue MR2 production because the leap along the price-axis to the next alternatives (Porsche Boxster, Lotus Elise and Exige, Honda NSX) is so large that many enthusiasts would have to settle for a front-engined car, should the MR2 be discontinued. There was speculation that the 2005 model could be a hybrid car. However, the MR2 was discontinued after the 2005 model year. Recent sightings of Toyota testing a heavily disguised mid-engine roadster have led some car magazines to speculate that a new MR2 is in the works.[6] 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... The Porsche Boxster is a mid-engined roadster built by Porsche. ... The Lotus Elise is a roadster conceived in early 1994 and released in September 1996 by the English manufacturer Lotus Cars. ... The Lotus Exige (pronounced: ex-seej) is a two-door, two-seat sports car made by Lotus Cars. ... The Honda NSX (Acura NSX in North America and Hong Kong) was a sports car produced between 1990 and 2005 by the Japanese automaker Honda. ... Honda Insight, a hybrid gas-electric vehicle 2004 Toyota Prius, a hybrid gas-electric vehicle A hybrid vehicle uses multiple energy sources or propulsion systems to provide motive power. ...


See also

Toyota Corolla no known models Toyota MR-2 Hot Wheels (2nd generation) Micro Machines 1st and 2nd generation Toyota Land Cruiser Micro Machines Land Cruiser in zebra, other colors Categories: | | | ...

References

External links

MK I

  • BenReedJohnson.com
  • 4A-GE Engine
  • MKI MR2 FAQ
  • MKI MR Write-Up Page
  • Autozine's MR2 Review
  • The Midwest's 4AG world
  • The V8 MR2
  • The Original MK1.5 MR2

MK II

  • Ben's MR2 Turbo
  • Dave's MR2 'How To' Page
  • LoveHorsepower MR2 Page
  • MR2 turbo information and technical photographs
  • MK2 MR2 Veranti Kit
  • Gordaen's MR2 Wheel/Tire Calculator
  • MR2 Turbo Review
  • [7]

MK III

  • Spyderchat.com - The Online Community for Toyota MR2 Spyder Enthusiasts
  • Toyota Australia: MR2 Spyder
  • United Kingdom - MR2 Roadster Owners Club (MR2-ROC)
  • Team MR2 Targa
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Toyota MR2
JapanJapan MR2 Production car timeline, 1984–2006
Model 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
AW11 Before MC
(1984.6~1986.8)
After MC
(1986.8~1989.10)
SW20 Type I
(1989.10~1991.12)
Type II
(1991.12~1993.10)
Type III
(1993.10~1996.6)
Type IV
(1996.6~1997.12)
Type V
(1997.12~1999.10)
ZZW30 MR-S
(1999.10~2002.8)
MC 6 speed
(2002.8~2004)
MC Rigid Body
(2004~2006)


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

 v  d  e Toyota road car timeline, North American market, 1980s-present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Tercel Tercel Tercel Tercel Tercel Echo Yaris
Starlet Corolla FX Paseo Paseo
Corolla Corolla Corolla
Compact Corolla Corolla Corolla Corolla
Matrix Matrix
Corona Camry Camry Prius
Mid-size Prius
Camry Camry Camry Camry
Camry Solara Camry Solara
Full-size Cressida Cressida Cressida Cressida Avalon Avalon Avalon
Sport compact Corolla GT-S
Celica Celica Celica Celica Celica Celica
Sports Celica Supra Celica Supra Supra Supra
Roadster MR2 MR2 MR2 Spyder

  Results from FactBites:
 
Toyota MR2: Information from Answers.com (3408 words)
Toyota made its SV-3 concept car public in the autumn of 1983 at the Tokyo Motor Show, gathering a huge amount of publicity both from the press and the audience.
Toyota's cooperation with Lotus during the prototype phase can be seen in the AW11, and it owes much to Lotus's legendary sports cars of the 1960s and 1970s.
In July 2004, Toyota announced that the MR2 (as well as the Celica) would be discontinued in the US at the end of the 2005 model year because of increasing competition and lack of sales.
Toyota MR2 MR-S - Import Car - TIF (510 words)
The Toyota MR2 design process started in the mid 1970's culminating in the first prototype, the SA-X. In the early 80's the Toyota designer Seiichi Yamauchi was appointed head of planning for the Toyota MR2 project, the SV3.
The Toyota MR2 was launched shortly afterwards, in June 1984.
Returning to concept basics, Toyota drew upon their roots for lightweight sports cars, the Sports 800, and the two previous generations of MR2 to create a new style sports car for the 21st century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m