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Encyclopedia > Toyota Crown
Toyota Crown
2003 Toyota Crown
Manufacturer Toyota
Production Toyota City, Nagoya
Class Full-size sedan, wagon
Body style(s) Sedan (1955–current)
4 door hardtop (1974–1999)
2 door hardtop coupe (1967–1983)
Wagon (1962–2007)
Pick-up (1967–1971)
Platform S-series
Related Toyota Aristo

The Toyota Crown is a line of full-size luxury sedans by Toyota. The range was primarily available in Japan and some other Asian countries, although it was also sold in the United States during the late 1950s and up until 1971. Exports to Europe began in 1964 with the first cars going to Finland. Other European countries which saw imports of the Crown included the Netherlands and Belgium. The United Kingdom was another market until the early 1980s. It was also exported to Canada for a few years—1965–68. In many markets the Crown was very expensive and was replaced by the Cressida when that model became available for export in the early 1980s. Image File history File links Toyota-CROWN-12th-generation01. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... This article is about the automaker. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... First-generation Aristo(JZS147) Second-generation Lexus GS(JZS160) Third-generation Lexus GS(GRS190) The Lexus GS is a car manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corp. ... A luxury car is a relatively expensive car. ... This article is about the automaker. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... 1991-92 Toyota Cressida The Toyota Cressida was a mid-size, high-end luxury sedan introduced by Toyota in 1973, first exported from Japan in its second generation in 1977. ...


Australia was another important export market for the Crown—to the extent that it was manufactured there from the mid-1960s until the late 1980s using many local components.


Most models of the car are distinguishable by a front "Crown" badge, but the common Toyota badge is usually used on the rear.


In Japan, its principal competitors are Nissan's Gloria and Cedric lines, the Nissan Fuga and the Honda Legend. Nissan Motor Co. ... The Gloria was a fullsize car sold by Prince from 1961 and later by Nissan. ... The Fuga will be a full-size luxury car from Nissan of Japan when it is introduced in 2005. ... It has been suggested that Acura Legend and Acura RL be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

First (RS Model-S30 Model: 1955 to 1962)

Toyota Crown First Model
Toyota Crown First Model

The first model was first launched in 1955 and was exported to the United States. Initially, a 1.5 L engine was standard, but later models were available with a 1.9 L engine.
Image File history File links Toyota-crown-1st-generation01. ... Image File history File links Toyota-crown-1st-generation01. ...


Second (S40 Model: 1962 to 1967)

1962 Toyota Crown
1962 Toyota Crown

Launched in 1962, this model introduced the Custom and Master Line models. A bigger and better car than the one it replaced it initially had four-cylinder engines before the introduction of the "M" six-cylinder engine in 1965. Deluxe and Super Deluxe models were available with added features. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 715 pixels, file size: 519 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 715 pixels, file size: 519 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


The longer, wider and more upmarket Crown Eight was introduced in 1964, powered by a 2.6 L V8 engine. However, it had a different model designation, VG10, and was replaced in 1967 by the first Century.
The Toyota Century is a large four-door limousine produced by Toyota mainly for the Japanese market. ...


Third (S50 Model: 1967 to 1971)

Launched in 1967, the engines were much the same as the previous generation, but additional equipment was included. Higher specification export models used the 2.3 litre 2M engine. This series saw the first 2-door hardtop. In export markets it also spawned common station wagon, rare pickup, and very rare double cab pick-up models.


Fourth (S60 & S70 Models: 1971 to 1974)

1973 Toyota Crown MS60 Super Saloon
1973 Toyota Crown MS60 Super Saloon

Launched in 1971, the 4M 2600 engine was introduced with this generation, as was the luxurious Super Saloon trim level. Electronic fuel injection became available on both the new 4M engine as well as the 2 litre M which continued. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 228 KB) 1973 Toyota Crown MS-60 Supersaloon I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 228 KB) 1973 Toyota Crown MS-60 Supersaloon I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


The Sedan and Wagon are coded MS60/MS65 and MS62/MS63. The Hardtop Coupe is MS70 (2.0 liter), or MS75 (2.6 liter). This generation was the first Crown marketed as Toyota in Japan, as previous models were Toyopet. Also, in Japan, this model was known as the "whale" or "kujira" Crown. Domestic market Hardtop has rectangular headlights, all export models come with twin round headlights. This is the last Crown sold in the USA.


Fifth (S80 & S100 Models: 1974)

1978 Toyota Crown 2600 MS83
1978 Toyota Crown 2600 MS83

Launched in 1974 in Japan, export began from 1975. Offered as 4 door Sedan, 2 door Hardtop Coupe, 4 door Hardtop Sedan, Wagon, and Van. Engines are 2.0 and 2.6 liter gasoline, or 2.2 liter diesel. Trim levels are Standard, Deluxe, Super Saloon, and Royal Saloon. Minor change was given in 1978. Image File history File links 1978_toyota_crown_front_404x304. ... Image File history File links 1978_toyota_crown_front_404x304. ...


The pillarless Hardtop Sedan model has a front chrome grill and square headlights.


Sixth (S110 Model: 1979 to 1983)

1981 Toyota Crown MS 112
1981 Toyota Crown MS 112

Launched in 1979, this model had the engine upgraded to the 2.6 L to 2.8 L 5M-EU model. The 2 litre M was still on offer along with a turbo charged version—the M-TEU. In this series the model designation referred to the engine size—MS110 (2 litre), MS111 (2.6 litre), MS112 (2.8 litre). Early models have twin rectangular headlights, facelift models come with bigger monoblock headlights. Domestic market Royal Saloons use the large rectangular headlights. Lower grades Van and Taxi adopt round headlights. Royal Saloon features longer bumpers. The first Crown Turbo was launched in October 1980 for Japanese market only. This generation is the last for 2 door Hardtop Coupe.
Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1232 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1232 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ...


Seventh (S120 Model: 1983 to 1987)

Launched in 1983. The model used 5M-GE 2800 cc double overhead cam (DOHC), 1G-GE 2000 cc DOHC, M-TE 2000 cc single overhead cam (SOHC) Turbo, M-E 2000 cc SOHC, 2L-TE 2400 cc SOHC Turbo Diesel or 2L 2400 cc SOHC Diesel engines. Base versions use the new 2 litre 1G-E engine which replaced the old 2 litre version of the M series. The "van" version of the station wagon (the GS126V as well as the GS136V in the following series) used its own unique variant of this motor (the 1G-EJ). A cylinder head sliced in half shows two overhead camshafts—one above each of the two valves. ... Single overhead cam (also SOHC) refers to the internal combustion engine design where one camshaft is located above the valves. ...


Eighth (S130 Model: 1987 to 1991)

Toyota Crown GS131
Toyota Crown GS131

Launched in 1987. Body style: Sedan, Hardtop, and Wagon, included the commercial Van. The model used 7M-GE 3000 cc DOHC, 1G-GZE 2000 cc DOHC Super Charger, 1G-E 2000 cc DOHC, 2L-THE 2400 cc SOHC Turbo Diesel Hi Power (AT Use), 2L-TE 2400 cc SOHC Turbo Diesel (MT Use) or 2L 2400 cc SOHC Diesel engines. The 4.0 liter 1UZ-FE, the same engine as in Lexus LS400, was only for Royal Saloon G. Although a totally different chassis and body, the S130 takes styling cues from the MX73 Cressida.
Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 169 KB) 型式:GS131改 GS131-ATPQR 昭和63年式 利用者:いつかはアレですよによる撮影。 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toyota Crown Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 169 KB) 型式:GS131改 GS131-ATPQR 昭和63年式 利用者:いつかはアレですよによる撮影。 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toyota Crown Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... 2002 Lexus LS 430 Lexus LS (sold as the LS 400 and LS 430 and in Japan as the Toyota Celsior) is a Japanese rear wheel drive luxury car with a V8 engine. ... 1991-92 Toyota Cressida The Toyota Cressida was a mid-size, high-end luxury sedan introduced by Toyota in 1973, first exported from Japan in its second generation in 1977. ...


Ninth (S130 Facelift and S140 Models: 1991 to 1995)

Crown S140
Crown S140

The Crown Hardtop and all-new Crown Majesta models were built on the 140-series platform. The rebodied Crown Sedan and Wagon still carried S130 model codes, although the exterior is rounder, and the nose is similar to S140 Hardtop. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Trim levels for Sedan are Standard, Deluxe, Super Deluxe, Super Saloon, Royal Saloon, and Royal Saloon G. Engine choices were 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 liter gasoline, and 2.4 liter diesel. The 4.0 liter was offered for Royal Saloon G and Majesta.


The Standard Sedan for Taxi and base model Wagon feature round headlights and chrome bumpers. The taxi is powered by 2.4 liter diesel engine matched to 4 speed column-mounted manual transmission.


Tenth (S150 Model: 1995-1999)

The 150-series Crown were built as Sedan and Hardtop (frameless door window) only. This was the first Crown to not use separate chassis construction. The Wagon retained the old and uninspired Japanese Lexus (130 series) model until 1999. Trim levels for Hardtop are Royal Extra, Royal Saloon, Royal Saloon G, and the sporty Royal Touring. 4WD is offered for Royal Extra and Royal Saloon. Engine is either 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 liter 6-cylinder, or 4.0 liter V8.
Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. ...


Crown Comfort (LXS10 & YXS10 Models: 1996 - current)

Main article: Toyota Comfort
Crown Comfort
Crown Comfort

The Crown Comfort, designed for taxi use only, has smaller exterior dimension, but roomier and taller interior than the Crown Royal series. The Comfort is powered by either diesel or LPG. Japanese model has fender mirrors and automatic rear door. The Crown Comfort is the most popular taxicab in Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The new Crown Sedan for Japanese market only is based on the Comfort, but has wider tail lights and longer bumpers.
The Toyota Comfort, released in 1995, is specially made for use as a taxicab. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 615 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Comfort taxi in old Comfort livery at Seah Street. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 615 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Comfort taxi in old Comfort livery at Seah Street. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...


Eleventh (S170 Model: 1999 to 2003)

Crown Royal JZS175

The 170-series features shorter front overhang therefore maximizes interior and trunk space. There are three different 170-series 4-door Saloon, Royal, Majesta, and Athlete. The 4-door Hardtop was discontinued. The 170-series Estate was the first new Crown Wagon after the 130-series. Engine is either 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, or 4.0 liter. The Athlete V has 2.5 liter 1JZ-GTE turbo. The Royal was also offered with 3.0 liter 2JZ-FSE Mild Hybrid.
Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 106 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 106 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Air foil bearing-supported turbocharger cutaway made by Mohawk Innovative Technology Inc. ... This article is about a biological term. ...


Twelfth (S180 Model: 2003 to present)

Crown Royal S180
Crown Royal S180

Based on the Zero Crown concept car. Engine is changed to a V6 for the new Royal and Athlete models, and the Majesta uses the V8 only, now in 4.3 litre form with 4WD optional. The 170 series Crown Estate continues using the inline 6-cylinder engines. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,920 × 1,080 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,920 × 1,080 pixels, file size: 1. ...


Engine data for the Crown S180

  • 2GR-FSE
    • V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4S 3456 cc 232 kW (315 PS) at 6400 377 N·m (38.4 kgf·m, 278 ft·lbf) at 4800 rpm
  • 3GR-FSE
    • V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4 2994 cc 188 kW (256 PS) at 6200 rpm, 314 N·m (32.0 kgf·m, 232 ft·lbf) at 3600 rpm
  • 4GR-FSE
    • V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4 2499 cc 158 kW (215 PS) at 6400 rpm, 260 N·m (26.5 kgf·m, 192 ft·lbf) at 3800 rpm

The kilowatt (symbol: kW) is a unit for measuring power, equal to one thousand watts. ... This article is about a unit of measurement. ... Newton metre is the unit of moment (torque) in the SI system. ... KGF is the short form of Kolar Gold Fields in Karnataka. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The pound-force is a non-SI unit of force or weight (properly abbreviated lbf or lbf). The pound-force is equal to a mass of one pound multiplied by the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (which is defined as exactly 9. ...

Thirteenth

Crown Hybrid Concept
Crown Hybrid Concept

Crown hybrid concept was exhibited at 2007 Tokyo Motor Show.
Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 800 pixels, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 800 pixels, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Tokyo Motor Show is an annual auto show held in November in Tokyo, Japan. ...


Trivia

  • Toyota used the name Crown also for other models, e.g. the Corona, which is Latin for crown, or the Corolla, which is Latin for small crown and Camry which is an Anglicized pronunciation of the Japanese term "kan-muri" meaning "small crown". One of Toyota's first cars sold in the U.S was also called the Toyopet Tiara.

The Toyota Corona is an automobile manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota between 1957 and 2002. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ... The Toyota Camry is a mid-size sedan assembled by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky; Altona, Victoria, Guangzhou, China and the original factory in Toyota City, Japan. ...

Models in the Crown lineup

  • Crown Comfort
  • Crown Sedan
  • Crown Majesta
  • Crown Royal
  • Crown Estate
  • Crown Athlete

External links

Toyota Crown Lineup (written in Japanese)
  • Crown Sedan
  • Crown Comfort
  • Crown Royal
  • Crown Athlete
  • Crown Majesta
  • Crown Estate

  Results from FactBites:
 
Toyota Camry: Information from Answers.com (4775 words)
An upbranded luxury version of the Camry is sold in Japan as the Toyota Windom, and under the Lexus ES nameplate in the United States.
Originally launched as the Toyota Celica Camry in January 1980 for the Japanese home market, this model was essentially a second-generation Toyota Carina with updated body-styling and a front-end that resembled a 1978 Toyota Celica XX (known as the Celica Supra in export markets).
In September 2001, the Toyota Camry was released as a larger sedan (taking styling cues from the successful Vitz, Corolla and Solara coupé) only, but without a station wagon for the first time (a similarly styled wagon was sold on the Japanese home market however, as the Toyota Mark II Blit).
Toyota Crown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1384 words)
The Toyota Crown is a line of full-size luxury sedans by Toyota.
The rebodied Crown Sedan and Wagon still carried S130 model codes, although the exterior is rounder, and the nose is similar to S140 Hardtop.
the Corona, which is latin for crown, or the Corolla, which is latin for small crown and Camry which is an anglicized pronunciation of the Japanese term "kan-muri" meaning "small crown".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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