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A toy is an object used in play. Toys are usually associated with children and pets, but it is not unusual for adult humans and some non-domesticated animals to play with toys. Many items are manufactured to serve as toys, but items produced for other purposes can also be used as toys. A child may pick up a household item and 'fly' it around pretending that it is an airplane, or an animal might play with a pinecone by batting at it, chasing it, and throwing it up in the air. Some toys are intended primarily as collector's items and are not to be played with. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 245 KB) from en wiki A photo of a teddy bear that I took. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 245 KB) from en wiki A photo of a teddy bear that I took. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Play might be described as unrestrained, amusing interaction with people, animals, or things, often in the context of learning. ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... For the adult insect stage, see Imago. ... Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... The word Animals when used alone has several possible meanings in the English language. ... A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures. ... A collectible (or collectable) is typically a manufactured item designed for people to collect. ...


The origin of toys is prehistoric; dolls representing infants, animals, and soldiers, as well as representations of tools used by adults are readily found at archaeological sites. The origin of the word "toy" is unknown, but it is believed that it was first used in the 14th century.[1] Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... “Baby” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ...


Toys and play in general are an important part of the process of learning about the world and growing up. The young use toys and play to discover their identity, help their bodies grow strong, learn cause and effect, explore relationships, and practice skills they will need as adults. Adults use toys and play to form and strengthen social bonds, teach the young, remember and reinforce lessons from their own youth, exercise their minds and bodies, practice skills they may not use every day, and decorate their living spaces. Toys are more than simple amusement, and they and the way they are used profoundly influence most aspects of life. Decoration may signify: the craft of a painter and decorator an object or act intended to increase beauty of a person, room, etc. ...

Wooden toys of Channapatna, a town in India famous for its toys.
Wooden toys of Channapatna, a town in India famous for its toys.

Contents

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 957 KB) photographed by Pratheepps File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy User:Pratheepps Channapatna ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 957 KB) photographed by Pratheepps File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy User:Pratheepps Channapatna ... Channapatna is a small city located 60 km south-west of Bangalore,India. ...

History

A display of Roman toys, including several that would be familiar to children today: a doll, dice, rattles, and toy dishes for playing house.
A display of Roman toys, including several that would be familiar to children today: a doll, dice, rattles, and toy dishes for playing house.

Most young mammals play, and will play with whatever they can find, turning such things as pinecones, rocks, and food into toys. It simply makes sense then that toys have a history as old as human civilization itself. Toys and games have been unearthed from the sites of ancient civilizations. They have been written about in some of our oldest literature. Toys excavated from the Indus valley civilization (3000-1500 BCE) include small carts, whistles shaped like birds, and toy monkeys which could slide down a string.[2] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1470x1091, 402 KB) Summary A selection of ancient Roman toys, in the Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona, in Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1470x1091, 402 KB) Summary A selection of ancient Roman toys, in the Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona, in Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Play might be described as unrestrained, amusing interaction with people, animals, or things, often in the context of learning. ... A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures. ... For other uses, see Rock (disambiguation). ... GAMES Magazine is a United States based magazine devoted to games published by GAMES Publications, a division of Kappa Publishing Group. ... The // (c. ... A cart is a vehicle or device, using two wheels and normally one horse, designed for transport. ... A whistle is a one-note woodwind instrument which produces sound from a stream of forced air. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ...


The earliest toys were made from materials found in nature, such as rocks, sticks, and clay. Thousands of years ago, Egyptian children played with dolls that had wigs and movable limbs which were made from stone, pottery, and wood.[3] In Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, children played with dolls made of wax or terra cotta, sticks, bows and arrows, and yo-yos. When Greek children, especially girls, came of age it was customary for them to sacrifice the toys of their childhood to the gods. On the eve of their wedding, young girls around fourteen would offer their dolls in a temple as a rite of passage into adulthood.[4][5] Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ancient Greece is a period in Greek history that lasted for around nine hundred years. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Terra cotta is a hard semifired waterproof ceramic clay used in pottery and building construction. ... A bow is a weapon that shoots arrows powered by the elasticity of the bow and/or the string. ... The yo-yo is a toy consisting of two equally-sized discs of plastic, wood, or metal, connected with an axle, around which a string is wound. ...

A boy with a hoop. Hoops have long been a popular toy across a variety of cultures.
A boy with a hoop. Hoops have long been a popular toy across a variety of cultures.

As technology changed and civilization progressed, toys also changed. Whereas ancient toys were made from materials found in nature like stone, wood, and grass modern toys are often made from plastic, cloth, and synthentic materials. Ancient toys were often made by the parents and family of the children who used them, or by the children themselves. Modern toys, in contrast, are often mass-produced and sold in stores. Toys like cone cows have been displaced by toys like Little People, which can be bought with farm animals and ready-made fences. Image File history File links Reif_Spielzeug. ... Image File history File links Reif_Spielzeug. ... Ganymede rolling a hoop and bearing aloft a cockerel - a love gift from Zeus (in pursuit, on obverse of vase). ... For other uses, see Rock (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Cut grass growing on in the Hudson River Park Tall grass growing wild at Lyme Park Grass covered house in Iceland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... Mass production is the production of large amounts of standardised products on production lines. ... A store is an enclosure for holding articles. ... Home-made pine cone cow Cone cows are traditional home-made toys once popular at least in Finland. ... Little people have been part of the folklore of many cultures in human history, including Ireland, the Philippines, the Hawaiian Islands, Flores Island, Indonesia, and Native Americans. ...


This change in the nature of toys is exemplified by the changes that have taken place in one of the oldest and most universal of human toys; dolls. The earliest and most primitive dolls were simple wooden carvings and bundles of grass. Egyptian dolls were sometimes jointed so that their limbs could move realistically. By the early 1800s there were dolls that could say "mama". Today there are dolls that can recognize and identify objects, the voice of their owner, and choose among hundreds of pre-programed phrases with which to respond.[6] The materials that toys are made from have changed, what toys can do has changed, but the fact that children play with toys has not changed.


Toys in child development

A rubber duck is a popular bathtime toy for small children.
A rubber duck is a popular bathtime toy for small children.

Toys, like play itself, serve multiple purposes in both humans and animals. They provide entertainment while fulfilling an educational role. Toys enhance cognitive behavior and stimulate creativity. They aid in the development of physical and mental skills which are necessary in later life. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 431 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 431 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy ... For other uses, see Rubber duck (disambiguation). ... Cognitive The scientific study of how people obtain, retrieve, store and manipulate information. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Creativity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


One of the simplest toys, a set of simple wooden blocks is also one of the best toys for developing minds. Andrew Witkin, director of marketing for Mega Brands told Investor's Business Daily that, "They help develop hand-eye coordination, math and science skills and also let kids be creative."[7] Other toys like Marbles, jackstones, and balls serve similar functions in child development, allowing children to use their minds and bodies to learn about spatial relationships, cause and effect, and a wide range of other skills as well as those mentioned by Mr. Witkin. Toy blocks (also building bricks, or simply blocks), are wooden or plastic piece of various shapes (square, cylinder, arch, triangle, etc. ... Mega Bloks building blocks (above) are compatible with LEGO interlocking building blocks. ... Hand-made marbles from West Africa Different glass marbles from a glass-mill For other uses, see Marbles (disambiguation). ... A set of jacks Jacks, sometimes called jackstones, fivestones or onesies, is a playground game for children. ... For other uses, see Ball (disambiguation). ...


One example of the dramatic ways that toys can influence child development involves clay sculpting toys such as Play-Doh and Silly Putty and their home-made counterparts. Mary Ucci, Educational Director of the Child Study Center of Wellesley College, demonstrates how such toys positively impact the Physical Development, Cognitive Development, Emotional Development, and Social Development of children.[8] Green Play-Doh with can and accessory toy Play-Doh is a commercial plastic modeling compound similar in texture to bread dough that has been sold as a childrens toy around the world for a half century. ... Silly putty dripping through a hole Silly Putty shown as a solid cube Silly Putty (originally called nutty putty, and also known as Potty Putty) is a silicone plastic, marketed today as a toy for children, but originally created as a fortuitous accident during the course of research into potential...


Toys for infants often make use of distinctive sounds, bright colors, and unique textures. Through play with toys infants begin to recognize shapes and colors. Repetition reinforces memory. Play-Doh, Silly Putty and other hands-on materials allow the child to make toys of their own. Green Play-Doh with can and accessory toy Play-Doh is a commercial plastic modeling compound similar in texture to bread dough that has been sold as a childrens toy around the world for a half century. ... Silly putty dripping through a hole Silly Putty shown as a solid cube Silly Putty (originally called nutty putty, and also known as Potty Putty) is a silicone plastic, marketed today as a toy for children, but originally created as a fortuitous accident during the course of research into potential...


Educational toys for school age children of often contain a puzzle, problem-solving technique, or mathematical proposition. Often toys designed for older audiences, such as teenagers or adults demonstrate advanced concepts. Newton's cradle, a desk toy designed by Simon Prebble, demonstrates the conservation of momentum and energy. An educational toy is a toy designed to teach people, typically children, about a certain subject or help them learn a skill as they play. ... A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity. ... The cradle in motion. ... Simon Prebble (born February 13, 1942) is an English actor and narrator. ...


Not all toys are appropriate for all ages of children. Some toys which are marketed for a specific age range can even harm the development of children in that range.


Toys and gender

Dolls like Fulla and Barbie are often criticized for what they teach children about gender roles.

Certain toys, such as barbies and toy soldiers, are often perceived to be more acceptable for one gender then the other. It has been noted by researchers that, "Children as young as 18 months display sex-stereotyped toy choices".[9] Image File history File links Fullaandbarbie. ... Image File history File links Fullaandbarbie. ... See Fulla for the figures in Norse mythology. ... Information Occupation See: Barbies careers Family See: List of Barbies friends and family Created by Ruth Handler Barbie is a best-selling fashion doll launched in 1959. ...


Playing with toys stereotyped for the opposite gender sometimes results in negative consequences from parents or fellow children. In recent years, mainly in western countries, it has been looked down upon for males to play with toys that were originally stereotyped as being "for girls". However, it is generally not looked down upon for females to play with toys designed "for boys", an activity which has also become more common in recent years.[10] The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ...


Economics

Toys "R" Us operates over 13,000 stores in 30 countries and has an annual revenue of $11.1 billion USD.
Toys "R" Us operates over 13,000 stores in 30 countries and has an annual revenue of $11.1 billion USD.

With toys comprising such a large and important part of human existence, it makes sense that the toy industry would have a substantial economic impact. Sales of toys often icrease around holidays where gift-giving is a tradition. Some of these holidays include Christmas, Easter, Saint Nicholas Day and Three Kings Day. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 657 KB) A Toys R Us store at Forum the Shopping Mall, Singapore. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 657 KB) A Toys R Us store at Forum the Shopping Mall, Singapore. ... Toys R Us (often typeset as Toys Я Us to fit their logo) is a toy store chain based in the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Saint Nicholas, also known as Nikolaus in Germany and Sinterklaas (a contracted form of Sint Nicolaas) in the Netherlands and Flanders, is the common name for the historical Saint Nicholas of Myra, who lived in 4th century Byzantine Anatolia, (now in modern Turkey) and had a reputation for secret gift... This article is about the Christian feast. ...


In 2005, toy sales in the United States totaled about $22.9 billion.[7] Money spent on children between the ages of 8 and twelve alone totals approximately $221 billion annually in the U.S.[11]


Toy makers change and adapt their toys to meet the changing demands of children thereby gaining a larger share of the substantial market. In recent years many toys have become more complicated with flashing lights and sounds in an effort to appeal to children raised around television and the internet. According to Mattel's president, Neil Friedman, "Innovation is key in the toy industry and to succeed one must create a 'wow' moment for kids by designing toys that have fun, innovative features and include new technologies and engaging content." Mattel Inc. ...


In an effort to reduce costs, many mass-producers of toys locate their factories in areas where wages are lower. 75% of all toys sold in the U.S., for example, are manufactured in China.[7] Issues and events such as power outages, supply of raw materials, supply of labor, and raising wages that impact areas where factories are located often have an enormous impact on the toy industry in importing countries.


Promotional toys

Many successful films, television programs, books and sport teams have official merchandise, which often includes related toys. Some notable examples are Star Wars (a science fiction film series) and Manchester United, an English football club. “Moving picture” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ... In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need. ... Star Wars is an epic space opera saga and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ...


Promotional toys can fall into any of the other toy categories; for example they can be dolls or action figures based on the characters of movies or professional athletes, or they can be balls, yo-yos, and lunch boxes with logos on them. Sometimes they are given away for free as a form of advertising. Many food manufacturers will run promotions where a toy will be included with the main product as a sort of bonus. Some people go to great lengths to collect these sorts of promotional toys. Lunch box and vacuum bottle owned by Harry S. Truman. ... “Advert” redirects here. ...


Types of toys

Construction toys

Lincoln Logs have been a popular construction type toy in the U.S. since the 1920s.
Lincoln Logs have been a popular construction type toy in the U.S. since the 1920s.

The Greek philosopher Plato wrote that the future architect should play at building houses as a child.[12] A construction set is a collection of separate pieces that can be joined together to create models. Popular models to make include cars, spaceships, and houses. The things that are built are sometimes used as toys once completed, but generally speaking, the object is to build things of one's own design, and old models often are broken up and the pieces reused in new models. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (512x688, 37 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lincoln Logs ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (512x688, 37 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lincoln Logs ... A farm made from Lincoln Logs. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ... A scale model of the Tower of London. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The oldest and, perhaps most common construction toy is a set of simple wooden blocks, which are often painted in bright colors and given to babies and toddlers. Construction sets such as Lego bricks and Lincoln Logs are designed for slightly older children and have been quite popular in the last century. Construction sets appeal to children (and adults) who like to work with their hands, puzzle solvers, and imaginative sorts. A set of blocks Toy blocks (also building bricks, or simply blocks), are wooden or plastic piece of various shapes (square, cylinder, arch, triangle, etc. ... For other uses, see Lego (disambiguation). ... A farm made from Lincoln Logs. ... For other uses, see Hand (disambiguation). ... A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Some other examples include Bayko, Konstruk-Tubes, K'NEX, Erector Sets, Tinkertoys, and Meccano. Bayko poster from the 1950s. ... The Konstruk-Tubes™ tubular building set was created in 2006 by Keith S. Lock of Bradenton, Florida. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Erector Set is the trade name of a construction toy that was wildly popular in the United States during much of the 20th century. ... The Tinkertoy Construction Set was created in 1914—one year after the A. C. Gilbert Companys Erector Set—by Charles H. Pajeau and Robert Pettit in Evanston, Illinois. ... Meccano is a model construction kit comprising re-usable metal strips, plates, angle girders, wheels, axles and gears, with nuts and bolts to connect the pieces. ...


Dolls, animals, and miniatures

Main article: Doll
A child and her doll.
A child and her doll.

A doll is a model of a human (often a baby), a humanoid (like Bert and Ernie), or an animal. Modern dolls are often made of cloth or plastic. Other materials that are, or have been, used in the manufacture of dolls include cornhusks, bone, stone, wood, porcelain (sometimes called china), bisque, celluloid, wax, and even apples. Often people will make dolls out of whatever materials are available to them. Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (624x640, 35 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (624x640, 35 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy ... Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about modern humans. ... The term baby can refer to: an infant a very early computer—the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed Baby a musician – Brian Williams – who performs under the name Baby. ... The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ... Ernie and his rubber duckie with Bert in Sesame Street Bert and Ernie are two Muppets on the long-running PBS childrens television show Sesame Street. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The term husk is mostly used to refer to the leafy outer covering of an ear of maize (corn) as it grows on the plant. ... This article is about the skeletal organs. ... For other uses, see Rock (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... Bisque is a fired piece (bisquette) of unglazed clay used to make pottery, figurines, dolls, knickknacks, ornaments etc. ... Celluloid is the name of a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, plus dyes and other agents, generally regarded to be the first thermoplastic. ... candle wax This page is about the substance. ... For other uses, see Apple (disambiguation). ...


Sometimes intended as decorations, keepsakes, or collectables for older children and adults, most dolls are intended as toys for children, usually girls, to play with. Dolls have been found in Egyptian tombs which date to as early as 2000 BC.[3] A collectible (or collectable) is a manufactured item designed for people to collect. ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Girl (disambiguation). ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ... (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2112 BC — 2095 BC — Sumerian campaigns of Ur-Nammu. ...


Dolls are usually miniatures, but baby dolls may be of true size and weight. A doll or stuffed animal of soft material is sometimes called a plush toy or plushie. A popular toy of this type is the Teddy Bear. Look up miniature in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For preserved dead animals, see taxidermy. ... Plush toys A plush toy or plushie is a soft, often furry, stuffed toy made of plush. ... A plush toy or plushie is a soft, often furry, stuffed toy made of plush. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


A distinction is often made between dolls and action figures, which are generally of plastic or semi-metallic construction and poseable to some extent, and often are merchandising from television shows or films which feature the characters. Modern action figures, such as Action Man, are often marketed towards boys, whereas dolls are often marketed towards girls. Zarbon action figure of from Dragon Ball Z made by Bandai An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of a character, often from a movie, video game, or television program. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... This page is about the Palitoy Action Man 1966-1984, for 2nd generation Hasbro Action Man, see Action Man: 1993-2006 or for the TV series Action Man was a British toy produced by Palitoy. ...


Toy soldiers, perhaps a precursor to modern action figures, have been a popular toy for centuries. They allow children to act out battles, often with toy military equipment and a castle or fort. Miniature animal figures are also widespread, with children perhaps acting out farm activities with animals and equipment centered around a toy farm. 54mm Toy Soldiers by Imperial Productions of New Zealand A toy soldier is a miniature figurine that represents a soldier. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ...


Toy vehicles

Children have played with miniature versions of vehicles since ancient times, with toy two-wheeled carts being depicted on ancient Greek vases.[12] Modern equivalents include toy cars such as those produced by Matchbox or Hot Wheels, miniature aircraft, toy boats, and trains. Examples of the latter range from wooden sets for younger children such as BRIO complicated realistic train models like those produced by Lionel and Hornby. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1593x893, 323 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy Pop pop boat Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1593x893, 323 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy Pop pop boat Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... A pop pop boat. ... Bilingual amphora by the Andokides Painter, ca. ... A motor vehicle is a machine which incorporates a motor (sometimes known as an engine), and which is used for transportation on land. ... Matchbox Superfast window sticker A miniature Matchbox Gowings van Matchbox is a die cast toy brand currently owned by Mattel, Inc. ... Hot Wheels Car — Dodge viper Hot Wheels is a brand of die cast toy car, introduced by American toymaker Mattel in 1968. ... “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... A toy train. ... BRIO is a toy company founded in Sweden. ... A US HO scale model railroad. ... Lionel Corporation was an American toy manufacturer, specializing in toy trains and model railroads. ... Hornby Railways is the leading brand of model railway in the United Kingdom. ...


Puzzles

Main article: Puzzle
A popular puzzle toy is the Rubik's Cube. Popularized in the 1980s, solving the cube requires planning and problem-solving skills.
A popular puzzle toy is the Rubik's Cube. Popularized in the 1980s, solving the cube requires planning and problem-solving skills.

A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity. Solutions to puzzle may require recognizing patterns and creating a particular order. People with a high inductive reasoning aptitude may be better at solving these puzzles than others. Puzzles based on the process of inquiry and discovery to complete may be solved faster by those with good deduction skills. A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity. ... Image File history File links This is my Rubiks Cube in scrambled state. ... Image File history File links This is my Rubiks Cube in scrambled state. ... Variations of Rubiks Cubes (from left to right: Rubiks Revenge, Rubiks Cube, Professors Cube, & Pocket Cube) Rubiks Cube (commonly misspelled rubix, rubicks or rubics cube) is a mechanical puzzle invented in 1974[1] by the Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Look up Problem in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up enigma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term ingenuity or applied ideas is used in the analysis of Thomas Homer-Dixon, building on that of Richard Romer, to refer to what is usually called instructional capital. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Inductive reasoning is a measureable aptitude for how well a person can identify a pattern within a large amount of data. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Look up deduction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The history of puzzles goes back many thousands of years.


There are many different types of puzzles, for example a maze is a type of tour puzzle. Other categories include; construction puzzles, stick puzzles, tiling puzzles, transport puzzles, disentanglement puzzles, sliding puzzles, logic puzzles, picture puzzles, lock puzzles and mechanical puzzles. Public hedge maze in the English Garden at Schönbusch Park, Aschaffenburg, Germany A small maze A maze is a tour puzzle in the form of a complex branching passage through which the solver must find a route. ... In tour puzzles the player of the puzzle makes a trip around a (not necessarily two-dimensional) board using a token which represents a traveller. ... In a construction puzzle you have to built (assemble) a technical contraption. ... Stick puzzles use sets of polysticks which have to be assembled into two- or three-dimensional configurations. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Transport puzzles are logistical puzzles, which represent real-life transport problems. ... A ball-in-cage puzzle in unsolved form The same puzzle in solved form Disentanglement puzzles usually have two different tasks to be solved, namely first to disassemble the puzzle and then to put it together again. ... Sliding puzzles or sliding block puzzles challenge a player to slide usually flat pieces along certain routes (usually on a board) to establish a certain end-configuration. ... A logic puzzle is a puzzle deriving from the mathematics field of deduction. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A lock puzzles is a type of mechanical puzzle. ... A mechanical puzzle is a puzzle presented as a set of mechanically interlinked pieces. ...


History of mechanical puzzles

Puzzle design by W.Altekruse, 1890.
Puzzle design by W.Altekruse, 1890.

The oldest known mechanical puzzle comes from Greece and appeared in the 3rd century BC. The game consists of a square divided into 14 parts, and the aim was to create different shapes from these pieces. In Iran “puzzle-locks” were made as early as the 17th century AD. In 1742 Japan there is a mention of a game called “Sei Shona-gon Chie No-Ita” in a book. Around the year 1800 the Tangram puzzle from China became popular, and 20 years later it had spread through Europe and America. The company Richter from Rudolstadt began producing large amounts of Tangram-like puzzles of different shapes, the so-called “Anker-puzzles”. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (978x1024, 142 KB) Summary Taken from the German Wikipedia article at http://de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (978x1024, 142 KB) Summary Taken from the German Wikipedia article at http://de. ... A mechanical puzzle is a puzzle presented as a set of mechanically interlinked pieces. ... A typical tangram construction Tangram (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally seven boards of cunning) is a Dissection puzzle. ... Rudolstadt is a city in Germany. ...


Puzzles were greatly fashionable towards the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The first patents for puzzles were recorded at this time. In 1893 professor Hoffman wrote a book called “Puzzles Old and New”. It contained, amongst other things, more than 40 descriptions of puzzles with secret opening mechanisms. This book grew into a reference work for puzzle games and modern copies exist for those interested.


With the invention of materials easy to shape such as plastic, the range of puzzle possibilities grew. Rubik's Cube, arguably the most famous puzzle worldwide, would not be possible without modern polymers. Variations of Rubiks Cubes (from left to right: Rubiks Revenge, Rubiks Cube, Professors Cube, & Pocket Cube) Rubiks Cube (commonly misspelled rubix, rubicks or rubics cube) is a mechanical puzzle invented in 1974[1] by the Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. ... A polymer (from Greek: πολυ, polu, many; and μέρος, meros, part) is a substance composed of molecules with large molecular mass composed of repeating structural units, or monomers, connected by covalent chemical bonds. ...


Toys that involve physical activity

A boy from Jakarta with his ball. Ball games tend to be good exercise, involving lots of physical activity and are popular worldwide.
A boy from Jakarta with his ball. Ball games tend to be good exercise, involving lots of physical activity and are popular worldwide.

A great many toys are part of active play. These include traditional toys such as hoops, tops, jump ropes and balls, as well as more modern toys like Frisbees, foot bags (also known as Hacky Sacks), astrojax, myachi, and the yo-yo. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2953 KB) Description: en: A young boy, in Jakarta Indonesia, holds a tattered football de: Ein kleiner Junge aus Jakarta, Indonesien, mit einem zerschlissenen Fußball in der Hand Source: Picture taken by Jonathan McIntosh, May 2004 File links The... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2953 KB) Description: en: A young boy, in Jakarta Indonesia, holds a tattered football de: Ein kleiner Junge aus Jakarta, Indonesien, mit einem zerschlissenen Fußball in der Hand Source: Picture taken by Jonathan McIntosh, May 2004 File links The... This page is about the capital city of Indonesia. ... Ganymede rolling a hoop and bearing aloft a cockerel - a love gift from Zeus (in pursuit, on obverse of vase). ... For other uses, see Top (disambiguation). ... An 1800 depiction of jumping rope A jump rope, rope skipping, skipping rope or skip rope is the primary tool used in the game of skipping played by children and many young adults, where one or more participants jump over a spinning rope so that it passes under their feet... For other uses, see Ball (disambiguation). ... A Wham-O Professional Frisbee For the amusement ride, see Frisbee (ride). ... A simple rainbow-colored footbag A footbag is a small bean bag used as a ball in a number of sports. ... A Hacky Sack Hacky Sack is the trademarked name of a type of footbag. ... Astrojax Plus Astrojax is a childrens toy consisting of three balls on a string--a ball is fixed at each end of the string, and the center ball is free to slide along the string between the two end balls. ... The yo-yo is a toy consisting of two equally-sized discs of plastic, wood, or metal, connected with an axle, around which a string is wound. ...


Playing with these sorts of toys allows children to exercise, building strong bones and muscles and aiding in physical fitness. Throwing and catching balls and frisbees can improve hand-eye coordination. Jumping rope and playing with foot bags can improve balance. The term Exercise can refer to: Physical exercise such as running or strength training Exercise (options), the financial term for enacting and terminating a contract Category: ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Collectable toys

Main article: Collectable

Some toys, such as Beanie Babies, attract large numbers of enthusiasts, eventually becoming collectibles. Other toys, such as Boyds Bears are marketed to adults as collectables. Some people spend large sums of money in an effort to acquire larger and more complete collections. The record for a single Pez dispenser at auction, for example, is $1,100 U.S.[13] A collectible (or collectable) is a manufactured item designed for people to collect. ... Teddy Beanie Baby A Beanie Baby is a small stuffed animal made by Ty Inc. ... A collectible (or collectable) is typically a manufactured item designed for people to collect. ... Boyds Bears is a line of collectible resin and stuffed teddy bears produced by The Boyds Collection LTD. // The Mrs. ... A typical PEZ dispenser and packaging PEZ is the brand name of an Austrian candy, the pocket mechanical dispensers for such candy, and an abbreviation of PEZ Candy Inc. ...


Invention of toys

Play-Doh, originally intended as a wallpaper cleaner.
Play-Doh, originally intended as a wallpaper cleaner.

Many new toys and new types of toys are created by accidental innovation. After trying to create a replacement for synthetic rubber, Earl Warrick inadvertently invented "nutty putty" during World War II. Later, Peter Hodgson recognized the potential as a childhood plaything and packaged it as Silly Putty. Similarly, Play-Doh was created as a wallpaper cleaner.[14] In 1943 Richard James was experimenting with torsion springs as part of his military research when he saw one come loose and fall to the floor. He was intrigued by the way it flopped around on the floor. He spent two years fine-tuning the design to find the best gauge of steel and coil. After a name change, the Slinky was sold as a toy for both genders in stores throughout the United States. Image File history File links Green Playdoh with can and accessory toy. ... Image File history File links Green Playdoh with can and accessory toy. ... Green Play-Doh with can and accessory toy Play-Doh is a commercial plastic modeling compound similar in texture to bread dough that has been sold as a childrens toy around the world for a half century. ... Synthetic rubber is any type of artificially made polymer material which acts as an elastomer. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Silly putty dripping through a hole Silly Putty shown as a solid cube Silly Putty (originally called nutty putty, and also known as Potty Putty) is a silicone plastic, marketed today as a toy for children, but originally created as a fortuitous accident during the course of research into potential... Green Play-Doh with can and accessory toy Play-Doh is a commercial plastic modeling compound similar in texture to bread dough that has been sold as a childrens toy around the world for a half century. ... The Slinky spring, was invented by Richard James Richard T. James (1914 – 1974) was a naval engineer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Metal Slinky Rainbow-colored plastic Slinky A Slinky, or Lazy-Spring, is a coil-shaped toy invented by mechanical engineer Richard James in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Gender in common usage refers to the sexual distinction between male and female. ...


Safety regulations

Main article: Toy safety
Toys with small pieces, such as these Lego, elements are required by law to have warnings about choking hazards in some countries.
Toys with small pieces, such as these Lego, elements are required by law to have warnings about choking hazards in some countries.

Many countries have passed safety standards limiting the types of toys that can be sold. Most of these seek to limit potential hazards, such as choking or fire hazards, that could cause injury. Children, especially very small ones, often put toys into their mouths, so the materials used to make a toy are regulated to prevent poisoning. Materials are also regulated to prevent fire hazards. Children have not yet learned to judge what is safe and what is dangerous, and parents do not always think of all possible situations, so such warnings and regulations are important on toys. Magnetix, a popular construction toy selling over 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 752 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 817 pixel, file size: 425 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy User talk:Lar/RFA 1... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 752 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 817 pixel, file size: 425 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Toy User talk:Lar/RFA 1... For other uses, see Lego (disambiguation). ... Safety standards are standards designed to ensure the safety of products, activities or processes, etc. ... For choking meaning compression of the neck, see Strangling. ... Gas stoves are often considered a fire hazard A fire hazard is any situation in which there is a greater than normal risk of harm to people or property due to fire. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Disposal of toys

Care should be taken when disposing of the batteries in toys such as qfix robot "crash-bobby".
Care should be taken when disposing of the batteries in toys such as qfix robot "crash-bobby".

When toys have been outgrown or are no longer wanted, reuse should always be considered. They can be donated via many charities, sold at garage sales, auctioned, sometimes even donated to museums. However, when toys are broken, worn out or otherwise unfit for use, care should be taken when disposing of them. Before disposal of any battery-operated toy, batteries should be removed and properly recycled or disposed of as outlined in your community. Most toys will not be recyclable via normal methods. Placing toys in recycling bins can contaminate recyclables due to the unknown materials used. Most communities will ask that small toys be bagged and disposed as municipal solid waste with normal collection. Large toys such as outdoor playhouses and ride on toys can be treated as bulk waste. Some manufacturers, such as Little Tikes, will take back and recycle their products. Image File history File links Crashbobby_02-small. ... Image File history File links Crashbobby_02-small. ... qfix robot kits are an education tool for teaching robotics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Symbols representing a single Cell (top) and Battery (bottom), used in circuit diagrams. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... “Municipal waste” redirects here. ...


See also

A board game is a game played with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across a board (a premarked surface, usually specific to that game). ... The National Farm Toy Museum Building in Dyersville, Iowa The National Farm Toy Museum is a museum located in Dyersville, Iowa that specializes in preserving and displaying scale models, replicas, and toys based on farm equipment. ... This is not intended to be a complete list. ... The National Toy Hall of Fame is a hall of fame that recognizes the contributions of toys and games that have sustained their popularity for many years. ... The National Farm Toy Museum in Dyersville, Iowa Toy museums are museums for toys. ...

References

  1. ^ Definition of "toy" from etymonline.com
  2. ^ http://members.aol.com/Donnclass/Indialife.html
  3. ^ a b Maspero, Gaston Camille Charles. Manual of Egyptian Archaeology and Guide to the Study of Antiquities in Egypt. Project Gutenberg. 
  4. ^ Powell, Barry B. (2001). Classical Myth; Third Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 33-34. ISBN 0-13-088442-1. 
  5. ^ Oliver, Valerie (1996). History Of The Yo-Yo. Spintastics Skill Toys, Inc.. Retrieved on October 30, 2006.
  6. ^ Van Patten, Denise. A Brief History of Talking Dolls- -From Bebe Phonographe to Amazing Amanda. About.com. Retrieved on October 30, 2006.
  7. ^ a b c Tsuruoka, Doug (January 5, 2007). "Toys: Not All Fun And Games". Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved on January 8, 2007. 
  8. ^ Ucci, Mary (April, 2006). "Playdough: 50 Years' Old, And Still Gooey, Fun, And Educational". Child Health Alert 24. Retrieved on 2/12/07.  (Full-text on-line version requires login)
  9. ^ Caldera, Yvonne M.; Aletha C. Huston, Marion O'Brien (February, 1989). "Social Interactions and Play Patterns of Parents and Toddlers with Feminine, Masculine, and Neutral Toys". Child Development 60 (1): 70-76. DOI:10.2307/1131072. Retrieved on October 25, 2006. 
  10. ^ Toys for Girls and Boys - The Canadian Toy Testing Council accessed 27 May 2007
  11. ^ Associated Press. "Parents of tweens seek balance for fast-maturing kids", CNN.com, November 28, 2006. Retrieved on November 28, 2006. 
  12. ^ a b Karl Hils, The Toy - Its Value, Construction and Use, Edmund Ward Ltd., London, 1959.
  13. ^ Brown, Patricia Leigh. "New Auction Gems: Common Folks; Venerable Houses Woo Unstuffy Buyers With Unstuffy Stuff", The New York Times, April 23, 1995, pp. 37. Retrieved on October 11, 2006. (English) 
  14. ^ On the invention of silly putty, from web.mit.edu

Gaston Camille Charles Maspero (June 23, 1846 - June 30, 1916), French Egyptologist, was born in Paris, his parents being of Lombard origin. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A shocking statistic from the latest Pew/AP mid-term poll. ...

Further reading

  • Kline, Stephen. 1995. Out of the Garden: Toys, TV, and Children's Culture in the Age of Marketing. Verso Books; ISBN 1-85984-059-0.
  • Walsh, Tim. 2005. Timeless Toys: Classic Toys and the Playmakers Who Created Them. Andrews McMeel Publishing; ISBN 0-7407-5571-4.
  • Wulffson, Don L. Toys! Henry Holt and Company; ISBN 0-8050-6196-7

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