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Encyclopedia > Township

The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. Townships exist in Canada, China, South Africa, and the United States of America. For more information on townships specific to these countries, please follow the links below.


The word is derived from Old English tún meaning "manor". Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Generic plan of a mediaeval manor; open-field strip farming, some enclosures, triennial crop rotation, demesne and manse, common woodland, pasturage and meadow Manorialism or Seigneurialism is the organization of rural economy and society in medieval western and parts of central Europe, characterised by the vesting of legal and economic...


The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. However in some systems, especially in the U.S., no town need be involved, and indeed in the Scottish Highlands the term describes a very small agricultural community. Specific use of the term to describe political subdivisions has varied by country, usually to describe a local rural or semi-rural government within a county. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Scottish Highlands are the mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ...

The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Canadian French is the common term for naming the regional dialects or varieties of French found in Canada. ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... A census subdivision is a Canadian political region organized by Statistics Canada and determined by the provinces. ... The Dominion Land Survey is the method used to divide most of western Canada into one-square-mile sections for agricultural and other purposes. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... The Highlands and Islands area is sometimes defined as that to which the Crofters Act of 1886 applied. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The Shetland Crofthouse Museum, with peat stacked out front. ... Look up Smallholding on Wiktionary, the free dictionary A smallholding is a piece of land smaller than 50 acres, which is rented for the purposes of cultivation. ... A townland is a small geographical unit of land used in Ireland and Scotland, and believed to be of Gaelic or Goidelic origin. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Johannesburg, including Soweto, from the International Space Station Soweto is an urban area in Johannesburg, in Gauteng, South Africa. ... Children in a township near Cape Town in 1989 In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (Africans, Coloureds and Indians) who lived near or worked in areas that were designated white-only. Soweto (actually... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... A township in the United States refers to a small geographic area, ranging in size from 6 to 54 square miles (15. ... Survey township, sometimes called Congressional township, as used by the United States Public Land Survey System, refers to a square unit of land, that is nominally six (U.S. Survey) miles (~9. ... The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels, particularly for titles and deeds of rural, wild or undeveloped land. ... A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state or province. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ...

See also

Look up Township in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Township - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (508 words)
In eastern Canada a township is one form of the subdivision of a county.
Townships are referred to as "lots" in Prince Edward Island and merely form census subdivisions and are not administrative units.
In England townships became obsolete long ago: the term referred to a subdivision used to administer a large parish.
Civil township - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (762 words)
Most townships in Illinois also provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation and emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county and high schools are usually a body of the township but still controlled by the school district.
Civil townships in these states are generally not considered to be incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease.
Townships all over the state used to have some official organization and duties, but now are only considered ceremonial divisions of each county, used on land surveys and other real estate documents.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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