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Encyclopedia > Town twinning
Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany
Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany

Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. In Europe, such pairs of towns are known as twin towns, friendship towns or partner towns; in North America and Australasia, the term sister cities is used for the same concept; and brother cities is the term in the former Soviet bloc. Twin towns often (though by no means always) have similar demographic and other characteristics. Sometimes, even larger areas enter into "twinning" agreements, such as that between the provinces of Hainan in China and Jeju in South Korea. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1284x1536, 557 KB) Summary twin towns of Neckarsulm, 2005, J. Köhler Description: Twin towns of Neckarsulm Source: Photo taken by myself Date: 20. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1284x1536, 557 KB) Summary twin towns of Neckarsulm, 2005, J. Köhler Description: Twin towns of Neckarsulm Source: Photo taken by myself Date: 20. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Neckarsulm is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart, and part of the district Heilbronn. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Jeju is the smallest province of South Korea, situated on its largest island. ...


The concept can be likened to a scaled up version of a "pen pal" scheme, in which the "pals" are whole towns or cities. In practice, the twinning arrangements often lead to student exchange programs, as well as economic and cultural collaborations. Pen pals (or penpals or pen friends) are people who regularly write each other, in particular in the case of snail mail. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Europe

Saarbrücken, Germany is twinned with Tbilisi, Georgia
Saarbrücken, Germany is twinned with Tbilisi, Georgia
Four twinning towns of Brzeg Dolny, Poland
Four twinning towns of Brzeg Dolny, Poland

The earliest form of town twinning in Europe was between the German city of Paderborn and the French city of Le Mans in 836, although this was not officially established as a modern town twinning arrangement until 1967. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1815x1398, 354 KB) Tbilissi place in Saarbrücken, reminding of the twin towns Self-made photograph Mar 23 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1815x1398, 354 KB) Tbilissi place in Saarbrücken, reminding of the twin towns Self-made photograph Mar 23 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established IV-III Millennium BC Government  - Mayor Giorgi (Gigi) Ugulava Area  - City 726 km²  (280. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (446x698, 85 KB) Brzeg Dolny near WrocÅ‚aw, Poland - twinning towns File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (446x698, 85 KB) Brzeg Dolny near WrocÅ‚aw, Poland - twinning towns File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Brzeg Dolny (German: Dyhernfurt) is a town in the Lower Silesian Voivodship of southern Poland. ... Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mutasim establishes new capital at Samarra, Iraq. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


The very first official international town twinning arrangement in the world was established in 1920 between the UK town of Keighley and the French town of Poix du Nord. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Keighley (pronounced Keith-ly or ) is a town and civil parish in the county of West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Bradford, on the meeting point of the River Aire and the River Worth. ...


The practice of town twinning was developed in Europe after the Second World War as a way to bring European people into a closer understanding of each other and to promote cross-border projects of mutual benefit. An early example of town twinning dates back to 1947 when Bristol Corporation (later Bristol City Council) sent five 'leading citizens' on a goodwill mission to Hanover. While still more popular as a concept in Europe than elsewhere, the idea has now spread to other continents. World map showing the location of Europe. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... This article is about the English city. ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ...


Within Europe, town twinning is now supported by the European Union. The support scheme was established in 1989. In 2003 an annual budget of about 12 million euros was allocated to about 1,300 projects. The Council of European Municipalities and Regions also works closely with the Commission (DG Education and Culture) to promote modern, high quality twinning initiatives and exchanges that involve all sections of the community. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “EUR” redirects here. ...


E.U. sister cities are a separate affiliation from the international sister cities associations.


North America

The city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada was one of the first cities ever to enter into a transcontinental twinning arrangement when, in 1944, it twinned with the Ukrainian city of Odessa, which at the time was part of the Soviet Union. This was based on aiding the allied port city during World War II. However, Toledo, Ohio, United States, and Toledo, Spain began a sister city relationship thirteen years earlier in 1931. Another first for town twinning occurred in 1967 when Rochester, Minnesota and Knebworth, UK teamed up to bring a primary medical research front. Vancouver (pronounced: ) is a city located in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Map of Ukraine with Odessa highlighted. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Olmsted Founded 1854 Mayor Ardell Brede Area    - City 103. ... Knebworth is a village in the north of Hertfordshire, England. ...


The American "Sister Cities" program was begun in 1956 by President Dwight Eisenhower. It was originally administered as part of the National League of Cities, but since 1967 it has been a separate organization, Sister Cities International (SCI), which is a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network creating and strengthening partnerships between U.S. and international communities in an effort to increase global cooperation at the municipal level, to promote cultural understanding and to stimulate private business and economic development. Such partnerships became so numerous, that few citizens knew how many twins their town had and now, few Americans treat these programs seriously. SCI leads the movement for local community development and volunteer action by motivating and empowering private citizens, municipal officials and business leaders to conduct long-term programs of mutual benefit. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... The National League of Cities is a group of American mayors and councilmen. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between a city in the United States and a city in another country. ...


Informal usage

Sometimes, people will use the phrase "sister cities" to mean cities that are neither very close together, nor from two different cultures and officially twinned, but rather two cities with similar cultures and/or historical background, as with Galveston, Texas and New Orleans, Louisiana, two cities that were historically major Southern ports on the Gulf coast. Another example is Charleston, South Carolina and Boston, Massachusetts (see the Charleston article for a description of their colonial-era relationship). "Twin Towns" is also used as a colloquialism for the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, specifically referring to the central twin cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area  - City  350. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Nickname: Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ...


See also

Holon, Israel, the Twin Towns Garden: The symbol of Holon and its four twin towns. Left to right: Hann. Münden, Germany; Suresnes, France; Holon, Israel; Dayton, United States; Berlin-Mitte, Germany.
Holon, Israel, the Twin Towns Garden: The symbol of Holon and its four twin towns. Left to right: Hann. Münden, Germany; Suresnes, France; Holon, Israel; Dayton, United States; Berlin-Mitte, Germany.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1408x800, 143 KB) Holon, Israel, the Twin Towns Garden: The symbol of Holon and its four twin towns (left to right): Hann Munden, Germany; Suresnes, France; Holon, Israel; Dayton, Ohio; Berlin Mitte, Germany. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1408x800, 143 KB) Holon, Israel, the Twin Towns Garden: The symbol of Holon and its four twin towns (left to right): Hann Munden, Germany; Suresnes, France; Holon, Israel; Dayton, Ohio; Berlin Mitte, Germany. ... The Yanshul, half-cat half-owl, the symbol of Holons Childrens Museum. ... For the nearby town, site of a battle in 1757, see Minden. ... Suresnes is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. ... Nickname: Motto: Birthplace of Aviation Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Montgomery Founded April 1, 1796 Incorporated 1805 Government  - Mayor Rhine L. McLin Area  - City  56. ... Berlin-Mitte or Mitte is the central-most borough of Berlin (Mitte is German for centre). ... // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities — that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Cross-border town naming occurs where towns or villages with the same or equivalent names are divided between two different countries. ... Partnership 2000, or P2000, is a program that partners cities in Israel with cities in the Diaspora in an effort to strengthen ties between Jews in Israel and those overseas. ... London New York City Paris Tokyo A global city (also known as a world city or world-class city) is a city with a somewhat subjective set of traits, some of which are listed below. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Town twinning

  Results from FactBites:
 
Metroactive Movies | Twin Town (476 words)
Swansea, "the graveyard of ambition," as local hero Dylan Thomas called the now-moribund port town, is the setting for Twin Town, director Kevin Allen's story of South Wales' answer to Heckyl and Jeckyl, Julian (Llyr Evans) and Jeremy (Rhys Ifans).
The spirited disgustingness of Twin Town does keep you watching, and the film is most enjoyable when it most resembles Pink Flamingos.
Twin Town (Unrated; 100 min.), directed by Kevin Allen, written by Paul Durden and Allen, photographed by John Mathieson and starring Llyr Evans and Rhys Ifans.
Twin Town Treatment Centers-Drug Alcohol Treatment Program (254 words)
Twin Town Treatment Centers was established by Twin Town Treatment Center of St. Paul, Minnesota, a freestanding inpatient chemical dependency hospital.
Twin Town Treatment Centers was one of the first providers to anticipate and seize the behavioral managed healthcare market opportunity by establishing outpatient chemical dependency treatment in Southern California, the core of the managed care movement.
Twin Town Treatment Centers and its staff are committed to arresting the downward spiral created by the progression of the disease, and providing a bridge on which the client, their family and associates, may begin the process of personal healing, development and renewal.
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