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Encyclopedia > Town square

A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ...


Most town squares are hardscapes suitable for open markets, music concerts, political rallies, and other events that require firm ground. Being centrally located, town squares are usually surrounded by small shops such as bakeries, meat markets, cheese stores, and clothing stores. At their center is often a fountain, well, monument, or statue. Many of those with fountains are actually named Fountain Square. Hardscape, in the practice of landscaping, refers to the paved areas like streets & sidewalks, large business complexes & housing developments, and other industrial areas where the upper-soil-profile is no longer exposed to the actual surface of the Earth. ... Street markets such as this one in Rue Mouffetard, Paris are still common in France. ... A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. ... Meat is animal tissue used as food. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the curdled milk of cows, goats, sheep, or other mammals. ... (See also List of types of clothing and Clothing terminology) Humans nearly universally wear articles of clothing (also known as dress, garments, attire, or apparel) on the body. ... The Jet dEau fountain in Lake Geneva in Geneva A traditional fountain is an arrangement where water issues from a source (Latin fons), fills a basin of some kind, and is drained away. ... For the Scottish football team, see Motherwell F.C. The Whole Earth Lectronic Link (or The WELL) is one of the oldest virtual communities still online. ... The Taj Mahal in Agra (Uttar Pradesh, India) Monuments are usually created for the dual function of commemorating an important event or person while also creating an artistic object that will improve the appearance of a city or location. ... Tyler Davidson Fountain, centerpiece of Fountain Square, Cincinnati. ...


In the United States a town square typically consists of a park or plaza in front of the original county courthouse or town hall. Italian piazzas are typically surrounded by arcades. An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... In most counties in the United States the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may also house the offices of the county treasurer, clerk and recorder and assessor. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... A piazza is an open square in a city, often used as a marketplace, found in Italy. ... The Cleveland Arcade in downtown Cleveland (late 1960s) An arcade is a passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns, or else it is a covered passage fronted by a series of arches. ...


In urban planning, a city square is a planned open area in a city, usually or originally rectangular in shape. Some city squares are large enough that they act as a sort of "national square." Urban, city, or town planning, deals with the physical, social and economic development of metropolitan regions, municipalities and neighborhoods. ... Sydney, Australia at Night. ...

In some cities, especially in New England in the U.S., the term "square" is applied to a commercial area (e.g., Central Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts), usually formed around the intersection of three or more streets, and which originally consisted of some open area (many of which have been filled in with traffic islands and other traffic calming features). In the Boston area, it is used by municipalities to designate an intersection in honor of a local resident (usually a member of the military or police officer killed in the line of duty). Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square in Moscow. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Palace Square is the central city square of St Petersburg and of the former Russian Empire. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... (help· info), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Tiananmen Square (Simplified Chinese: 天安门广场; Traditional Chinese: 天安門廣場; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the large plaza near the center of Beijing, China, named for the Tiananmen (literally, Gate of Heavenly Peace) which sits to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City. ... John-F.-Kennedy-Platz (John F. Kennedy Square), formerly Rudolph-Wilde-Platz, in Berlin-Schöneberg contains the former city hall of West Berlin (Rathaus Schöneberg). ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... Plaque commemorating Kennedys speech next to the front entrance of Rathaus Schöneberg Entry in Berlins Golden Book Kennedys notes: Ish bin ein Bearleener – kiwis Romanus sum – Lasd z nack Bearleen comen Part of the speech manuscript Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a citizen of Berlin... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... Times Square, named after the one-time headquarters of The New York Times, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, New York City, which centers on 42nd Street and Broadway. ... Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... The National Mall is an open-area national park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... Trafalgar Square is a square in central London that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars. ... Piccadilly Circus is a famous traffic intersection and public space of Londons West End in the City of Westminster. ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... First Flag of New England, 1686-c. ... Central Square is an area in Cambridge, Massachusetts centered around the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Prospect Street, and Western Avenue. ... Cambridge City Hall Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Image:Street narrowing. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: Official website: www. ...


United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, and especially in London and Edinburgh "square" has a wider meaning. There are public squares of the type described above but the term is also used for formal open spaces surrounded by houses with private gardens at the centre. Most of these were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. In some cases the gardens are now open to the public. See the London squares category. The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ), Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic, is the second-largest city in Scotland and its capital city. ...


See also

The Market square (or sometimes the market place) is a feature of many British and other European towns. ... A piazza is an open square in a city, often used as a marketplace, found in Italy. ... Place is a term that has a variety of meanings in a dictionary sense, but which is principally used as a noun to denote location, though in a sense of a location identified with that which is located there. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. ... The following is a partial list of prominent city squares: // Asia China Statue Square, Edinburgh Square, Connaught Place - Hong Kong Tiananmen Square - Beijing Iran Azadi Square - Tehran Naghsh-i Jahan Square - Isfahan Thailand Siam Square - Bangkok Europe Armenia Republic Square - Yerevan Austria Heldenplatz - Vienna Czech Republic Staromìstské n...

Gallery of town and city squares

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Urban squares

  Results from FactBites:
 
Town square - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (407 words)
A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings.
In the United States a town square typically consists of a park or plaza in front of the original county courthouse or town hall.
Palace Square in St Petersburg was designed to be the central square of Imperial Russia and ironically became the setting of revolutionary protests that led to the overthrow of monarchy during the February Revolution of 1917.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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