In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. Civil parishes are the lowest level of elected governance, under the district and county level. In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the smallest unit of local government. ... The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England, except for civil parishes. ... The division into counties is one of the larger divisions of England. ...
Any parish can unilaterally decide to describe itself as a town.
The chairman of a town council is usually called a Town Mayor, the alternative is rarely found. In the United Kingdom, the office of Mayor or Lord Mayor had long been a ceremonial post, with little or no duties attached to it. ...
The term 'Town Mayor' is used as opposed to simply 'Mayor', which means the mayor of a borough or a city. A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... Historically, city status was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ...
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