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Encyclopedia > Tower of Hercules
Tower of Hercules
Tower of Hercules
View of the Spanish city of A Coruña from the top of the tower
View of the Spanish city of A Coruña from the top of the tower

The Tower of Hercules (Torre de Hércules), is an ancient Roman lighthouse located on a peninsula about 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometers) outside the city of A Coruña, Galicia, in present-day northwestern Spain. The lighthouse is almost 1900 years old, standing 185 feet (57 meters) high, overlooking the North Atlantic coast of Spain. It is the oldest active Roman lighthouse in the world. Download high resolution version (1200x900, 205 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x900, 205 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x900, 286 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x900, 286 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Coruña , (in English Corunna, in Spanish La Coruña, and in Galician A Coruña) is a Galician city, in north-western Spain. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A HDR image of a traditional lighthouse For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... A Coruña , (in English Corunna, in Spanish La Coruña, and in Galician A Coruña) is a Galician city, in north-western Spain. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Through the millennia many mythical stories of its origin have been told. According to a myth that blends Celtic and Greco-Roman elements, the hero Hercules slew the giant tyrant Geryon after three days and three nights of continuous battle. Hercules then—in a Celtic gesture— buried the head of Geryon with his weapons and ordered that a city be built on the site. The city, Brigantia to the Romans, came to be called “Crunya”. The lighthouse atop a skull and crossbones representing the buried head of Hercules’ slain enemy appears in the coat-of-arms of A Coruña. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Heracles. ... Heracles fighting Geryon, amphora by the E Group, ca. ... The name Brigantia can signify: Brigantia (goddess), a goddess in Celtic mythology the land of the Brigantes of ancient Britain the ancient Latin name of several cities and regions: Bragança (Portugal) Bregenz, Austria Brianza, Italy Category: ... EU standard toxic symbol, as defined by Directive 67/548/EEC. A skull and crossbones (☠) is a symbol consisting of a human skull and two bones crossed together under the skull. ...


According to Gaelic legend embodied in the 11th-century compilation Lebor Gabala Erren— the "Book of Conquests"— King Breogán, the founding father of the Galician Celtic nation, constructed here a massive tower of such a grand height that his sons could see a distant green shore from its top. The glimpse of that distant green land lured them to sail north to Ireland. A colossal statue of Breogán has been erected near the Tower. Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) is the Middle Irish title of a loose collection of poems and prose narratives recounting the mythical origins and history of the Irish race from the creation of the world down to the Middle Ages. ... Breogán is a mythical Celtic king from Galicia. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Historically, the tower is known to have existed by the 2nd century, built or perhaps rebuilt under Trajan, perhaps on foundations and just possibly following a design that was Phoenician in origin. At its base is preserved the cornerstone with the inscription MARTI AUG.SACR C.SEVIVS LUPUS ARCHTECTUS AEMINIENSIS LVSITANVS.EX.VO, permitting the original lighthouse tower to be ascribed to the architect Gaius Sevius Lupus, from Aeminia (an ancient Roman town near present-day Coimbra, Portugal) in the former province of Lusitania, as an ex voto dedicated to Mars. The tower has been in constant use since the 2nd century. Originally it was constructed with an ascending ramp encircling its sides, for oxen to bring cartloads of wood to keep the light fueled at night. The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... Phoenician sarcophagus found in Cadiz, Spain; now in Archaeological Museum of Cádiz. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... In red is the province of Lusitania within the Roman Empire, 120 AD Lusitania was an ancient Roman province approximately including current Portugal, except for the area between the rivers Douro and Minho (part of Hispania Tarraconensis), and part of modern day western Spain, the present autonomous communities of Extremadura... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and a magical flower (or Jupiter). ...


The earliest surviving mention of the lighthouse at Brigantium is by Paulus Orosius in Historiae adversum Paganos written ca 415 – 417: Paulus Orosius (c. ...

“Secundus angulus circium intendit, ubi Brigantia Gallaeciae civitas sita altissimum farum et inter pauca memorandi operis ad speculam Britanniae erigit”

("At the second angle of the circuit [circumnavigating Hispania], where the Gallaecian city of Brigantia is sited, a very tall lighthouse is erected among a few commemorative works, for looking towards Britannia.") It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iberian Peninsula. ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... Britannia on a 2005 £2 coin. ...

The Tower of Hercules, in the coat of arms of La Coruña

In 1788 the original tower was provided with a new outer shell by order of king Carlos IV, the work of the naval engineer Eustaquio Giannini (1750–1814). The work was finished in 1791, giving the tower the crisp classicizing outward aspect we see today. Within, the much-repaired Roman and medieval masonry may be inspected. The Tower of Hercules is a National Monument of Spain. Image File history File links Escudo_A_Coruña. ... Image File history File links Escudo_A_Coruña. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ...


Sitting on the Costa da Morte, the "Coast of Death", it remains a sentinel from days long past. The Romans who settled this region of Spain believed it to be the end of the earth as is indicated by the name of a location further to the south on the Atlantic coast, named "Finnisterra" literally meaning "end of the earth". This region was notorious for shipwrecks and is equipped with a small lighthouse. Costa da Morte (i. ...


A medieval watchtower in Segovia also bears the name "Tower of Hercules" [1].


References

  • "Documentos para estudiar la Torre de Hércules" (in Spanish)
  • AnnaMaria Mariotti, "The Hercules' Tower"
  • Spain.info: Tower of Hercules
  • (Universidade da Coruña) Torre de Hércules (in English)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Torre de Hércules

Coordinates: 43°23.14′N 8°24.39′W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Stories of the Constellations - Hercules (872 words)
Hercules was the son of Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene, the granddaughter of Perseus and Andromeda.
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The constellations surrounding Hercules include Boötes as the Titan Atlas with the inclusion of the Corona Borealis as the globe on the giant's shoulders, Leo as the Nemean lion, Cancer the crab, Hydra the sea serpent and Draco as the defeated dragon, Ladon, who protected the golden apple tree of the Hesperides.
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