Tower Colliery is the oldest, continuously worked deep-coal mine in the United Kingdom, and possibly the world, and the only mine of its kind which remains in the South Wales Valleys. It is located near the villages of Hirwaun and Rhigos, north of the town of Aberdare in the Cynon Valley south Wales. Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the extraction of coal from the Earth for use as fuel. ... The South Wales Valleys are a number of industrialised valleys in South Wales. ... Hirwaun is the name of an electoral ward, a community, and a mining village at the northwest end of the Cynon Valley in the South Wales Valleys. ... This article is about the Welsh town. ... Categories: UK geography stubs ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 kmÂ² Population - Total (2001) - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085 140/kmÂ² NUTS 1...
The colliery was worked from 1805 until the late 1990s, when the government attempted to close it down. In 1994, the constituencyMP, Ann Clwyd staged a sit-in in the mine to protest its closure, and later that year the workers of the mine banded together to purchase the colliery. 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The 1990s refers to the years 1990 to 1999; the last decade of the 20th Century, but in an economical sense The Nineties is often considered to span from the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 to the September 11 attacks in 2001. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Cynon Valley is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... The Rt. ... A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more persons nonviolently occupying an area for protest, often political, social, or economic change. ...
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Towercolliery was fortunate to have a leader in Tyrone OSullivan who would not just act competently as a lodge secretary but along with many of the lodge committee members would inject a daily dose of trade unionism and socialism into a knowledgeable workforce.
Tower miners were welcomed with open arms wherever they went seeking support: from Bournemouth, to Islington, to the small village of Wivenhoe, where a busload of strikers went to stop coal coming into the harbour from abroad.
Tower was unique for many reasons that are outlined in this book, in particular the trade union and socialist consciousness of the workforce, a strong and determined leadership, and a pit that was economically viable.
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