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Encyclopedia > Tower Air
Tower Air
IATA
FF
ICAO
TOW
Callsign
Tee Air
Founded 1983
Hubs John F. Kennedy International Airport
Focus cities Ben Gurion International Airport
Fleet size 17
Destinations 9
Company slogan "Going Places"
Headquarters Jamaica, Queens, New York
Key people Morris K. Nachtomi (co-founder, owner, manager)
Website: http://www.towerair.com

Tower Air (IATA: FF, ICAO: TOW, and Callsign: Tee Air) was a privately owned low-fare and charter U.S. airline that operated from 1983 until 2000, when it declared bankruptcy and was liquidated. During the mid-1980s until People Express ceased operations in 1987, the airline was a main competitor of People Express, in the high-density U.S. domestic market, but it had initially begun service as an international-only airline. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport and colloquially known as JFK, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Ben Gurion International Airport or Ben Gurion Airport (‎, Namal HaTeÅ«fa Ben GÅ«ryōn, Arabic: , maṭār Ben Ghuryon ad-dawlÄ«) (IATA: TLV, ICAO: LLBG), historically known as Lydda Airport and sometimes referred to today by its Hebrew acronym Natbag (‎), is the largest international airport in Israel. ... Queens County, often referred to as simply Queens, is the largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City, USA. It is home to New York Citys two major airports (John F. Kennedy and LaGuardia), the New York Mets baseball team, the USTA National Tennis Center, Silvercup... NY redirects here. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... People Express Airlines, aka PEOPLExpress, was a U.S. no-frills airline that operated from 1981 to 1987. ...

TowerAir Boeing 747.

Contents

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixelsFull resolution (3543 × 2344 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixelsFull resolution (3543 × 2344 pixel, file size: 1. ...

History

Tower Air was co-founded, majority owned, and managed by Morris K. Nachtomi, an Israeli citizen who had immigrated to the United States. After a 30-year career with El Al, Nachtomi joined a wholesaler and tour package operator called Tower Travel Corporation in 1981 and co-founded Tower Air one year later with Zev Melamid, Mordechi Gill, and Sam Fondlier. Arthur Fondlier, son of Sam Fondlier and the Chief Financial Officer of Tower, was a passenger in first class on Pan Am flight 103. His untimely death gave Mr. Nachtomi much more freedom in management and cost-cutting. Categories: Airline stubs | Companies of Israel | Transportation in Israel | Airlines of Israel ...


The company won many contracts from the United States Department of Defense to transport U.S. armed forces personnel to overseas locations. It was often chartered to fly groups of Muslim pilgrims to Mecca. The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram The Hajj (Arabic: , transliteration: ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca in Islam. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

TowerAir Military (DOD) Charter Flight
TowerAir Military (DOD) Charter Flight

Tower Air's main base of scheduled operations was John F. Kennedy International Airport in Jamaica, New York and during its peak had its own terminal (the former Eastern Airlines Terminal). It had a large focus on flights to Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel, becoming a major competitor of El Al and British Airways in the US-Israel market. The airlines also had several flights into France, Greece, and Brazil as well as high density domestic destinations in the New York market, including San Juan, Miami, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas, Nevada. The airline was unique as being exclusively composed of Boeing 747-100 and -200 series aircraft. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 550 pixelsFull resolution (3512 × 2416 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 550 pixelsFull resolution (3512 × 2416 pixel, file size: 1. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport and colloquially known as JFK, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... NY redirects here. ... For the Chinese airline, see China Eastern Airlines. ... Ben Gurion International Airport or Ben Gurion Airport (‎, Namal HaTeÅ«fa Ben GÅ«ryōn, Arabic: , maṭār Ben Ghuryon ad-dawlÄ«) (IATA: TLV, ICAO: LLBG), historically known as Lydda Airport and sometimes referred to today by its Hebrew acronym Natbag (‎), is the largest international airport in Israel. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Companies of Israel | Transportation in Israel | Airlines of Israel ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area  - City 76. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ...


Early in its history and certainly by the mid-1990s, Tower Air became notorious for poor service and questionable maintenance. By 1995 it ranked fourth in the number of complaints per mile among leading U.S. airlines. The 1997 Zagat Survey placed Tower Air 59th out of 61 ranked carriers, only edging ahead of Valujet and Aeroflot.[1] In February 1998, the Federal Aviation Administration proposed two civil penalties totaling $276,000 for continuing to fly aircraft that required maintenance action [2]. The FAA successfully sought in January, 1998 to have the airline remove then-29 year old Mr. Guy Nachtomi, son of the Chairman and CEO, from the position as Vice President-Operations, in part because of the airline's maintenance, as well the junior Mr. Nachtomi's little airline experience, having worked at Twentieth Century Fox until 1994. [3] However, the junior Mr. Nachtomi continued service with the company in a capacity unrelated to maintenance as Vice President-Office of the Chairman. [4] The Department of Defense Commercial Airlift Review Board suspended Tower Air military charters from January 27 to February 12, 1999, pending an on-site review of their operations. At the same time the airline lost an arbitration brought by the Association of Flight Attendants, claiming that Tower Air had begun lodging its flight attendants in dirty Tel Aviv hotels with poor security and bed bugs.[citation needed] Zagat Survey (pronounced Zuh-GOT) was established by Tim and Nina Zagat in 1979 as a way to collect and correlate the ratings of restaurants by diners. ... AirTran Airways (formerly known as Valujet) is a low-cost airline based in the United States. ... Aeroflot — Russian Airlines (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT) (Russian: Аэрофлот — Российские авиалинии), Aeroflot — Rossiiskie Avialinii, or Aeroflot (Аэрофлот; literally air fleet), is the Russian national airline and the biggest carrier in Russia. ... “FAA” redirects here. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The Association of Flight Attendants (commonly known as the AFA) is a union representing most flight attendants in the United States. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...


Tower Air filed for protection under Chapter 11 bankruptcy on February 29, 2000, ceased all scheduled service on May 1, 2000, and surrendered its FAA air carrier operating certificate on November 28, 2000 [5]. Chapter 11 is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operating certificate is a category of license issued by a government agency allowing an individual or company to provide a controlled type of service. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Destinations

USA

For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Official language(s) English Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  Ranked 7th  - Total 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km²)  - Width 322 miles (519 km)  - Length 490 miles (788 km)  - % water 0. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... NY redirects here. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport and colloquially known as JFK, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area  - City 76. ...

International

All international service was to/from New York only.

From Miami to Athens (Ancient Greek: αἱ Ἀθῆναι (plural), evolving into the modern Αθήναι in Greek until recently, and Αθήνα nowadays (IPA ); is both the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Other facts of interest

This section has been identified as trivia. ... Turbulence is a 1997 film directed by Robert Butler which stars Ray Liotta and Lauren Holly. ... The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... The World Trade Center in New York City (sometimes informally referred to as the WTC or the Twin Towers) was a complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, mostly designed by American architect Minoru Yamasaki and developed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport and colloquially known as JFK, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ...

Aircraft

Tower Air's fleet consisted of 17 Boeing 747 planes in both the 747-100 and 747-200 series, with 14 passenger aircraft and three cargo aircraft. The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ...


Incidents and accidents

On December 20, 1995, Tower Air flight 41 from New York Kennedy to Miami veered off the runway during takeoff resulting in 1 flight attendant receiving serious injuries and 24 passengers receiving minor injuries. The aircraft sustained heavy damage. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) determined that the probable cause of this accident was the captain's failure to reject the takeoff in a timely manner when excessive nosewheel steering tiller inputs resulted in a loss of directional control on a slippery runway. [6] [7] [8] [9]


References

  1. ^ Air Travel -- Trans-Pacific Carriers Tops In Airline Poll, Seattle Times News Services, May 4, 1997.
  2. ^ FAA Proposes Two Fines For Tower Air, Federal Aviation Administration press release, February 3, 1998.
  3. ^ http://sec.edgar-online.com/1998/05/01/14/0000940180-98-000483/Section9.asp
  4. ^ http://sec.edgar-online.com/1998/05/01/14/0000940180-98-000483/Section9.asp
  5. ^ Information for Consumers Regarding the Cessation of Service by Tower Air, Aviation Consumer Protection Division, Department of Transportation.
  6. ^ http://www.ntsb.gov/Publictn/1996/AAR9604.pdf
  7. ^ http://dnausers.d-n-a.net/dnetGOJG/201295xx.htm
  8. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/investigation/cvr/transcripts/cvr_ff41.php
  9. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19951220-0

is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • 1997 interview with co-founder
  • Essay on the Tower Air bankruptcy
  • Travel agency advertising Tower Air service to Athens

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aviation Consumer Protection Home Page (585 words)
Tower Air, which filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the bankruptcy code on February 29, 2000, ceased all scheduled service on May 1, 2000.
Tower is not required to reroute passengers on other airlines, and other airlines are not required to accept Tower tickets or honor Tower fares.
State that Tower is in bankruptcy and that you will not receive the services that you charged to your account, and that you are requesting a credit pursuant to the Fair Credit Billing Act.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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