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Encyclopedia > Touro Synagogue
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Location: Newport, Rhode Island, USA
Coordinates: 41°29′23″N, 71°18′43″W
Area: 0.23 acre (930 m²)
Established: March 5, 1946
Governing body: Touro Synagogue Foundation
Exterior of the Touro Synagogue
Exterior of the Touro Synagogue

The Touro Synagogue is a synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island that is the oldest Jewish synagogue still in use in North America and the only surviving synagogue in the U.S. dating to the colonial era. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A synagogue (from Ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogē, assembly; Hebrew: ‎ beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Colonial America may refer to: Colonial North America north of Rio Grande the Thirteen Colonies that declared independence from Britain in 1776 The period after the European colonization of the Americas Category: ...


It was designed by the noted British-Colonial era architect and Rhode Island resident, Peter Harrison, and is considered his most notable work. The interior is flanked by a series of twelve Ionic columns supporting balconies. The columns signify the twelve tribes of ancient Israel. Each column is carved from a single tree. Located at 85 Touro Street, the synagogue the Touro Synagogue remains an active Orthodox synagogue. The building is oriented to face east towards Jerusalem. The ark containing the Torah is on the east wall; above it is a mural representing the Ten Commandments in Hebrew. It was painted by the Newport artist Benjamin Howland. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Architects first real look at the Greek Ionic order: Julien David LeRoy, Les ruines plus beaux des monuments de la Grèce Paris, 1758 (Plate XX) The Ionic order forms one of the three orders or organizational systems of classical architecture, the other two canonic orders being the Doric and... Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonized in the Talmudic texts (The Oral Law) and as subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. ...

Interior of the Touro Synagogue
Interior of the Touro Synagogue

The Touro Synagogue was built from 1759 to 1763, for the Jeshuat Israel congregation in Newport under the leadership of the Rev. Isaac Touro. The Jeshuat Israel congregation itself dates back to 1658, when fifteen Spanish and Portuguese Jewish families arrived, probably from the West Indies [2]. The synagogue was formally dedicated on 2 December 1763. Other notable leaders included Henry Samuel Morais (1900–01). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Isaac Touro, along with Judah Touro, was a Jewish community leader of colonial America. ... Painting of the Amsterdam Esnoga — considered the mother synagogue by the Spanish and Portuguese Jews — by Emanuel de Witte (ab. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Henry Samuel Morais (May 13, 1860–1924) was a Jewish-American writer and rabbi born in Philadelphia, Pa and educated at private and public schools of that city. ...


In 1790, the community wrote to George Washington, expressing its support for his administration and its good wishes for him. He sent a letter in response, which read in part: George Washington (February 22, 1732–December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first President of the United States. ...

...the Government of the United States...gives to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance...May the children of the Stock of Abraham, who dwell in this land, continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other Inhabitants; while every one shall sit in safety under his own vine and figtree, and there shall be none to make him afraid. May the father of all mercies scatter light and not darkness in our paths, and make us all in our several vocations useful here, and in his own due time and way everlastingly happy."[1]

A legend exists that the trap door under the tebáh (bimah) was used while the synagogue was a stop on the Underground Railroad. This is unfounded. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The government of the United States of America, established by the U.S. Constitution, is... A bigot is a prejudiced person who is intolerant of opinions, lifestyles, or identities differing from his or her own. ... Look up Persecution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Interior of the Amsterdam Esnoga: We see the tebáh (reader’s platform) in the foreground, and the Hekhál (Ark) in the background. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 1946, Touro Synagogue was designated a National Historical Site, and is an affiliated area of the National Park Service. The synagogue was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, on October 15, 1966. In 2001, the congregation joined into a partnership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation. National Historical Park or National Historic Park is a designation for a protected area in the United States that has national historic significance and consists of more than single properties or buildings. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American member-supported organization which was founded in 1949 to support preservation of historic buildings and neighborhoods through a range of programs and activities. ...


Notes

  1. ^ [1] Letter of George Washington to the Hebrew Congregation in Newport, Rhode Island.

See also

Touro Synagogue is the name of a Reform synagogue in New Orleans, Louisiana, named after Judah Touro, Isaac de Touros son. ... Partners for Sacred Places (Partners) is a United States national, non-sectarian, non-profit organization whose mission is the support of older and historic sacred places by helping congregations and local communities sustain and actively use the structures. ...

External links

  • Touro Synagogue (Official website)
  • Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (National Park Service profile)
  • News on Touro Synagogue

  Results from FactBites:
 
Touro Synagogue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
The Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island is the oldest Jewish house of worship in North America.
The synagogue, designed by architect Peter Harrison, is a National Historic Site and considered to be one of the most architecturally distinguished buildings of 18th century America.
Touro Synagogue is also the name of a Reform synagogue in New Orleans, named after Judah Touro, Isaac's son.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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