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Encyclopedia > Tournament of Roses Parade
A float from the 2004 Rose Parade
A float from the 2004 Rose Parade
A close up of roses used to create a rose bowl parade float.
A close up of roses used to create a rose bowl parade float.
Spectators gather before the 2004 Rose Parade: some pay for seats in stands, others spend the night to "reserve" a free spot
Spectators gather before the 2004 Rose Parade: some pay for seats in stands, others spend the night to "reserve" a free spot

The Tournament of Roses Parade was established, and first held, on January 1, 1890, in Pasadena, California, eight miles (13 km) north-east of downtown Los Angeles. It is arguably the most popular annual parade in the United States. Image File history File links Roseparade. ... Image File history File links Roseparade. ... Image File history File links Roseparade1. ... Image File history File links Roseparade1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PreRoseParade-010104. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PreRoseParade-010104. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the geographic center of metropolitan Los Angeles, California. ... United States Marines on parade. ...

Rooted in tradition, this parade is broadcast on multiple television networks, watched by upwards of one million spectators on the parade route, and seen by millions more on television. Starting January 1, 1923, it is traditionally followed by the Tournament's other event, the Rose Bowl college football game. A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Rose Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Years Day) at the stadium of the same name in Pasadena, California. ... A college football game between Colorado State University and the Air Force Academy. ...

In 2002 and 2006, when the Rose Bowl Game was also the BCS National Championship Game, the "Granddaddy of 'em all" was not held the same day as the parade; the 2006 game was played on January 4th. Not all fans were pleased with the change; some thought the atmosphere and tradition of the Rose Bowl were lost. However, since the BCS title game is now separate from the host bowl, it will no longer affect the date of the Rose Bowl Game, even when the title game returns to Pasadena in 2010. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The BCS National Championship Game or BCS title game is the final bowl game of the annual Bowl Championship Series and is intended by Series organizers to determine the NCAA Division I-A national football championship. ... For the film, see 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ...

Since 1955, the parade has been famously lucky and avoided being rained on with several close calls. For the 2006 Tournament of Roses parade on January 2, winds with gusts up to 45 mph (72 km/h) and five inches (130 mm) of rain in the Pasadena area were predicted. Unfortunately, the forecast proved accurate; despite the parade's good luck for 51 years, it rained continuously and heavily throughout the entire 2006 parade. As a result, low television ratings and poor attendance plagued the ceremony. Some floats showed signs of water damage by the end. 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

The parade is televised on ABC (as the official network of the tournament and the Rose Bowl game itself), but coverage is also available on CBS, NBC, Univision (in Spanish), and HGTV (which touts commercial-free coverage). The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... CBS (an abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System, its former legal name) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... It has been suggested that NBC Radio City Studios, NBC Studios be merged into this article or section. ... Univision (pronounced Univisión in Spanish; NYSE: UVN) is the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, and overall, the fifth-largest American network (right behind Fox, ABC, NBC, and CBS); and is one of ten major mainstream/commercial broadcast networks in the United States, alongside NBC, CBS... Home & Garden Television, better known as HGTV, is a cable television network in the U.S. and Canada. ...



A Chariot Race during the 1908 Tournament of Roses; later replaced by the Rose Bowl Game
A Chariot Race during the 1908 Tournament of Roses; later replaced by the Rose Bowl Game

First staged in 1890 by members of Pasadena's Valley Hunt Club, the Tournament of Roses has undergone major changes. The Parade has been held in Pasadena every New Year's Day since, except when January 1 falls on a Sunday. In that case, the Tournament is held on the subsequent Monday, January 2. This exception was instituted in 1893. According to the Tournament of Roses Association Web site, this "Never on Sunday" policy was instituted in order "to avoid frightening horses tethered outside local churches and thus interfering with worship services." Thus, the Parade has never been held on a Sunday. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (805x540, 59 KB) A Tournament of Roses Chariot Race from 1908. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (805x540, 59 KB) A Tournament of Roses Chariot Race from 1908. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The Valley Hunt Club is an exclusive private social club located in Pasadena, California, that is most famously recognized for starting the Tournament of Roses in 1890. ... This article is about January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Many of the members of the Valley Hunt Club were former residents of the American East and Midwest. They wished to showcase their new California home's mild winter weather. At a club meeting, Professor Charles F. Holder announced, "In New York, people are buried in the snow. Here our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." Red shows states east of the Mississippi River, pink shows states not fully eastern or western The U.S. Eastern states are the states east of the Mississippi River. ... The states shown in dark red are usually included in the Midwest, while all or portions of the striped states may or may not be considered part of the Midwestern United States. ...

And so the Club decided to organize their first New Year's Day parade. Horse-drawn carriages covered in flowers, followed by foot races, polo matches, and a game of tug-of-war on the town lot attracted a crowd of 2000 to the event. Upon seeing the scores of flowers on display, the Professor decided to suggest the name "Tournament of Roses."

Over the next few founding years, marching bands and motorized floats were added. By 1895, the event was too large for the Valley Hunt Club to handle, hence the Tournament of Roses Association was formed. By the eleventh annual Tournament (1900), the town lot on which the activities were held was re-named Tournament Park, a large open area that is directly adjacent Pasadena's world-famous institution of higher learning, Caltech. Activities soon included ostrich races, bronco busting demonstrations, and an odd novelty race between a camel and an elephant. (The elephant won the race.) Soon, reviewing stands were built along the parade route, and newspapers in Eastern Seaboard cities started to take notice of the event. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Tournament Park was a multi-use stadium in Pasadena, California. ... The California Institute of Technology (commonly referred to as Caltech)[1] is a private, coeducational university located in Pasadena, California, in the United States. ... Binomial name Struthio camelus Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of ostriches. ... A bronco, or bronc is an untamed horse. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


The Tournament of Roses Parade has followed the same route for many decades. It starts by going north on South Orange Grove Boulevard, beginning at Ellis Street. Twenty-four hours ahead of time, the entire environs of the neighborhood streets are sealed off and reserved for the massive parade marshalling of the dozens of floats that are participating. On parade morning, it proceeds east on Colorado Boulevard (Pasadena's main thoroughfare and a segment of the former US-66), to Sierra Madre Boulevard. Turning north on Sierra Madre, it ends at Paloma Street. On going North, the floats must travel under the Sierra Madre / I-210 freeway overpass, requiring them to collapse to meet a specific height requirement. In total, this route is 5½ miles (9 km) long; the assembled bands, horse units, and floats take approximately 2.5 hours to pass by. The Colorado Street Bridge in Pasadena, CA Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Colorado Boulevard and Colorado Street is a major east-west street in Southern California, United States. ... U.S. Route 66, (also known as Route 66, The Main Street of America, The Mother Road and the Will Rogers Highway[1]) was a highway in the U.S. Highway system. ... Interstate 210 (I-210) is an interstate highway spur route of Interstate 10 in Louisiana, United States and WAS a spur route of Interstate 10 in California, United States. ...

After the parade, all the floats are 'parked' in a large open area known as Victory Park, and are on display for at least 2 days to allow visitors to view them 'up close and personal' after parade day. Of course, none of the float riders and dignitaries / stars who rode on them are present. Admittance to the viewing used to be free, but a fee has been instituted in recent years.

Prior to parade day, for the really adventurous, one can view several of the floats being decked out with their flowery mantles, in the various 'float barns' that dot the Arroyo Seco / Rose Bowl area in West Pasadena, not far from the start of the parade. This period of opportunity typically starts about 48 to 72 hours prior to parade day. Last-minute volunteering opportunities are usually available; If you are willing to volunteer, you just might find a crew willing to hand you a box of flowers and put you right to work![citation needed] The Arroyo Seco is a creek and drainage channel in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. ...


The bands participating in the parade have also developed traditions. For example, Pasadena City College's Lancer Marching Band always marches in the Rose Parade, along with high school band and color guard students from all over Southern California, who are selected by audition the previous autumn. The Tournament of Roses Honor Band is a coveted position, and those selected are among the best student musicians in California. Nine of the high school trumpet players, selected by performance on their auditions, and the best snare drummer, are selected as the Herald Trumpets, who march directly before the Rose Queen's float and play fanfares. Pasadena City College (commonly abbreviated and known as PCC) is a community college located in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California, USA. PCC mainly serves people who live in the cities of South Pasadena, San Marino, Temple City, Pasadena, Burbank, La Canada Flintridge, Arcadia, Sierra Madre, portions of Rosemead... Downtown Los Angeles Skyline Southern California, also colloquially referred to as SoCal, is an informal name for the megalopolis and nearby desert that occupies the southern-most quarter of the U.S. state of California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

In 1998, the Washington Township High School Minutemen Marching Band from Sewell, New Jersey became the first band in the history of the Rose Parade to decorate its entire ranks with flowers, in keeping with the practice of decorating the parade floats. Since then, several bands have followed suit. Washington Township High School is a four-year public high school located in Washington Township, in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States, as part of the Washington Township Public School District. ... Mantua Township highlighted in Gloucester County. ...

In 2008, the Alexis I. duPont High School Tiger Marching Band from Wilmington, Delaware will make their 5th appearance in the Tournament of Roses Parade, a first for any high school band from outside of the state of California. Alexis I. duPont High School is a public high school located in the Greenville, Delaware suburb of Wilmington. ... Nickname: Chemical Capital of the World Motto: A Place To Be Somebody Coordinates: County New Castle County incorporated 1739 Mayor James M. Baker (D) Area    - City 44. ...

Also, the Tournament sponsors Band Fest, where the selected bands perform field shows at the City College Stadium over two days.


The newly elected President of the Tournament of Roses has the duty of picking a theme for the forthcoming festivities. Most of the floral floats in the parade are inspired by this theme.

List of Tournament of Roses Parade themes

A chronological list of parade themes.[1]

  • 1918 Patriotism
  • 1919 Victory Tournament
  • 1920 Prosperity
  • 1921-1926 No Themes
  • 1927 Songs in Flowers
  • 1928 States & Nations in Flowers
  • 1929 Poems in Flowers
  • 1930 Festival Days in Flowers
  • 1931 Dreams in Flowers
  • 1932 Nations & Games in Flowers
  • 1933 Fairy Tales in Flowers
  • 1934 Tales of the Seven Seas
  • 1935 Golden Legends
  • 1936 History in Flowers
  • 1937 Romance in Flowers
  • 1938 Playland Fantasies
  • 1939 Golden Memories
  • 1940 20th Century in Flowers
  • 1941 America in Flowers
  • 1942 The Americas
  • 1943 We're in to Win
  • 1944 Memories of the Past
  • 1945 Hold a Victory so Hardly Won
  • 1946 Victory, Unity and Peace
  • 1947 Holidays in Flowers
  • 1948 Our Golden West
  • 1949 Childhood Memories
  • 1950 Our American Heritage
  • 1951 Joyful Living
  • 1952 Dreams of the Future
  • 1953 Melodies in Flowers
  • 1954 Famous Books in Flowers
  • 1955 Familiar Sayings in Flowers
  • 1956 Pages From the Ages
  • 1957 Famous Firsts in Flowers
  • 1958 Daydreams in Flowers
  • 1959 Adventures in Flowers
  • 1960 Tall Tales and True
  • 1961 Ballads in Blossom
  • 1962 Around the World in Flowers
  • 1963 Memorable Moments
  • 1964 Symbols of Freedom
  • 1965 Headlines in Flowers
  • 1966 It's a Small World
  • 1967 Travel Tales in Flowers
  • 1968 Wonderful World of Adventure
  • 1969 A Time to Remember
  • 1970 Holidays Around the World
  • 1971 Through the Eyes of a Child
  • 1972 The Joy of Music
  • 1973 Movie Memories
  • 1974 Happiness Is ...
  • 1975 Heritage of America
  • 1976 America, Let's Celebrate!
  • 1977 The Good Life
  • 1978 On the Road to Happiness
  • 1979 Our Wonderful World of Sports
  • 1980 Music of America
  • 1981 The Great Outdoors
  • 1982 Friends and Neighbors
  • 1983 Rejoice!
  • 1984 A Salute to the Volunteer
  • 1985 The Spirit of America
  • 1986 A Celebration of Laughter
  • 1987 A World of Wonders
  • 1988 Thanks to Communications
  • 1989 Celebration 100
  • 1990 A World of Harmony
  • 1991 Fun 'n' Games
  • 1992 Voyages of Discovery
  • 1993 Entertainment on Parade
  • 1994 Fantastic Adventure
  • 1995 SPORTS-Quest for Excellence
  • 1996 Kids' Laughter & Dreams
  • 1997 Life's Shining Moments
  • 1998 Hav'n Fun
  • 1999 Echoes of the Century
  • 2000 Celebration 2000: Visions of the Future
  • 2001 Fabric of America
  • 2002 Good Times
  • 2003 Children's Dreams, Wishes and Imagination
  • 2004 Music Music Music
  • 2005 Celebrate Family
  • 2006 It's Magical
  • 2007 Our Good Nature

Grand Marshal

The 2007 Grand Marshal was George Lucas. List of Past Grand Marshals of the Tournament of Roses Parade // 1890s 1890 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1891 - No Grand Marshal 1892 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1893 - No Grand Marshal 1894 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1895 - Dr. H. H. Sherk 1896 & 1897 - Edwin Stearns 1898 & 1899 - Martin H. Weight 1900s... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ...

Repeat Marshals of the Tournament of Roses Parade

  • Shirley Temple, 1939, 1989, 1999
  • Charles Daggett, 1900, 1901, 1914
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower 1951, 1964 (note that Cpl. Robert S. Gray filled in for him in 1951)
  • Bob Hope, 1947, 1969
  • Richard M. Nixon, 1953, 1960
  • C. C. Reynolds, 1902, 1903
  • Dr. Francis F. Rowland, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1904, 1905, 1910, 1916
  • Dr. Ralph Skillen, 1907, 1908, 1911
  • Edwin Stearns, 1896, 1897
  • Martin H. Weight, 1898, 1899
  • Earl Warren, 1943, 1955

Shirley Jane Temple (born April 23, 1928), later known as Shirley Temple Black, is an American diplomat and former film child actress. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... Bob Hope KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was a British-born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney of Alameda County, the 30th Governor of California, and the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (from 1953 to 1969). ...

Queen and Royal Court

Each year, a selection process is held in early October to find out which Pasadena-area girls (ages 17 to 21) will have the honor of being crowned Queen of the Tournament, or in substitution, one of the members of her "Royal Court". Each year over 1000 girls try out. Six princesses and one queen are chosen. The winners then ride on a float in the parade, and carry out duties in promotion of the Tournament, mainly during its duration and prelude. Their duties include attending over one hundred events in the Pasadena area. They usually receive scholarship money and a 30 piece wardrobe; the 2005 Court also received a Mikimoto pearl necklace. During the time that they attend Tournament events, usually from October to January, each girl usually attends school a few times a week for only a few hours at a time.

List of Past Rose Queens

  • 1905: Hallie Woods
  • 1906: Elsie Armitage
  • 1907: Joan Woodbury
  • 1908: Mary Sutton
  • 1909-1910: No Queens
  • 1911: Ruth Palmer
  • 1912: No Queen
  • 1913: Jean P. French (Queen) & Drummond Harrison (King)
  • 1914: Mabel Seibert
  • 1915-1922: No Queens
  • 1923: May McAvoy
  • 1924: No Queen
  • 1925: Margaret Scoville
  • 1926: Fay Laniper
  • 1927: No Queen
  • 1928: Harriet Sterling
  • 1929: No Queen
  • 1930: Holly Halsted
  • 1931: Mary Lou Waddell
  • 1932: Mryta Olmsted
  • 1933: Dorothy Edwards
  • 1934: Treva Scott
  • 1935: Muriel Cowan
  • 1936: Barbara Nichols
  • 1937: Nancy Bumpus
  • 1938: Cheryl Walker
  • 1939: Barbara Dougall
  • 1940: Margaret Huntley
  • 1941: Sally Stanton
  • 1942: Dolores Brubach
  • 1943: Mildred Miller
  • 1944: Naomi Riordan
  • 1945: Mary Rutte
  • 1946: Patricia Auman
  • 1947: Norma Christopher
  • 1948: Virginia Goodhue
  • 1949: Virginia Bower
  • 1950: Marion Bower
  • 1951: Eleanor Payne
  • 1952: Nancy Thorne
  • 1953: Leah Feland
  • 1954: Barbara Schmidt
  • 1955: Marilyn Smuin
  • 1956: Joan Culver
  • 1957: Ann Mossberg
  • 1958: Gertrude Wood
  • 1959: Pamela Prather
  • 1960: Margarethe Bertelson
  • 1961: Carole Washburn
  • 1962: Martha Sissell
  • 1963: Nancy Davis
  • 1964: Nancy Kneeland
  • 1965: Dawn Baker
  • 1966: Carole Cota
  • 1967: Barbara Hewitt
  • 1968: Linda Strother
  • 1969: Pamela Anicich
  • 1970: Pamela Tedesco
  • 1971: Kathleen Arnett
  • 1972: Margolyn Johnson
  • 1973: Salli Noren
  • 1974: Miranda Barone
  • 1975: Robin Carr
  • 1976: Anne Martin
  • 1977: Diane Ramaker
  • 1978: Maria Caron
  • 1979: Catherine Gilmour
  • 1980: Julie Raatz
  • 1981: Leslie Kawai
  • 1982: Katherine Potthast
  • 1983: Suzanne Gillaspie
  • 1984: Ann Marie Colborn
  • 1985: Kristina Smith
  • 1986: Aimee Richelieu
  • 1987: Kristin Harris
  • 1988: Julie Myers
  • 1989: Charmaine Shryock
  • 1990: Yasmine Delawari
  • 1991: Cara Rullman
  • 1992: Tannis Turrentine
  • 1993: Liana Yamasaki
  • 1994: Erica Brynes
  • 1995: Aliya Haque
  • 1996: Keli Hutchins
  • 1997: Jennifer Halferty
  • 1998: Purdy Tran
  • 1999: Christina Farrell
  • 2000: Sophia Bush
  • 2001: Michelle Jacobs
  • 2002: Caroline Hsu
  • 2003: Alexandra Wucetich
  • 2004: Megan Chinen
  • 2005: Ashley Moreno
  • 2006: Camille Clark
  • 2007: Mary McCluggage

Sophia Anna Bush (born July 8, 1982) is an American actress. ...


Originally, floats were created solely by volunteers from sponsoring communities. Currently, most are built by professional float building companies, and take nearly a year to construct. This is not the be-all-and-end-all of the Tournament, as some communities and organizational sponsors still rely on volunteers.

Modern-day process

Shortly after each year's parade is over, the parade sponsors and participating communities start to plan their floats for the following year. Characters and other objects on the float are created separately as pods, consisting of a framework of steel and chicken wire.

The pod is then "cocooned" in the next process; it is sprayed with a polyvinyl material. This pod is painted with the colors of the flowers to be applied to the float.

Every square inch of the exposed surface of a float entered in the Rose Parade strictly must be covered with flowers or other natural materials. These other decorative applicants include bark, seed and leaves.

The float pods are then put on the mechanical chassis of the float. Along with drive train, the chassis regularly include computer-controlled robotic mechanisms, to animate the floats. A chassis (plural: chassis) consists of a framework which supports an inanimate object, analogous to an animals skeleton; for example in the construction of an automobile or of a firearm. ...

In the days following Christmas, these natural additions to the float are applied by volunteers or hired workers. Many people end each day covered in glue and petals. Delicate flowers are even set up in individual vials of water, set into the float one-by-one.

It is estimated that it takes 60 volunteers working 10 hours a day for 10 days to decorate one float.[1]

Quantity of flowers

While many distinct changes have taken place with the Festival's floats, including computer-aided movement and professional float building, the floats have kept true to the event's title and heritage, by using real, fresh flowers.

The sheer number of flowers required by a single float in its decoration is more than the average American florist will use in five years of operation. According to the Tournament Association, all flowers are donated.

Notable recent floats

A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ... Statue of Liberty and Liberty Island Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a statue given to the United States by the Paris based Union Franco-Américaine (Franco-American Union) in 1876, standing... A water slide A water slide is a slide or tube with water flowing down it. ...


More recent attendance figure are followed by the predicted attendances in parenthesis. Most predictions are conducted by The Tournament of Roses and the Pasadena Police Department. Actual figures are by the Anderson School of Management at UCLA. Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the...

  • 1890- 2,000
  • 2002- 800,000 (1,000,000; drop blamed on 9/11)
  • 2004- (1,000,000)

A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...

Post-parade: A Showcase of Floats

Presented by the Eastman Kodak Company with supporting sponsor Bayer Advanced, the Showcase is a paid admission area where the floats are displayed after the parade, for close-up viewing. The parade floats are parked along Sierra Madre and Washington Boulevards in Pasadena for three hours after the parade. On the day after the parade, there are two hours reserved for seniors and the disabled, and a day's worth for the general public. Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is a large multinational public company producing photographic equipment. ... A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as the Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Tournament of Roses Parade. ...


Steven Paul Smith (August 6, 1969 – October 21, 2003), better known as Elliott Smith, was an American singer-songwriter and musician. ... The Flaming Lips (formed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in 1983) are an acclaimed American alternative rock band. ...

Tournament of Roses Association

List of presidents of the Tournament of Roses Association

  • 2002-2003: Gary Thomas
  • 2003-2004: Michael K. Riffey
  • 2004-2005: Dave Davis
  • 2005-2006: Libby Evans Wright
  • 2006-2007: Paul Holman

List of Past Presidents

  • 1890-1891: Dr. Charles F. Holder
  • 1891-1892: B. Marshall Wotkyns
  • 1892&1893: Frank C. Bolt
  • 1894&1895: Charles Daggett
  • 1896&1897: Edwin Stearns
  • 1898&1899: Martin H. Weight
  • 1900: Herman Hertel
  • 1901: F.B. Weatherby
  • 1902: James B. Wagner
  • 1903: Charles Coleman
  • 1904&1905: Charles Daggett
  • 1906: Edwin D. Neff
  • 1907: Edward T. Off
  • 1908-1910: George P. Cary
  • 1911: Frank G. Hogan
  • 1912&1913: Edward T. Off
  • 1914: R.D. Davis
  • 1915: John B. Coulston
  • 1916: Lewis H. Turner
  • 1917: D.M. Linnard
  • 1918&1919: B.O. Kendall
  • 1920&1921: William L. Leishman
  • 1922&1923: John J. Mitchell
  • 1924&1925: W.F. Creller
  • 1926-1928: Harry M. Ticknor
  • 1929: Leslie B. Henry
  • 1930&1931: C. Hal Reynolds
  • 1932&1933: D.E. McDaneld
  • 1934: George S. Campbell
  • 1935: Charles Cobb (Deceased 10/14/34)
  • 1935&1936: C. Elmer Anderson
  • 1937: Cyril Bennett
  • 1938: George S. Campbell
  • 1939: Lathrop K. Leishman
  • 1940: Harlan G. Loud
  • 1941: J.W. McCall, Jr.
  • 1942: Robert M. McCurdy
  • 1943: James K. Ingham
  • 1944: Frank M. Brooks
  • 1945: Max H. Turner


The Tournament of Roses has become such a large event that it requires 65,000 hours of combined manpower each year, or the equivalent of roughly 7.42 years of combined manpower. Fortunately for the Association, the group has 935 members and 38 student ambassadors, each whom is assigned to one of 34 committees. Responsibilities include: Manpower may refer to: Manpower, the number of personnel available for a task or tasks, also used when referring to such personnel as a resource (e. ...

  • selecting Parade participants
  • directing visitors on New Year's Day
  • serving hamburgers to band members at the end of the Parade route
  • giving presentations about the Tournament to community groups

During the Parade, all volunteers are required to wear distinct white suits. Because of this, the volunteers are commonly referred to as "white suiters." In December each year, a fleet of white vehicles with special "ToR" license plates are seen throughout the San Gabriel Valley. These cars are donated by local car dealerships for use in conducting the last minute business of the parade and then are sold after the parade. A license plate (or licence plate), number plate or registration plate is a small plate attached to a vehicle. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ...

Each year, an honor troop of Eagle Scouts from the San Gabriel Valley Council, and Gold Award recipients of the Mount Wilson Vista Council Girl Scouts is selected to carry the parade banners down the route. An Eagle Scout is a Scout with the highest rank attainable in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). ... It has been suggested that Camp Emerald Bay be merged into this article or section. ... The Gold Award is the highest achievement within the Girl Scouts of the USA, and is considered comparable to the Eagle Scout in Boy Scouts. ... It has been suggested that Western Los Angeles County Council be merged into this article or section. ...

The Tournament of Roses Radio Amateurs (TORRA) have provided audio and video co-ordination for the parade officials through the use of Amateur radio since 1968. With over 300 ham radio operators in TORRA there were several ham radio sites along the parade route equipped with amateur (ham) TV as well as 2-way ham radios. Several mobile units - including motorcycles and pedestrian units (creepie-peepies) provided the video coverage. Ham radio station with separate transmitter, receiver and power supply. ... An amateur radio operator An amateur radio operator is an individual who has been assigned an amateur radio license by a governmental regulatory authority. ... An amateur radio station is a facility equipped with the apparatus necessary for carrying on radiocommunications in the Amateur Radio Service. ...

Float Construction Companies

South Pasadena City Hall South Pasadena is a small, quaint, upscale town in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Sierra Madre is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ... La Cañada Flintridge is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ... Downey is a city located in southeastern Los Angeles County, California, United States, 21 km (13 miles) southeast of downtown Los Angeles. ... Cal Poly may mean: California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly SLO _ The Original Campus) California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona or CSU Pomona _ The Former Satellite Campus) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise...

See also

The Portland Rose Festival is an annual civic festival held during the month of June in Portland, Oregon. ... The Doo Dah Parade is a popular farcical and flamboyant parade held in Pasadena, California on the Sunday before Thanksgiving. ... The Rose Bowl is a stadium in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California. ...

External links


  1. ^ Tournament of Roses Past Themes



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