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Encyclopedia > Tourism
Machu Picchu in Cuzco, Peru, one of the most visited destinations in South America.
Machu Picchu in Cuzco, Peru, one of the most visited destinations in South America.
The Giza Pyramids, Cairo, Egypt, among the Top 50 most visited attractions in the world.
The Giza Pyramids, Cairo, Egypt, among the Top 50 most visited attractions in the world.
Alhambra, in Granada (Spain), one of most popular tourist destination in Europe.
Alhambra, in Granada (Spain), one of most popular tourist destination in Europe.

Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2006, there were over 846 million international tourist arrivals.[1] Tourist redirects to tourism, but it may also refer to: Tourist, a 2005 album by Athlete Tourist, a 2000 album by Saint Germain The Tourist, a 1997 song by Radiohead Tourism, a 1992 album by Roxette The Tourists, a 1970s rock group The Tourist, a 2006 graphic novel by... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Machu Picchu (Quechua: , Old mountain) is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,400 meters (7,875 ft) above sea level[1]. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cusco. ... The Church of La Compañía on the Plaza de Armas in Cuzco Cuzco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (4372 × 2906 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (4372 × 2906 pixel, file size: 4. ... 19th-century tourists in front of the Sphinx - view from South-East, Great Pyramid in background The Giza Necropolis stands on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x678, 138 KB) View of the Alhambra, Granada, from the terrace of the Mirador St Nicolas in the Albaycin. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x678, 138 KB) View of the Alhambra, Granada, from the terrace of the Mirador St Nicolas in the Albaycin. ... The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red fortress) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the southeastern border of the city of Granada. ... For other uses, see Granada (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tigers playing in the water Recreation is the employment of time in a non-profitable way, in many ways also a refreshment of ones body or mind. ... A relaxing afternoon of leisure: a young girl resting in a pool. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ...


Tourism is vital for many countries such as Egypt, Thailand and many island nations such as Fiji, due to the large intake of money for businesses with their goods and services and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation such as hotels and entertainment venues, and other hospitality industry services such as resorts. The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... The hospitality industry is a 3. ...

Contents

Definition

Paris and France have remained, respectively, the most visited city and country in recent years. The Eiffel Tower is the 18th most visited attraction in the world.
Paris and France have remained, respectively, the most visited city and country[2][3] in recent years. The Eiffel Tower is the 18th most visited attraction in the world.
Rio de Janeiro, the most visited destination in Brazil.
Rio de Janeiro, the most visited destination in Brazil.

Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity."[4] In 1976 the Tourism Society of England defined it as "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1981 International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism[5] defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (667 × 1000 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eiffel Tower 1935 in television... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (667 × 1000 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eiffel Tower 1935 in television... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ...


The United Nations classified three forms of tourism in 1994 in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism, which involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country; Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country; and Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another country. UN redirects here. ...


The UN also derived different categories of tourism by combining the 3 basic forms of tourism: Internal tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism; National tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism; and International tourism, which consists of inbound tourism and outbound tourism. Intrabound tourism is a term coined by the Korea Tourism Organization and widely accepted in Korea.[citation needed] Intrabound tourism differs from domestic tourism in that the former encompasses policymaking and implementation of national tourism policies.[citation needed] The Korea Tourism Organization (KTO) is a statutory organization of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) under the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and is commissioned to promote the countrys tourism industry. ...


Recently, the tourism industry has shifted from the promotion of inbound tourism to the promotion of intrabound tourism because many countries are experiencing tough competition for inbound tourists. Some national policymakers have shifted their priority to the promotion of intrabound tourism to contribute to the local economy. Examples of such campaigns include "See America" in the United States, "Get Going Canada" in Canada, "Wow Philippines" in the Philippines, "Uniquely Singapore" in Singapore, "100% Pure New Zealand" in New Zealand and "Incredible India" in India.


Prerequisites

Before people are able to experience tourism they usually need discretionary income (i.e. money to spend on non-essentials); time off from work or other responsibilities; leisure time tourism infrastructure, such as transport and accommodation; and legal clearance to travel. Disposable income is the amount of an individuals total income left after taxes, plus any transfer payments (grants) received from the government or elsewhere. ...


Individually, sufficient health is also a condition, and of course the inclination to travel. Furthermore, in some countries there are legal restrictions on travelling, especially abroad. Certain states with strong governmental control over the lives of citizens (notably established Communist states) may restrict foreign travel only to trustworthy citizens. The United States prohibits its citizens from traveling to some countries, for example Cuba. Visas are also sometimes required. Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about a form of government in which the state operates under the control of a Communist Party. ... A visa (short for the Latin carta visa, lit. ...


World tourism statistics and rankings

Most visited countries

The World Tourism Organization,[1] recognizes ten countries as the most visited in 2006 by number of travellers. Most are on the European continent. The World Tourism Organization compiles the World Tourism Rankings. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Rank Country Continent International tourist
arrivals (2006)
1 Flag of France France Europe 79.1 million
2 Flag of Spain Spain Europe 58.5 million
3 Flag of the United States United States North America 51.1 million
4 Flag of the People's Republic of China China Asia 49.6 million
5 Flag of Italy Italy Europe 41.1 million
6 Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 30.1 million
7 Flag of Germany Germany Europe 23.6 million
8 Flag of Mexico Mexico North America 21.4 million
9 Flag of Austria Austria Europe 20.3 million
10 Flag of Russia Russia Europe 20.2 million

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ...

International tourism receipts

The World Tourism Organization,[1] recognizes the following 10 countries as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2006. It is noticeable that most of them are on the European continent. World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Rank Country Continent International Tourism
Receipts (2006)
1 Flag of the United States United States North America $85.7 billion
2 Flag of Spain Spain Europe $51.1 billion
3 Flag of France France Europe $42.9 billion
4 Flag of Italy Italy Europe $38.1 billion
5 Flag of the People's Republic of China China Asia $33,9 billion
6 Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe $33.7 billion
7 Flag of Germany Germany Europe $32.8 billion
8 Flag of Australia Australia Oceania $17.8 billion
9 Flag of Turkey Turkey Asia $16.9 billion
10 Flag of Austria Austria Europe $16.7 billion

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ...

Most visited attractions

In 2007 the ranking of the world's 50 most visited tourist attractions, including both international and domestic tourists.[6] The following are the Top 10 attractions, followed by some other famous sites included within the list of the 50 most visited:[7] It is noticeable that 4 out of the top 5, and 6 out of the top 10, are in the North America continent. Facing east across the Mall with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Download high resolution version (2048x1299, 2189 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1299, 2189 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Great Wall of China (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally Long wall) or (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally The long wall of 10,000 Li (里)[1]) is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (4827 × 2833 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (4827 × 2833 pixel, file size: 3. ... The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2040x1681, 2396 KB) Description: Taj Mahal Source: Dhirad, picture edited by J. A. Knudsen Uploaded to en: on March 1, 2005, 14:30, by Deep750 who added the following comment On April 9, 2005, 19:22 Nichalp added that heemailed Deep750... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2040x1681, 2396 KB) Description: Taj Mahal Source: Dhirad, picture edited by J. A. Knudsen Uploaded to en: on March 1, 2005, 14:30, by Deep750 who added the following comment On April 9, 2005, 19:22 Nichalp added that heemailed Deep750... For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ...

World's
ranking
Tourist attraction City and country Number of
visitors
(millions)
1 Times Square New York City, Flag of the United States United States 35
2 National Mall & Memorial Parks Washington, D.C., Flag of the United States United States 25
3 Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom Lake Buena Vista, Orlando, USA 16.6
4 Trafalgar Square London, Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 15
5 Disneyland Anaheim, CA, Flag of the United States United States 14.7
6 Niagara Falls Ontario, Flag of Canada Canada & N.Y., USA 14
7 Fisherman's Wharf & Golden Gate Natl. R. Area San Francisco,CA, Flag of the United States United States 13
8 Tokyo Disneyland & Tokyo DisneySea Tokyo, Flag of Japan Japan 12.9
9 Notre-Dame de Paris Paris, Flag of France France 12
10 Disneyland Paris Paris, Flag of France France 10.6
Other famous destinations
11 The Great Wall of China Badaling, Flag of the People's Republic of China China 10
18 Eiffel Tower Paris, Flag of France France 6.7
31 Grand Canyon Arizona, Flag of the United States United States 4.4
36 Statue of Liberty New York, Flag of the United States United States 4.24
37 The Vatican and its museums Rome, Flag of Italy Italy 4.2
39 The Colosseum Rome, Flag of Italy Italy 4
47 Giza Pyramids Cairo, Flag of Egypt Egypt 3
50 Taj Mahal Agra, Flag of India India 2.4

For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Facing east across the Mall with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort. ... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida. ... Orlando redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Trafalgar Square viewed from the northeast corner. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Anaheim is a city in Orange County, south_west California, a part of the greater Los Angeles conurbation to the east of Long Beach. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Fishermans Wharf sign Aerial view of Fishermans Wharf Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco, California, U.S. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Street east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. ... The Golden Gate National Recreation Area is a U.S. National Recreation Area, administered by the National Park Service, which surrounds the San Francisco Bay area. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Tokyo Disney Resort ) is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just east of Tokyo (Coordinates: ). It is owned and operated by The Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company. ... Tokyo DisneySea ) is an 176 acre (714,000 m²) theme park at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just outside of Tokyo. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Disneyland Resort Paris is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Great Wall in the winter The Great Wall of China (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: Wànlǐ Chángchéng; literally The long wall of 10,000 Li (里)¹) is a Chinese fortification built from the 3rd century BC until the beginning of the 17th century, in order to protect... Badaling (s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other monuments to freedom, see Monument of Liberty. ... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Anthem: Inno e Marcia Pontificale(Italian) Pontifical Hymn and March Capital Vatican City , Official languages Italian2 (de facto) Government Theocratic Absolute elective monarchy  -  Sovereign Pope Benedict XVI  -  President of the Governorate Giovanni Lajolo Independence from the Kingdom of Italy   -  Lateran Treaty 11 February 1929  Area  -  Total 0. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... 19th-century tourists in front of the Sphinx - view from South-East, Great Pyramid in background The Giza Necropolis stands on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ...

History

Wealthy people have always traveled to distant parts of the world to see great buildings or other works of art, to learn new languages, to experience new cultures, or to taste new cuisine. As long ago as the time of the Roman Republic places such as Baiae were popular coastal resorts for the rich. Bilingual redirects here. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... This article is about the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For the state which existed in the 18th century, see Roman Republic (18th century). ... Baiae (Italian: Baia), in the Campania region of Italy on the Bay of Naples, today a frazione of the comune of Bacoli, was for several hundred years a fashionable and luxurious coastal resort, especially towards the end of the period of the Roman Republic. ...

The word tourism was used by 1811 and tourist by 1840.[8] In 1936 the League of Nations defined foreign tourist as someone travelling abroad for at least twenty-four hours. It successor, the United Nations amended this definition in 1945 by including a maximum stay of six months.[9] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (597x606, 122 KB) This photo was taken by Asana Mashouf If used outside Wikipedia, please credit: Photo by Asana Mashouf Persepolis File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (597x606, 122 KB) This photo was taken by Asana Mashouf If used outside Wikipedia, please credit: Photo by Asana Mashouf Persepolis File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the ancient city. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... UN redirects here. ...


Pre twentieth century

The history of European tourism can perhaps be said to originate with the medieval pilgrimage. Although undertaken primarily for religious reasons, the pilgrims in the Canterbury Tales quite clearly saw the experience as a kind of holiday (the term itself being derived from the 'holy day' and its associated leisure activities). Pilgrimages created a variety of tourist aspects that still exist - bringing back souvenirs, obtaining credit with foreign banks (in medieval times utilizing international networks established by Jews and Lombards), and making use of space available on existing forms of transport (such as the use of medieval English wine ships bound for Vigo by pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela). Pilgrimages are still important in modern tourism - such as to Lourdes or Knock in Ireland. But there are secular equivalents - Graceland and the grave of Jim Morrison in Père Lachaise Cemetery. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... Canterbury Tales Woodcut 1484 The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in prose, the rest in verse). ... Vacation redirects here. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence comes the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Location Location of Vigo in Spain and Pontevedra Coordinates : , , . Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Vigo (Galician) Spanish name Vigo Nickname La Ciudad Olvica (The Olive City) Postal code 36xxx Website http://www. ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Graceland (disambiguation). ... For other persons named James or Jim Morrison, see James Morrison. ... Looking down the hill at Père-Lachaise. ...


During the 17th century, it became fashionable in England to undertake a Grand Tour. The sons of the nobility and gentry were sent upon an extended tour of Europe as an educational experience. The 19th century was the golden age of the Grand Tour, and many of the fashionable visitors were painted at Rome by Pompeo Batoni. A modern equivalent of the Grand Tour is the phenomenon of the backpacker, although cultural holidays, such as those offered by Swan Hellenic, are also important. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Grand Tour (disambiguation). ... Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Portrait of Charles Crowle Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (1708-1787), Italian painter, was born at Lucca. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Swan Hellenic is a cruise line specialising in tours of historical or cultural interest. ...


Health tourism

The Great Bath at the Roman Baths, in Bath, one of the world's first health tourism sites.
The Great Bath at the Roman Baths, in Bath, one of the world's first health tourism sites.

Health tourism has long existed, but it was not until the eighteenth century that it became important. In England, it was associated with spas, places with supposedly health-giving mineral waters, treating diseases from gout to liver disorders and bronchitis. The most popular resorts were Bath, Cheltenham, Buxton, Harrogate, and Tunbridge Wells. Visits to take 'the waters' also allowed the visitors to attend balls and other entertainments. Continental Spas such as Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) attracted many fashionable travellers by the nineteenth century. For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2528x2140, 2488 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bath Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Thermae Roman Baths Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Roman Baths in Bath... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2528x2140, 2488 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bath Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Thermae Roman Baths Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Roman Baths in Bath... Roman Bath The Great Bath — the entire structure above the level of the pillar bases is a later reconstruction. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... Taking the waters at Bath became a fashionable means of leisure Lucy, A spa town is a town frequented many Lucys, mainly for health reasons, to take the waters. The often historical term derives from the Belgian town Spa. ... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ... The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body, and is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ... Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi and may specifically refer to: Acute bronchitis, caused by viruses or bacteria and lasting several days or weeks Chronic bronchitis, a persistent, productive cough lasting at least three months in two consecutive years. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... For other places with the same name, see Cheltenham (disambiguation). ... This article is on the town in the county of Derbyshire, England. ... , Harrogate is a large town in North Yorkshire, England. ... , Royal Tunbridge Wells (often called simply Tunbridge Wells) is a Wealden town in west Kent in England, just north of the border with East Sussex. ... A ball is a formal dance. ... Czech Republic Karlovy Vary Karlovy Vary 59. ...


Creative tourism

Creative tourism has existed as a form of cultural tourism since the early beginnings of tourism itself. Its European roots date back to the time of the Grand Tour, which saw the sons of aristocratic families traveling for the purpose of (mostly interactive) educational experiences. More recently, creative tourism has been given its own name by Crispin Raymond and Greg Richards, who as a member of the Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) has directed a number of projects for the European Commission, including cultural tourism, crafts tourism or sustainable tourism. They have defined "creative tourism" as tourism related to the active participation of travelers in the culture of the host community, through interactive workshops and informal learning experiences. Cultural tourism (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or regions culture, especially its arts. ... For other uses, see Grand Tour (disambiguation). ... Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... There are many different definitions of sustainable tourism that have been developed over the last decade. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ...


Meanwhile, the concept of creative tourism has been picked up by high-profile organizations such as UNESCO, who through the Creative Cities Network have endorsed creative tourism as an engaged, authentic experience that promotes an active understanding of the specific cultural features of a place. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... See also authenticity (philosophy) and authentication (which deals only with computer security). ... In geography, Location is a position or point in physical space expressed relative to the position of another point or thing. ...


Leisure travel

Leisure travel was associated with the industrialisation of United Kingdom – the first European country to promote leisure time to the increasing industrial population. Initially, this applied to the owners of the machinery of production, the economic oligarchy, the factory owners, and the traders. These comprised the new middle class. Cox & Kings were the first official travel company to be formed in 1758. Later, the working class could take advantage of leisure time. A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... Cox & Kings is the longest established travel company in the world, its history stretching back to 1758 when Richard Cox was appointed as regimental agent to the Foot Guards. ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ...


The British origin of this new industry is reflected in many place names. At Nice, one of the first and best-established holiday resorts on the French Riviera, the long esplanade along the seafront is known to this day as the Promenade des Anglais; in many other historic resorts in continental Europe, old well-established palace hotels have names like the Hotel Bristol, the Hotel Carlton or the Hotel Majestic - reflecting the dominance of English customers. This article is about the French city. ... The Quai des États-Unis in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ... Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Many tourists do leisure tourism in the tropics both in the summer and winter. It is often done in places such as Cuba, The Dominican Republic, Thailand, North Queensland in Australia and Florida in the United States. Motto: Spanish: Dios, Patria, Libertad (English: God, Homeland, Liberty) Anthem: Quisqueyanos valientes Capital (and largest city) Santo Domingo Spanish Government Republic  - President Leonel Fernández Independence from Haiti   - Date 27 February 1844  Area  - Total 48,442 km² (130st) 18,810 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula, in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


Winter tourism

Winter sports were largely invented by the British leisured classes, initially at the Swiss village of Zermatt (Valais), and St Moritz in 1864. The first packaged winter sports holidays took place in 1902 at Adelboden, Switzerland. Winter sports were a natural answer for a leisured class looking for amusement during the coldest season. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,000 × 1,333 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,000 × 1,333 pixels, file size: 1. ... The Perito Moreno Glacier is a glacier located in the Los Glaciares National Park of Argentina. ... Patagonia, as most commonly defined (in orange). ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter, usually a sport played on snow or ice. ... In June, the Matterhorn is still snow-covered, while it is spring in Zermatt below. ... Capital Sion Population (2003) 278,200 (Ranked 9th)   - Density 53 /km² Area 5224 km² (Ranked 3rd) Highest point Dufourspitze 4634 m Joined 1815 Abbreviation VS Languages French, German Executive Conseil dEtat, Staatsrat (5) Legislative Grand Conseil, Grosser Rat (130) Municipalities 160 municipalities Districts 13 districts, Bezirke Website www. ... St. ... Henry Simpson Lunn was the founder of the cooperative Educational Group in 1893. ... For other places with the same name, see Adelboden (disambiguation). ...


The Fun Ski & Snow Festival, which has been organized annually by Korea tourism organization since 1998 and participated by about 10,000 tourists from Asia, is one of the most successful winter tourism products in Asia. The festival provides a variety of events such as ski and sled competitions, ski and snow board lessons, performances and recreational activities. Majority of the event participants are foreign visitors who come from countries with a warm climate that have no snow. The event offers them opportunities to enjoy winter and winter sports in South Korea. In addition, southern South American countries making up the Patagonia region in Chile and Argentina attract thousands of tourists every year. Skiing is extremely popular in the mountainous areas. The Korea Tourism Organization (KTO) is a statutory organization of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) under the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and is commissioned to promote the countrys tourism industry. ... Patagonia, as most commonly defined (in orange). ...


Mass tourism

Mass travel could only develop with improvements in technology allowed the transport of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, and greater numbers of people began to enjoy the benefits of leisure time. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (5488x2904, 3459 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Valencia, Spain Santiago Calatrava Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències Talk:Santiago Calatrava User talk:Diliff... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (5488x2904, 3459 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Valencia, Spain Santiago Calatrava Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències Talk:Santiago Calatrava User talk:Diliff... LHemisfèric LUmbracle El Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe The Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències (Valencian), Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias (Spanish) or City of Arts & Sciences is an ensemble of five areas in the dry river bed of the... Valencia is the name of several places: In Spain: Valencia, Spain, capital of the Valencia Autonomous Community Valencia (autonomous community) Valencia (province), in the Valencia Autonomous Community The Kingdom of Valencia, which existed from 1237 to 1707 Valencia de Alcántara, a town in the province of Cáceres In... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 667 pixel, file size: 416 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 667 pixel, file size: 416 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Saint Peters Square, or Saint Peters Piazza (Piazza San Pietro, in Italian), is located directly in front of St. ... The Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: ), officially known in Italian as the Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Modern Baalbek is a town in the Bekaa valley of Lebanon, altitude 3,850 ft (1,170m), situated east of the Litani River. ...


In the United States, the first great seaside resort, in the European style, was Atlantic City, New Jersey, and Long Island. Atlantic City redirects here. ...


In Continental Europe, early resorts included Ostend (for the people of Brussels), and Boulogne-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais) and Deauville (Calvados) (for Parisians). The esplanade with the Thermae Palace, the former Royal Residence and the casino For other uses, see Ostend (disambiguation). ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city and commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Pas-de-Calais is a département in northern France named after the strait which it borders. ... Deauville is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... For the apple brandy produced in the region, see Calvados (spirit). ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


In Britain

The pioneer of modern mass tourism was Thomas Cook who, on 5 July 1841, organized the first package tour in history. He arranged for the rail company to charge one shilling per person for a group of 570 temperance campaigners from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough, eleven miles (18 km) away. Cook was paid a share of the fares actually charged to the passengers, as the railway tickets, being legal contracts between company and passenger, could not have been issued at his own price. There had been railway excursions before, but this one included entrance to an entertainment held in private grounds, rail tickets and food for the train journey. Cook immediately saw the potential of a convenient 'off the peg' holiday product in which everything was included in one cost. He organised packages inclusive of accommodation for the Great Exhibition, and afterwards pioneered package holidays in both Britain (particularly in Scotland) and on the European continent (where Paris and the Alps were the most popular destinations). For other uses, see Thomas Cook (disambiguation). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ... The Sun Inn, Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, birthplace of the Midland Counties Railway, 1832 The Midland Counties Railway (MCR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom which existed between 1832 and 1844, connecting Nottingham, Leicester and Derby with Rugby and thence, via the London and Birmingham Railway, to London. ... This article is about coinage. ... Temperance is the practice of moderation. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ... Loughboroughs carillon Loughborough parish church The Brush engineering works Loughborough University Loughborough (pronounced locally as either , LUFF-burra or , LUFF-bruh, and more widely as [ˈlʌfˌb(ə)ɹə]) is a town in Leicestershire, central England with a population of 57,600 as of 2004. ... The Great Exhibition: Paxtons Crystal Palace enclosed full-grown trees in Hyde Park. ... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ...


He was soon followed by others (the Polytechnic Touring Association, Dean and Dawson etc.), with the result that the tourist industry developed rapidly in late Victorian Britain. Initially it was supported by the growing middle classes, who had time off from their work, and who could afford the luxury of travel and possibly even staying for periods of time in boarding houses.
The Bank Holidays Act 1871 introduced a statutory right for workers to take holidays, even if they were not paid at the time. By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the tradition of the working class holiday had become firmly established in Britain. These were largely focused upon the seaside resorts. Lunn Poly is the largest chain of travel agents in the United Kingdom. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Boarding House is a privately owned house,in which individuals or families on vaccation, holidays, deputition,transfered on temporary duties, on some particular training,short&mediun tenure visitors,working professionals & lodgers,rent one or more rooms sets for one or more nights,sometimes for extended periods of weeks, months and... The Bank Holidays Act 1871 established the first Bank Holidays in the United Kingdom. ...


The spread of the railway network in the 19th century resulted in the growth of Britain's seaside towns by bringing them within easy distance of Britain's urban centres. Blackpool was created by the construction of a line to Fleetwood, and some resorts were promoted by the railway companies themselves - Morecambe by the Midland Railway and Cleethorpes by the Great Central Railway. Other resorts included Scarborough in Yorkshire, servicing Leeds and Bradford; Weston-super-Mare in Somerset, catering for the inhabitants of Bristol; and Skegness, patronised by the residents of the industrial East Midlands. The cockneys of London flocked to Southend-on-Sea, mainly by Thames Steamer, and the South Coast resorts such as Broadstairs, Brighton, and Eastbourne were only a train ride away, with others further afield such as Bournemouth, Bognor Regis and Weymouth. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article is about the town in England. ... , Fleetwood is a town within the Wyre district of Lancashire, England, lying at the northwest corner of the Fylde. ... , Morecambe is a resort town within the City of Lancaster district of Lancashire, England. ... This article is about the historical British railway company. ... For other uses, see Cleethorpes (disambiguation). ... The Great Central Railway (GCR) was a railway company in England which came into being when the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway changed its name in 1897 on the completion of its London Extension. ... The South Bay at Scarborough Scarborough lies on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England. ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... Weston-super-Mare is an English seaside resort town in North Somerset, population 65,000 (1991 estimate). ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... , Skegness is a seaside town and civil parish within the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. ... Cockneys are, in the present-day sense of the word, white working-class inhabitants of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... A paddle steamer, paddleboat, or paddlewheeler is a ship or boat propelled by one or more paddle wheels driven by a steam engine. ... , Broadstairs is a coastal town on The Isle Of Thanet in East Kent, England, 76 miles east of London with excellent and first class road links (1 hour from the M25) with a population of about 22,000. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Eastbourne (disambiguation). ... , Bournemouth ( ) is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... , Bognor Regis is a seaside resort town and civil parish in the Arun District of West Sussex, England. ... , Weymouth is a town in Dorset, England, United Kingdom, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. ...


For a century, domestic tourism was the norm, with foreign travel being reserved for the rich or the culturally curious. A number of inland destinations, such as the English Lake District, and Snowdonia appealed to those who liked the countryside and fine scenery. The holiday camp began to appear in the 1930s, but this phenomenon really expanded in the post-war period. Butlins and Pontins set this trend, but their popularity waned with the rise of overseas package tours and the increasing comforts to which visitors became accustomed at home. Towards the end of the 20th century this market has been revived by the upmarket inland resorts of Dutch company Center Parcs. Crinkle Crags as seen from the adjoining fell of Cold Pike. ... Tryfans north ridge (seen on the left in this picture) in Snowdonia. ... Holiday camp, in Britain, generally refers to a resort with a boundary that includes accommodation, entertainment and other facilities. ... Butlins current logo Butlins Holiday Camps were founded by (later Sir) Billy Butlin to provide economical holidays in the United Kingdom and Ireland. ... Pontins is a British holiday company founded in 1946 by Fred Pontin. ... Typical Center Parcs entrance Center Parcs[1] is a European network of holiday villages which includes a UK based company which runs holiday villages in Britain and a sister enterprise that operates in numerous locations in continental Europe. ...


Cox & Co, the forebear of Cox & Kings, were in existence from 1758 and largely entwined with the travel arrangements for the British Army serving around the Empire. While acting as 'agents' for various regiments, they organised the payment, provision, clothing and travel arrangements for members of the armed forces. In the 19th century their network of offices contained a banking and also travel department. The company became heavily involved with affairs in India and its Shipping Agency had offices in France and the Middle East. Cox & Kings is the longest established travel company in the world, its history stretching back to 1758 when Richard Cox was appointed as regimental agent to the Foot Guards. ...


Other phenomena that helped develop the travel industry were paid holidays:

  • 1.5 million manual workers in Britain had paid holidays by 1925
  • 11 million by 1939 (30% of the population in families with paid holidays)

NGOs and government agencies may sometimes promote a specific region as a tourist destination, and support the development of a tourism industry in that area. The contemporary phenomenon of mass tourism may sometimes result in overdevelopment; alternative forms of tourism such as ecotourism seek to avoid such outcomes by pursuing tourism in a sustainable way. NGO redirects here. ... Overdevelopment refers to a process by which natural resources are impacted by urbanization and/or road construction, at a rate significantly harmful to the ecosystem. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ...


International

Increasing speed on railways meant that the tourist industry could develop internationally. To this may be added the development of sea travel. By 1901, the number of people crossing the English Channel from England to France or Belgium had passed 0.5 million per year. Shipping companies were anxious to fill cabin space that was under-utilized. Iguazu falls from Brasil Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguaçu Falls (Portuguese: Cataratas do Iguaçu, pronounced ; Spanish: Cataratas del Iguazú, ) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Una is a river in the western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina; in its lower course it borders Croatia. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ...


For example, P&O found that the majority of their passengers for India and the Far East joined the ship at Marseilles. Consequently, they marketed holidays based upon sea trips from London to Lisbon and Gibraltar. Other companies diverted their older ships to operate cruises in the summer months. The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, which is usually known as P&O, is a British shipping and logistics company which dates from the early 19th century. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ...


However, the real age of international mass travel began with the growth of air travel after World War II. In the immediate post-war period, there was a surplus of transport aircraft, such as the popular and reliable Douglas Dakota, and a number of ex military pilots ready to fly them. They were available for charter flights, and tour operators began to use them for European destinations, such as Paris and Ostend. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ...


Vladimir Raitz pioneered modern package tourism when on 20 May 1950 his recently founded company, Horizon, provided arrangements for a two-week holiday in Corsica. For an all inclusive price of £32.10s.-, holiday makers could sleep under canvas, sample local wines and eat a meal containing meat twice a day - this was especially attractive due to the continuing austerity measures in post-war United Kingdom. Within ten years, his company had started mass tourism to Palma (1952), Lourdes (1953), Costa Brava (1954), Sardinia (1954), Minorca (1955), Porto (1956), Costa Blanca (1957) and Costa del Sol (1959). Vladimir Gavrilovich Raitz (born May 23, 1922) is the co-founder of the Horizon Holiday Group, who pioneered the first mass package holidays abroad. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Calvi from Citadel Calvi is a small town and commune of the Haute-Corse (2B) département, in France. ... // Preface At the beginning of World War II Britain imported 55 million tons of foodstuffs per year, including more than 50% of its meat, 70% of its cheese and sugar, nearly 80% of fruits and about 90% of cereals and fats. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalán) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Nickname Ciutat Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Balearic Islands) Website http://www. ... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ... Lloret de Mar, the largest resort in the Costa Brava The Costa Brava is a coastal region of northeastern Catalonia, Spain, in the comarques of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and La Selva, in the province of Girona. ... Alghero (lAlguer in Catalan and SAlighèra in Sardinian), is a town of about 42,000 inhabitants (down from 54,300 inhabitants since early 20th century) in Italy. ... Capital Maó Official languages Catalan & Spanish Area  -  Total 694. ... Oporto redirects here. ... Costa Blanca refers to the over 200 kilometres of coastline belonging to the Province of Alicante in Spain. ... The Costa del Sol is a region which comprises the coastal towns and communities in the Málaga province, along the Mediterranean coastline. ...

These developments coincided with a significant increase in the standard of living in Britain. Further, the contribution of affordable air travel in combination with the package tour enabled international mass tourism to develop. The postwar introduction of an international system of airline regulation was another important factor. The bilateral agreements at the heart of the system fixed seat prices, and airlines could not fill blocks of empty seats on underused flights by discounting. But if they were purchased by a tour operator and hidden within the price of an inclusive holiday package, it would be difficult to prove that discounting had taken place - even though it was obvious that it had! Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Moscow Red Square ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Moscow Red Square ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ...


Another significant development also happened at the end of this decade. The devaluation of the Spanish peseta made Spain appear a particularly attractive destination. The cheapness of the cost of living attracted increasing numbers of visitors. Mass package tourism has at times been an exploitative process, in which tour operators in a country with a high standard of living make use of development opportunities and low operating costs in a country with a lower standard of living. However, as witness the development of many tourist areas in previously poor parts of the world, and the concomitant rise in standards of living, when there is equality of bargaining power, both parties can gain economic benefits from this arrangement. ISO 4217 Code ESP User(s) Spain, Andorra Inflation 1. ...


Spain and the Balearic Islands became major tourist destinations, and development probably peaked in the 1980s. At the same time, British tour operators developed the Algarve in Portugal. The continuing search for new, cheaper, destinations spread mass tourism to the Greek Islands, Italy, Tunisia, Morocco, Turkey, and more recently Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina . Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... This is a list of some of the 3000 islands of Greece: Chrysi Crete Dia Euboea Gavdos Koufonisi Ydra The Cyclades Amorgos Anafi Andros Antiparos Anydro Delos Donoussa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kea Keros Kimolos Kithnos Makronisos Milos Mykonos (Mikonos) Naxos Paros Pholegandros Santorini (also called Thira) Serifos Sifnos Sikinos...


For someone living in greater London, Venice today is almost as accessible as Brighton was 100 years ago. Consequently, the British seaside resort experienced a marked decline from the 1970s onwards. Some, such as New Brighton, Merseyside have disappeared. Others have reinvented themselves, and now cater to daytrippers, the weekend break market or business conferences. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... , New Brighton is a seaside resort located in the town of Wallasey, on the north east tip of the Wirral Peninsula, in Merseyside, England. ...


Recent developments

There has been an upmarket trend in the tourism over the last few decades, especially in Europe where international travel for short breaks is common. Tourists have higher levels of disposable income and greater leisure time and they are also better-educated and have more sophisticated tastes. There is now a demand for a better quality products, which has resulted in a fragmenting of the mass market for beach vacations; people want more specialised versions, such as Club 18-30, quieter resorts, family-oriented holidays, or niche market-targeted destination hotels. As well, people are likely to take more than one short break holiday each year. Cinderella Castle, Tokyo Disneyland, Tokyo Disney Resort in Japan This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... Cinderella Castle, Tokyo Disneyland, Tokyo Disney Resort in Japan This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Club 18-30 is a holiday company owned by Thomas Cook that offers cut-price holidays for young men and women who are out for what they claim to be a good time. It takes around 110,000 guests each year with turnover of around £50m a year. ... Historic Kviknes destination hotel in Norway A destination hotel is a place of lodging whose inherent location and amenities attract visitors regardless of the route needed to arrive or the areawide features of interest. ...


The developments in technology and transport infrastructure, such as Jumbo jets and low-cost airlines, have made many types of tourism more affordable. There have also been changes in lifestyle, such as retiree-age people who sustain year round tourism. This is facilitated by internet purchasing of tourism products. Some sites have now started to offer dynamic packaging, in which an inclusive price is quoted for a tailor- made package requested by the customer upon impulse. The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the second largest passenger airliner after the Airbus A380. ... A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ... Dynamic Packaging is a method that is becoming increasingly used in package holiday bookings that enables consumers to build their own package of flights, accommodation, and a hire car instead of a pre-defined package. ...


There have been a few setbacks in tourism, such as the September 11, 2001 attacks and terrorist threats to tourist destinations such as Bali and European cities. Some of the tourist destinations, including the beach resorts of Cancún have lost popularity due to shifting tastes. In this context, the excessive building and environmental destruction often associated with traditional "sun and beach" tourism may contribute to a destination's saturation and subsequent decline. Spain's Costa Brava, a popular 1960s and 1970s beach location is now facing a crisis in its tourist industry. On December 26, 2004 a tsunami, caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake hit Asian countries bordering the Indian Ocean, and also the Maldives. Tens of thousands of lives were lost, and many tourists died. This, together with the vast clean-up operation in place, has stopped or severely hampered tourism to the area. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ...


The terms tourism and travel are sometimes used interchangeably. In this context travel has a similar definition to tourism, but implies a more purposeful journey. The terms tourism and tourist are sometimes used pejoratively, to imply a shallow interest in the cultures or locations visited by tourists.


Eco-tourism

Sustainable tourism is becoming more popular as people start to realize the devastating effects poorly planned tourism can have on communities. Receptive tourism is now growing at a very rapid rate in many developing countries, where it is often the most important economic activity in local GDP.


Grey nomads

Retirees who travel for much of the year, generally in their own continent an by vehicle, are often called "grey nomads". They often drive Recreational vehicles Recreational Vehicle (or RV) is a term used in North America to describe a large enclosed piece of equipment with wheels designed to be moved from place to place for people to temporarily live in and be protected from the elements while away from their permanent home. ...


Medical tourism

When there is a significant price difference between countries for a given medical procedure, or where there are different regulatory regimes between countries in relation to particular medical procedures (eg abortion) traveling to take advantage of the price or regulatory differences is often referred to as "medical tourism".


Creative tourism

More recently, creative tourism has gained popularity as a form of cultural tourism, drawing on active participation by travelers in the culture of the host communities they visit. Several countries offer examples of this type of tourism development, including the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and New Zealand. For example, some fans known as Tolkien tourists travel to New Zealand and the UK for the purpose of visiting Lord of the Rings and Tolkien related sites.


Adventure tourism

Also tourists are looking for an adventure when they travel, see the destination more like a local would experience it. [Private tour guides] are an excellent way to get fast insight into a country and also help locals earn an income.


In recent years, second holidays or vacations have become more popular as people's discretionary income increases. Typical combinations are a package to the typical mass tourist resort, with a winter skiing holiday or weekend break to a city or national park.


Growth

International tourism receipts in 2005
International tourism receipts in 2005

The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) forecasts that international tourism will continue growing at the average annual rate of 4 %.[10] By 2020 Europe will remain the most popular destination, but its share will drop from 60% in 1995 to 46%. Long-haul will grow slightly faster than intraregional travel and by 2020 its share will increase from 18% in 1995 to 24%. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png) This bubble map shows the global distribution of internaional tourism receipts in 2005 as a percentage of the top market (USA - $122,944,000,000). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png) This bubble map shows the global distribution of internaional tourism receipts in 2005 as a percentage of the top market (USA - $122,944,000,000). ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


With the advent of e-commerce, tourism products have become one of the most traded items on the internet. Tourism products and services have been made available through intermediaries, although tourism providers (hotels, airlines, etc.) can sell their services directly. This has put pressure on intermediaries from both on-line and traditional shops.


It has been suggested there is a strong correlation between Tourism expenditure per capita and the degree to which countries play in the global context.[11] Not only as a result of the important economic contribution of the tourism industry, but also as an indicator of the degree of confidence with which global citizens leverage the resources of the globe for the benefit of their local economies. This is why any projections of growth in tourism may serve as an indication of the relative influence that each country will exercise in the future.


Space tourism is expected to "take off" in the first quarter of the 21st century, although compared with traditional destinations the number of tourists in orbit will remain low until technologies such as a space elevator make space travel cheap. The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space. ... A space elevator would consist of a cable anchored to the Earths surface, reaching into space. ...


Technological improvement is likely to make possible air-ship hotels, based either on solar-powered airplanes or large dirigibles. Underwater hotels, such as Hydropolis, expected to open in Dubai in 2009, will be built. On the ocean tourists will be welcomed by ever larger cruise ships and perhaps floating cities. The Solar Two 10 MW solar power facility, showing the power tower (left) surrounded by the sun-tracking mirrors. ... Dirigible can refer to : an airship -- a lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered and propelled through the air. ... Hydropolis is an underwater hotel being built in Dubai, and scheduled to open at the end of 2006. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Floating city may mean: Floating city (science fiction), settlements that use buoyancy to remain in the atmosphere of a planet Ocean colonization, the theory and practice of building structures to allow humans to live permanently in areas of Earth covered in water Floating city may also refer to: Freedom Ship...


Some futurists expect that movable hotel "pods" will be created that could be temporarily erected anywhere on the planet, where building a permanent resort would be unacceptable politically, economically or environmentally.


Negative impacts

Attracting a high volume of tourists can have negative impacts, such as the impact of 33 million tourists a year on the city of New York,[12] or the potential to impact fragile environments,[13] or the impact of the December 26, 2004 tsunami on the tourists themselves.[14] The natural environment can be affected negatively by cruise ship pollution in many ways, including ballast water discharge, and by pollution from aircraft. This article is about the natural environment. ... In common with many other forms of transport, aircraft engines emit polluting gases, contribute to global warming, and cause noise pollution. ...


See also

Wikiversity
At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Tourism at:

Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikiversity logo Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation beta project[1], devoted to learning materials and activities, located at www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ecotourism essentially means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... The hospitality industry is a 3. ... Hospitality management is the academic study of the running of hotels, restaurants, and travel and tourism-related business. ... Hospitality Services are networks of people who exchange accommodation. ... For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... Hospitality management is the name given to the collegiate academic major in which students are taught the business of running hotels, restaurants, and travel and tourism-related business. ... This is a list of vacation resorts in the world. ... This is a selected list of types of lodging. ... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ... For Microsoft Corporation’s “universal login” service, formerly known as Microsoft Passport Network, see Windows Live ID. For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... The majority of shops in downtown Jackson, Wyoming cater to tourists. ... There are many different definitions of sustainable tourism that have been developed over the last decade. ... A Tour Guide is an occupation or vocation of someone who conducts tours usually within the tourism industry. ... Tourism Geography (or the Geography of Tourism) is the study of travel and tourism as an industry, as a human activity, and especially as a place phenomenon. ... Hans Christian Andersen: A Poets Bazaar Julian Barnes: England, England T. C. Boyle: The Road to Wellville Agatha Christie: Death on the Nile Nicholas Christopher: A Trip to the Stars Stephen Clarke: A Year in the Merde E. M. Forster: Where Angels Fear to Tread and A Room with... The convergence of industries has forced people to create new terminology such as information technology, biotechnology, ubiquitous technology and even cultural technology to explain new, frequently talked about topics. ... Billboards are used to advertise the attractions Tourist trap is a phrase for any establishment or set of establishments that have been created to attract travelers or tourists and provide products for the tourist to purchase. ... A travel agency is a business that sells travel related products and services, particularly package tours, to end-user customers on behalf of third party travel suppliers, such as airlines, hotels, tour companies, and cruise lines. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... The Akademi Pelancongan World-Point (World-Point Academy of Tourism) is an institute of higher education in Malaysia focusing in the fields of tourism and management. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Township tourism is a term used to describe a form of tourism that emerged in post-apartheid South Africa. ... In simple terms, rural tourism is tourism that takes place in the countryside. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c UNWTO Tourism Highlights, Edition 2007. World Tourism Organization (2007). Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  2. ^ World Tourism Barometer (p.8). World Tourism Organization (2007). Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  3. ^ Tourism Directorate (France) (2007). Key facts on tourism 2007 Edition.
  4. ^ Werner Hunziker and Kurt (1941). Grundriss der allgemeinen Fremdenverkehrslehre. OCLC # 69064371. 
  5. ^ International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism. The AIEST, its character and aims. Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  6. ^ Forbes Traveller (2007-04-25). Top 50 Most Visited Tourist Attractions. Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  7. ^ The Hopeful Traveler (2007-07-29). Forbes Traveler 50 Most Visited Tourist Attractions. Retrieved on 2008-03-29. See the complete Top 50 list at this website
  8. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary: tour. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  9. ^ Theobald, William F. (1998). Global Tourism, p. 10. ISBN 0750640227. 
  10. ^ Long-term Prospects: Tourism 2020 Vision. World Tourism (2004).
  11. ^ airports & tourists. Global Culture (2007).
  12. ^ Kirby, David (September 27, 1998). The Tourist Trap; With All Those Visitors Trampling the Welcome Mat, Can New York Be the Host With the Most for Everyone? (Web). News Article. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  13. ^ Nicholls, Henry (Wednesday April 19, 2006). The tourist trap (The Galapagos islands are the world's prime eco-tourism destination. Now the sheer number of visitors is endangering their future ) (Web). News article. Guardian. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  14. ^ Kurlantzick, Joshua (Sunday, January 9, 2005). The True Meaning of the Tourist Trap (Web). News article. The Washington Post. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Look up tourism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Tourism: OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development A valuable resource for statistics and information on international trends in tourism and tourism policies.
  • Rural Tourism Resources USDA, National Agricultural Library, Rural Information Center.
  • Promoting Tourism in Rural America. USDA, National Agricultural Library, Rural Information Center. 2004.
  • Rural Tourism. USDA, Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service.
  • Travel and Tourism: An Overlooked Industry in the U.S. and Tenth DistrictPDF (595 KiB). By Chad Wilkerson. Economic Review, Third Quarter 2003. Federal Reserve Board in Kansas.
  • Economic Research: Economic Impact of Travel and Tourism. Travel Industry Association of America. 2004.
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... An open crevasse. ... A lodging cottage in a rural area of Lithuania. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... Bookstore tourism is a type of cultural tourism that promotes independent bookstores as a group travel destination. ... Cultural tourism (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or regions culture, especially its arts. ... Dark tourism or thanotourism is tourism involving travel to sites associated with death and suffering. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Drug tourism is considered to be when one travels in order to procure narcotics. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... Extreme tourism or shock tourism is a type of niche tourism involving travel to dangerous places (mountains, jungles, deserts, caves, etc. ... Female sex tourism is travel by women, partially or fully for the purpose of having sex. ... // With world travel market having undergone significant changes over the last few years a new type of tourist has emerged known as the Free Independent Traveler or Tourist (FIT). ... Garden tourism is a type of niche tourism involving visits or travel to botanical gardens and places which are significant in the history of gardening. ... For other uses, see Grand Tour (disambiguation). ... The Hawai Mahal in Jaipur, Rajasthan. ... Hitchhiking (also called lifting or thumbing) is a form of transport, in which the traveller tries to get a lift (ride) from another traveller, usually a car or truck driver. ... Literary Tourism Literary Tourism is a type of cultural tourism that deals with places and events from fictional texts as well as the lives of their authors. ... Medical tourism (also called medical travel or health tourism) is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling to another country to obtain health care. ... Music tourism is the act of visiting a city or town in order to see a gig or festival. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nudity in sport. ... Pop-culture tourism is the act of traveling to locations featured in literature, film, music, or any other form of popular entertainment. ... The term perpetual traveler (PT, permanent tourist or prior taxpayer) refers to both a lifestyle and a philosophy. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... Sacred travel, or metaphysical tourism, is a growing niche of the travel market. ... Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sex tourism is travel to engage in sexual intercourse or sexual activity with prostitutes, and is typically undertaken internationally by tourists from wealthier countries. ... The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space. ... There are many different definitions of sustainable tourism that have been developed over the last decade. ... Volunteer vacations are an opportunity for people to make a positive difference in the lives of others or to help improve or contribute to society, culture, or the environment while on vacation. ... Wine tourism refers to tourism whose purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption, or purchase of wine, often at or near the source. ... Fort Denison in Sydney Harbour with the city skyline. ... The term tourist apartheid was coined in the early 1990s after Cuba first opened up to foreign tourists. ... Tourism in Dubai is an important part of the Dubai governments strategy to maintain the flow of foreign dollars into the emirate. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Tourism in North Korea is highly controlled by the government, and as such it is not a frequently visited destination — roughly 1,500 Western tourists visit North Korea each year, along with larger numbers of Chinese and other Asians. ... The Gyeongbokgung palace, a major tourist attraction in Seoul. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... NTO of Montenegro - Logo Tourism in Montenegro is in a rapid expansion. ... Tourism in San Marino contributes over 50% of San Marinos GDP, with more than 3. ... Serbia is situated in 2 geographic and cultural parts of Europe: Central Europe- Pannonian plain, and Southeastern Europe- Balkan peninsula. ... Tourism > Tourism in England Tourism plays a significant part in the economic life of England. ... The ruins of Melrose Abbey, Scottish Borders Scotland is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year [1]. Tourists from the United Kingdom make up the bulk of visitors to... Wales is an emerging tourist destination, with 8,078,900 visitors to National Trust and Welsh Tourist Board destinations in 2002. ... A gift shop is a store primarily selling souvenirs relating to a particular topic, often to simply provide evidence that the consumer has visited that location. ... Lonely Planet logo Lonely Planet Publications (usually known as Lonely Planet or LP for short) claims to be the largest independently owned travel guidebook publisher in the world. ... The Travel Channel is a cable television network that features documentaries and how-to shows related to travel and leisure around the United States and throughout the world. ... For Microsoft Corporation’s “universal login” service, formerly known as Microsoft Passport Network, see Windows Live ID. For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... The majority of shops in downtown Jackson, Wyoming cater to tourists. ... A roadside attraction is a feature along the side of a road, that is frequently advertised with billboards to attract tourists. ... Billboards are used to advertise the attractions Tourist trap is a phrase for any establishment or set of establishments that have been created to attract travelers or tourists and provide products for the tourist to purchase. ... A Tour Guide is an occupation or vocation of someone who conducts tours usually within the tourism industry. ... A travel agency is a business that sells travel related products and services, particularly package tours, to end-user customers on behalf of third party travel suppliers, such as airlines, hotels, tour companies, and cruise lines. ... A computer reservations system (CRS) is a computerized system used to store and retrieve information and conduct transactions related to travel. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Contiki Tours is the name of coach tour holidays organized in Europe, Australia, New Zealand and North America. ... For the Venetian Snares album, see Hospitality (album). ... For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... For the 2005 horror film,see Hostel (film). ... Hostelling Intl, Washington D.C. Hostelling International, formerly known as International Youth Hostel Federation (IYHF), is the federation of more than 90 national youth hostel associations in more than 80 countries who run over 4,500 youth hostels and youth hotels around the world. ... The concept of Hospitality Services, also known as “accommodation sharing”, “hospitality exchange”, and “home stay networks”, refers to centrally organized social networks of individuals who trade accommodation without monetary exchange. ... This is a list of resorts in the world. ... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... The World Tourism Organization compiles the World Tourism Rankings. ... [1] It was at its third session (Torremolinos, Spain, September 1979), that the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) decided to institute, commencing in the year 1980, WORLD TOURISM DAY is to be commemorated on 27 September each year by appropriate events on themes selected by the General... Travel literature is literature which records the people, events, sights and feelings of an author who is touring a foreign place for the pleasure of travel. ... Tourism Geography or Geotourism is the study of travel and tourism as an industry, as a human activity, and especially as a place-based experience. ... The convergence of industries has forced people to create new terminology such as information technology, biotechnology, ubiquitous technology and even cultural technology to explain new, frequently talked about topics. ...

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