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Encyclopedia > Toss bombing

Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing) is a method of bombing where the attacking aircraft pulls upwards and releases its bomb load, giving the bomb additional forward velocity. Although this might seem the direct opposite to dive bombing, where the plane pitches downwards to aim at its target, toss bombing is often performed with a short dive preceding the bomber raising its nose and releasing its bomb, since the dive can help give both the bomb and aircraft extra momentum and so helping the aircraft gain altitude post-release. Toss bombing is often performed at low altitudes, with the aircraft pulling up at the last moment, at an angle which helps the bomb cover some horizontal distance, in spite of the low altitude release. Release usually occurs between about 35 and 75 degrees above the horizontal, causing the bomb to literally be tossed forward, like an underarm throw of a ball. This article is about explosive devices. ... An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy. ...


Toss bombing is often used by pilots wishing to evade detection and/or who are dropping particularly powerful loads, such as nuclear weapons, upon their targets. In the former case, remaining at a low altitude for as long as possible allows the bomber to avoid radar and visual tracking, and in the latter case, gaining altitude post release can help the bomber to avoid the subsequent blast from the device. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


Due to the intense pilot workload involved with flying and entering the window of opportunity, aircraft employed a "Toss Bomb Computer" that enabled the pilot to release the bomb at the most efficient angle. The Toss Bomb Computer took airspeed inputs from the aircraft's Pitot system, altitude inputs from the Static system, attitude inputs from the gyroscopic system, as well as inputs from weapons selectors signifying the type of bomb. While deployed in Europe with NATO, RCAF CF-104 fighter-bombers carried a Toss Bomb Computer until their nuclear role was eliminated by the Canadian government effective 1 January 1972.


A more dynamic variant of toss bombing, called over-the-shoulder bombing, is a particular kind of loft bombing where the bomb is released past the vertical so it is tossed back towards the target. This tactic was first made public in 1957 at Eglin AFB, when a B-47 entered its bombing run at low altitude, pulled up sharply into a half loop with a half roll on top, and released its bomb at a predetermined point in its climb. The bomb continued upward for some time, in a high arc, before falling on a target which was a considerable distance from its point of release. In the meantime, the maneuver had allowed the bomber to change direction and distance itself from the target. 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eglin Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force that belongs to the Air Force Materiel Command; the Air Armament Center is the host unit. ... The Boeing B-47 Stratojet jet bomber was a major postwar innovation in combat jet design, and it helped lead to the development of modern jet airliners. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Toss bombing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing) is a method of bombing where the attacking aircraft pulls upwards and releases its bomb load, giving the bomb additional forward velocity.
Although this might seem the direct opposite to dive bombing, where the plane pitches downwards to aim at its target, toss bombing is often performed with a short dive before the bomber raises its nose and releases its bomb.
Toss bombing is often used by pilots wishing to evade detection and/or who are dropping particularly powerful loads, such as nuclear weapons, on their targets.
BF1942 Aces, Airplanes (1494 words)
Level bombing is the more difficult of the two to become successful at, but is easiest for the new pilot to practice.
The bomb falls forward at the same speed of the aircraft that drops it, give or take, so it should be hitting whatever is under you at the moment you hear it explode.
The true dive bombing aircraft in the game, such as the Stuka, are slow aircraft and come in high over a target out of flak range, make their dive bombing run, and use the speed from the dive to quickly get out of range again.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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