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Encyclopedia > Tortuga
Tortuga
Île de la Tortue
Tortuga seen from space
Nickname: Turtle Island
A map of Haiti with Île de la Tortue to the north.
Coordinates: 20°4′0″N 72°49′0″W / 20.06667, -72.81667
Country Haiti
Department Nord-Ouest
Arrondissement Port-de-Paix
Commune Île de la Tortue
Discovered 1494
Settled 1625
Area
 - Total 180 km² (69 sq mi)
Population (1982)
 - Total 22,080
 - Density 123/km² (320/sq mi)
Time zone -5 (UTC)
 - Summer (DST) -4 (UTC)
For the island with a similar name in the Gulf of California, see Isla Tortuga.

Tortuga (Île de la Tortue in French) is a Caribbean island that forms part of Haiti, off the northwest coast of Hispaniola. It constitutes the commune of Île de la Tortue in the Port-de-Paix arrondissement of the Nord-Ouest Department of Haiti. The island covers an area of 180 km² (69 mi²)[1] and its population was 22,080 in 1982 [2]. Its name in both Spanish (Isla Tortuga) and French means "Turtle Island" or "Tortoise Island", and it is sometimes called that in English. In the 17th century, it was a major center of Caribbean piracy. Its tourist industry and reference in many works has made it one of the most recognized regions of Haiti. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x702, 139 KB) Tortuga Island in Haiti File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tortuga Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Map of Haiti. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... A department is geographically defined area of a centralized state which functions as an administrative unit, usually at provincial level, with or without a representative assembly. ... Nord-Ouest (English: North-West) is one of the nine departments (french: départements) of Haiti. ... An arrondissement is an administrative division in some French or Dutch-speaking countries: // Main article: Municipal arrondissement in France Main article: Arrondissements of Paris Paris, capital city of France, is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... Port-de-Paix (Pòdepè or Pòdpè in Kréyòl) is a city and the capital of the département of Nord-Ouest in Haïti on the Atlantic coast. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... ... Note: There is also a group of islands called the Dry Tortugas, part of the Florida Keys, and an island called La Tortuga, part of the Venezuelan Federal Dependencies. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Early map of Hispaniola Hispaniola (from Spanish, La Española) is the second-largest and most populous island of the Antilles, lying between the islands of Cuba to the west, and Puerto Rico to the east. ... Port-de-Paix (Pòdepè or Pòdpè in Kréyòl) is a city and the capital of the département of Nord-Ouest in Haïti on the Atlantic coast. ... Nord-Ouest (English: North-West) is one of the nine departments (french: départements) of Haiti. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Central America and the Caribbean (detailed pdf map) An 18th-century pirate flag. ...

Contents

History

Tortuga was discovered by Europeans in 1493, during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus into the New World. Columbus' sailors called it Tortuga ("Turtle") because its humped shape resembled a turtle. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... For other uses, see Turtle (disambiguation). ...


Tortuga was originally settled by a few Spanish colonists. In 1625 French and English settlers arrived on the island of Tortuga after initially planning to settle on the island of Hispaniola. The French and English settlers were attacked in 1629 by the Spanish commanded by Don Fadrique de Toledo. The Spanish were successful and fortified the island, expelling the French and English men. As most of the Spanish army left for Hispaniola to root out French colonists there, the French returned to take the fort and expanded on the Spanish-built fortifications. In 1630, the French built Fort de Rocher in a natural harbour. From 1630 onward, the island of Tortuga was divided into French and English colonies allowing buccaneers to use the island more frequently as their main base of operations. In 1633, the first slaves were imported from Africa to aid in the plantations. The new slave trend did not stick, and by 1635, the use of slaves had ended. The slaves were said to be out of control on the island, and at the same time there had been continual disagreements and fighting between French and English colonies. In the same year, the Spanish returned and quickly conquered the English and French colonies, only to leave again, due to the island being too small to be of major importance. This abandonment of Tortuga allowed the return of both French and English pirates. In 1638, the Spanish again returned to take the island and rid it of all French and newly settled Dutch. They occupied the island, but were soon expelled by the French and Dutch colonists. Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Early map of Hispaniola Hispaniola (from Spanish, La Española) is the second-largest and most populous island of the Antilles, lying between the islands of Cuba to the west, and Puerto Rico to the east. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Fort de Rocher (sometimes called Fort de la Roche or Dovecote) was a seventeenth-century fortress on the Caribbean island of Tortuga. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ...


By 1640, the buccaneers of Tortuga were calling themselves the Brethren of the Coast. The pirate population was mostly made up of French and Englishmen, along with a small number of Dutchmen. In 1645, in an attempt to bring harmony and control over the island, the acting French governor imported roughly 1,650 prostitutes, hoping to regularize the unruly pirates' lives. By the year 1670, as the buccaneer era was in decline, many of the pirates, seeking a new source of trade, turned to log cutting and trading wood from the island. At this time, however, a Welsh pirate named Henry Morgan started to promote himself and invite the pirates on the island of Tortuga to set sail under him. They were hired by the French as a striking force that allowed France to have a much stronger hold on the Caribbean region. Consequently, the pirates were never really controlled, and kept Tortuga as a neutral hideout for pirate booty. In 1680, new Acts of Parliament forbade sailing under foreign flags (in opposition to former practice). This was a major legal blow to Caribbean pirates. Settlements were finally made in the Treaty of Ratisbon of 1684, signed by the European powers, that put an end to piracy. Most of the pirates after this time were hired out into the Royal services to suppress their former buccaneer allies. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The Brethren of the Coast is a meeting that takes place in Pirates of the Caribbean: At Worlds End. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... Year 1670 (MDCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Admiral Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (ca. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... The English parliament in front of the King, c. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... The Treaty of Ratisbon was signed in 1684 by European powers to put an end to piracy in and around the Island of Tortuga. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ...


Geography

The island of Tortuga stands off the northern coast of Haiti. It is very mountainous and full of rocks; yet, it is hugely dense of lofty trees that grow upon the hardest of those rocks. The rocks are abundant on the northern part of the island. At the beginning of the 17th century the population lived on the southern coast of the island. This part contained a port that allowed several entries to ships. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


The southern part of the island was divided into four; the first part was called Low Land or Low Country. This was the main part of the southern coast because it contained the island's port. The town was called Cayona, and there lived the richest planters of the island. The second was called the Middle Plantation. Its territory could only grow Tobacco. The third part was named Ringot. These places were situated towards the Western part of the island. The fourth was called the Mountain; it is there that the first cultivated plantation was established upon the island. Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ...


L'ile de la Tortue's best beach is Pointe Saline at the western tip of the small island. This area is very dry and offers little shade. At the Les Palmiste on the eastern coast visit a pre-Columbian rock carving of a goddess at La Grotte au Bassin and two big caves at Trou d'Enfer and La Grotte de la Galerie. Basse-Terre, on the southeastern coast, is home to the remains of Fort de la Roche, once the island's biggest fortress. Along with a 15 m high lime kiln, three cannons and the foundations of a wall are all that is left of Fort Ogeron, built in the mid 1600s.


Tortuga in fiction

Tortuga was portrayed in many works depicting piracy in the Caribbean in the 17th and 18th century. Central America and the Caribbean (detailed pdf map) An 18th-century pirate flag. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Tortuga in the Pirates of the Caribbean films

The Pirates of the Caribbean films are a trilogy of pirate adventure films directed by Gore Verbinski, written by Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer. ... This is a complete list of islands and other locations in the Pirates of the Caribbean films series. ...

Tortuga in Rafael Sabatini’s works

Tortuga is featured in Sabatini’s Captain Blood series and the movies based on it (the most famous one is Captain Blood with Errol Flynn). It is the place where Blood and his crew find refuge after their escape from Barbados in 1685. Blood receives a Letter of Marque from Tortuga’s governor, D’Ogeron, and the island becomes his main base for the next four years. He starts his raids from Cayona, and several events in the books take place on Tortuga itself or on ships anchoring in the harbour of Cayona. Rafael Sabatini (April 29, 1875 - February 13, 1950) was an Italian/British writer of novels of romance and adventure. ... 2007 e-book edition cover Captain Blood is an adventure novel by Rafael Sabatini, originally published in 1922. ... Captain Blood is a 1935 swashbuckling film. ... Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (June 20, 1909 – October 14, 1959) was an Australian film actor, most famous for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his flamboyant lifestyle. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... For the Patrick OBrian novel, see The Letter of Marque. ...


Sabatini used Exquemelin’s History of the Bouccaneers of America as a main source for his description of Tortuga, and therefore the island is portrayed as a place where many buccaneers, prostitutes and other dubious professions operate, but the French West India Company, which rules Tortuga, makes profit off of those affairs. EXQUEMELIN (or ESQUEMELING, or OEXMELIN), Alexandre Olivier (ca. ... This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... In the history of French trade, the French West India Company was a chartered company established in 1664. ...


Tortuga also features in Sabatini’s novel, The Black Swan and the 1942 movie based on it. Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield (ca. ...


Other appearances

Tortuga also has been featured in the movies Double Crossbones (1950), Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd (1952), The Spanish Main (1945), Pirates of Tortuga (1961) and the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy: Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003), Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006) and Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (2007). It has been featured in the video games Sea Legend, Tortuga - Two Treasures, Tortuga-Pirates of the New World, Sid Meier's Pirates!, Curse of Monkey Island, Age of Pirates: Caribbean Tales, Voyage Century Online., Pirates of the Burning Sea, and Walkmyplank.net. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd is a 1952 comedy co-starring Charles Laughton. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Spanish Main is a 1945 adventure film starring Maureen OHara and directed by Frank Borzage. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl is a movie of adventure and romance set in the Caribbean during the seventeenth century. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... This article is about the videogame released in 1987. ... The Secret of Monkey Island, CD version. ... Pirates of the Burning Sea (abbreviated PotBS) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) currently under development by Flying Lab Software (FLS). ...


See also

This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Central America and the Caribbean (detailed pdf map) An 18th-century pirate flag. ... This is a complete list of islands and other locations in the Pirates of the Caribbean films series. ...

References

  1. ^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture, 20. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0. 
  2. ^ Britannica online 2006


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tortuga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (719 words)
Tortuga or Isla Tortuga, officially Île de la Tortue, is a Caribbean island off the northwest coast of Haiti, constituting the commune of Île de la Tortue, Port-de-Paix arrondissement of the Nord-Ouest Department of Haiti.
Tortuga was discovered for Europeans in 1494, during the second voyage of Christopher Columbus into the New World.
From 1630 onward, the island of Tortuga was divided into French and English colonies allowing buccaneers, more commonly known as pirates, to use the island more frequently as their main base of operations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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