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Encyclopedia > Tortoise
Tortoises
Aldabra Giant Tortoise(Geochelone gigantea)from Aldabra atoll in the Seychelles.
Aldabra Giant Tortoise
(Geochelone gigantea)
from Aldabra atoll in the Seychelles.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Superfamily: Testudinoidea
Family: Testudinidae
Genera

Chersina
Cylindraspis (extinct)
Dipsochelys
Geochelone
Gopherus
Homopus
Indotestudo
Kinixys
Malacochersus
Manouria
Psammobates
Pyxis
Testudo Tortoise may refer to one of the following: Tortoise, a large land-dwelling reptile protected by a shell TortoiseCVS, a GUI integrated CVS client for the Microsoft Windows platform TortoiseSVN, a GUI integrated Subversion client for the Microsoft Windows platform Tortoise (band), a US post-rock band formed in 1990... Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Dipsochelys dussumieri) from Aldabra atoll in the Seychelles, at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. ... Binomial name Geochelone gigantea Schweigger, 1812 The Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea), from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest tortoises in the world. ... Map of Aldabra Atoll Aldabra and Assumption Island Aldabra Atoll Aldabra is a raised coral atoll in the Indian Ocean virtually untouched by humans, with distinctive island fauna, including the Aldabra Giant Tortoise. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Reptilia redirects here. ... Families See text Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudinata, most of whose body is shielded by a special bony shell developed from their ribs. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Genera Family Emydidae Family Geoemydidae Family Testudinidae Family Haichemydidae (extinct) Family Lindholmemydidae (extinct) Family Sinochelyidae (extinct) Testudinoidea is a superfamily within the taxinomic suborder Cryptodira of Testudines. ... Cylindraspis is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Dipsochelys - a genus of giant tortoise restricted to Madagascar (extinct) and Seychelles islands, containing six species: Dipsochelys abrupta - Madagascar, extinct Dipsochelys grandidieri - Madagascar, extinct Dipsochelys dussumieri - Aldabra Giant Tortoise, Aldabra atoll, Seychelles Dipsochelys hololissa - Seychelles giant tortoise, granitic islands of Seychelles Dipsochelys arnoldi - Arnolds Giant Tortoise, granitic islands of... Species G. carbonaria G. elegans G. gigantea G. nigra G. pardalis G. platynota G. radiata G. sulcata Geochelone is a genus of tortoises. ... Species 4 species, see article. ... Homopus is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Species Indotestudo elongata Indotestudo forstenii Indotestudo travancorica . ... Kinixys is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Manouria is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} Testudo is a genus of tortoises found in North Africa, Asia, and Europe. ...

Tortoises or land turtles are land-dwelling reptiles of the family of Testudinidae, order Testudines. Like their marine cousins, the sea turtles, tortoises are shielded from predators by a shell. The top part of the shell is the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. The tortoise has both an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton. Tortoises can vary in size from a few centimeters to two meters. Tortoises tend to be diurnal animals with tendencies to be crepuscular depending on the ambient temperatures. They are generally reclusive animals. The biggest operational difference between tortoises and turtles is that tortoises are unable to swim; indeed, they cannot float, whereas turtles can. Turtles and terapins may mean: plural of turtle Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles The Turtles band Turtles band Turtles Music stores See also: Turtle (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Orders  Crocodilia - Crocodilians scary crocodiles. ... For the band, see Tortoise (band). ... For other uses, see Turtle (disambiguation). ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Chelonia Eretmochelys Lepidochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Dermochelys Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) Sea turtles (Superfamily Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans except the Arctic Ocean . ... The term carapace refers to a dorsal section of an exoskeleton or shell, in a number of animal groups. ... The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a tortoise, what we would call the belly, similar in composition to the carapace; with an external layer of horny material divided into plates called scutes and an underlying layer of interlocking bones. ... Endoskeleton of a swordfish An endoskeleton is an internal support structure of an animal. ... An exoskeleton is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body, in contrast to the internal endoskeleton of, for example, a human. ... A diurnal animal (dÄ«-Å­rnÉ™l) is an animal that is active during the daytime and sleeps during the night. ... Adult Firefly or Lightning Bug – a Crepuscular Beetle Photuris lucicrescens Crepuscular is a term used to describe animals that are primarily active during the twilight. ...

Contents

Tortoises as pets

Many tortoises have specific temperature, roaming space, light, air moisture, and diet requirements. They are difficult to breed in captivity, so many are caught in the wild. Tortoises need outdoor space to roam. It is not possible to house-train a tortoise.


Biology

Although the word "turtle" is widely used to describe all members of the order Testudines, it is also common to see certain members described as terrapins, tortoises or sea turtles as well. Precisely how these alternative names are used, if at all, depends on the type of English being used.

  • British English normally describes these reptiles as turtles if they live in the sea; terrapins if they live in fresh or brackish water; or tortoises if they live on land. However, there are exceptions to this where American or Australian common names are in wide use, as with the Fly River turtle.
  • American English tends to use the word turtle for all species regardless of habitat, although tortoise may be used as a more precise term for any land-dwelling species. Oceanic species may be more specifically referred to as sea turtles. The name "terrapin" is strictly reserved for the brackish water diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin; the word terrapin in this case being derived from the Algonquian word for this animal.[2]
  • Australian English uses turtle for both the marine and freshwater species but tortoise for the terrestrial species.

To avoid confusion, the word chelonian is popular among veterinarians, scientists, and conservationists working with these animals as a catch-all name for any member of the order Testudines. It is based on the Ancient Greek word χελώνη (chelone, modern Greek χελώνα), meaning tortoise. British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world. ... Brackish redirects here. ... Binomial name Carettochelys insculpta Ramsay, 1887 The Australasian Pig-nose Turtle, Carettochelys insculpta also known as the Pitted-shelled Turtle, Plateless Turtle or Fly River Turtle is a species of soft-shelled turtle native to freshwater streams, lagoons and rivers of the Northern Territory of Australia and of southern New... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Schoepf, 1793 Synonyms Emys Concentrica Testudo concentrata Testudo ocellata Testudo terrapin The Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of turtle native to the brackish coastal swamps of the eastern and southern United States, from as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts and as far south as Corpus... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Australian English (AuE, AusE, en-AU) is the form of the English language used in Australia. ... Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ...


Birth

Female tortoises dig burrows in which they lay from two to twelve eggs from the penis bitches. Hatchlings take approximately 90-120 days to incubate within the ping-pong-ball sized eggs. Upon completion of the incubation period the hatchlings break open egg shell enclosure with their beak and dig their way to the surface. Most hatchlings are born with an embryonic egg sac which serves as a source of food until they are capable of eating solid foods, this stage lasts between 3 and 7 days. Like turtles, Mother tortoises will lay their eggs usally during the night then leave. It is up to the hatchlings to survive on their own. They are also born with their shell on. Yellow faced honeyeater chicks A hatchling is the newborn of animals that develop and emerge from within hard-shell eggs. ...


Lifespan

There are many old wives tales about the age of turtles and tortoises, one of which being that the age of a tortoise can be deducted by counting the number of concentric rings on its carapace, much like the cross-section of a tree. This is, of course, not true, since the growth of a tortoise depends highly on the access of food and water. A tortoise that has access to plenty of forage (or is regularly fed by its owner) will grow faster than a desert tortoise that goes days without eating. An old wives tale is a wisdom much like an urban legend, supposedly passed down by old wives to a younger generation. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


Tortoises generally have lifespans comparable with those of human beings, and some individuals are known to have lived longer than 150 years. Because of this, they symbolize longevity in some cultures, such as China. The oldest tortoise ever recorded, almost the oldest individual animal ever recorded, was Tui Malila, who was presented to the Tongan royal family by the British explorer Captain Cook shortly after its birth in 1777. Tui Malila remained in the care of the Tongan royal family until its death by natural causes on May 19, 1965. This means that upon its death, Tui Malila was 188 years old.[1] The record for the longest-lived vertebrate is succeeded only by one other, a Koi Fish named "Hanako" whose death on July 17, 1977 ended a 226 year life span. [3] Tui Malila, pictured here during the Royal Tour (1953) Tui Malila was the name of a tortoise given to the royal family of Tonga by captain James Cook. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Koi can also mean a virtual pet species in Neopets. ...


The Alipore Zoo in India was the home to Adwaitya, which zoo officials claimed was the oldest living animal until its death on March 23, 2006. Adwaitya (sometimes spelled with two d's) was an Aldabra Giant Tortoise brought to India by Lord Wellesley who handed it over to the Alipur Zoological Gardens in 1875 when the zoo was set up. Zoo officials state they have documentation showing that Adwaitya was at least 130 years old, but claim that he was over 250 years old (although this has not been scientifically verified). Adwaitya was said to be the pet of Robert Clive.[2] Harriet, a resident at the Australia Zoo in Queensland, was apocryphally thought to have been brought to England by Charles Darwin aboard the Beagle. Harriet died on June 23, 2006, just shy of her 176th birthday. The Alipore Zoological Gardens (also informally called the Alipore Zoo, Calcutta Zoo or Kolkata Zoo) is Indias oldest formally stated zoological park (as opposed to royal and British menageries) and a big tourist attraction in Kolkata, West Bengal. ... Adwaitya (The Only One) (1750 - March 2006) was an Aldabra Giant Tortoise that is believed to have lived from 1750 to 2006, thus being the longest living animal known to man. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Geochelone gigantea Schweigger, 1812 The Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea), from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest tortoises in the world. ... Adwaitya (The Only One) (1750 - March 2006) was an Aldabra Giant Tortoise that is believed to have lived from 1750 to 2006, thus being the longest living animal known to man. ... Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey (September 29, 1725 - November 22, 1774) was the statesman and general who established the empire of British India. ... Harriet, 2002 Harriet is a Galápagos tortoise believed to be, at an estimated 175 years, the oldest known living animal in the world. ... Sign near entrace to the zoo Crocodile show in the Crocoseum at Australia Zoo Aviary at the Australia Zoo Harriet, the second oldest tortoise ever authenticated, lived at Australia Zoo Australia Zoo is located in the Australian state of Queensland on the Sunshine Coast near Beerwah/Glass House Mountains. ... HMS Beagle was a Cherokee class 10-gun brig of the Royal Navy, named after the beagle, a breed of dog. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sexual dimorphism

Many, though not all, species of tortoises are sexually dimorphic, though the differences between males and females vary from species to species. In some species, males have a longer, more protruding neck plate than their female counterparts, while in others the claws are longer on the females. In most tortoise species the female tends to be larger than the male. (Some believe that males grow quicker, while the female grows slower but larger.) The male also has a plastron that is curved inwards to aid reproduction. The easiest way to determine the sex of a tortoise is to look at the tail. The females, as a general rule have a smaller tail which is dropped down whereas the males have a much longer tail which is usually pulled up and to the side of the rear shell. Female (left) and male Common Pheasant, illustrating the dramatic difference in both color and size, between the sexes Sexual dimorphism is the systematic difference in form between individuals of different sex in the same species. ... The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a tortoise, what we would call the belly, similar in composition to the carapace; with an external layer of horny material divided into plates called scutes and an underlying layer of interlocking bones. ...


Diet

A baby tortoise feeding on lettuce.
A baby tortoise feeding on lettuce.

Most land based tortoises are herbivores, feeding on grazing grasses, weeds, leafy greens, flowers, and certain fruits. Their main diet consists of alfalfa, clover, dandelions, and leafy weeds, although they will also eat various insects. Feeding tortoises cat or dog food is a common mistake, as both cat and dog food contain too much protein and lack other important nutrients for tortoises. Tortoises are not carnivores, and should not be fed large amounts of protein, as it may cause shell deformation and other medical problems. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... In zoology, an herbivore is an animal that is adapted to eat primarily plants (rather than meat). ... For the Our Gang (Little Rascals) character, see Carl Switzer. ... For other uses, see Clover (disambiguation). ... Species Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum japonicum Taraxacum albidum and a few others. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets...


Many people make the mistake of assuming that all captive tortoises can be fed on the same diet. In reality, tortoise species vary greatly in their nutritional requirements. There is no "one fits all" diet. What works for one species won't always work for another. Commercial pellets are definitely to be avoided for all species, as they contain too much protein, this will lead to shell deformities.


In religion

The bas-relief from Angkor Wat, Cambodia, shows Samudra manthan-Vishnu in the centre, his turtle avatar Kurma below, asuras and devas to left and right.
The bas-relief from Angkor Wat, Cambodia, shows Samudra manthan-Vishnu in the centre, his turtle avatar Kurma below, asuras and devas to left and right.

In Hinduism, Kurma (Sanskrit: कुर्म) was the second avatar of Vishnu. Like the Matsya Avatara also belongs to the Satya yuga. Vishnu took the form of a half-man half-tortoise, the lower half being a tortoise. He is normally shown as having four arms. He sat on the bottom of the ocean after the Great Flood. A mountain was placed on his back by the other gods so that they could churn the sea and find the ancient treasures of the Vedic peoples. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1914x2221, 608 KB) The Churning of the Ocean of Milk, depicted in bas-relief on the south of the east wall of Angkor Wats third enclosure. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1914x2221, 608 KB) The Churning of the Ocean of Milk, depicted in bas-relief on the south of the east wall of Angkor Wats third enclosure. ... Aerial view of Angkor Wat The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... In Hinduism, Samudra manthan (Devanagari: समुद्र मंथन) or The churning of the ocean of milk is one of the most famous episodes in the Puranas and is celebrated in a major way every twelve years in the festival known as Kumbha Mela. ... This article is about the concept in Hindu philosophy. ... A carving of the Kurma avatar on a pillar at the Vittala Temple, Hampi, India Kurma is also an alternative transliteration of korma. ... // In Hinduism In Hindu mythology, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ... For other uses, see Deva (disambiguation). ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... This article is about the concept in Hindu philosophy. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text. ... See Avatar (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ... This article is about great floods. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term Deity in the context of mysticism and theology. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Species list

The following species list largely follows Ernst & Barbour (1989), as indicated by The Reptile Database. However, the newly erected genera Astrochelys, Chelonoidis and Stigmochelys have been retained within Geochelone. Species G. carbonaria G. elegans G. gigantea G. nigra G. pardalis G. platynota G. radiata G. sulcata Geochelone is a genus of tortoises. ...

Skeleton of a tortoise
Skeleton of a tortoise
  • Chersina
    • Chersina angulata, Bowsprit Tortoise
  • Cylindraspis (All species Extinct)
    • Cylindraspis indica, synonym Cylindraspis borbonica
    • Cylindraspis inepta
    • Cylindraspis peltastes
    • Cylindraspis triserrata
    • Cylindraspis vosmaeri
  • Dipsochelys
  • Geochelone
    • Geochelone carbonaria, Red-Footed Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Chelonoidis
    • Geochelone chilensis, Chaco or Chilean Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Chelonoidis
    • Geochelone denticulata, Yellow-Footed Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Chelonoidis
    • Geochelone elegans, Indian Star Tortoise
    • Geochelone nigra, Galápagos Giant Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Chelonoidis
    • Geochelone pardalis, Leopard Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Stigmochelys or in Psammobates
    • Geochelone platynota, Burmese Star Tortoise
    • Geochelone radiata, Radiated Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Astrochelys
    • Geochelone sulcata, African Spurred Tortoise (Sulcata Tortoise)
    • Geochelone yniphora, Angulated Tortoise, Madagascan (Plowshare) Tortoise; sometimes placed in distinct genus Astrochelys
  • Gopherus
  • Homopus
    • Homopus aerolatus, Parrot-Beaked Cape Tortoise
    • Homopus boulengeri, Boulenger's Cape Tortoise
    • Homopus femoralis, Karroo Cape Tortoise
    • Homopus signatus, Speckled Cape Tortoise, Speckled Padloper
    • Homopus bergeri, Berger's Cape Tortoise, Nama padloper, synonym Homopus solus
  • Indotestudo
  • Kinixys
    • Kinixys belliana, Bell's Hinge-Backed Tortoise
    • Kinixys erosa, Serrated Hinge-Backed Tortoise
    • Kinixys homeana, Home's Hinge-Backed Tortoise
    • Kinixys lobatsiana, Lobatse Hingeback Tortoise
    • Kinixys natalensis, Natal Hinge-Backed Tortoise
    • Kinixys spekii, Speke's Hingeback Tortoise
  • Malacochersus
  • Manouria
    • Manouria emys, Brown Tortoise (Mountain Tortoise)
    • Manouria impressa, Impressed Tortoise
  • Psammobates
    • Psammobates geometricus, Geometric Tortoise
    • Psammobates oculifer, Serrated Star Tortoise
    • Psammobates tentorius, African Tent Tortoise
  • Pyxis
    • Pyxis arachnoides, Madagascan Spider Tortoise
    • Pyxis planicauda, Madagascan Flat-Tailed Tortoise
  • Testudo

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixel Image in higher resolution (1570 × 1075 pixel, file size: 599 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tortoise Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixel Image in higher resolution (1570 × 1075 pixel, file size: 599 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tortoise Metadata This... Cylindraspis is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Schneider, 1783 Synonyms Cylindraspis borbonica Bour, 1978 Cylindraspis indica was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Schneider, 1783 Synonyms Cylindraspis borbonica Bour, 1978 Cylindraspis indica was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Günther, 1873 Cylindraspis inepta was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Dumeril & Bibron, 1835 Cylindraspis peltastes was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Günther, 1873 Cylindraspis triserrata was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Suckow, 1798 Cylindraspis vosmaeri was a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Dipsochelys - a genus of giant tortoise restricted to Madagascar (extinct) and Seychelles islands, containing six species: Dipsochelys abrupta - Madagascar, extinct Dipsochelys grandidieri - Madagascar, extinct Dipsochelys dussumieri - Aldabra Giant Tortoise, Aldabra atoll, Seychelles Dipsochelys hololissa - Seychelles giant tortoise, granitic islands of Seychelles Dipsochelys arnoldi - Arnolds Giant Tortoise, granitic islands of... Binomial name Dipsochelys arnoldi Arnolds Giant Tortoise (Dipsochelys arnoldi) also known as the Seychelles saddle-backed tortoise inhabited the granitic Seychelles islands until around 1840. ... Binomial name Geochelone gigantea Schweigger, 1812 The Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea), from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest tortoises in the world. ... Binomial name Geochelone gigantea Schweigger, 1812 The Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea), from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest tortoises in the world. ... Binomial name Geochelone gigantea Schweigger, 1812 The Aldabra Giant Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea), from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest tortoises in the world. ... Binomial name (Günther, 1877) Seychelles giant tortoise Dipsochelys hololissa has been thought to be extinct since the mid-19th century due to over-explotation on the granitic Seychelles islands. ... Species G. carbonaria G. elegans G. gigantea G. nigra G. pardalis G. platynota G. radiata G. sulcata Geochelone is a genus of tortoises. ... Binomial name Geochelone carbonaria The red-footed tortoise (Geochelone carbonaria), known in Brazil as Jabuti, is a tortoise from South America, popular as a pet. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1870) The Argentine Tortoise, Chaco Tortoise, or Southern Wood Tortoise (Geochelone chilensis) is a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Geochelone elegans Schoepf, 1795 The Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans) is a species of tortoise found in dry areas and scrub forest in India and Sri Lanka (Ceylon) . This species is quite popular in the exotic pet trade. ... Binomial name (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Synonyms Geochelone elephantopus (Harlan, 1827) The Galápagos tortoise (or Galápagos giant tortoise), is the largest living tortoise, endemic to nine islands of the Galápagos archipelago. ... Leopard tortoise: Size: On average, about 16-18 inches and 40-50 pounds (although some reach up to 24 inches and 70 lbs). ... Binomial name Geochelone platynota (Blyth, 1863) The Burmese Star Tortoise (Geochelone platynota) is becoming extinct in its native Myanmar (Burma). ... Binomial name Geochelone radiata Shaw, 1802 The Radiated tortoise (Geochelone radiata) is a species in the genus of the geochelone tortoises. ... Binomial name Geochelone sulcata (Miller, 1779) The African Spurred Tortoise (Geochelone sulcata) inhabits the southern edge of the Sahara desert in northern Africa. ... Binomial name (Vaillant, 1885) The Angonoka, Madagascar Angulated Tortoise, or Madagascar Tortoise (Geochelone yniphora) is a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Species 4 species, see article. ... Binomial name Gopherus agassizii Cooper, 1863 The desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is a species of tortoise native to the Mojave desert and Sonoran desert of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. ... Species Gopherus berlandieri The Texas Tortoise, Gopherus berlandieri, is one of four species of tortoise that are native to North America. ... The Bolson Tortoise, Gopherus flavomarginatus, is one of four species of tortoise that live in North America. ... Binomial name Gopherus polyphemus Daudin, 1802 The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), sometimes called the Florida gopher tortoise is a species tortoise native to the coastal plains of the United States. ... Homopus is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... The Speckled Cape Tortoise is the smallest tortoise in the world, growing to a maximum height of 10cm. ... Binomial name Lindholm, 1906 The Bergers Cape Tortoise (Homopus bergeri) is a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Lindholm, 1906 The Bergers Cape Tortoise (Homopus bergeri) is a species of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Species Indotestudo elongata Indotestudo forstenii Indotestudo travancorica . ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Indotestudo elongata (Blyth, 1854) Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:|250px|]] Synonyms Testudo elongata Geochelone elongata Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata is a species of tortoise. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Indotestudo forstenii (Schlegel & Müller, 1844) Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:|250px|]] Synonyms Testudo forstenii Geochelone forsteni Forstens Tortoise Indotestudo forstenii is a species of tortoise found in the Western Ghats of India. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Indotestudo forstenii (Schlegel & Müller, 1844) Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:|250px|]] Synonyms Testudo forstenii Geochelone forsteni Forstens Tortoise Indotestudo forstenii is a species of tortoise found in the Western Ghats of India. ... Kinixys is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... Binomial name Malacochersus tornieri The Pancake Tortoise, or Malacochersus tornieri, is a flat-shelled tortoise most commonly found in Tanzania and Kenya. ... Manouria is a genus of turtle in the Testudinidae family. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Manouria emys (Schlegel & Müller, 1844) Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:|250px|]] Synonyms Brown Tortoise Manouria emys is a species of tortoise found in India (Assam), Bangladesh, Myanmar (= Burma), Tailand and Malaysia and Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo). ... Binomial name Manouria impressa, the Impressed Tortoise, occurs in montane areas of forest in Southeast Asia in Myanmar, southern China,Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia and Malaysia. ... The Geometric Tortoise is found all across South Africa. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} Testudo is a genus of tortoises found in North Africa, Asia, and Europe. ... Binomial name Synonyms Colossochelys atlas Testudo atlas (Atlas turtle), also known as Colossochelys, is an extinct species of cryptodire turtle from the Pleistocene period. ... Binomial name Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 The Greek Tortoise or Spur-thighed Tortoise (Testudo graeca) is one of four European members of the Testudinidae family of tortoises. ... Binomial name Testudo hermanni Gmelin, 1789 The Hermanns Tortoise (Testudo hermanni) is one of seven tortoise species in the genus Testudo, along with the Marginated Tortoise () and the Greek Tortoise (). Two subspecies are known: the Western Hermanns Tortoise () and the Eastern Hermanns Tortoise (). A new work [1... Binomial name Gray, 1844 The Russian Tortoise, Horsfields Tortoise or Central Asian Tortoise (, see Systematics below) is a species of tortoise that is a popular pet. ... Binomial name Testudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883 The Egyptian Tortoise (Testudo kleinmanni) is a critically endangered tortiose. ... Binomial name Schoepf, 1789 The Marginated Tortoise (Testudo marginata) is the largest European tortoise, reaching a weight of up to 5 kg (11 pounds) and a length of 35 cm (14 inches). ... Binomial name Furculachelys nabeulensis The Tunisian Spur-Thighed tortoise (Furculachelys nabeulensis) belongs to the spur-thighed group, but has been considered a new species since 1990. ...

Tortoises in Popular Culture

See main article Turtles and tortoises in popular culture

Turtles and tortoises are depicted in Western culture as, snapping turtles aside, easygoing, patient and wise creatures. ...

References

Further reading

  • Chambers, Paul. 2004. A Sheltered Life: The Unexpected History of the Giant Tortoise. John Murray (Publishers), London. ISBN 0-7195-6528-6.
  • Ernst,C.H. & Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London.
  • Gerlach, Justin. 2004. Giant Tortoises of the Indian Ocean. Chimiara publishers, Frankfurt.
  • Kuyl, Antoinette C. van der et al.2002. Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of the Genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial 12S rRNA Gene Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 174-183.

External links

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ...

Gallery


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tortoise - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (580 words)
As with its aquatic cousins, the turtle and the terrapin, the tortoise is shielded from predators by a shell.
The oldest tortoise ever recorded, indeed the oldest individual animal ever recorded, was Tui Malila, who was presented to the Tongan royal family by the British explorer Captain Cook, in either 1773 or 1777 (the exact date is not known).
Another tortoise has laid claim to be the oldest creature ever: The Alipore zoo in India was the home to Adwaitya, which zoo officals claimed was the oldest living creature until its death on Thursday, March 23, 2006.
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Tortoise is an instrumental rock band formed in Chicago, Illinois in 1990.
Tortoise's almost entirely instrumental music defies easy categorization, and the group gained significant attention from their early career.
Tortoise was among the first American indie rock bands to incorporate styles closer to Krautrock, dub, minimalism, electronica and various jazz styles, rather than the standard rock and roll and punk that had dominated indie rock for years.
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