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Encyclopedia > Torrey Canyon

The Torrey Canyon was the first of the big supertankers, capable of carrying a cargo of 120,000 tons of crude oil, and was wrecked off the western coast of Cornwall in 1967 causing an environmental disaster. A supertanker is an unofficial nickname that applies to a certain class of tanker ship built to transport very large quantities of liquids; in practice this typically refers to crude oil. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... A shipwreck is the remains of a ship after it has sunk or been beached as a result of a crisis at sea. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

She was built in the United States in 1959 and originally had a capacity of 60,000 tons but she was enlarged in Japan to 120,000 tons capacity. At the time of the accident she was owned by Barracuda Tanker Corporation, a subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California but chartered to British Petroleum. She was 974 feet 5 inches long, 125 feet 5 inches beam and 68 feet 8 inches draught. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Unocal Corporation (NYSE: UCL), based in El Segundo, California, was founded in 1890 as the Union Oil Company of California. ... BP plc (LSE: BP, NYSE: BP, TYO: 5051 ), originally British Petroleum, is a British energy company with headquarters in London, one of four vertically integrated private sector oil, natural gas, and petrol (gasoline) supermajors in the world. ...

She left Mena al-Ahmadi in Kuwait on her final voyage on 19 February 1967 with full cargo of crude oil, and reached the Canary Islands on 14 March. From there she was routed to Milford Haven. February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... Milford Haven is a natural harbour in Pembrokeshire, south Wales. ...

On March 18, 1967, owing to a navigational error, the Torrey Canyon struck Pollard's Rock in the Seven Stones reef between the Isles of Scilly and Land's End, Cornwall, causing major environmental damage on the Cornish and French coasts. March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Seven Stones reef is a rocky reef at 50° 03 North, 6° 04 West to the west of Lands End and the north east of the Isles of Scilly, Cornwall, UK. The reef is a navigational hazard for shipping which has caused many shipwrecks including the Torrey Canyon. ... The Isles of Scilly (Cornish: Ynysek Syllan) form an archipelago of islands off the Cornish coast. ... Lands End (Cornish name: Pedn a Wollaz) is a headland on the Penwith peninsula, located near Penzance, Cornwall, at the extreme south-western tip of the British mainland. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... Devils Punchbowl Waterfall, New Zealand. ...

This was the first major oil spill and no plans had been prepared beforehand to deal with it. Unsuccessful attempts were made to float the ship off the reef, and one of the Dutch salvage team was killed. The ship broke apart after being stranded on the reef for several days. Attempts to use foam booms to contain the oil were also of limited success due to their fragility in high seas. A reef surrounding an islet. ... Humphry John Moule Bowen (1929–2001) was a British botanist and chemist. ...

The Fleet Air Arm bombed the wreck in an effort to sink it, burn off the slick and reduce the oil spilling from it. Although the operation was declared a success, the Navy came in for some criticism as around a quarter of the 42 bombs dropped on the stationary target failed to hit it. The bombing was followed by Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm aircraft dropping petrol and napalm to try to burn the oil. The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... A Napalm airstrike in Vietnam. ...

Around 120 miles of Cornish coast and 80 kilometres of France was contaminated and around 15,000 sea birds killed along with huge numbers of marine organisms before the 270 square mile slick dispersed. Further damage was caused by the heavy use of detergents to break up the slick. Some 42 vessels sprayed over 10,000 tons of detergents onto the floating oil to emulsify and disperse it - but as these substances were extremely toxic to many marine organisms they caused even further damage. It was a disasterous oil spill which ' what the fuck ahha ahhha ahahh...! Seabirds are birds that spend much of their lives, outside the breeding season at least, at sea. ... A detergent is a compound, or a mixture of compounds, intended to assist cleaning. ... Toxic redirects here, but this is also the name of a song by Britney Spears; see Toxic (song) Look up toxic and toxicity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

The disaster led to many changes in international regulations, for example the Civil Liability Convention (CLC) of 1969, which imposed strict liability on ship owners without the need to prove negligence, and the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships. 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Ship Pollution is an abbreviated form of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973. ...

The Torrey Canyon disaster was the subject of a satirical song by Serge Gainsbourg on the album Comic Strip. Serge Gainsbourg (April 2, 1928 – March 2, 1991) was a French poet, singer-songwriter, actor and director. ...


  • In the wake of the Torrey Canyon, R. Petrow, 1968 (New York: David Mackay Co, Inc.)

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