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Encyclopedia > Torres del Paine National Park
Torres del Paine

Torres del Paine, Chile ( uncropped photo)
Elevation: 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Location: Patagonia, Chile
Range: Patagonian Andes
Coordinates: 50°59′S, 72°58′WCoordinates: 50°59′S 72°58′W
Type: granite
Age of rock: 12 Myr
First ascent: 1963 by Chris Bonington and Don Whillans.
Easiest route: rock climb

The Cordillera del Paine is a small but spectacular mountain group in Chilean Patagonia. It is located 400 km (244 miles) north of Punta Arenas, and about 2,500 km south of the Chilean capital Santiago. No accurate surveys have been published, and published elevations are often seriously inflated, so the elevations given on this page are all approximate. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x618, 119 KB)Cropped version of Image:Torres_del_Paine. ... Download high resolution version (1000x1400, 281 KB) Torres del Paine, Chile. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... // The geological time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... Myr is often used in geology as a unit of one million years. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Sir Chris Bonington Sir Christian John Storey Bonington (born August 6, 1934 in Hampstead), is a British mountaineer. ... Don Whillans (18 May 1933 - 4 August 1985) was an English rock-climber and mountaineer. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ... City of Punta Arenas Punta Arenas is the main city in the Strait of Magellan and the capital of the Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, Chile. ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ...


The highest summit of the range is probably Cerro Paine Grande. Its elevation is usually claimed to be 3,050 m but analysis of local photography suggests that it may be nearer to 2,750 m.


The best known and most spectacular summits are the three Towers of Paine (Spanish: Torres del Paine). They are gigantic granite monoliths shaped by the forces of glacial ice. Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... A monolith is a geological or technological feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock. ...


The South Tower of Paine (about 2,500 m) is now thought to be the highest of the three, although this has not been definitely established. It was first climbed by Armando Aste. Armando Aste Armando Aste (January 6, 1926, Rovereto near Trent, South Tyrol, Italy) is one of the most influential Italian alpinists of the postwar period. ...


The Central Tower of Paine (about 2,460 m or 8,100 feet) was first climbed in 1963 by Chris Bonington and Don Whillans, and the North Tower of Paine (about 2,260 m) was first climbed by Guido Monzino. 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Sir Chris Bonington Sir Christian John Storey Bonington (born August 6, 1934 in Hampstead), is a British mountaineer. ... Don Whillans (18 May 1933 - 4 August 1985) was an English rock-climber and mountaineer. ...


Other summits include the Cuerno Principal, about 2,200 m but often quoted at 2,600 m, and Cerro Paine Chico, which is usually correctly quoted at about 2,650 m.


The group is included within the Torres del Paine National Park, which was declared a Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO in 1978. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...

A view of the Torres del Paine National Park
A view of the Torres del Paine National Park

The national park (with an area of 2,400 km2) is a popular hiking destination. There are clearly marked paths and many refugios which provide shelter and basic services. Views are breathtaking. Hikers can opt for a day trip to see the towers, walk the popular "W" route in about five days, or trek the full circle in 8-9 days. It is a national park and thus hikers are not allowed to stray from the paths. Camping is only allowed at specified campsites, and wood fires are prohibited in the whole park. Download high resolution version (900x619, 57 KB)from german wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Torres del Paine Categories: GFDL 1. ... Download high resolution version (900x619, 57 KB)from german wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Torres del Paine Categories: GFDL 1. ...


In 2005, a careless Czech backpacker camping illegally used a gas stove and caused a fire that destroyed 160 km2 of the park. Replanting, with assistance from the Czech Republic, is set to begin in September 2005.

2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  • Biggar, John, 2005. The Andes: A Guide for Climbers (3rd edition, ISBN 0-9536087-2-7).
  • Kearney, Alan, 1993. Mountaineering in Patagonia. Seattle USA: Cloudcap.

External links

Blogs

  • Torres del Pain
  • http://patagonia.wordpress.com

 
 

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