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Encyclopedia > Torres Strait
Torres Strait and islands
The Torres Strait - Cape York Peninsula is at the bottom; several of the Torres Strait Islands can be seen strung out towards Papua New Guinea to the north. (NASA, STS-35)

The Torres Strait is a body of water which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea. It is approximately 150 km wide at its narrowest extent. To the south is Cape York Peninsula, the northernmost continental extremity of the Australian state of Queensland. To the north is the Western Province of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (929x922, 27 KB) A map of the Torres Strait Islands. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (929x922, 27 KB) A map of the Torres Strait Islands. ... Image File history File links Torres_Strait. ... Image File history File links Torres_Strait. ... This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... The Torres Strait Islands are a group of at least 274 small islands which lie in Torres Strait, the waterway separating far northern continental Australias Cape York Peninsula and the island of New Guinea. ... This article is about the American space agency. ... // (total flights to date in parentheses) Vance D. Brand (4), Commander Guy S. Gardner (2), Pilot Jeffrey A. Hoffman (2), Mission Specialist 1 John M. Lounge (3), Mission Specialist 2 Robert A. Parker (2), Mission Specialist 3 Samuel T. Durrance (1), Payload Specialist 1 Ronald A. Parise (1), Payload Specialist... Map showing Melanesia. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Peter Beattie (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd)  - Product per capita  $40,170/person (6th) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  4,164,590 (3rd)  - Density  2. ... Western Province, is a province is a coastal province in southwestern Papua New Guinea, bordering Irian Jaya. ...

Contents

Geography

The strait links the Coral Sea to the east with the Arafura Sea in the west. Although it is an important international sea lane, it is very shallow, and the maze of reefs and islands can make it hazardous to navigate. Map of the Coral Sea Islands A political map of the South Pacific. ... The Arafura Sea is the body of water that lies between Australia and New Guinea. ...


Several clusters of islands lie in the Strait, collectively called the Torres Strait Islands. There are at least 274 of these islands, of which 17 have present-day permanent settlements. The Torres Strait Islands are a group of at least 274 small islands which lie in Torres Strait, the waterway separating far northern continental Australias Cape York Peninsula and the island of New Guinea. ...


These islands have a variety of topographies, ecosystems and formation history. Several of those closest to the New Guinea coastline are low-lying, formed by alluvial sedimentary deposits borne by the outflow of the local rivers into the sea. Many of the western islands are hilly and steep, formed mainly of granite, and are peaks of the northernmost extension of the Great Dividing Range now turned into islands when sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age. The central islands are predominantly coral cays, and those of the east are of volcanic origins. The islands are considered Australian territory and are administered from Thursday Island. For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... The Great Divide runs around the entire eastern and south-eastern edge of Australia The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australias most substantial mountain range. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Thursday Island is the administrative and commercial centre of the Torres Strait Islands. ...


The islands' indigenous inhabitants are the Torres Strait Islanders, Melanesian peoples related to the Papuans of adjoining New Guinea. The various Torres Strait Islander communities have a distinct culture and long-standing history with the islands and nearby coastlines. Their maritime-based trade and interactions with the Papuans to the north and the Australian Aboriginal communities have maintained a steady cultural diffusion between the three societal groups, dating back thousands of years at least. The term indigenous people has no universal, standard or fixed definition, but can be used about any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection. ... Torres Strait Islanders are the indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands, part of Queensland, Australia. ... Map showing Melanesia. ... Aboriginal Flag Australian Aborigines is a name used to collectively describe most of the indigenous peoples of the Australian continent and its nearby islands. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Diffusionism. ...


Two indigenous languages are spoken on the Torres Strait Islands, known by dialect names : Kala Lagaw Ya/Kalaw Kawaw Ya/Kawalgaw Ya/Kulkalgaw Ya, and Meriam Mir, as well as Brokan [Broken], otherwise called Torres Strait Creole. In the 2001 Australian national census, the population of the islands was recorded as 8,089, though many more live outside of Torres Strait in Australia. Torres Strait Creole (also Torres Strait Pidgin, Torres Strait Broken, Cape York Creole, Lockhart Creole) is a creole language spoken on several Torres Strait Islands (Queensland, Australia). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


History

The first recorded European navigation of the strait was by Luis Vaez de Torres, a Spanish seaman who was second-in-command on the Spanish expedition of Pedro Fernandes de Queirós who sailed from Peru to the South Pacific in 1605. After Quiros's ship returned to Mexico, Torres resumed the intended voyage to Manila via the Moluccas. He sailed along the south coast of New Guinea, and may also have sighted the northernmost extremity of Australia, however no specific record exists which indicates that he did so. Torres' record of the strait was used by Captain James Cook to chart a course to find and map Australia's east coast. Luiz Váez de Torres, Portuguese seaman, remembered chiefly because the Torres Strait separating Australia from Papua New Guinea is named for him. ... Pedro Fernandes de Queirós (1565 - 1614), also known in English as Pedro Fernández de Quirós, was a Portuguese seaman and explorer. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earths oceanic divisions. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ibangon Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010 GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... This page is about the geography and history of the island group in Indonesia — for the political entities encompassing the islands, see Maluku (Indonesian province) and North Maluku. ... Captain James Cook may refer to: James Cook - British explorer, navigator, and map maker Captain James Cook (TV miniseries) - 1987 Australian television miniseries This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


In 1769 the Scottish geographer Alexander Dalrymple found Torres's report of this voyage in Manila, and it was he who named the strait after Torres. 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the country. ... A geographer is a crazy psycho whose area of study is geocrap, the pseudoscientific study of Earths physical environment and human habitat and the study of boring students to death. ... Alexander Dalrymple (July 24, 1737 - June 19, 1808 was a Scottish geographer. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ibangon Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010 GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban...

View of Prince of Wales Island from Thursday Island, two islands in the Torres Strait.

In 1770 James Cook annexed the whole of eastern Australia to the British Crown, and indeed Cook sailed through the strait after sailing up the Australian coast. The London Missionary Society arrived on Erub (Darnley Island) in 1871. The Torres Strait Islands were annexed in 1879 by Queensland. They thus later became part of the British colony of Queensland, although some of them lie just off the coast of New Guinea, and were incorporated into the new Australian Federation in 1901. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1820 KB) Summary View of Prince of Wales Island from Thursday Island, two islands in the Torres Strait. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1820 KB) Summary View of Prince of Wales Island from Thursday Island, two islands in the Torres Strait. ... Prince of Wales Island (Muralug Island) is an island West of Muttee Heads which is adjacent to Bamaga at the tip of Cape York Peninsula within the Endeavour Strait Queensland, Australia in the Torres Strait and South of Thursday Island. ... Thursday Island is the administrative and commercial centre of the Torres Strait Islands. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... Blue plaque for Captain James Cook Captain James Cook FRS RN (27 October 1728 (O.S.) – 14 February 1779) was an English explorer, navigator and cartographer. ... The London Missionary Society was a non-denominational missionary society formed in England in 1795 by evangelical Anglicans and Nonconformists, largely Congregationalist in outlook, with missions in the islands of the South Pacific and Africa. ...


There was an important pearling industry from the 1860s until about 1970 when it collapsed in the face of competition from the plastics industry. Pearl-shelling was responsible for the arrival of experienced divers from many countries, notably Japan.[1] Pearl diver in Japan Pearl hunting or pearl diving refers to a now largely obsolete method of retrieving pearls from oysters. ...


Torres Strait is mentioned in Jules Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea as a dangerous strait where the submarine, the Nautilus, is briefly stranded. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea is a classic science fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne (1828–1905), published in 1870 under the title Vingt mille lieues sous les mers. ...


See also

The Birds of Boigu, Saibai and Dauan Islands (the Top Western group of Torres Strait), are of particular interest to Australian birders because the islands are home to, and visited by, birds which are essentially New Guinea species not found, or only occasionally seen as vagrants, elsewhere on Australian territory. ... The Torres Strait Islands are a group of at least 274 small islands which lie in Torres Strait, the waterway separating far northern continental Australias Cape York Peninsula and the island of New Guinea. ...

References

  1. ^ Ganter, Regina. (1994). The Pearl-Shellers of Torres Strait: Resource Use, Development and Decline, 1860s-1960s. Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84547-9.

Singe, John. (2003). My Island Home: A Torres Strait Memoir. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0-7022-3305-6



Coordinates: 9°52′49″S, 142°35′26″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Torres Strait Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1535 words)
The Torres Strait Islands are a group of at least 274 small islands which lie in Torres Strait, the waterway separating far northern continental Australia's Cape York Peninsula and the island of New Guinea.
Saibai (one of the largest of the Torres Strait Islands) and Boigu are low-lying islands which were formed by alluvial deposits of sediments and mud from New Guinean rivers into the Strait accumulating on decayed coral platforms.
According to the 2001 Australian census ABS figures, the population of the Torres Strait Islands was 8089 (up from an estimated 6700 in 2000), of whom 6214 were either of Torres Strait Islander or Aboriginal origin.
Torres Strait - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (624 words)
The Torres Strait is a body of water which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
The first recorded European navigation of the strait was by Luis Vaez de Torres, a Portuguese seaman who was second-in-command on the Spanish expedition of Pedro Fernandes de Queirós who sailed from Peru to the South Pacific in 1605.
Torres Strait is mentioned in Jules Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea as a dangerous strait where the submarine, the Nautilus, is briefly stranded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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