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Encyclopedia > Torpedo boat

A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle. The first designs rammed enemy ships with explosive spar torpedoes, and later designs launched self-propelled Whitehead torpedoes. They were created to counter battleships and other large, slow and heavily armed ships by speed and agility. Naval redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ... The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... A spar torpedo is a weapon consisting of a bomb placed at the end of a long pole, or spar, and attached to a boat. ... The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ...


The torpedo as we know it was invented in 1860 by captain Giovanni Luppis (also known as Ivan Blaz Lupis) in the city of Rijeka, Croatia, then part of the former Austria-Hungary. It was first shown to the public in 1860; in 1866 he demonstrated his work together with Robert Whitehead. The first torpedo factory was built in Rijeka. Giovanni Biagio Luppis von Rammer (1813-1875) Giovanni Biagio Luppis von Rammer (August 27, 1813 – January 11, 1875) was a navy officer from Fiume (today Rijeka, in Croatia) who had the idea of the first self-propelled torpedo. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Robert Whitehead (January 3, 1823 - November 14, 1905), British engineer. ...

Contents

American Civil War

Drawings of the Confederate torpedo boat CSS David
Drawings of the Confederate torpedo boat CSS David

The American Civil War saw a number of innovations in naval warfare, including the first torpedo boats, which carried spar torpedoes. In 1861 President Lincoln instituted a naval blockade of Southern ports, which crippled the South's efforts to obtain war materials from abroad. The South also lacked the means to construct a naval fleet capable of taking on the Union Navy. One strategy to counter the blockade saw the development of torpedo boats, small fast boats designed to attack the larger capital ships of the blockading fleet. Drawing of CSS David, from the U.S. Naval Historical Center. ... Drawing of CSS David, from the U.S. Naval Historical Center. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A spar torpedo is a weapon consisting of a bomb placed at the end of a long pole, or spar, and attached to a boat. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... 1861 Cartoon map of the blockade // The Union Blockade refers to the naval actions between 1861 and 1865, during the American Civil War, in which the Union Navy maintained a massive effort on the Atlantic and Gulf Coast of the Confederate States of America designed to prevent the passage of...


The David class of torpedo boats were steam powered with a partially enclosed hull. They were not true submarines but were semi-submersible; when ballasted, only the smokestack and few inches of the hull were above the water line. On a dark night, and burning smokeless anthracite coal, the torpedo boats were virtually invisible. The Davids were named after the story of David and Goliath. The Midge and St. Patrick were David-class torpedo boats. CSS David was built as a private venture by T. Stoney at Charleston, South Carolina in 1863, and put under the control of the Confederate States Navy. ... Anthracite coal Anthracite (Greek Ανθρακίτης, literally a form of coal, from Anthrax [Άνθραξ], coal) is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. ... This article is about the Biblical king of Israel. ... David faces Goliath in single combat. ...


The CSS Squib and CSS Scorpion represented another class of torpedo boats that were also low built but had open decks and lacked the ballasting tanks found on the Davids. CSS Scorpion was a Squib-class torpedo boat procured late in 1864 by the Confederate States Navy and armed with a spar torpedo fitted to her stem. ...

A beached David class torpedo boat after the war
A beached David class torpedo boat after the war

The Confederate torpedo boats were armed with spar torpedoes. This was a charge of powder in a waterproof case, mounted to the bow of the torpedo boat below the water line on a long spar. The torpedo boat attacked by ramming her intended target, which stuck the torpedo to the target ship by means of a barb on the front of the torpedo. The torpedo boat would back away to a safe distance and detonate the torpedo, usually by means of a long cord attached to a trigger. Photograph of CSS David-type torpedo , from the U.S. Naval Historical Center. ... Photograph of CSS David-type torpedo , from the U.S. Naval Historical Center. ... A spar torpedo is a weapon consisting of a bomb placed at the end of a long pole, or spar, and attached to a boat. ...


In general, the Confederate torpedo boats were not very successful. Their low sides made them susceptible to swamping in high seas, and even to having their boiler fires extinguished by spray from their own torpedo explosions. Torpedo misfires (too early) and duds were common.


In 1864 Union Naval Lieutenant Cushing fitted a steam launch with a spar torpedo to attack the Confederate ironclad CSS Albermarle. Also this year the Union launched the USS Spuyten Duyvil, a purpose-built craft with a number of technical innovations including variable ballast for attack operations and an extensible and reloadable torpedo placement spar. Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... William Barker Cushing (4 November 1842–17 December 1874) was an officer in the United States Navy, best known for sinking the Confederate ironclad CSS Albemarle during a daring nighttime raid on October 27, 1864, a feat for which he received the Thanks of Congress. ... Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were ships sheathed with thick iron plates for protection. ... See USS Albemarle and HMS Albemarle CSS Albemarle was an ironclad ram that was used as a gay pornagraphic studio of the Confederate Navy (and later the second Albemarle of the United States Navy), named for a town and a sound in North Carolina and a county in Virginia. ... // History During the American Civil War, the Union Navy suffered heavy losses from the explosion of Confederate torpedoes. ...


The era of self-propelled torpedoes

The first European prototypes of a self-propelled torpedo were created by Giovanni Luppis an Austrian naval officer from Fiume (today Rijeka, Croatia), a port city of the Austrian Empire. In 1860, he presented the salvacoste (coastsaver), a floating weapon, driven by ropes from the land. The project was not taken up by the Navy. Luppis knew Robert Whitehead, an English engineer who was the manager of a Fiume factory and in 1864 Luppis made a contract with him in order to perfect the invention. The result was a submarine weapon, the Minenschiff, the first real self-propelled torpedo, officially presented to the Imperial Naval commission on December 21, 1866.

An illustration of HMS Lightning in 1877.
An illustration of HMS Lightning in 1877.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3000x1438, 1294 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Torpedo boat HMS Lightning (1877) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3000x1438, 1294 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Torpedo boat HMS Lightning (1877) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

Late 19th century

During the late 1800s, the line of battle ship developed into a large steam powered ship with heavy gun armament and heavy armour. Ultimately this line of development lead to the dreadnought all-big-gun battleship. For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ... The sixth HMS Dreadnought of the Royal Navy was a revolutionary battleship which entered service in 1906. ...


But at the same time, the new weight of armour slowed them, and the huge guns needed to penetrate that armour fired at very slow rates. This allowed for the possibility of a small and fast ship that could attack the battleships, at a much lower cost. The introduction of the torpedo provided a weapon that could cripple, or sink, any battleship. The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ...


The first boat designed to fire the self-propelled Whitehead torpedo was HMS Lightning, completed in 1877. The French navy followed suit in 1878 with Torpeilleur No 1, launched in 1878 though she had been ordered in 1875. The Royal Norwegian Navy's HNoMS Rap—the name meaning 'fast'— was ordered from Thornycroft, England in 1873, but was not equipped with self-propelled torpedoes until 1879. The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... An illustration from Scientific American. ... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Royal Norwegian Navy (often abbreviated as RNoN) is the branch of the Norwegian Defence Force responsible for naval operations. ... The naval ship HNoMS Rap is commonly acknowledged to have been the first torpedo boat in use in any navy in the world. ... J I Thornycroft was a shipbuilding firm started by John Isaac Thornycroft in the 19th century. ...

The first recorded launch of torpedoes from a torpedo boat (which itself was launched from a tender) in an actual battle was by Russian admiral Stepan Makarov on January 16, 1877, who used self-propelled Whitehead's torpedoes against a Turkish armed ship Intibah during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Drazki (Bulgarian language: Дръзки; also transliterated as Druzki, translated in English as Intrepid) was a Bulgarian Navy torpedo boat from the beginning of the 20th century still extant today as a museum ship. ... A516 Donau, an Elbe class tender of the German Navy. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Russian: Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров) (January 8, 1848/1849 — March 31, 1904) was a famous Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Russian Navy, and a distingushed oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, an author of several books. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Robert Whitehead (January 3, 1823 - November 14, 1905), British engineer. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ...


In the late 19th century, many navies started to build torpedo boats 30 to 50 m in length, armed with up to three torpedo launchers and small guns. They were powered by steam engines and had a maximum speed of 20 to 30 knots (37 to 56 km/h). They were relatively inexpensive and could be purchased in quantity, allowing mass attacks on fleets of larger ships. The loss of even a squadron of torpedo boats to enemy fire would be more than outweighed by the sinking of a capital ship. // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ...


Torpedo boats sank the British battleship HMS Goliath in 1915, the Austrian-Hungarian Wien in 1917 and Szent Istvan in 1918. HMS Goliath was one of the six Canopus-class battleships built by the Royal Navy in the late 19th century. ... SMS Szent István was an Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship, the only one operated by the Hungarian part of the empire. ...


Introduction of torpedo boat destroyers

HMS Havock, the first torpedo boat destroyer completed.
HMS Havock, the first torpedo boat destroyer completed.

The introduction of the torpedo boat resulted in a flurry of activity in navies around the world, as smaller, quicker-firing guns were added to existing ships to ward off the new threat. Eventually an entirely new class of ships, the torpedo boat destroyer, was invented to counter them. The world's first torpedo boat destroyer, the Destructor, was invented by Capitan de Navio Fernando Villaamil. These ships, which, after the turn of the century, became known simply as destroyers, were just enlarged torpedo boats, with speed equal to the torpedo boats, but including heavier guns that could attack them before they were able to close on the main fleet. Download high resolution version (1094x629, 63 KB)HMS Havock (1893) This image is copyrighted by the maintainer of the Web site http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1094x629, 63 KB)HMS Havock (1893) This image is copyrighted by the maintainer of the Web site http://www. ... HMS Havock HMS Havock was a Havock-class torpedo boat destroyer of the Royal Navy. ... USS McFaul underway in the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Destroyers became so much more useful, having better seaworthiness and greater capabilities than torpedo boats, that they eventually replaced most torpedo boats. However, the London Naval Treaty after World War I limited tonnage of warships, but placed no limits on ships of under 600 tons. The French, Italian, Japanese and German Navies developed torpedo boats around that displacement, 70 to 100 m long, armed with 2 or 3 guns of around 100 mm (4 in) and torpedo launchers. For example the Royal Norwegian Navy Sleipner class destroyers were in fact of a torpedo boat size, while the Italian Spica class torpedo boat were in fact Destroyer escort sized. After World War II they were eventually subsumed into the revived Corvette classification. The London Naval Treaty was an agreement between the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Italy and the United States, signed on April 22, 1930, which to regulate submarine warfare and limited military shipbuilding. ... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Royal Norwegian Navy (often abbreviated as RNoN) is the branch of the Norwegian Defence Force responsible for naval operations. ... The Sleipner class was a class of six destroyers built for the Royal Norwegian Navy from 1936 until the German invation in 1940. ... The Spica class were a class of torpedo boats of the Regia Marina (Italian Navy) during World War II. These ships were built as a result of a clause in the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that ships with a tonnage of less than 600 tons could be built in... A Destroyer Escort (DE) is classification for a small, comparatively slower warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships, primarily of the United States Navy in World War II. It is usually employed primarily for anti-submarine warfare, but also some protection against aircraft and smaller... French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft. ...


The Kriegsmarine torpedo boats were classified Torpedoboot with "T"-prefixed hull numbers. The classes designed in the mid-1930s, such as the Torpedo boat type 35, had few guns, relying almost entirely upon their torpedoes. This was found to be inadequate in combat, and the result was a "fleet torpedo boat" class (Flottentorpedoboot), which were significantly larger, up to 1,700 tons, being in fact small destroyers. This class of German boats could be highly effective, as in the action in which the British cruiser HMS Charybdis was sunk off Brittany by a torpedo salvo launched by the Elbing class torpedo boats T23 and T27. The Kriegsmarine (or War Navy) was the name of the German Navy between 1935 and 1945, during the Nazi regime, superseding the Reichsmarine. ... The Type 35 and Type 37 Torpedo boats were small destroyers or Flottentorpedoboot built for the Kriegsmarine between 1939 and 1942. ... The Elbing class torpedo boats (or Flottentorpedoboot 1939) were a class of fifteen small warships that served in the Kriegsmarine in World War II. Although classed as Flottentorpedoboot by the Germans, in most respects - displacement, weaponry, usage - they were comparable to contemporary British destroyers. ... HMS Charybdis was a Dido-class cruiser of the Royal Navy. ... The Elbing class torpedo boats (or Flottentorpedoboot 1939) were a class of fifteen small warships that served in the Kriegsmarine in World War II. Although classed as Flottentorpedoboot by the Germans, in most respects - displacement, weaponry, usage - they were comparable to contemporary British destroyers. ...


Small torpedo craft

Japanese torpedo boat Kasumi, commissioned in 1902, displacement about 400 t.
Japanese torpedo boat Kasumi, commissioned in 1902, displacement about 400 t.

Before World War I steam torpedo boats which were larger and more heavily armed than hitherto were being used. The new internal combustion engine generated much more power for a given weight and size than steam engines, and allowed the development of a new class of small and fast boats. The powerful engines could make use of planing hull designs capable of much higher speed under appropriate sea conditions than displacement hulls. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... A colorized automobile engine The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ... A Musto Skiff, planing on a fast reach A planing boats hull skims across the surface of the water rather than pushing through the water in the way a traditional displacement hull works. ...


The result was the small motor torpedo boat 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 m) in length with maximum speed 30 to 50 knots (56 to 93 km/h), carrying 2 to 4 torpedoes fired from simple fixed launchers and several machine guns. Such torpedo boats remained useful through World War II. The Royal Navy (RN) Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs), Kriegsmarine 'S-Boote' (Schnellboot or "fast-boat": British termed them E-boats), (Italian) M.A.S. and M.S. and U.S. PT boats (standing for Patrol Torpedo) were all of this type. Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the US and Royal Navies. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the US and Royal Navies. ... The Kriegsmarine (or War Navy) was the name of the German Navy between 1935 and 1945, during the Nazi regime, superseding the Reichsmarine. ... E-boat is the British and American name for the German Schnellboot (S-boot), a small, fast torpedo boat a little larger than the American PT boat and the British MTB. Specification Length - 34. ... A MAS-15 of World War I. Motoscafo Armato Silurante (Italian: Torpedo Armed Motorboat, commonly abbreviated as MAS) was a class of fast armed vessel used by the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. Originally, the acronym MAS referred to Motorbarca Armata SVAN (Armed Motorboat SVAN... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... PT boats in line astern. ...


A classic fast torpedo boat action was the Channel Dash in February 1942 when German E-boats and destroyers defended the flotilla of Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Prinz Eugen and several smaller ships against RN MTBs. Operation Cerberus (German: Zerberus) was the name given to the escape during World War II of the Kriegsmarines ships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Prinz Eugen and a number of smaller ships from Brest to ports in Germany and Denmark via the English Channel. ... Scharnhorst was a famous World War II 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser[1] of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armoured cruiser SMS Scharnhorst that was sunk in the Battle at the Falkland Islands... Gneisenau was a famous World War II 31,100 ton Gneisenau class battlecruiser[1] of the German Kriegsmarine. ... The German cruiser Prinz Eugen (pron. ...


By World War II torpedo boats were seriously hampered by higher fleet speeds; although they still had a speed advantage, they could only catch the larger ships by running at very high speeds over very short distances, as demonstrated in the Channel Dash. An even greater threat was the widespread arrival of patrol aircraft, which could hunt down torpedo boats long before they could engage their targets. A patrol bomber, or patrol aircraft, is an airplane designed to operate for long times over water in an anti-shipping or anti-submarine role. ...


During World War II United States naval forces employed fast wooden PT boats in the South Pacific in a number of roles in addition to the originally envisioned one of torpedo attack. PT boats performed reconnaissance, ferry, courier, search & rescue as well as attack and smoke screening duties. They took part in fleet actions and they worked in smaller groups and singly to harry enemy supply lines. Late in the Pacific War when large targets became scarce, many PT boats replaced two or all four of their torpedo tubes with additional guns for engaging enemy coastal supply boats and barges, isolating enemy-held islands from supply, reinforcement or evacuation. PT boats in line A PT boat was a motor torpedo boat (hull classification symbol PT), a small, fast vessel used by the United States Navy in World War II to attack larger surface ships. ... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ...


The most significant military ship sunk by a torpedo boat during WWII was the cruiser HMS Manchester which was sunk by two Italian torpedo boat (M.S. 16 e M.S. 21) in 1942. The second HMS Manchester (15) was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. ...


Fast attack craft today

Boats similar to torpedo boats are still in use, but are armed with long-range anti-shipping missiles that can be used at ranges between 30 and 70 km. This reduces the need for high speed chases and gives them much more room to operate in while approaching their targets. An Anti-ship missile (AShM) is a military missile designed for use against naval surface ships. ...


Aircraft are a major threat, making the use of boats against any fleet with air cover very risky. The low height of the radar mast makes it difficult to acquire and lock onto a target while maintaining a safe distance. As a result fast attack craft are being replaced for use in naval combat by larger corvettes, which are able to carry radar-guided anti-aircraft missiles for self-defense, and helicopters for over-the-horizon targeting. French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft. ...


Although torpedo boats have disappeared from the majority of the world's navies, they remained in use until relatively recently in a few specialised areas, most notably in the Baltic. The close confines of the Baltic and ground clutter effectively negated the range benefits of early ASMs. Operating close to shore in conjunction with ground based air cover and radars, and in the case of the Norwegian navy hidden bases cut into Fjord sides, torpedo boats remained a cheap and viable deterrent to amphibious attack. Indeed this is still the operational model followed by the Chinese Navy with its Type 025 class torpedo boat for the protection of its coastal and estuarial waters. Image:RBS-15 missile launch. ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway Geirangerfjord, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a long, narrow estuary with steep sides, made when a glacial valley is filled by rising sea water levels. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Type 025 class torpedo boat is also known as Huchuan class, and it was once the backbone of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy in its confrontations with their much larger opponents in the Republic of China Navy. ... U.S. Navy riverboat deploying napalm during the Vietnam War. ...


They are still used by many navies and coast guards to police their territorial waters against smugglers, particularly those smuggling narcotics and weapons to insurgents. Heavily armed fast boats, often with the assistance of maritime patrol aircraft, are needed for the interdiction and boarding of potentially armed hostile fast boats, often indistinguishable at a distance from legitimate coastal craft.


See also

PT boats in line astern. ... PT-109 redirects here. ... Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the US and Royal Navies. ... The Fairmile D motor torpedo boat was a type of British Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) designed by Fairmile Marine for the Royal Navy. ... E-boat is the British and American name for the German Schnellboot (S-boot), a small, fast torpedo boat a little larger than the American PT boat and the British MTB. Specification Length - 34. ... German torpedoboats armed principally, if not exclusively with torpedoes varied widely in size; however, they should not be confused with destroyers, nor torpedo-armed motor torpedo boats, despite their affiliation with the term Schnell-boote, known to the Allies as E-boats. // The six Raubvogel (German:Bird of prey) class... A MAS-15 of World War I. Motoscafo Armato Silurante (Italian: Torpedo Armed Motorboat, commonly abbreviated as MAS) was a class of fast armed vessel used by the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. Originally, the acronym MAS referred to Motorbarca Armata SVAN (Armed Motorboat SVAN... Drazki (Bulgarian language: Дръзки; also transliterated as Druzki, translated in English as Intrepid) was a Bulgarian Navy torpedo boat from the beginning of the 20th century still extant today as a museum ship. ... A torpedo ram is a type of warship combining design elements from the cruiser and the monitor, intended to provide small and inexpensive weapon systems for coastal defence and other littoral combat. ... S71 Gepard, Gepard class fast attack craft A Fast Attack Craft (FAC) (German: Schnellboot) is a small (150 to 400 tonnes), fast (up to ca. ... The Offshore Patrol (Mosquito Fleet) was a rudimentary navy, intended for inshore defenses only, called for by the Philippine National Assembly in its National Defense Act of 1935. ... USS McFaul underway in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Missile Boat, see Missile Boat (disambiguation) Missile boat FNS Hamina of the Finnish Navy. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ...

Selected torpedo boat histories

  • USS Hoyt (1863)
  • USS Belle (1864)

External references

Bibliography

  • R. Thomas Campbell, "Hunters of the Night: Confederate Torpedo Boats in the War Between the States" Burd Street Press, 2001.
  • Anthony Preston, "Destroyers", Bison Books (London) 1977. ISBN 0-600-32955-0.
  • "Spanish American War." The Spanish American War Centennial Website. 2007. USS OLYMPIA. 4 Nov.-Dec. 2007 <http://www.spanamwar.com/index.htm>.

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - torpedo boat (Naval And Nautical Affairs) - Encyclopedia (283 words)
The first modern torpedo boat was the Lightning, built for the British navy in 1877 by the shipyards of Sir John Isaac Thornycroft.
Torpedo boats were adopted by most of the world's major navies, but as they increased in size the destroyer was developed as an effective defense against them.
At that time torpedo boats, often referred to as PT boats, were commonly used in attacking enemy coastal shipping and light naval forces under cover of darkness and bad weather.
Torpedo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1606 words)
The Bangalore Torpedo, invented in 1912, is a cylindrical explosive device` on the end of a pipe used to clear minefields and barbed wire.
From the deck-mounted torpedo launcher of a vessel on the surface.
In the case of deck or tube launched torpedoes, the diameter of the torpedo is obviously a key factor in determining the suitability of a particular torpedo to a tube or launcher, similar to the calibre of the gun.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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