FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Toronto City Hall
Toronto City Hall
Toronto City Hall
The upper left hand corner of this picture is where Toronto City Hall would be built. The photo from 1923 shows Queen and Bay Street. (Old City Hall is to the upper right)
The upper left hand corner of this picture is where Toronto City Hall would be built. The photo from 1923 shows Queen and Bay Street. (Old City Hall is to the upper right)

The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. Designed by Finnish architect Viljo Revell and engineered by Hannskarl Bandel, the building opened in 1965; its modernist architecture still impresses today. It was built to replace Old City Hall which was built in 1899. Download high resolution version (896x592, 121 KB)Toronto City Hall (Personal snapshot by User:Montrealais. ... Download high resolution version (896x592, 121 KB)Toronto City Hall (Personal snapshot by User:Montrealais. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x738, 150 KB) Toronto Ontario Canada 1923 Looking North West towards Old City Hall (Upper Left) and site of current city hall (upper right) at Queen and Bay Streets. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x738, 150 KB) Toronto Ontario Canada 1923 Looking North West towards Old City Hall (Upper Left) and site of current city hall (upper right) at Queen and Bay Streets. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24... Viljo Revell (January 25, 1910– November 8, 1964) was a Finnish architect of the functionalist school. ... Hannskarl Bandel (May 3, 1925 Dessau, Germany - December 29, 1993 Aspen, Colorado), was a German-American structural engineer. ... Modernism is a trend of thought that affirms the power of human beings to make, improve, deconstruct and reshape their built and designed environment, with the aid of scientific knowledge, technology and practical experimentation, thus in its essence both progressive and optimistic. ...

Contents

Location

The building is on a large site on the north side of Queen Street West between Bay Street and Osgoode Hall. The address is 100 Queen Street West, and its postal code is M5H 2N2. It is on the site of Toronto's first Chinatown. The population of the large area was displaced, mostly to the northwest of the site. Much of the Chinese population residing in the district had to be relocated before construction of the new City Hall could begin. Torontos Bay Street in the heart of the financial district. ... Toronto Downtown Chinatown, Spadina & Dundas. ...


Design competition

Toronto had been looking to build a more modern city hall for several years. In 1954, a partnership of three of Toronto's largest architectural firms was selected to do the design. The result, presented in November 1955, was an extremely conservative structure that was called "sterile" by Frank Lloyd Wright and "very poor" by Walter Gropius. It died when voters rejected plans for a new $18 million city hall in a December 1955 referendum. Led by Mayor Nathan Phillips, Toronto city council decided in 1956 to have an international competition to choose the new design under terms drawn up by the International Union of Architects. This caused some controversy as some felt the work should be done by a Canadian. A five-person panel of judges was drawn up with some of the world's greatest architecture experts. Eric Arthur served as advisor. Over 500 designs were submitted, from which eight semi-finalists were selected. In September 1958, Revell's design was selected by three of the judges, including Eero Saarinen. One of the two dissenting judges was William Graham Holford, who was skeptical that the design could be built within the $18 million budget set by the city. Revell received a $25,000 prize plus what was estimated to be $1 million in fees to supervise construction. He complained that not enough credit was given to his design collaborators, Heikki Castren, Bengt Lundsten, and Seppo Valjus, and asked that all names be listed as the architects. Construction began in 1961 and the building was completed four years later. Revell died in 1964 before the project was finished. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867—April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent and influential architects during the first half of the 20th century. ... Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969) was a German architect and founder of Bauhaus. ... For other people named Nathan Phillips, see Nathan Phillips (disambiguation) Nathan Phillips, KC (November 7, 1892 – January 7, 1976) was a Canadian politician and popular Mayor of Toronto, Ontario. ... The International Union of Architects (Union internationale des Architectes, or UIA) is an international non-governmental organization that represents over a million architects in 113 countries. ... Eric Ross Arthur CC (born July 1, 1898 – died November 1, 1982) was a Canadian architect, writer and educator. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... William Graham Holford, Baron Holford of Kemp Town (22 March 1907 – 17 October 1975) was a British architect and town planner. ...


Design

While the building's base is rectangular, its two towers are curved in cross-section and rise to differing heights. The east tower is 27 storeys (99.5 metres) tall and the west tower is 20 storeys (79.4 meters). Between the towers is the saucer-like council chamber, and the overall arrangement is somewhat like two hands cradling the chamber. The outer concrete surfaces of the towers have been ribbed, to prevent collapse of the fabric as a result of the expansion of the exterior surfaces, and the tearing apart of the fabric as a result of differences in air pressure on the two sides of each wing-like tower during the high winds characteristic of the Great Lakes. The north, west, and east elevations are plain in contrast with the south elevation; each presents a view of unrelieved concrete. To the east of the square is the former City Hall (locally known as Old City Hall) which is now a courthouse. The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... In most counties in the United States the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may also house the offices of the county treasurer, clerk and recorder and assessor. ...

Henry Moore's Archer
Henry Moore's Archer

In front of the main structure is Nathan Phillips Square, a public space containing a fountain/skating rink; a memorial to Hiroshima; and Three-Way Piece No. 2 (The Archer), an abstract bronze sculpture by Henry Moore. The square is surrounded by an elevated walkway, with connections to City Hall, the square below, and the Sheraton Hotel across Queen Street. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1426 KB) Another view (of two) Henry Moore sculpture exhibited at the Toronto City Hall Plaza, View looking North, Image taken and uploaded by User:Leonard G. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1426 KB) Another view (of two) Henry Moore sculpture exhibited at the Toronto City Hall Plaza, View looking North, Image taken and uploaded by User:Leonard G. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... Nathan Phillips Square, 2005 Nathan Phillips Square is a city square that forms the front (south) entrance to Toronto City Hall or New City Hall at Queen Street West and Bay Street (its address is 100 Queen West). ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ... Reclining Figure (1951) outside the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, is characteristic of Moores sculptures, with an abstract female figure intercut with voids. ... The Sheraton hotel brand is owned by Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide. ...


City Hall has changed over the last four decades:

  • Minor upgrades by Toronto architect Bruce Kuwabara to connect the two towers and upgrade council chambers in 1997-1998
  • Observation deck closed
  • Outdoor Walkway closed
  • Peace Garden added
  • Gift shop closed
  • City Hall library reduced in size

City Hall was designated as a property of historical and architectural significance under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1991. In 2005 the building celebrated its 40th birthday and plans are underway to re-design Nathan Phillips Square. Bruce Kuwabara B.Arch, OAA, FRAIC, Assoc. ... The Ontario Heritage Act allows municipalities and the provincial government to designate properties in the Province of Ontario, Canada as being of cultural heritage value or interest. Once a property has been designated, a property owner must apply to the local municipality for a permit to undertake alterations to any... Nathan Phillips Square, 2005 Nathan Phillips Square is a city square that forms the front (south) entrance to Toronto City Hall or New City Hall at Queen Street West and Bay Street (its address is 100 Queen West). ...


Toronto City Hall in fiction

Filming Resident Evil: Apocalypse in front of Toronto City Hall
Filming Resident Evil: Apocalypse in front of Toronto City Hall
  • In the 2002 film The Tuxedo, the city hall was playing the role of "CSA Headquarters".

Image File history File linksMetadata Resident_evil_city_hall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Resident_evil_city_hall. ... Resident Evil: Apocalypse is the sequel to the 2002 film Resident Evil from Screen Gems, written by Paul W. S. Anderson and directed by Alexander Witt. ... The Kidnapping of the President is a 1980 political thriller film made by Presidential Films and Sefel Films and distributed by Crown International Pictures. ... William Bill Shatner (born March 22, 1931) is an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian actor, who gained fame for his starring role as Captain James T. Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... Holbrook as Twain, 1957. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... Contagion is a second season episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation first broadcast on March 20, 1989. ... The cover of Sonic the Hedgehog #1, published by Archie Comics Sonic the Hedgehog is an ongoing series of comic books published by Archie Comics, featuring Segas mascot video game character Sonic. ... The Contras were often referred to as Freedom Fighters by US President Ronald Reagan. ... In the SatAM, Archie comics (which followed on from SatAM) and Sonic Underground continuities of the Sonic the Hedgehog universe, Mobotropolis is the capital city of the planet Mobius. ... The Tuxedo is a motion picture released in 2002 directed by Kevin Donovan and starring Jackie Chan, Colin Mochrie, Jennifer Love Hewitt and Debi Mazar. ... Resident Evil: Apocalypse is the sequel to the 2002 film Resident Evil from Screen Gems, written by Paul W. S. Anderson and directed by Alexander Witt. ... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ... Raccoon City is a city depicted in Capcoms survival horror video game series Resident Evil and the setting for the earlier games in the main series (from Resident Evil 0 up until Resident Evil 3), as well as the Outbreak series. ... The Sentinel is a 2006 thriller film starring Michael Douglas, Kiefer Sutherland, Eva Longoria, and Kim Basinger. ... G-8 work session; July 20-22, 2001. ...

Festivals

City hall is one of the main host of different festivals and events in Toronto. Great new year celebration is held there every year including fireworks, sparkling & singing of different music bands. One of the other major festivals at Toronto is annual Cavalcade of Lights sets which is held from ends of November until end of December. Inside the Toronto city hall is accessible to the public at Doors Open Toronto day. Doors Open Toronto 2006 postcard Doors Open Toronto is an annual event held in the City of Toronto which showcases many of the citys unique and historically significant buildings to the public. ...


See also

This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The East York Civic Centre was the city hall of the former city of East York, Ontario, Canada, now part of Toronto as the result of municipal amalgamation. ... The Etobicoke Civic Centre once housed the municipal government of the former City of Etobicoke. ... The Scarborough Civic Centre, located in Toronto, Ontario, was built and completed in 1973 by architect Raymond Moriyama for the then Borough of Scarborough. ... The York Civic Centre housed the municipal government of the city of the former York, Ontario, now part of the city of Toronto. ... The Metro Centre Metro Hall Metro Hall is an office tower on Wellington and John St. ... The North York Civic Centre is a building that once served as the city hall for the former City of North York, Ontario, Canada. ...

External links

  • Emporis Listing
  • City Hall Photo Gallery
  • Location of Toronto City Hall with links to videos and web pages related to the area
Preceded by
Old City Hall (Toronto)
City of Toronto
1965
Succeeded by
none
Toronto landmarks MTR Logo
Art Gallery of Ontario | Canada's Walk of Fame | Canadian Broadcasting Centre | Casa Loma | CHUM-City Building | CN Tower | Dundas Square | Exhibition Place | Fairmont Royal York | Fort York | Gibson House | Harbourfront Centre | Hockey Hall of Fame | Kensington Market | Montgomery's Inn | Nathan Phillips Square | Old City Hall | Ontario Place | Ontario Science Centre | Osgoode Hall | PATH Underground | Queen's Park | R.C. Harris Filtration Plant | Robarts Library | Royal Ontario Museum | St. James' Cathedral | St. Lawrence Hall | St. Lawrence Market | St. Michael's Cathedral | Todmorden Mills | Toronto City Hall | Toronto Eaton Centre | Toronto Islands | Toronto Pearson International Airport | Toronto Zoo | Union Station | Waterfront Trail | WindShare Wind Turbine

Sports: Air Canada Centre | BMO Field | Maple Leaf Gardens | Ricoh Coliseum | Rogers Centre | Varsity Arena 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Originally, a landmark literally meant a geographic feature used by explorers and others to find their way back or through an area. ... Image File history File links Toronto_Flag. ... The main entrance to the AGO The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) is an art museum on the eastern edge of Torontos downtown Chinatown district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. ... Canadas Walk of Fame acknowledges the achievements and accomplishments of successful Canadians. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Centre View up to the skylight inside the Barbara Frum atrium. ... Casa Loma Casa Loma (literally House on the Hill) is a Toronto, Ontario, Canada tourist attraction and the former home of financier Sir Henry Mill Pellatt. ... The CHUM-City Building The CHUM-City Building is the headquarters of CHUM Limited, a Canadian media corporation. ... The CN Tower, at 553. ... Dundas Square. ... Looking East from the CNE Ferris Wheel (National Trade Centre at left, Automotive Building at right). ... The Royal York Hotel opened in 1929 as the tallest building in the British Commonwealth. ... A blockhouse at Fort York in 2004 Fort York is an historic site of military fortifications and related buildings on the west side of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Gibson House is a historic property in North York, Ontario. ... Harbourfront Centre The Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural facility on Toronto, Ontarios waterfront, situated at 235 Queens Quay West. ... The Hockey Hall of Fame is located at the corner of Front & Yonge in downtown Toronto The Stanley Cup on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame The Hockey Hall of Fame which is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, celebrates the history of hockey with exhibits featuring memorabilia and NHL... Kensington market in downtown Toronto Kensington Market is one of the most famous neighbourhoods in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Montgomerys Inn is a historic home in south Etobicoke in the city of Toronto, Ontario. ... Nathan Phillips Square, 2005 Nathan Phillips Square is a city square that forms the front (south) entrance to Toronto City Hall or New City Hall at Queen Street West and Bay Street (its address is 100 Queen West). ... Ontario Place is an agency of the Government of Ontario, an entertainment attraction, located approximately 4 km west of downtown Toronto on the shore of Lake Ontario, just south of Exhibition Place. ... Completed Teluscape. ... PATH is a 27-kilometre network of pedestrian tunnels beneath the office towers of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Aerial view of Queens Park in winter, facing north. ... Southern facade of R.C. Harris Filtration Plant. ... The southeast corner of Robarts Library Rear corner of Robarts Library Looking up the side of the Library Robarts Library is the main humanities and social sciences library of the University of Toronto. ... The Royal Ontario Museum, commonly known as the ROM (rhyming with Tom), is a major museum for world culture and natural history in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Todmorden Mills was a small settlement located in the Don River valley in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Eaton Centre is a large shopping mall and office complex in downtown Toronto, Ontario Canada, named after the now-defunct Eatons department store chain. ... Toronto Islands as seen from CN Tower. ... Torontos Lester B. Pearson International Airport, or Pearson Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), straddling Mississaugas northeastern boundary with neighbouring Toronto, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ... The Toronto Zoo is a zoo which is open 364 days a year, located in the north eastern part of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Union Station is a major railway, subway, and streetcar station at 65 Front Street West between Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Launched in 1995 the Waterfront trail is a series of trails along the shores of Lake Ontario currently begining in Niagara on the Lake and extending to Brockville. ... Categories: Stub | Cooperatives ... North Entrance Atrium View from CN Tower The Air Canada Centre, often referred to simply as The ACC, is a multi-purpose arena located on Bay Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... BMO Field is a soccer-specific stadium under-construction located in Exhibition Place in the city of Toronto. ... Maple Leaf Gardens, 2006 Exterior signage as of 2006, with letters missing Maple Leaf Gardens was an indoor arena in Toronto, on the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street. ... Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Rogers Centre, formerly known as (and often still unofficially called) SkyDome, [1] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Varsity Arena is an arena in Toronto, Ontario. ...


Performing arts: Bathurst Street Theatre | Canon Theatre | Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres | Four Seasons Centre | Hummingbird Centre | Massey Hall | Molson Amphitheatre | Princess of Wales Theatre | Royal Alexandra Theatre | Roy Thomson Hall Bathurst Street Theatre, 736 Bathurst Street, Toronto. ... The Canon Theatre is one of Torontos live entertainment venues. ... The entrance to the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres Interior of Winter Garden Theatre The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres are a pair of stacked theatres in Toronto, Canada. ... Construction and fundraising for the Four Seasons Centre in May 2006. ... The Hummingbird Centre The Hummingbird Centre is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Inside Massey Hall in 1945. ... Molson Amphitheatre (commonly called the Amphitheatre) is a semi-enclosed outdoor concert venue in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Princess of Wales Theatre is a 2000-seat theatre located at 300 King Street West in the heart of Torontos Entertainment District. ... The Royal Alexandra theatre The Royal Alexandra Theatre is a theatre in Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... Roy Thomson Hall Roy Thomson Hall is a concert hall in Toronto, Canada. ...

Coordinates: 43°39′11.93″N, 79°23′02.44″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Toronto City Hall - definition of Toronto City Hall in Encyclopedia (345 words)
The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city.
The distinctive city hall forms part of the logo and the flag of the City.
The city hall was seen in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Contagion," as one of the possible destinations of an alien portal.
Old City Hall (Toronto) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (271 words)
Toronto's Old City Hall was home to city council from 1899 to 1966 and remains one of the city's most prominent structures.
Toronto City Council moved to the new city hall in 1965, and soon after plans were made to start construction of the Eaton Centre.
The original plans called for old City Hall to be knocked down and replaced by a number of rather uninspiring skyscrapers, leaving only the cenotaph in the front.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m