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Encyclopedia > Toronto, Ontario
City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
List of cities in Canada
Image:Toronto, Ontario Flag.jpg
(in detail)
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Image:Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms.jpg
(in detail)
Provincial Symbols
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Motto:
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Diversity Our Strength
Image:Toronto, Ontario Location.png
City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada's Location.
Area: East to West: 43 km
North to South: 21 km
629.91 km²
Population:

 - Total (2004)
 - Metropolitan
 - Cdn. CD Rank:
 - Cdn. Mun. Rank: This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Here is a list of the symbols of Canadian provinces and territories. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... This is a list of the 100 largest cities and towns (see note) in Canada ranked by area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 1 km and 10 km (103 and 104 m). ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 1 km and 10 km (103 and 104 m). ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 1 km² (100 hectares) and 10 km² (1000 hectares). ... Outline map of Canadas Census Divisions in 2001 Census divisions are defined by Statistics Canada as the next smallest political region below province or territory, in Canada, similar to a county. ...


2,518,772
5,603,686
6,960,250
(Metropolitan Toronto) Population Growth: 1.9% annually Ranked 1st The below table is a list of the 100 largest cities (or municipalities) in Canada. ...

Population density: 3939.4/km²
Time zone: Eastern: UTC -5
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Postal code span:
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Latitude:
Longitude:
Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that form part of a postal address in Canada. ...

43°41′ N
79°38′ W
Elevation: 76 m MSL
Mayor: David Miller
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List of mayors of Toronto, Ontario
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Governing body: Toronto City Council
City Manager Shirley Hoy
MPs
Jean Augustine, Carolyn Bennett, Sarmite Bulte, John Cannis, Roy Cullen, Ken Dryden, John Godfrey, Bill Graham, Tony Ianno, Jim Karygiannis, Jack Layton, Derek Lee, John McKay, Dan McTeague, Maria Minna, Jim Peterson, Yasmin Ratansi, Judy Sgro, Mario Silva, Alan Tonks, Joe Volpe, Tom Wappel, Borys Wrzesnewskyj
Senators
Anne Cools, Art Eggleton, Jerry Grafstein, Vivienne Poy, Nancy Ruth, Peter Stollery
MPPs
Lorenzo Berardinetti, Laurel Broten, Michael Bryant, Donna Cansfield, David Caplan, Mary Anne V. Chambers, Marilyn Churley, Mike Colle, Joseph Cordiano, Alvin Curling, Brad Duguid, Gerard Kennedy, Monte Kwinter, Rosario Marchese, Gerry Phillips, Michael D. Prue, Shafiq Qaadri, Tony Ruprecht, Mario Sergio, George Smitherman, Kathleen O. Wynne, David Zimmer

City of Toronto To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between one metre and ten metres. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... David Miller (left, wearing the Mayors Chain of Office) marching with veteran Gene Dorotheo Sr. ... The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The daughter of two Chinese immigrants to Canada, Shirley Hoy has distinguished herself as a top bureaucrat in the city of Toronto. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Honourable Jean Augustine, PC , MP , LL.D (born September 9, 1937 in St. ... The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, PC, MP, MD (born December 20, 1950 in Toronto, Ontario) is the Member of Parliament for the riding of St. ... The Honourable Sarmite D. Sam Bulte, PC , LL.B , BA , MP (born September 27, 1953) is a Latvian-Canadian lawyer, advocate and politician who represents the Toronto riding of Parkdale-High Park in the Canadian House of Commons. ... John Cannis (born November 4, 1951) is a member of the House of Commons in Canada. ... The Honourable Roy Cullen, PC, MP BA, MPA, CA (born December 31, 1944, in Montreal, Quebec) is a Liberal Party of Canada Member of Parliament for the riding of Etobicoke North in the Canadian House of Commons. ... Ken Dryden The Honourable Kenneth (Ken) Wayne Dryden, PC, MP, BA, LLB (born August 8, 1947 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, lawyer, businessman, author and retired National Hockey League goalie. ... John Godfrey (disambiguation) John Godfrey The Honourable John Ferguson Godfrey, PC , MP (born December 12, 1949) is a Canadian politician. ... Bill Graham The Honourable William C. (Bill) Graham, PC, MP, LLD, (born March 17, 1939, in Montreal, Quebec) is Canadas current Minister of National Defence. ... Tony Ianno The Honourable Tony Ianno, PC, MP (born January 2, 1957) is a federal Canadian politician with the Liberal Party. ... Jim Karygiannis (born May 2, 1955 in a refugee settlement in Athens, Greece) is a Canadian Liberal politician. ... Jack Layton John Gilbert Jack Layton, [[MP, (born July 18, 1950, Hudson, Québec) is a social democratic Canadian politician, a former Toronto, Ontario city councillor, deputy mayor, and the current leader of Canadas New Democratic Party. ... Derek Vincent Lee, LL.B., B.A., (born October 2, 1948) is a lawyer and politician in Canada. ... The Honourable John McKay (born March 21, 1948) is a lawyer and a Liberal Canadian politician. ... The Honourable Dan McTeague, PC , MP (b. ... The Honourable Maria Minna, PC (born March 14, 1948, Pofi, Italy) is a Canadian politician who represents the riding of Beaches—East York for the Liberal Party. ... Jim Peterson The Honourable James Scott Jim Peterson, PC, MP, BA, LLM (born July 30, 1941) is a Canadian politician and current (as of December 12, 2003) Minister of International Trade. ... Yasmin Ratansi (born January 4, 1951) is a Canadian MP (member of parliament), who represents the riding of Don Valley East in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Honourable Judy Sgro, PC MP (born December 16, 1944, Moncton, New Brunswick) is a Canadian politician. ... Mario Silva (born June 11, 1966) is a Canadian politician. ... Alan Tonks (born April 2, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, and was the final Metro Toronto Chairman before the amalgamation of Metro Toronto into the new City of Toronto. ... The Honourable Giuseppe (Joseph) Volpe, PC, MP (born September 21, 1947) is a Canadian politician. ... Thomas William Wappel, MP (born February 9, 1950) is a Canadian Member of Parliament. ... Borys Wrzesnewskyj (born November 10, 1960) is a Canadian politician who represents the riding of Etobicoke Centre in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Senate (French: Sénat) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Honourable Anne Clare Cools, BA (born 1943) is a member of the Canadian Senate. ... Senator The Honourable Arthur (Art) C. Eggleton, PC (born September 29, 1943, Toronto, Ontario) is a former Canadian Cabinet minister and Mayor of Toronto, and is currently a Senator representing Ontario. ... Jerahmiel S. (Jerry) Grafstein (born January 2, 1935) is a Canadian political figure and lawyer. ... The Honourable Vivienne Poy, née Lee (利德蕙; Cantonese Yale: Ley6 Dak1-way6; Mandarin Pinyin: Lì Déhuì), (born 1941 in Hong Kong) was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1998. ... Nancy Ruth (born January 6, 1942 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian senator from Ontario. ... Peter Alan Stollery (born November 29, 1935) is a Canadian politician and businessman. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Lorenzo Berardinetti is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Laurel C. Broten is politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Michael Bryant (born 1966 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable Donna H. Cansfield, MPP is politician in Ontario, Canada. ... David Caplan (born November 15, 1964) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Mary Anne Chambers is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Prominent Ontario NDP member Marilyn Churley Marilyn Churley (born May 7, 1948 in Old Perlican, Newfoundland) is a Canadian politician, who represents the riding of Toronto—Danforth in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. ... Michael (Mike) Colle (born February 1, 1945 in Foggia, Italy) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Joseph Cordiano (born October 30, 1957) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Ambassador Alvin Curling (born November 15, 1939 in Kingston, Jamaica) is Canadas envoy to the Dominican Republic. ... Brad Duguid is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable Gerard Kennedy, MPP (born 1960 in The Pas, Manitoba) is a Canadian politician, who represents the riding of Parkdale—High Park in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. ... Monte Kwinter (born March 22, 1931 in Toronto, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Rosario Marchese (born 1952 in Calabria, Italy) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Gerry Phillips (born September 11, 1940 in London, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Michael Prue standing on the lawn of the Ontario Legislature Michael Prue (born July 14, 1948 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, who represents the riding of Beaches—East York in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. ... Shafiq Qaadri is a family doctor and politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Tony Ruprecht (born December 12, 1942 in Konstantinow, Poland) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Mario Sergio (born July 28, 1940 in Calabria, Italy) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... George Smitherman (b. ... Kathleen Wynne is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... David Zimmer (born in April 1944 in Kitchener, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ...

1(sc) According to the Canada 2001 Census.
Template help Flag of Canada

Toronto is Canada's largest city and the provincial capital of Ontario. Toronto's population is 2,518,772, and the population of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) is 5,603,686 (Statistics Canada, 2004). Residents of Toronto are called Torontonians (in French: Torontois). The city is part of the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, a densely populated region of around 8 million people. Approximately one-quarter of the Canadian population lives within the Golden Horseshoe, and about one-sixth of all Canadian jobs lie within the city limits. The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ... Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with gathering and analysing statistics about Canada. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ...


Toronto is a global city, exerting significant regional, national, and international influence, and is one of the world's most multicultural cities. Toronto is Canada's financial centre and 'economic engine,' as well as one of the country's most important cultural, art, and health sciences centres. In January 2005, it was designated by the federal government as one of Canada's cultural capitals. It is one of the safest cities to live in North America: its violent crime rate is lower than that of any major US metropolitan area and is one of the lowest in Canada. The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... Multiculturalism is the public policy for managing cultural diversity in a multi-ethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a countrys borders. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cultural capital (le capital culturel) is a sociological term used by Pierre Bourdieu. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...


The current City of Toronto was – in 1998amalgamated from its six prior municipalities and regional government. The current mayor of Toronto is David Miller. His predecessor, and first mayor of the amalgamated city, was Mel Lastman. The last mayor of the pre-amalgamated city was Barbara Hall. 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Amalgamation, meaning to combine or unite into one form, has several uses: In chemistry, amalgamation is the blending of two elements, and usually an amalgam is a metallic alloy with the element mercury, often used in tooth fillings. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the name of the highest level of municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to 1997. ... David Miller (left, wearing the Mayors Chain of Office) marching with veteran Gene Dorotheo Sr. ... Official Photograph of Mel Lastman Melvin Douglas (Mel) Lastman (born March 9, 1933 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada), was the mayor of the former city of North York from 1972 until 1997. ... Barbara Hall (born 1946) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ...

Contents

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

History

Main article: History of Toronto

The Toronto area was home to a number of First Nations groups who lived on the shore of Lake Ontario. The first European presence was the French trading fort Fort Rouillé established in 1750. The first large influx of Europeans was by United Empire Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution. In 1793 Toronto, then known as York, was named capital of the new colony of Upper Canada. The city steadily grew during the nineteenth century, becoming one of the main destinations of immigrants to Canada. In the second half of the twentieth century Toronto surpassed Montreal as the economic capital of Canada and as its largest city. The Toronto, Canada area was home to a number of First Nations groups who lived on the shore of Lake Ontario. ... Carved mask in Vancouver First Nations is a term for ethnicity used in Canada that is meant to replace the use of the word Indian. It refers to the Indigenous peoples of North America located in what is now Canada, and their descendants, who are not Inuit or Métis. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Fort Rouillé was a French trading post located in the Toronto, Ontario area, which was established around 1750 but abandoned in 1759. ... United Empire Loyalists is the name given to the portion of British Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Upper Canada Village in Morrisburg, Ontario Upper Canada is an early name for the land at the upstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in early North America – the territory south of Lake Nipissing and north of the St. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ...


Demographics

Toronto at dusk
Toronto at dusk
Main article: Demographics of Toronto

Toronto is one of the most multicultural cities in the world. In 2004, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) ranked Toronto second, behind Miami, in its list of world cities with the largest percentage of foreign-born population. Though ranking first, Miami's foreign-born population is mostly Hispanic, Caribbean especially Haitian, and European, whereas Toronto's is significantly more diverse. Toronto also ranked ahead of Los Angeles, Vancouver, New York City, Singapore, and Sydney. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1490x1034, 203 KB) Description: Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Looking at the city skyline from Toronto Island at dusk Source: self-made (1999) Photographer: Gruffi File links The following pages link to this file: Toronto ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1490x1034, 203 KB) Description: Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Looking at the city skyline from Toronto Island at dusk Source: self-made (1999) Photographer: Gruffi File links The following pages link to this file: Toronto ... Toronto is a Canadian city with many different cultures. ... Multiculturalism is the public policy for managing cultural diversity in a multi-ethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a countrys borders. ... The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the largest multilateral source of grant technical assistance in the world. ... City nickname: The Magic City, The American Riviera, The Sixth Borough Location Location of Miami in the State of Florida Government County Miami-Dade Mayor Manuel “Manny” Diaz (R) Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 139. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize U.S. citizens, permanent residents and illegal aliens whose ancestry hails either from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America, or the original settlers of the traditionally Spanish-held Southwestern United States. ... ... This article is about the continent. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Members of Parliament Libby Davies, Ujjal Dosanjh, David Emerson, Hedy Fry, Stephen Owen Members of the Legislative Assembly Gordon Campbell, David Chudnovsky, Adrian Dix, Colin Hansen, Jenny Kwan, Lorne Mayencourt, Wally Oppal, Gregor Robertson, Shane Simpson, Carole Taylor Mayor Sam Sullivan City Manager Judy Rogers Governing Body Vancouver City Council... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ... Sydney is the capital city of the Australian state of New South Wales and Australias largest and oldest city (founded in 1788). ...


Toronto represents a multicultural mosaic. The 2001 Canadian census indicates 42.8% of Toronto's population being of a visible minority. In March 2005, Statistics Canada projected that the visible minority proportion will comprise a majority in both Toronto and Vancouver by 2012. Visible minorities are persons who are not of the majority race in a given population. ... Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with gathering and analysing statistics about Canada. ... A majority is a subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group. ... Members of Parliament Libby Davies, Ujjal Dosanjh, David Emerson, Hedy Fry, Stephen Owen Members of the Legislative Assembly Gordon Campbell, David Chudnovsky, Adrian Dix, Colin Hansen, Jenny Kwan, Lorne Mayencourt, Wally Oppal, Gregor Robertson, Shane Simpson, Carole Taylor Mayor Sam Sullivan City Manager Judy Rogers Governing Body Vancouver City Council...


A majority of Torontonians still claim their ethnic origins as from Britain and Ireland, either in whole or in part, with significant numbers of Chinese, Italian, Vietnamese, South Asian, and others in the city. This has yielded a unique combination of communities and neighbourhoods that are often strikingly different from one another. The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... Composite satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength City of Toronto, Ontario, Canadas Location. ...


Roman Catholicism is the largest faith in the city, accounting for 31.4% in 2001, followed by the Anglican Church (21.1%) and other Christian denominations (8.8%), but the city has significant Muslim, Hindu, Jewish, and other communities; 18.8% had no religious affiliation. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Beliefs Though enormous diversity exists in the beliefs of those who self-identify as Christian, it is possible to venture general statements which describe the beliefs of a large majority . ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also pronounced Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... A Hindu is an adherent of Hinduism, the predominant religious, philosophical and cultural systems of Bharat (India) and Nepal. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ...


While English is the predominant language (51.8%) spoken by Torontonians, Statistics Canada reports that other language groups are significant including Chinese and Italian. Only 1.4% of city residents claim French (Canada's other official language) as their mother tongue. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Source: [1]


Geography and climate

Toronto's urban skyline from its harbour
Toronto's urban skyline from its harbour


The City of Toronto covers an area of 641 km² (247 square miles) and is bounded by Lake Ontario to the south, Etobicoke Creek and Highway 427 to the west, Steeles Avenue to the north, and the Rouge River to the east. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3727x1105, 743 KB)Three image composite of Toronto skyline from a small excursion boat enroute to the harbor islands. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3727x1105, 743 KB)Three image composite of Toronto skyline from a small excursion boat enroute to the harbor islands. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Etobicoke Creek is one of the many creeks running through Toronto, Ontario and the Toronto Area into Lake Ontario, often characterised by their winding paths through deep ravines and distinctive shale banks. ... Highway 427 as part of the 400-series network Ontario Provincial Highway 427, or The Kings Highway 427 is a 400-Series Highway in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada, that runs from immediately south of the Queen Elizabeth Way/Gardiner Expressway interchange (its exact southern terminus is... The Rouge River is a two river system Little Rouge and Rouge River in the east and the northeast parts of Toronto and begins at the Oak Ridges Moraine near Richmond Hill. ...


The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) extends beyond the city boundaries and includes the regional municipalities of Halton, Peel, York and Durham. Halton Regional Municipality, or Halton Region, is located in Ontario, Canada, and is a part of the Greater Toronto Area. ... Motto: Working for you Area: 1,241. ... Motto: Ontarios Rising Star Area: 1,761. ... The Regional Municipality of Durham, commonly called Durham Region (2003 population 525,000), is a regional political area located east of Toronto, Ontario. ...


The GTA is part of a larger, natural ecosystem known as the Greater Toronto Bioregion. This ecosystem is bounded by Lake Ontario, the Niagara Escarpment, and the Oak Ridges Moraine, and includes several watersheds that drain into Lake Ontario. It is also located at the northern extent of the Carolinian forest zone. The Greater Toronto Bioregion represents a unique ecosystem that co-exists with the urban sprawl of the Greater Toronto Area. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... The Oak Ridges Moraine is a geographic area in southern Ontario, Canada stretching from Milton to Rice Lake, near Peterborough. ... The Carolinian forest is a life zone in eastern North America characterized primarily by a predominance of deciduous, or broad-leaf trees. ...


Toronto's climate is moderated by Lake Ontario; its climate is among the mildest in Canada east of the Rocky Mountain range. It receives less snowfall during the winter than most other Canadian cities, and mild periods occur throughout the winter due to regular melting, so there are periods with little or no snow on the ground. However, recent years have shown a trend towards varying winter weather. During the winter months, daytime high temperatures average just at or below freezing, average January maximum is -1°C (30°F) (although residents usually endure two or three bitter cold snaps each year). Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ...


A typical snowfall during the winter will be no more than 10 cm (4 inches). Due to its location the northwest shore of Lake Ontario it is not so prone to heavy, wind whipped lake effect snow squalls experienced more often in nearby American cities such as Rochester, Buffalo and Syracuse, NY or elsewhere in Southern Ontario, i.e. Barrie and London. Despite this, there is usually at least one heavy snowfall of 20cm (8") during each winter season. Heavy snows are often accompanied by strong east or north-east winds fetching additional moisture from Lake Ontario. Average winter snowfall is 133cm (52"). Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Streaming lake-effect clouds off Lakes Superior, Michigan, Nipigon, Lake Superior, Lake Erie, Lake St. ... A portion of Rochesters skyline, looking north along the Genesee River from the Ford Street Bridge. ... Aerial view of downtown Buffalo, New York Buffalo is an American city in western New York. ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ... Barrie, on Lake Simcoe, Ontario, Canada Barrie, Ontario (2003 population 121,248, metropolitan population 168,492) is located on Kempenfelt Bay, an arm of Lake Simcoe in south-central Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Nickname: The Forest City City of London, Ontario, Canada location. ...


Summer maximum temperatures typically range from 25–32°C (77–90°F) and are usually accompanied by moderate to high humidity, though temperatures as high as 36°C (97°F), and sometimes higher, are not unexpected. Such intense "heat waves" generally last no more than a few days, and are usually coupled with high humidity and smog. Air pollution is steadily becoming a greater problem on many summer days, mostly of as a result of vehicular exhaust and transported air pollution from heavy industry in the Midwest US and Southern Ontario. There was a record 52 days with "smog warnings" over the summer of 2005, far exceeding the previous annual record of 28 days in 2001. Sunshine is abundant through summer, but severe thunderstorms are a regular occurrence and can popup quickly, especially west and north of the city. In August 2005 there were two such heavy storms that created havoc, the first occurred on August 2, 2005 and is thought to have a played a contributing factor in the Air France Airbus crash landing into a ravine that afternoon. The second happened on the afternoon of August 19, 2005 in what has been described as a "once in a hundred year" event rainfall, up to 183mm (over 7") of rain fell in parts of the northern end of the city in under a couple of hours. Numerous roadways and bridges were washed out and insurance claims from backed up sewers and flood damage has exceeded $400 million. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air France Boeing 747 Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before the take-over of KLM, it was essentially the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (at January 2005). ... Airbus S.A.S. better known as simply Airbus, based in Toulouse, France, is the worlds largest commercial aircraft manufacturer. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Spring and Autumn feature varied, changeable weather with typically alternating periods of dry, sunny weather and rain. Nights are generally cool, but frosts are rare in the city. Snow can fall in early spring or late fall but usually melts quickly or even before making contact with the ground. Along the Lake Ontario shoreline, spring days tend to be much cooler than further inland, whereas from late summer to early winter, nights are warmer the closer you are to lake, but this not always the case along the immediate shoreline.


The highest temperatures in Toronto was 41°C (105°F) recorded on 3 consecutive days from July 7-July 9, 1936. The coldest -33°C (-25°F) was recorded on January 10, 1859. Annual precip. average is 834mm (32.8"). July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


Government

Torontonians elect representatives to the federal, provincial, and municipal levels of government. 22 Members of Parliament (MPs) representing Toronto sit in the House of Commons in Ottawa, and another 22 Members of Ontario's Provincial Parliament (MPPs) sit in the Legislative Assembly in Queen's Park, located in Toronto. Being Ontario's capital, many provincial offices are located in the city. Download high resolution version (2046x1292, 537 KB)Photograph of Old City Hall File links The following pages link to this file: Old City Hall (Toronto) ... Download high resolution version (2046x1292, 537 KB)Photograph of Old City Hall File links The following pages link to this file: Old City Hall (Toronto) ... Old City Hall A watercolour of the proposed city hall made just prior to its construction. ... Download high resolution version (896x592, 121 KB)Toronto City Hall (Personal snapshot by User:Montrealais. ... Download high resolution version (896x592, 121 KB)Toronto City Hall (Personal snapshot by User:Montrealais. ... Toronto City Hall The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. ... Download high resolution version (765x918, 208 KB)Taken by SimonP in April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Metro Hall Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (765x918, 208 KB)Taken by SimonP in April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Metro Hall Categories: GFDL images ... The Metro Centre Metro Hall Metro Hall is an office tower in Toronto, Canada. ...


Toronto's local government consists of 44 elected councillors (representing around 55,000 people each), who along with the mayor, make up the Toronto City Council. Toronto elects a new government every three years, in November. The City of Toronto represents the fifth largest municipal government in North America, and has an operating budget of $7.1 billion CDN. This operating budget is comprised of $2.5 billion dollars of funds from the Government of Ontario for purposes they mandate such as Toronto Public Health, $2.0 billion for special purpose bodies including the Toronto Public Library and Toronto Zoo, $1.7 billion of directly controlled money, and $0.9 billion for capital financing and non-programs [2]. The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Canadian dollar, CAD or C$, is the unit of currency of Canada. ... The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. ... Toronto Reference Library The Toronto Public Library is the largest public library system in Canada and the second busiest (by number of visits) in the world after that of Hong Kong. ... The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in the northeastern part of Toronto, Ontario. ...


The current municipal government is rooted in the creation of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (known more popularly as "Metro") in 1954. This new regional government, which encompassed the smaller communities of East York, Etobicoke, Forest Hill, Leaside, Long Branch, Mimico, New Toronto, North York, Scarborough, Swansea, Toronto, Weston, and York, was created in light of the need for more coordination of city services. The postwar boom resulted in suburbanisation, and it was felt that a coordinated land use planning strategy, as well as shared services, would be more efficient. The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the name of the highest level of municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to 1997. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The East York Civic Centre, the former City Hall East York is a former suburb of Toronto, which was a borough of Metropolitan Toronto before it was amalgamated into the megacity of Toronto in 1998. ... Etobicoke (pronounced a-TOE-ba-coe; in SAMPA [@[email protected]]), is the western region of Toronto, Ontario. ... Forest Hill, now part of Toronto, was incorporated as a village in 1923 The village was named after the summer home of John Wickson; previously it had been known as Spadina Heights (a name which continued to be applied to the neighbourhood into the twentieth century). ... Leaside is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Long Branch is a former village that is now part of the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Mimico, Ontario is a neighbourhood in southern Etobicoke, which is itself now part of Toronto, and bounded by the Gardiner Expressway to the north, Dwight Avenue on the west, the Humber River to the east and Lake Ontario to the south. ... New Toronto is a working-class neighbourhood in the south-west corner of Toronto, Ontario, and is roughly bounded by Lake Ontario to the south, the Kipling Avenue to the west, New Toronto Street to the north, and Royal York Road to the east. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ... Swansea is a neighbourhood in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Weston is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the north-west end of the city. ... This article is about the former City of York in Toronto. ...


These thirteen townships, villages, towns, and cities continued to exist independently of the regional government, and continued to provide some local services to their residents. Gradually, the Metro government began taking over management of services that crossed municipal boundaries, most notably highways, water, and public transit.


On January 1, 1967, several of the smaller municipalities were amalgamated with larger ones, reducing their number to six. Forest Hill and Swansea became part of Toronto; Long Branch, Mimico, and New Toronto joined Etobicoke; Weston merged with York; and Leaside amalgamated with East York. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


This arrangement lasted until 1998, when the regional level of government was abolished and the six municipalities (Toronto, Etobicoke, North York, East York, York, and Scarborough) were amalgamated into a single municipality or "megacity". Many people criticised this change, which came on top of a massive "downloading" of provincial services to the municipal level, with little to no new revenue available. A plebiscite indicated that a majority of the citizens of Toronto opposed amalgamation, but criticisms were raised about the leading nature of the question asked. In Canada (and Ontario), plebiscites are not legally binding. The Province of Ontario under Premier Mike Harris had the power to ignore the result and did so. Mel Lastman, the long-time mayor of North York before the amalgamation, was the first mayor of the new "megacity" of Toronto. 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Etobicoke (pronounced a-TOE-ba-coe; in SAMPA [@[email protected]]), is the western region of Toronto, Ontario. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The East York Civic Centre, the former City Hall East York is a former suburb of Toronto, which was a borough of Metropolitan Toronto before it was amalgamated into the megacity of Toronto in 1998. ... This article is about the former City of York in Toronto. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ... A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... Official Photograph of Mel Lastman Melvin Douglas (Mel) Lastman (born March 9, 1933 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada), was the mayor of the former city of North York from 1972 until 1997. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Politically, Toronto is often perceived, especially by Torontonians themselves, to be a "liberal" city by North American standards. It has been described by many experts as even the most liberal city in North America surpassing the liberal bastions of San Francisco and Boston. Torontonians often perceive themselves to be more progressive and left-wing then other Canadians, although it is debatable whether this is, in fact, the case. While Toronto is in many ways quite progressive, on many points (willingness to vote for openly gay politicians, support for official bilingualism, support for drug-liberalisation, support for the New Democratic Party) other areas of the country, even quite rural regions, have been more progressive than Torontonians. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the...


In terms of electoral politics, Toronto has recently been a Stronghold for the Liberal Party both federally and provincially, except in the downtown area which tends to support the NDP provincially. The Conservatives have no Toronto members in either the federal or provincial legislatures, although, most of the right wing members of the Liberal Party are from Toronto. Toronto supported the right wing government of Mike Harris during the 1995 and 1999 Ontario elections, and a right wing Mayor, Mel Lastman during the 1997 and 2000 Toronto elections. A Stronghold in Canadian Politics is a slang term for a riding in which a party consistently wins by large margins and is considered a safe riding for that party despite who their candidate is. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. ... This page is about the Canadian political party. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right-of-centre political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Beginning with the 2003 election, Ontario elections are held every 4 years in October. ... Official Photograph of Mel Lastman Melvin Douglas (Mel) Lastman (born March 9, 1933 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada), was the mayor of the former city of North York from 1972 until 1997. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


Recently, prominent federal politicians including Paul Martin and later Jack Layton (NDP leader and for 20 years a Toronto City Councillor) began promising a "new deal for cities", and large banks began issuing papers on it. As of July 2005, signs point to some degree of awareness towards the problems facing the city by the two senior levels of governments, though willingness to address them remains uncertain. The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... Jack Layton John Gilbert Jack Layton, [[MP, (born July 18, 1950, Hudson, Québec) is a social democratic Canadian politician, a former Toronto, Ontario city councillor, deputy mayor, and the current leader of Canadas New Democratic Party. ... The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Economy

The distinctly black skyscrapers of the Toronto-Dominion (TD) Centre in the heart of downtown
The distinctly black skyscrapers of the Toronto-Dominion (TD) Centre in the heart of downtown

Toronto is a port of entry, as well as being an important commercial, financial, and industrial hub. It is the banking and stock exchange centre of the country, and is Canada's primary wholesale and distribution point. Its importance as a seaport increased after the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway, but has since diminished and is disused (see: Waterfront). Ontario's wealth of raw materials and hydroelectric power have made Toronto a primary centre of industry. The city and its surrounding area produces more than half of Canada's manufactured goods. Until the 1970s, Toronto was the second largest city in Canada, after Montreal. The economic growth of Toronto was greatly stimulated by the development of the auto industry and of large mineral resources in its hinterland, and by the completion in 1959 of the St. Lawrence Seaway which allowed ships access to the Great Lakes from the Atlantic Ocean. Further growth in the Toronto area is often attributed to the rise of Quebec separatism, though the extent of its influence is still contested by some, who argue that its effect was exaggerated by the English media. During the 1970s, the Quebec Liberal Party and the Parti Québécois enacted a series of French-language laws, which were perceived as unfavourable towards English-language businesses (especially Multinationals, whose markets extended far beyond Quebec's borders) and English-speaking Montrealers, and some of the former and a number of the latter relocated to Toronto where French is not necessary for business. Download high resolution version (768x1024, 256 KB)Taken by SimonP in April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Toronto Toronto-Dominion Centre Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 256 KB)Taken by SimonP in April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Toronto Toronto-Dominion Centre Categories: GFDL images ... Taipei 101, considered the worlds tallest skyscraper. ... The Toronto-Dominion Centre. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength City of Toronto, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the Canadian federation. ... The Parti libéral du Québec (Liberal Party of Quebec), or PLQ, is a liberal political party in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ... The Charter of the French Language (also known as Bill 101 and Loi 101) is a framework law in the province of Quebec, Canada, defining the linguistic rights of all Quebecers and making French, the language of the majority, the sole official language of Quebec. ...

Exterior view of the former Toronto Stock Exchange on Bay Street; the TD Centre was partially built around and incorporated the TSX
Exterior view of the former Toronto Stock Exchange on Bay Street; the TD Centre was partially built around and incorporated the TSX

As the business and financial capital of the country, Toronto hosts the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), the third largest stock exchange in North America by market capitalisation and sixth in the world. See List of stock exchanges for complete rankings. The TSX has led North American exchanges by being the first to trade electronically and become listed publicly; in the last decade, it has also generally outperformed various major stock exchanges worldwide. The Toronto financial industry is based on Bay Street, the city's equivalent to Wall Street in New York. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 107 KB) Summary Picture taken outside of the former Toronto Stock Exchange Downtown Toronto. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 107 KB) Summary Picture taken outside of the former Toronto Stock Exchange Downtown Toronto. ... Former logo of the Toronto Stock Exchange prior to the switch to TSX. The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is Canadas largest stock exchange, and the division of the TSX Group that holds senior equities. ... Bay Street is a street in downtown Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... Former logo of the Toronto Stock Exchange prior to the switch to TSX. The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is Canadas largest stock exchange, and the division of the TSX Group that holds senior equities. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the... // North America Bahamas Bahamas Securities Exchange Barbados Barbados Stock Exchange (BSE) Bermuda Bermuda Stock Exchange (BSX) Canada Alberta Stock Exchange (ASE) Canadian Venture Exchange Montreal Curb Market/Canadian Stock Exchange Nasdaq Canada Toronto Stock Exchange (TSE), TSX is the main index of TSE TSX Venture Exchange Vancouver Stock Exchange Winnipeg... Bay Street is a street in downtown Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ...


A number of major corporations are based in the city, including the Hudson's Bay Company, TD Canada Trust, Celestica, Four Seasons Hotels, Air Canada, Rogers Communications, MDS Inc. and many others. Numerous other companies are based in the Greater Toronto Area outside of the city limits, such as Nortel, IBM Canada, and Magna International. The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) TSX: HBC is the oldest corporation in Canada (and the second oldest in North America) and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... TD Canada Trust is the personal, small business and commercial banking operation of The Toronto-Dominion Bank. ... Celestica Inc. ... The Four Seasons Hotel chain consists of many hotels and resorts aimed at the top of the hotel market. ... Air Canada is Canadas flagship air carrier. ... Rogers Communications Inc. ... MDS Inc. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) NYSE: IBM (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, NY, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... Magna International Inc. ...


In recent years, Toronto has become one of the centres of Canada's film industry, along with Montreal and Vancouver, due to the lower cost of producing films and television shows in Canada. The city's streets and landmarks can be seen in a variety of different films, mimicking the streets of major American cities such as Chicago and New York. The film industry involves motion pictures studios, manufacturers of technical equipment and software, distribution and personnel on a global scale. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ... Members of Parliament Libby Davies, Ujjal Dosanjh, David Emerson, Hedy Fry, Stephen Owen Members of the Legislative Assembly Gordon Campbell, David Chudnovsky, Adrian Dix, Colin Hansen, Jenny Kwan, Lorne Mayencourt, Wally Oppal, Gregor Robertson, Shane Simpson, Carole Taylor Mayor Sam Sullivan City Manager Judy Rogers Governing Body Vancouver City Council... ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ...


The City of Toronto's GDP is $225 billion and Metropolitan Toronto's GDP is $305 billion, making it one of the richest cities on earth.


Education

Toronto is home to a number of educational institutions, including the largest university in Canada, the University of Toronto, which has a student population of more than 60,000 across three campuses (one downtown, one in Scarborough, and another in Mississauga). Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 842 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 842 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... UC during winter time University College, University of Toronto (abbreviated as UC) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Toronto. ... Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada. ... Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Pride in our past, Faith in our future City of Mississauga, Ontario, Canadas Location. ...


York University, the third largest university in Canada, has a student population of more than 50,000 students across two campuses. It houses Glendon College, one of the only educational institution in the country where all students receive education in both English and French (the others being McGill and University of Ottawa). York University (YorkU) is a large comprehensive university, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Glendon College is a federated school of York University in Toronto, Ontario. ... In addition to being a common last name of Irish and Scottish descent, McGill is also the name of: McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada McGill metro station in Montreal McGill, Nevada - town with population of 1,054. ... Tabaret Hall At left, Morisset Library. ...


Toronto is also the site of Ryerson University, home to approximately 20,000 full-time students. Photo of Ryersons Quad and Kerr Hall in downtown Toronto Ryerson University is located in the heart of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Other schools include the Royal Conservatory of Music and its associated Glenn Gould School are internationally-recognised centres for musical training and the highly respected Ontario College of Art and Design, the fourth-largest art school in North America. Toronto also has four post-secondary community collegesSeneca College, Humber College, Centennial College, and George Brown College—scattered across 29 campuses. Recently, Toronto's community colleges have begun either offering their own bachelor's degree programmes or operating joint degree programmes with neighbouring universities. The Royal Conservatory of Music (RCM) is a music school in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario College of Art & Design is Ontarios premier school devoted entirely to art and design. ... Art school is a colloquial term for any educational institution (whether secondary, post-secondary/undergraduate, or graduate/postgraduate) with a primary focus on the visual arts, especially graphic design, illustration, painting, photography, and sculpture. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a junior college, is an educational institution providing post-secondary education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and associates degrees. ... Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology has approximately 90,000 part-time and 17,000 full-time students. ... Humber College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning (generally referred to as Humber College) is a college in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology is the oldest College of Applied Arts and Technology in Ontario, founded in 1966. ... George Brown College (GBC) is a community college with two full campuses, plus a university associate campus, located in Toronto, Ontario. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ...


Toronto also has several private and independent schools, at the secondary and post-secondary levels. These include the International Academy of Design and Technology and Tyndale University College and Seminary. There are also specialty schools such as the Ontario Science Centre Science School. The International Academy of Design and Technology (IADT) is an accredited college with locations throughout the United States and Canada. ... Tyndale University College and Seminary is an evangelical Christian and transdenominational post-secondary educational institution located in Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... Ontario Science Centre (OSC) is a science museum in Toronto, near the Don Valley Parkway about 11 km northeast of downtown on Don Mills Road just south of Eglinton Avenue East. ...


Toronto, like many other Canadian cities, hosts a growing number of private English as a Second Language (ESL) schools and is home to as many as 10,000 ESL students at a time. These students come primarily from Latin America, East Asia and German-speaking Europe with surprisingly few coming from nearby French Canada. These schools are represented by the Canadian Association of Private Language Schools.


Toronto's public schools are operated by the Toronto District School Board and the separate Toronto Catholic District School Board. In addition there are several well known private primary and secondary schools including Upper Canada College (UCC), Havergal College, Bishop Strachan School (BSS), De La Salle College, Branksome Hall, Crescent School, Royal St. George's College (RSGC), St. Clement's School, University of Toronto Schools (UTS), The York School (TYS), and Toronto French School (TFS). Toronto District School Board is the Board of Education that oversees all public schools in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The TCDSB Logo The Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB) is the school board that administers all the Catholic schools in Toronto. ... Drawing of former UCC campus at King and Simcoe Streets in downtown Toronto Upper Canada College (UCC) is an all-male elementary and secondary school in Toronto, Ontario, the oldest independent school in the province, and the third oldest school in Canada. ... Havergal College is a leading independent boarding and day school for girls in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Bishop Strachan School (BSS), (IPA /strÉ”:n/) named after Anglican Bishop John Strachan, is a girls private school in Toronto. ... Branksome Hall is a Toronto private girls school for day and boarding students from kindergarden to graduating year. ... Crescent School is an all-male private school located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Royal St. ... St. ... UTS on Bloor Street (note that the entrance is undergoing construction work by film crews in preparation for filming for Take The Lead, starring Antonio Banderas) The University of Toronto Schools (1910-) is an independent secondary school in downtown Toronto, Canada. ... Formerly known as The York School, York School, founded in 1966, is an independent, coeducational college preparatory Episcopal day school enrolling 226 students in grades 8 through 12. ... The Toronto French School is a private co-ed French immersion school in Toronto. ...


Transport

Railways

The main entrance of Union Station.

Toronto is served by intercity VIA Rail, Ontario Northland, and Amtrak trains through Union Station, a grand neoclassical structure in the heart of the city's downtown, which is shared with GO Transit's commuter trains. Toronto may soon have its own high-speed airport to downtown rail link with the proposed construction of the Blue22 transit route. Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 163 KB)photo of Union station in Toronto by Dhodges File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 163 KB)photo of Union station in Toronto by Dhodges File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ... A pair of ON diesels work Hearst, ON, in 2003 Ontario Northland Railway (ONR, AAR reporting marks ONT, ONTA) is a Canadian railway and provincial Crown corporation. ... Amtrak, is the trademark name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... Union Station is a major railway, subway, and streetcar station at 65 Front Street West between Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... GO Transit, officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... At present there is no railway link between the city of Toronto and its airport, but on 13 November 2003, Transport Canada announced the selection of SNC-Lavalin subsidiary Union Pearson AirLink Group to finance, design, construct, operate, and maintain a train service to the airport from Union Station. ...


Bus Terminals

A large GO bus terminal is located next to Union Station. However, the main inter-city bus terminal is at Bay & Dundas. Union Station is a major railway, subway, and streetcar station at 65 Front Street West between Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto Bus Terminal, located at 610 Bay Street (at the north west corner of Dundas and Bay), is a bus terminal in downtown Toronto for intercity buses. ...


Highways

There are a number of freeways that serve the city and the Greater Toronto Area. Forming part of Toronto's municipal expressway system, the Don Valley Parkway (or colloquially, the DVP or sarcastically as the 'Don Valley Parking Lot') connects the city's eastern and northern suburbs to downtown, while the Gardiner Expressway (or colloquially, "the Gardiner") connects its western suburbs to the downtown core. Extending northward from the Don Valley Parkway is Highway 404, towards Markham, Richmond Hill, Aurora, and Newmarket. Extending westward from the Gardiner Expressway is the Queen Elizabeth Way (often called the QEW), which heads towards Hamilton, Niagara, and Fort Erie. Toronto, Ontario is one of the few North American cities that maintains a system of expressways and arterial highways at the municipal level. ... Don Valley Parkway, looking northbound, in typical rush-hour traffic The Don Valley Parkway (often referred to as the DVP or simply as The Parkway) is a controlled-access freeway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, so named because it runs through the scenic Don River Valley. ... View of the Gardiner Expressway, west of downtown Toronto, from the pedestrian overpass at the foot of Roncesvalles Avenue. ... Highway 404 as part of the 400-series network Highway 404 is an Ontario 400-Series Highway that runs from the junction of Highway 401 and the Don Valley Parkway in Toronto to its northern terminus at Green Lane/Herald Road in Newmarket. ... Markham is a town in York Region, directly north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Richmond Hill (population 159,864 as of June 30, 2004) is a town in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Aurora (2001 population 40,167) is a town located roughly 40 kilometres north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Map showing Newmarkets location in York Region Newmarket is a town located approximately 45 km north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, has an area of 38. ... The Queen Elizabeth Way as part of the 400-series network The Queen Elizabeth Way (commonly referred to as the QEW, Q, QE, or Queen-E) is a vital 400-Series freeway linking Buffalo, New York, USA and the Niagara Peninsula with Toronto, Canada and its western suburbs. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Area: 1,117. ... Location of Niagara Falls in the Niagara Region Niagara Falls, Ontario (2001 population 78,815) is a city located on the Niagara River, in the Golden Horseshoe region. ... Fort Erie was the first British fort to be constructed as part of a network developed after the Seven Years War (or in North America the French and Indian War) was concluded by the Treaty of Paris (1763) at which time all of New France had been ceded to Great...


Highway 401 (or simply, "the 401") acts as a by-pass of downtown Toronto, and is one of the most congested highways in North America. It connects to Highway 427 (an important connector highway, leading into downtown Toronto), Highway 400 (towards Barrie and Ontario's "cottage country"), Allen Road, and Highway 409, a connector route to Toronto Pearson International Airport. Highway 401 as part of the 400-series network Ontario provincial highway 401, The Kings Highway 401, or the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, which is normally referred to simply as Highway 401 (pronounced four-oh-one), is a freeway that extends across Southern Ontario, Canada. ... Highway 427 as part of the 400-series network Ontario Provincial Highway 427, or The Kings Highway 427 is a 400-Series Highway in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada, that runs from immediately south of the Queen Elizabeth Way/Gardiner Expressway interchange (its exact southern terminus is... Highway 400 as part of the 400-series network Ontario provincial highway 400 or The Kings Highway 400, known previously as the Toronto-Barrie Highway, is a key north-south 400-Series Highway linking Toronto to Central and Northern Ontario. ... Barrie, on Lake Simcoe, Ontario, Canada Barrie, Ontario (2003 population 121,248, metropolitan population 168,492) is located on Kempenfelt Bay, an arm of Lake Simcoe in south-central Ontario, Canada. ... William R. Allen Road, known more commonly as Allen Road or simply The Allen is a short expressway/freeway in Toronto, Ontario, which runs from Kennard Avenue(Wilson Heights Blvd. ... Highway 409 as part of the 400-series network Looking west on the 409 just east of the Highway 427 junction Highway 409 is an Ontario provincial 400-Series expressway that runs from the 401 in Toronto to Toronto Pearson International Airport, west of Highway 427, in Mississauga. ... Toronto Pearson International Airport or Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport, (ICAO CYYZ, IATA YYZ), straddling Torontos western boundary with Mississauga, Ontario, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ...


Highway 407 ETR does not operate within Toronto proper, but is a major highway in the Greater Toronto Area acting as a secondary by-pass around the northern end of Toronto. It is an electronic toll road with no physical toll booths, instead depending on automatic recognition of license plates or electronic toll collection, undergoing continuous upgrades since the relatively high tolls make this affordable to the 407 ETR owners. This article or section should include material from 407 ETR International Highway 407 as part of the 400-series network Highway 407, officially called 407 ETR, is a pay-per-use freeway located in south-central Ontarios Greater Toronto Area. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ... The system must be able to deal with different styles of licence plates Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) is a mass surveillance method that uses optical character recognition on images to read the licence plates on vehicles. ... Many ETC systems use transponders like this one to electronically debit the accounts of registered cars without their stopping Transporder used in some chilean freeways Electronic toll collection (ETC), an adaptation of aircraft identification friend or foe technology, aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads. ...


Public transport

Within the city, the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) operates an extensive system of subways, buses, and streetcars, covering 1,200 km (754 miles) of routes and heavily used by people who live in or near the city. A single flat fare is good for any trip within the city regardless of distance or transfers required with the exception of contracted routes that travel outside of the city and downtown express routes. Toronto has the second highest transit system ridership in the US and Canada (after New York). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x816, 96 KB)Dundas streetcar with Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) in background I captured this picture of the Dundas Street streetcar, just a couple of minutes before the sun set (6:20pm), at a time of year when the sun... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x816, 96 KB)Dundas streetcar with Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) in background I captured this picture of the Dundas Street streetcar, just a couple of minutes before the sun set (6:20pm), at a time of year when the sun... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto. ... The main entrance to the AGO The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) is an art museum on the eastern edge of Torontos downtown Chinatown district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. ... The Toronto Transit Commission, or TTC, is a public transport authority that operates buses, streetcars, and rapid transit lines in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This article describes subways as mass transit lines. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland Volkswagen Cargo-Tram in Dresden. ... The Toronto Transit Commission fare system includes: cash fares, tickets, and tokens transfers daily, weekly, and monthly passes // Basic fares The basic TTC fares in Canadian dollars, as of March 6, 2005, are: *To qualify for the student fare, riders must have a discount card showing that they attend an... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ...


The backbone of the TTC is a relatively simple subway system with two main lines, the U-shaped Yonge-University-Spadina Line and the east-west Bloor-Danforth Line, running along principal streets and connecting Toronto's outlying areas with its downtown core. Each line also connects to a secondary feeder near one of its outer ends: the Sheppard subway line in the north and the Scarborough RT in the east making it the second most extensive in Canada after the Montreal Metro. A subway train pulls into St. ... The Yonge-University-Spadina Line is the oldest subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Bloor-Danforth Line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... The Sheppard Line is the newest subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... The Scarborough RT or SRT is an ICTS (Intermediate Capacity Transit System) light rail public transit system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that uses linear induction technology. ... Place-Saint-Henri station The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal and was the second metro system to be built in Canada, opening 12 years after the Toronto subway. ...


The rest of the city is primarily served by a network of about 150 bus routes, many of them forming a grid along main streets, and almost all of them connecting to one or more subway or RT stations. A more distinctive feature of the TTC is the streetcar system, one of the few remaining in North America with a substantial amount of in-street operation. Most of the 11 streetcar routes are concentrated in the downtown core, and all connect to the subway. Bus service in Toronto, Canada, started in 1921, but it was not until the creation of the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) in 1954 that buses become a part of public transit in the city. ... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto. ...


Interregional commuter train and bus service is provided by GO Transit. GO trains and buses connect the city to the rest of the Greater Toronto Area. A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... GO Transit, officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ...


Airports

Main article: List of airports in the Greater Toronto Area

Toronto's primary airport is Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ), straddling Toronto's western boundary with Mississauga. Pearson's air traffic is just under 30 million passengers annually [3] and it is the world's largest originator of air traffic into the US. The city also has a smaller commercial airport, the Toronto City Centre Airport (YTZ). Situated on the Toronto Islands, the City Centre Airport is primarily a general aviation airport, but Air Canada Jazz does operate commercial flights. In recent years the destinations served from YTZ have been reduced, and currently Ottawa is the only destination for commercial flights. It is connected to the mainland by a short ferry that is free to airline passengers. The following active airports serve the Greater Toronto Area: Toronto Pearson International Airport Toronto City Centre Airport Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport Toronto/Markham Airport Toronto/Downsview Airport Oshawa Airport Brampton Airport Burlington Airpark Pearson, Hamilton, and City Centre all have scheduled passenger service, but the vast majority of passenger traffic... Toronto Pearson International Airport or Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport, (ICAO CYYZ, IATA YYZ), straddling Torontos western boundary with Mississauga, Ontario, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Pride in our past, Faith in our future City of Mississauga, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... The Toronto City Centre Airport in Toronto, Ontario is a regional airport located on the northwestern portion of Centre Island, one of the Toronto Islands. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canadas Location. ...


The Hamilton International Airport is an alternate, relief airport to Pearson, but not in the GTA. Situated in Hamilton, 85 km (53 miles) southwest of Toronto, it is also a terminus for low-cost carrier, charter airline, and courier traffic. There are a number of other general aviation airports in and around the city, including Buttonville Municipal Airport, Markham Airport, Oshawa Airport, Brampton Airport, and Burlington Airpark. John C. Munro International Airport or Hamilton Airport, (ICAO CYHM, IATA YHM), is a Canadian international airport located 6. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Area: 1,117. ... Boeing 737-200 of low-cost Irish airline Ryanair A low-cost carrier (United States English) or low cost airline (British English) (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers low fares but eliminates most traditional passenger services. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... A courier is a person or company that delivers packages and mail, often between offices and generally in a shorter timescale than surface mail. ... Buttonville Municipal Airport or Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport, (ICAO CYKZ, IATA YKZ), is a medium-sized private airport in Buttonville Ontario, Canada, immediately northwest of Markham and 29 km north of Toronto. ... Markham Airport (ICAO identifier CNU8) is a private airport operating 5 km north of Markham, Ontario, near Toronto. ... The Oshawa Airport (ICAO identifier CYOO) is a municipal airport adjacent to the north end of the city of Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Brampton Airport ( ICAO airport code CNC3) is a busy and popular general aviation airport near Brampton, Ontario, northwest of Toronto. ... Burlington Airpark is a small, privately-operated general aviation airport in Burlington, Ontario, west of Toronto. ...


Other

Passenger ferry service to the Toronto Islands is provided by the city's Parks, Forestry and Recreation division. Ferries run year-round from the Toronto Ferry Docks at the foot of Bay Street to Hanlan's Point, Centre Island, and Ward's Island.


A high-speed passenger/vehicle ferry service across Lake Ontario to Rochester, New York was launched on June 17, 2004, using the vessel Spirit of Ontario I experiencing a financing-caused service interruption, returning to service June 30, 2005, operated by Bay Ferries Great Lakes Limited, using the marketing term "The Cat". The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... A portion of Rochesters skyline, looking north along the Genesee River from the Ford Street Bridge. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Spirit of Ontario I is a high-speed catamaran passenger-vehicle ferry currently operating an 82 nautical mile (96 km) service on Lake Ontario linking the ports of Rochester, New York and Toronto, Ontario. ... Bay Ferries Great Lakes Limited is a subsidiary of Northumberland Ferries Limited (NFL). ...


Attractions

Overhead view of Rogers Centre (formerly SkyDome), with the roof closed, as seen from the CN Tower
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Overhead view of Rogers Centre (formerly SkyDome), with the roof closed, as seen from the CN Tower
Night view of the city, as seen from the observation deck of the CN Tower
Night view of the city, as seen from the observation deck of the CN Tower

Toronto's most famous landmark is the CN Tower, a 553 metre (1815 feet) tall steel and concrete transmission tower, the tallest free-standing land structure in the world. Directly west of it is the Rogers Centre (formerly SkyDome), the world's first sporting arena to feature a fully retractable roof. It is currently home to the Toronto Blue Jays and the Toronto Argonauts. Nearby, the Air Canada Centre is the home of the Toronto Maple Leafs, the Toronto Raptors, and the Toronto Rock. It was originally built to replace the legendary Maple Leaf Gardens. Image File history File links CNDay1. ... Image File history File links CNDay1. ... CN Tower as seen from Lake Ontario Canadas National Tower is the tallest building and free-standing structure in the world, at 553. ... Overhead view of the Toronto SkyDome from CN Tower. ... Overhead view of the Toronto SkyDome from CN Tower. ... Download high resolution version (1184x785, 97 KB)Toronto at night. ... Download high resolution version (1184x785, 97 KB)Toronto at night. ... CN Tower as seen from Lake Ontario Canadas National Tower is the tallest building and free-standing structure in the world, at 553. ... CN Tower as seen from Lake Ontario Canadas National Tower is the tallest building and free-standing structure in the world, at 553. ... The Rogers Centre and also known by its original name the SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... The Rogers Centre (until recently called SkyDome), which opened on June 1, 1989, is a huge ballpark in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977-present) East Division (1977-present) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 AL Pennants (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 East Division titles (5) 1993 â€¢ 1992 â€¢ 1991 â€¢ 1989 1985 Wild card berths (0) None Major league nicknames Toronto Blue Jays (1977-present) Major league home... The Toronto Argonauts are a Canadian Football League team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Raptors are a National Basketball Association team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Rock are a member of the National Lacrosse League, a North American professional sports league, since the 1999 season. ... Maple Leaf Gardens before gametime Maple Leaf Gardens is an indoor arena in Toronto, Ontario, on the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street. ...


Toronto's City Hall is one of the city's most distinctive landmarks. Built to replace its predecessor — now known simply as Old City Hall — its modernist style still impresses today. (It has been used as a backdrop in American films to depict a city of the future.) Directly in front of City Hall is Nathan Phillips Square, a public space that frequently houses concerts, art displays, a weekly farmers' market, and other public events. It is also the site of a reflecting pool that, during the winter, becomes a popular skating rink. Dundas Square, nearby, is the city's newest and flashiest public square, located across the street from the Toronto Eaton Centre, a large, popular shopping mall. Queen's Park, a historic scenic park and public space, surrounds Ontario's Legislative Assembly. Toronto City Hall The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. ... Old City Hall A watercolour of the proposed city hall made just prior to its construction. ... For Christian theological modernism see: Liberal Christianity Modernism as an artistic and cultural movement that generally includes progressive art and architecture, music and literature emerging in the decades before 1914, as artists rebelled against late 19th century academic and historicist traditions. ... Skating rink in Nathan Phillips Square. ... Dundas Square L.E.D. pixelboard showing The Heart of the City on Dundas Square logo. ... Interior of the Toronto Eaton Centre, looking south. ... The Mall, an out-of-town shopping centre at Patchway, near Bristol, England. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


The Toronto Islands form part of the largest car-free urban community in North America. Accessible by ferry, "the Islands" include a public park and a children's amusement park, Centreville. The Islands are also home to the Toronto City Centre Airport. The city has several large parks, the best known being High Park to the west of downtown. The city is crisscrossed by a network of ravines that are still almost wholly undeveloped. Toronto Islands as seen from CN Tower The Toronto Islands provide a shallow natural harbour for the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Centreville is the name of several places: Centreville, British Columbia, Canada Centreville, New Brunswick, Canada (incorporated) Centreville, Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada Centreville, York County, New Brunswick, Canada East Centreville, New Brunswick, Canada Centreville, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, A0G 4P0 Centreville, Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada Centreville, Inverness County, Nova... The Toronto City Centre Airport in Toronto, Ontario is a regional airport located on the northwestern portion of Centre Island, one of the Toronto Islands. ... Looking down upon Grenadier Pond. ... Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon, or gorge, is a valley walled by cliffs. ...


Other popular attractions include the Hockey Hall of Fame, the Ontario Science Centre, the Leslie Street Spit, the Toronto Zoo, Little Glenn, and the city's oldest cathedrals, the Roman Catholic St. Michael's Cathedral and the Anglican St. James' Cathedral, both on Church Street. Casa Loma, a castle overlooking downtown Toronto, is one of the city's most popular tourist attractions. The Hockey Hall of Fame is in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; it is devoted to ice hockey rather than the field variety of the game. ... Ontario Science Centre (OSC) is a science museum in Toronto, near the Don Valley Parkway about 11 km northeast of downtown on Don Mills Road just south of Eglinton Avenue East. ... The Outer Harbour East Headland, more commonly known as the Leslie Street Spit, is a man-made peninsula in Toronto, Canada, extending from the citys east end in a roughly southwesterly direction into Lake Ontario. ... The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in the northeastern part of Toronto, Ontario. ... Little Glenn is a human-size bronze statue of a young working-class boy pulling a 22 feet high stone obelisk in a four-wheeled cart. ... St. ... St. ... Casa Loma Casa Loma, meaning House on the Hill is a Toronto tourist attraction. ...


Shopping

Many specialty shops can be found in Toronto near Bloor & Bay, including exclusive boutiques and toy stores. Thanks possibly to the climate, Toronto has an extensive set of underground shopping areas, typically operating 9am to 5pm in the PATH complex centered roughly at King & Bay, as well as a few others such as at Yonge & Bloor. These stores are generally fashion stores, but some specialy toy stores and access to larger stores are available in these complexes.


Along Queen St. East can be found Toronto's biggest camera stores. Big-box stores are not generally found in Downtown Toronto, but the suburbs have many large malls, big-box stores as well as specialty stores, such as near Orfus Road (discount fashions, lighting, etc.) close to Yorkdale mall.


The fashion district is located near King & Spadina, close to the old Chinatown to the north and entertainment district to the east. It is here that Sunday shopping in Toronto first got its start in the 1980s.


The city itself has many large and unique malls and shopping centers. Shopping in Toronto has become a large draw for tourists, with for example, the Eaton Centre receiving a special designation as a tourist attraction in the 1980s.


Culture

Exhibits

Toronto has a world-renowned museum, the Royal Ontario Museum (frequently referred to as "the ROM"), and one of North America's largest art galleries, the Art Gallery of Ontario (also known as the "AGO"). Exhibition Place is the home of the Canadian National Exhibition (the CNE or "the Ex"), an annual event that takes place in August which also hosts the Canadian International Air Show. Nearby Ontario Place is a popular amusement park on the waterfront. The mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance to the museum. ... The main entrance to the AGO The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) is an art museum on the eastern edge of Torontos downtown Chinatown district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. ... Looking East from the CNE Ferris Wheel (National Trade Centre at left, Automotive Building at right). ... Early CNE midway sign A pair of CNE Magic Passes Canadian National Exhibition (CNE) is an annual event held at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Canadian International Airshow is an annual air show taking place in Toronto at the end of the Canadian National Exhibition since 1949. ... On water pod at Ontario Place Ontario Place is a Government of Ontario-owned entertainment attraction, located approximately 4 km west of downtown Toronto on the shore of Lake Ontario, just south of Exhibition Place. ...


It has a vibrant visual arts scene, with artist-run venues such as Mercer Union and YYZ Artists' Outlet presenting important exhibitions of contemporary art from both the local area and abroad. Established and incorporated in 1979, Mercer Union began as an artist-run centre through the collective efforts of artists who believed in alternative art production and presentation. ...


Performing arts

Toronto is home to Canada's most active English language theatre scene, and is considered to be the third largest centre for English language theatre in the world, behind New York City and London. It is home to both acclaimed works by companies as Soulpepper, the Canadian Stage, and Tarragon and large Broadway style musicals. Several Broadway theatrical hits originated in Toronto, such as the 1993 revival of Show Boat and Ragtime. Venues for theatre include the Canon Theatre (formerly Pantages Theatre and Pantages Cinema), the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres, the Princess of Wales Theatre, the Royal Alexandra Theatre, the Poor Alex Theatre, and the Harbourfront Centre. It is the mandate of Theatres such as The Factory Theatre and Theatre Passe Muraille to produce distinctly Canadian Theatre and support local artists. Canadian artists that have started in these theatres include George F. Walker, Michael Healey and Ann Marie MacDonald. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,421,328 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ... Soulpepper Theatre Company is a Toronto theater company dedicated to presenting classic plays. ... The Canadian Stage Company is the largest contemporary theatre company in Canada. ... The Tarragon Theatre is a small theatre near Casa Loma in Toronto. ... Show Boat is a musical with music by Jerome Kern and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II (with the notable exception of Bill, the lyrics of which were written by P. G. Wodehouse). ... Ragtime is a Broadway musical with book by Terrence McNally, lyrics by Lynn Ahrens, and music by Stephen Flaherty, based on the 1975 novel Ragtime by E. L. Doctorow. ... The Canon Theatre is one of Torontos live entertainment venues. ... The entrance to the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres Interior of Winter Garden Theatre The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres are a pair of stacked theatres in Toronto, Canada. ... The Princess of Wales Theatre is a 2000-seat theatre located at 300 King Street West in the heart of Torontos Entertainment District. ... The Royal Alexandra theatre The Royal Alexandra Theatre is a theatre in Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... The Poor Alex is situated at 296 Brunswick Avenue, south of Bloor St. ... The Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural facility on Torontos waterfront. ... Factory Theatre, theatre in [Toronto], [Ontario], founded as Factory Theatre Lab in 1970 by Ken Gass. ... Theatre Passe Muraille, theatre company in Toronto, Canada. ... George F. Walker (born August 23, 1947 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian playwright and screenwriter. ... Michael Healey is a major Canadian playwright. ...


Musical venues in Toronto include the Toronto Centre for the Arts in North York; Roy Thomson Hall, home to Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSO); and Massey Hall. The National Ballet of Canada is based in Toronto and performs at the Hummingbird Centre and formerly at the Walter Carsen Centre. It and the Opera will move to the Four Seasons Centre in 2006. North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Roy Thomson Hall Roy Thomson Hall is a concert hall in Toronto, Canada. ... The Toronto Symphony Orchestra is a leading Canadian orchestra. ... Inside Massey Hall in 1945. ... The National Ballet of Canada is Canadas largest ballet troupe. ... The Hummingbird Centre The Hummingbird Centre is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Walter Carsen Centre in Toronto, Canada is the current home of the National Ballet of Canada (which moves to the Four Seasons Centre in 2006) and located on Queens Quay West. ... The Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts is the future home for both the Canadian Opera Company and the National Ballet of Canada. ...


As Canada's largest city and the main centre of its recording industry, Toronto is also home to many Canadian pop, rock, and hip hop artists. This includes both musicians native to Toronto and those who have moved to Toronto from other towns and cities. The live music scene in Toronto is centred primarily in the Queen Street West area, part of what is known as the Entertainment District, although not all of Toronto's music venues are in this neighbourhood. More established acts play at venues such as Lee's Palace, The Opera House, The Horseshoe Tavern, The Mod Club, The Phoenix Concert Theatre, and Kool Haus (formerly known as the Warehouse). Major concert tours by stars are usually booked into larger venues such as Air Canada Centre, Hummingbird Centre, the Rogers Centre and the Molson Amphitheatre at Ontario Place. Pop music, in popular and contemporary parlance, is a subgenre of popular music. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Queen Street West refers to both a major east-west downtown street and a series of neighbourhoods or commercial districts within the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Lees Palace Lees Palace is a concert hall located on the south side of Bloor Street West east of Lippincott Avenue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Horseshoe Tavern The Legendary Horseshoe Tavern, more typically simply The Shoe, is a popular concert venue, located at 370 Queen Street West (Northeast corner of Queen at Spadina) in downtown Toronto, which has been in operation since 1947. ... Mod Club Theatre (commonly called the Mod Club) is a popular nightclub located on the fringe of downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... The Hummingbird Centre The Hummingbird Centre is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Rogers Centre and also known by its original name the SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Molson Amphitheatre (commonly called the Amphitheatre) is a semi-enclosed outdoor concert venue in Toronto, Ontario. ... On water pod at Ontario Place Ontario Place is a Government of Ontario-owned entertainment attraction, located approximately 4 km west of downtown Toronto on the shore of Lake Ontario, just south of Exhibition Place. ...


Literature

The Greater Toronto Area is the centre of English Canadian literature and many of Canada's best known writers, such as Margaret Atwood and Michael Ondaatje, write and set their books in Toronto. Other prominent Toronto-based writers include Rohinton Mistry, Morley Callaghan, and George Elliott Clarke. Canada's publishing industry is based in Toronto. It is home to both the major companies, such as McClelland and Stewart and the smaller firms like House of Anansi Press and Coach House Books. Margaret Atwood Margaret Eleanor Peggy Atwood (born November 18, 1939) is a novelist, poet, literary critic, and a pioneer of Canadian womens writing. ... Michael Ondaatje OC (born September 12, 1943) is a Canadian/Sri Lankan novelist and poet perhaps best known for his Booker Prize winning novel adapted into an Academy Award winning film, The English Patient. ... Rohinton Mistry (born July 3, 1952) is considered to be one of the foremost authors of South Asian origin writing in English. ... 2003 Canada Post stamp Morley Edward Callaghan (February 22, 1903 – August 25, 1990) was a Canadian novelist, short story writer, playwright, TV and radio personality. ... George Elliott Clarke (born February 12, 1960) is a Canadian poet and playwright. ... McClelland and Stewart is a Canadian publishing company. ... House of Anansi Press is a Canadian publishing company, founded in 1967 by writers Dennis Lee and David Godfrey. ... Coach House Press is an independent press located in Toronto, Canada. ...


Both of Canada's English language national newspapers (the National Post and the Globe and Mail) are based in Toronto, as is Canada's largest-circulating daily newspaper (The Toronto Star) and many other major magazines and periodicals. The city is thus home to a large number of Canada's journalists. As a nexus of multilingual activity, Toronto has 79 ethnic periodicals. The National Post is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... The Toronto Star is a major metropolitan newspaper produced in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


The largest book stores are near Bathurst & Bloor and Yonge & Dundas, with a number of famous specialty, alternative and science fiction bookstores along Queen west and Yonge street.


Events

Toronto plays host to a variety of different events year-round. At the end of June annually, Toronto hosts one of the world's largest Gay Pride celebrations. In July, Caribana, the largest Caribbean festival in North America, attracts more than one million celebrants for the concerts, the food, the King and Queen of the Bands competition, and the very popular Caribana parade. The Molson Indy is also held in Toronto every year in July. In September, Hollywood celebrities, actors, writers, directors, and producers from around the world descend on the city for the Toronto International Film Festival. Gay Pride Week or Pride Week is an event held in Toronto, Ontario during the last week of June each year. ... Caribana is a festival of Caribbean culture and traditions held each summer in the city of Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... The Molson Indy is an annual Indy car race that is part of the CART racing series. ... Poster for the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) is widely considered to be one of the top film festivals in the world and is the premiere film festival in North America which the Oscars race begins from. ...


Tourism

Toronto has a thriving tourism industry as it has many landmarks and attractions, the most popular of which is the CN Tower. The city has largely recovered from the 2003 SARS outbreak; however, the tourism industry had to make certain cuts, with some elements not having yet returned to the status quo. CN Tower as seen from Lake Ontario Canadas National Tower is the tallest building and free-standing structure in the world, at 553. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is an atypical form of pneumonia. ...


One of Toronto's major annual attractions is the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), attendance to which is a family tradition for some. Regular sporting events, such as home games of the Toronto Maple Leafs, Blue Jays, Toronto Raptors, Toronto Marlies and Argonauts, also bring many tourists to the city every year. Early CNE midway sign A pair of CNE Magic Passes Canadian National Exhibition (CNE) is an annual event held at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977-present) East Division (1977-present) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 AL Pennants (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 East Division titles (5) 1993 â€¢ 1992 â€¢ 1991 â€¢ 1989 1985 Wild card berths (0) None Major league nicknames Toronto Blue Jays (1977-present) Major league home... The Toronto Raptors are a National Basketball Association team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Marlies are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The Toronto Argonauts are a Canadian Football League team based in Toronto, Ontario. ...


The city of Toronto recently launched a tourism campaign called Toronto Unlimited. However, the new branding campaign has been criticised by many locals and outside commentators.


Sports

Current professional franchises

Logo Club League Venue Established Championships
Toronto Argonauts logo Toronto Argonauts Canadian Football League Rogers Centre 1873 15
Toronto Maple Leafs Logo Toronto Maple Leafs National Hockey League Air Canada Centre 1917 13
Toronto Blue Jays Logo Toronto Blue Jays Major League Baseball Rogers Centre 1977 2
Toronto Raptors logo Toronto Raptors National Basketball Association Air Canada Centre 1995 0
Toronto Rock logo Toronto Rock National Lacrosse League Air Canada Centre 1999 5
Toronto Marlies logo Toronto Marlies American Hockey League Ricoh Coliseum 2005 0
Toronto Lynx logo Toronto Lynx USL First Division Centennial Park Stadium 1997 0

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Toronto Argonauts are a Canadian Football League team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Canadian Football League (CFL; French: Ligue canadienne de football) is a professional league located entirely in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... The Rogers Centre and also known by its original name the SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Image File history File links Toronto_Maple_Leafs. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The modernized NHL shield logo, debuting in 2005. ... The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Toronto Blue Jays logo, claiming fair use This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977-present) East Division (1977-present) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 AL Pennants (2) 1993 â€¢ 1992 East Division titles (5) 1993 â€¢ 1992 â€¢ 1991 â€¢ 1989 1985 Wild card berths (0) None Major league nicknames Toronto Blue Jays (1977-present) Major league home... MLB logo Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... The Rogers Centre and also known by its original name the SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Toronto Raptors logo, claiming fair use This work is copyrighted. ... The Toronto Raptors are a National Basketball Association team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... NBA logo, depicting former star Jerry West The National Basketball Association, more popularly known as the NBA, is a reference to the worlds premier mens professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. ... The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Image File history File links Torontrock. ... The Toronto Rock are a member of the National Lacrosse League, a North American professional sports league, since the 1999 season. ... NLL logo Old MILL logo The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is the professional league of mens indoor lacrosse in North America. ... The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Image File history File links Toronto Marlies logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Toronto Marlies are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... This logo is being used to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the AHLs founding. ... Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Toronto Lynx ... The Toronto Lynx is a soccer team that plays in the North American USL First Division, which is the second division for the United States and top division for Canada. ... The United Soccer Leagues First Division is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... The Centennial Park Stadiumlocated just south of Pearson International Airport and near the intersection of Rathburn and Renforth is a 3,500 seat stadium in Toronto, Ontario that is primarily used for soccer and occasionally for kabbadi. ...

Current semi-professional franchises

Logo Club League Venue Established Championships
St. Micheal Majors logo Toronto St. Michael's Majors Ontario Hockey League St. Michael's College School Arena 1996 4
Toronto Maple Leafs (baseball) Intercounty Baseball League Christie Pits 1969 7

Image File history File links TorontoStMichaelsMajors2. ... The Toronto St. ... A typical OHL hockey game. ... The St. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are an Intercounty Baseball League team. ... The Intercounty Baseball League (IBL) is an amateur baseball league operating in central and southern Ontario. ... Christie Pits, 1914 Christie Pits Park, originally Willowvale Park, is a Toronto public recreational area located at 750 Bloor St. ...

Major sporting venues

The Air Canada Centre is an arena at 40 Bay Street, in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Maple Leaf Gardens before gametime Maple Leaf Gardens is an indoor arena in Toronto, Ontario, on the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street. ... Allan Lamport (right) officially opening Torontos subway in 1954 with Premier Leslie Frost Allan Austin Lamport (1904-1999) was Mayor of Toronto from 1952 to 1954. ... Beatrice Ice Gardens is the new ice rink at York University and replaces the old York University Ice Palace. ... Christie Pits, 1914 Christie Pits Park, originally Willowvale Park, is a Toronto public recreational area located at 750 Bloor St. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are an Intercounty Baseball League team. ... Greenwood Racetrack was a thoroughbred horseracing track in Toronto, Canada. ... Rexall Centre is the main tennis court at the Canada Masters tournament in Toronto, Ontario at York University. ... The original National Tennis Centre in Toronto was located in the north end of York Universitys Keele campus next to the Metro Toronto Track and Field Centre. ... Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... The Edmonton Roadrunners are the American Hockey League affiliate of the Edmonton Oilers that began play in the 2003-04 season. ... The Toronto Marlies are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The Rogers Centre and also known by its original name the SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... York University (YorkU) is a large comprehensive university, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Varsity Stadium was a collegiate stadium, primarily used for Canadian football, but occasionally playing host to soccer and other events, that was situated on the grounds of the University of Toronto on Bloor Street West, roughly at its intersection with St. ... Varsity Arena is an arena in Toronto, Ontario. ... Woodbine Racetrack in northwest Toronto, Ontario is the only horseracing track in North America which stages, or is capable of staging, thoroughbred and standardbred horseracing programs on the same day. ...

City issues

Crime

Crime (including violent crime) in Toronto has been generally decreasing over the past decade. Toronto's violent crime rates are extremely low compared to many cities in the US (in 1999, Toronto had 1.3 homicides per 100,000 people compared to Houston's 13.4, Chicago's 15.65 (2004), and Washington, DC's 35.7 (2004) [4]) and comparable to rates in larger European centres, and are low even compared with other Canadian cities. Houston redirects here. ... ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


Due to a spike in gun-related crimes/murders over the summer of 2005, largely attributed to illicit weapons smuggling from the US (noted in October 2005 by Prime Minister Paul Martin when meeting with US state secretary Condoleezza Rice regarding various bilateral issues), concern over gun- and gang-related crimes has received increased local media attention recently. There have been calls for increased policing, gun control, and stiffer sentences to help deal with the problem. American gang experts have been brought in and increased funding for programs in troubled neighbourhoods have been recently initiated. With over a month left this year, there have been 49 gun related murders, which have accounted for 70% of all homicide causes. At this rate, Toronto will have a murder rate of 3.1 per 100,000 - significantly higher than the rate in 1999, but less than the peak years of the early 1990's and, as previously noted, much less than most large American cities. A recent announcement that the provincial government will contribute half of the cost of hiring an additional 250 police officers, is seen as a reaction to the increased violence. The federal government, including Martin, have recently met with community leaders to discuss solutions. Legislation has been tabled in the Canadian Parliament to increase gun crime sentences; this is seen in some circles as merely a vote getting ploy after the dissolution of Parliament and resulting federal election called for 23 January 2006. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government CIA World Factbook Entry for United States House. ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Seal of the United States Department of State The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Condoleezza Rice, Ph. ... Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau famously described Canada-United States relations as being like sleeping with an elephant. ... The phrase Gun politics refers to the views of different people within a particular country as to what degree of control (increased gun rights vs. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th general election) will occur on January 23, 2006. ...


Toronto has a comparable or higher rate of car theft than various US cities, although this is lower than in some other Canadian cities. Much of this has been attributed to organized crime, with stolen vehicles ending up being shipped overseas for sale. Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ...


Homelessness

Toronto is also struggling to come to grips with a nagging homeless problem which has ebbed and flowed throughout the years. Toronto has a considerably larger homelessness problem than many cities of similar size. In 2003, 31,985 individuals stayed at least once in a Toronto homeless shelter. [5]. Many programs and responsibilities have been recently downloaded to the city from the provincial and federal governments, with many arguing that the city must come up with new ways to raise revenue to fund these new responsibilities.


Waterfront

Main article: Toronto waterfront

For decades, the disuse of the Toronto portlands and lack of development of the Toronto waterfront (also known as the harbourfront, though not to be confused with Harbourfront Centre), has been a major issue. Toronto's central business district is separated from the waterfront by an elevated highway, the Gardiner Expressway. Many contend that a series of condominium towers built along the waterfront in the 1990s and 2000s contribute to this separation. Parts of the formerly industrial area are now vacant and awaiting redevelopment. In 2004, investments from the Ontario government were made to encourage further development. Currently, a movie studio is being built on the site of the inactive Richard L. Hearn Power Plant. The Toronto waterfront is the lakeshore of Lake Ontario in the Municipality of Toronto, Canada. ... The Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural facility on Torontos waterfront. ... Downtown Honolulu in Hawaii, United States, an example of an urban downtown district Central business district (CBD) and downtown are terms referring to a commercial heart of a city. ... View of the Gardiner Expressway, west of downtown Toronto, from the pedestrian overpass at the foot of Roncesvalles Avenue. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... The Richard L Hearn Generating Station is an out of service electrical generating station in Toronto. ...


Computer leasing inquiry

A dominant issue in Toronto's municipal politics in recent years has been the Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry, which investigated allegations of impropriety involving computer contracts between the city and MFP Financial Services. The inquiry, headed by Madam Justice (Denise) Bellamy, lasted three years and cost over $19.2 million (CDN). The final report, handed down in September of 2005, concluded that there was credible evidence that a former City of Toronto budget chief accepted a payoff from MFP, and that senior city staff were unduly influenced by sales tactics in the guise of entertainment and favours. Most recently, following the release of the report, Mayor David Miller has requested a criminal probe into the scandal. The Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry is a judicial inquiry into allegations of conflict of interest, bribery and misappropriation of funds around computer leasing contracts entered into by Toronto, Ontarios municipal government in 1998 and 1999. ... MFP Financial Services is a computer supply and service company, which offers leasing, asset-based financing and equipment trading services to corporate and government clients to meet technology and computer needs. ... David Miller (left, wearing the Mayors Chain of Office) marching with veteran Gene Dorotheo Sr. ... for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ...


Garbage

Another important issue is the city's garbage. As the city's last remaining landfill site, Keele Valley, neared capacity during the 1990s, it was found that no other municipality in Southern Ontario was willing to accept the garbage, but there was also no political support for a change to incineration. A deal was eventually made to ship Toronto's garbage to the Adams Mine, an abandoned open pit mine in Northern Ontario, once the Keele Valley site closed. But objections grew into vociferous controversy as the time neared, and eventually the agreement was cancelled. The 1990s refers to the years 1990 to 1999; the last decade of the 20th Century. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Incineration is a method of disposing of waste by burning it. ... Adams Mine is an abandoned open pit mine in Boston Township near Kirkland Lake, Ontario, which was the cornerstone of a controversial waste management plan in the 1990s. ... The El Chino mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Open-pit mining refers to a method of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. ... Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing. ...


By the time the Keele Valley site closed at the end of 2002, the city had made a new deal: its garbage is now shipped by truck to a site in Michigan. 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: The Wolverine State, The Great Lakes State Other U.S. States Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm (D) Senators Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D) Official language(s) English de-facto Area 96,889 mi² / 250,941 km² (11th)  - Land 56,855 mi² / 147,255 km²...


But concerns with the border, and opposition from residents in Michigan, have promoted the need to look for alternate sites or expand the city's recycling programs. Toronto's contract with Michigan lasts until 2008, and includes an option to expand to 2010, but the city is actively seeking options to close the contract sooner. Even with 60% diversion through the green bin and recycling programs, residual waste from the Greater Toronto Area would amass 2 200 tonnes a day or 800 000 tonnes a year. The international symbol for recycling. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is a Leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2010 (MMX) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ...


Besides the "blue box" (plastic and metal) and grey box (paper) programs, the city has been phasing in a green bin program to recover compostable materials; this will extend city-wide by the fall of 2005. However, the green bin program has come under criticism by watchgroups due to its cost, which is three times per tonne more to operate than currently shipping to Michigan. Plastic recycling is the process of taking scrap or waste plastics and recovering the material for use in manufacturing. ... A scrapyard Scrap is a term used to describe the recycling of metal. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Green Bin Program is a form of recycling used in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... A compost bin full of autumn oak leaves Compost is the decomposed remnants of organic materials (those with plant and animal origins). ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Recently the Ottawa-based Plasco Energy Group has formulated a plan to process garbage, turning it into a synthetic gas. The conversion process has pristine environmental performance. Using the company's "plasma arc" system of a 8 000-degree Celsius plasma flame, 100 000 tonnes of trash can produce 12 megawatts of power. Emissions are filtered with active carbon, and the only waste byproduct of this process is slag, which can be mixed with asphalt and used in road construction. Although this plan has yet to be approved, consent has been given to build a demonstration facility in Ottawa, and Toronto city councillors have indicated their support for the program. [6] The degree Celsius (°C or ℃ (Unicode 0x2103)) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... A tonne, sometimes known as metric ton in American English, (symbol t) is a unit of mass. ... The watt (symbol: W) is the SI derived unit of power. ...


Traffic gridlock

Over the last couple decades, vehicle and (in particular) highway traffic has been increasing steadily in the Greater Toronto Area, however road and transit investments have been limited to small projects such as on the 404, the 407, Sheppard subway, and York Region's VIVA bus service. Urban sprawl is a major factor: some commuters travel significant distances within the city and GTA for employment. Another major issue is the discontinuity between transit authorities across various municipalities or perceived inefficiency of transit as a viable alternative for commuting. This contributes to gridlock: many single-occupant vehicles idle en route, adding to travel times and smog. A recent study showed that gridlock costs the GTA's economy approximately $6 billion annually in lost revenue. In many parts of the world traffic is generally organized, flowing in lanes of travel for a particular direction, with interchanges, traffic signals, or signage at intersections to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic. ... Urban sprawl is a term for the expansive, rapid, and sometimes reckless, growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


In March 2004, the Ontario government announced the creation of the "Greater Toronto Area Authority" (GTAA) with the goal of facilitating integration between the city and suburban transport systems. One key element to this integration would be a single ticket or fare to better synchronise transfers between neighbouring transit systems and lower the costs commuters by having a "single fare" ticket. At that time, the federal, provincial, and municipal governments jointly announced a tripartite funding infusion of $1 billion for the TTC. In May 2004 the Ontario government, in partnership with the federal government, announced a $1 billion plus investment in the expansion of GO Transit. Although the TTC and has seen a relative stagnation in ridership over the past few years, GO Transit (serving mostly automobile-dependent suburbs and exurbs) has experienced gains in ridership. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th) • Land 917,741 km² • Water 158,654 km² (14. ... GTA Farecard is a planned smartcard-based fare payment system to be introduced in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada, in 2007. ... The Toronto Transit Commission, or TTC, is a public transport authority that operates buses, streetcars, and rapid transit lines in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Greenbelt

In March 2005, the provincial government unveiled the boundaries of a greenbelt around the Greater Toronto Area, a 7,200-square-kilometre area stretching from Niagara Falls to Peterborough. The greenbelt is designed to curb urban sprawl and to preserve valuable farmland surrounding the city. The decision remains controversial, as farmers and other critics say that the "development embargo" being placed on such lands forces down the value of farmland within the greenbelt, without providing compensation to its owners. Many cities have implemented growth boundaries of some kind, including Ottawa, Portland, Oregon, Frankfurt, Germany, Seoul, Korea and London, England, as a method of restricting urban growth. For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... Location of Niagara Falls in the Niagara Region Niagara Falls, Ontario (2001 population 78,815) is a city located on the Niagara River, in the Golden Horseshoe region. ... Peterborough (2004 population 74,600 and the metropolitan population numbers 112,000) is a city on the Otonabee River in central-eastern Ontario, Canada, 125km northeast of Toronto. ... Urban sprawl is a term for the expansive, rapid, and sometimes reckless, growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ... (?) [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany. ... Seoul (서울, ▶(?)) is the capital of South Korea and is one of the most populous cities in the world, located in the northwestern part of the country on the Han River. ... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,421,328 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ...


Toronto and area

City suburbs and neighbourhoods

Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Toronto

From 1954 to 1998, the City of Toronto was one city within a larger federation of cities and municipalities called Metropolitan Toronto. When Metropolitan Toronto was forced against the will of Torontonians by the Ontario provincial government under Mike Harris to become one government, the City of Toronto was enlarged to include the former cities and municipalities of York, East York, North York, Etobicoke, and Scarborough. All of these former cities or municipalities still maintain, in some ways, their own distinct identities; their names are still used by their residents. The areas within the former City of Toronto prior to the merger are still referred to as the old City of Toronto, the Inner City, Toronto Proper, or Downtown Toronto. Church Street in the Church and Wellesley gay village, Toronto (Personal snapshot by Montrealais) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Church Street in the Church and Wellesley gay village, Toronto (Personal snapshot by Montrealais) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... View of Church Street looking north from Maitland Street Church and Wellesley is a gay-oriented community located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Torontos Church and Wellesley district, one of the largest gay villages in North America Rainbow flags are displayed in the Castro area of San Francisco as a symbol of gay pride The entrance to Chueca metro station in the Plaza de Chueca (Chueca square) in Madrid (Spain), during gay... Toronto, Ontario, Canada is called the city of neighbourhoods because of the strength and vitality of its many communities. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the name of the highest level of municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to 1997. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... This article is about the former City of York in Toronto. ... The East York Civic Centre, the former City Hall East York is a former suburb of Toronto, which was a borough of Metropolitan Toronto before it was amalgamated into the megacity of Toronto in 1998. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Etobicoke (pronounced ) is the borough to the west in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that has a population of about 350,000. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ...


The former City of Toronto is still the most densely populated area of the current city of Toronto. It is also the business and the entertainment centre of Toronto.


The former inner ring suburbs of York and East York are older, predominantly middle-class areas, and they are also highly ethnically diverse. Much of the housing stock in these areas consists of post-war single-family houses and high-rises. Rosedale and the Bridle Path are upscale neighbourhoods located within the inner ring. This article is about the former City of York in Toronto. ... The East York Civic Centre, the former City Hall East York is a former suburb of Toronto, which was a borough of Metropolitan Toronto before it was amalgamated into the megacity of Toronto in 1998. ... Rosedale is one of the wealthiest neighbourhoods in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Bridle Path is an upscale residential neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that is characterized by large multi-million dollar mansions and two to four acre (8,000 to 16,000 m²) lot sizes. ...


The outer ring suburbs of the former cities of Etobicoke, Scarborough, and North York are much more suburban, although they largely retain the grid patterns of the streets laid down before post-war suburbanization. Etobicoke (pronounced ) is the borough to the west in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that has a population of about 350,000. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ...


Toronto has over 200 neighbourhoods within the current city borders. This is why Toronto is often locally described as "a city of neighbourhoods."


Toronto's "905" exurbs

Further information: Greater Toronto Area

Before 1993, the telephone area code 416 included the entire Golden Horseshoe region from Clarington to Niagara Falls, Ontario. The area code was then split, with Metropolitan Toronto (now Toronto) alone remaining in 416, while the rest of the area became 905. In informal usage in Toronto, "905" quickly began to be used as shorthand for the belt of suburbs and exurbs surrounding the city, but not for places like Niagara Falls or Hamilton. Toronto itself may similarly be referred to as "416". (Subsequently both area codes 416 and 905 were overlaid with new codes, 647 and 289 respectively, but popular usage has not been affected by this.) The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Area code 416 is an area code that is surrounded by area code 905 since October of 1993. ... ... Categories: Canada-place stubs | Ontario communities ... Location of Niagara Falls in the Niagara Region Niagara Falls, Ontario (2001 population 78,815) is a city located on the Niagara River, in the Golden Horseshoe region. ... The expression exurb (for extra-urban) was coined in the 1950s, by Auguste Comte Spectorsky in his book The Exurbanites, to describe the ring of prosperous rural communities beyond the suburbs that, due to availability via the new high-speed limited-access highways, were becoming dormitory communities for an urban... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Area: 1,117. ...


Toronto's exurbs, the major "905" municipalities surrounding the city (roughly from west to east), are: The expression exurb (for extra-urban) was coined in the 1950s, by Auguste Comte Spectorsky in his book The Exurbanites, to describe the ring of prosperous rural communities beyond the suburbs that, due to availability via the new high-speed limited-access highways, were becoming dormitory communities for an urban...

A simulated colour image of Toronto c. 1985, taken by Landsat 7
A simulated colour image of Toronto c. 1985, taken by Landsat 7

West
Halton LANDSAT pic of Toronto - from http://www. ... LANDSAT pic of Toronto - from http://www. ... Landsat 7 is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. ... Halton Regional Municipality, or Halton Region, is located in Ontario, Canada, and is a part of the Greater Toronto Area. ...


Peel Oakville (2001 population 164,738) is a town on Lake Ontario in southern Ontario, Canada, midway between Toronto (about 31 km away) and Hamilton (about 20 km away). ... Milton (2004 population 47,500) is a town in southern Ontario, Canada, about 40 km west of Toronto on Highway 401, and is the western terminus for GO Transits Milton Line commuter train and bus corridor. ... Burlington (2001 population 150,836)[1] is located in the Golden Horseshoe, across the Lake Ontario and Burlington Bay harbour from Hamilton, in Halton Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Halton Hills (2002 population 47,600) is a town in Halton Regional Municipality, west of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Working for you Area: 1,241. ...

North
York Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Pride in our past, Faith in our future City of Mississauga, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... Motto: Welcomes you Area: 266. ... Caledon (2001 population 50,595) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. ... York Regional Municipality, also called York Municipality or York Region, is a municipality in south-central Ontario, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto. ...

East
Durham Richmond Hill (population 159,864 as of June 30, 2004) is a town in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Markham is a town in York Region, directly north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Vaughan (2001 population 182,022)[1] is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Aurora (2001 population 40,167) is a town located roughly 40 kilometres north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Map showing Newmarkets location in York Region Newmarket is a town located approximately 45 km north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, has an area of 38. ... Durham Regional Municipality, also called Durham Region (2003 population 525,000), is a regional political area located east of Toronto, Ontario. ...

Pickering (2003 population approximately 92,000) is (as of 2003) a city located east of Toronto in Durham Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Ajax (2005 population 90,000) is a town located in the Golden Horseshoe of south central Ontario, Canada. ... Whitby (2004 population 110,000) is a town located east of Toronto on the north shore of Lake Ontario, and is the seat of Durham Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Oshawa (2004 population 150,000, metropolitan population 296,298) is a city on Lake Ontario located 56 kilometres east of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Clarington (2001 population 69,834) is a town on Lake Ontario east of Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the Durham Region. ...

Nomenclature

Nicknames

Nicknames for Toronto include: A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Tom is short for Thomas). ...

  • T.O. – from Toronto, Ontario (or Toronto); pronounced "Tee-Oh"
  • T-dot – short for "T-dot, O-dot"
  • The Big Smoke – a nickname it shares with many other cities
  • Hogtown – referring to its importance in the 19th century as a site for growing, trading, and marketing livestock
  • Toronto the Good – from its history as a bastion of 19th century Victorian morality
  • Methodist Rome – similarly, an analogy implicating the city as a centre for Canadian methodism, akin to Rome's role in Catholicism
  • Hollywood North – due to the many TV and movie productions in the city (shared with Vancouver)
  • Queen City – a reference most commonly used by francophone Quebecers ("La Ville-Reine")
  • Muddy York – derived from Toronto's previous name, York, and the weather's effect on its once-largely unpaved streets
  • The 416 – 416 is the original telephone area code for much of the city (the other area code in Toronto is 647; 905 is used in the surrounding GTA exurbs)
  • The Centre of the Universe – a derogatory nickname often used by rural and other Canadians
  • Hockeytown – due to the popularity of ice hockey in the city, and the fact that the Toronto Maple Leafs are the home team
  • The Economic Engine of Canada
  • The Most Multicultural City on Earth
  • New York run by the Swiss – a take on Peter Ustinov's oft-quoted reference of the city to reporter John Bentley Mays in The Globe and Mail on 1 August 1987: "Toronto is a kind of New York operated by the Swiss." When reminded of this later at a reception in June 1992, he responded (again cited in The Globe), "I've learned it's really run by the Canadians."
  • Tehranto, as referred by Iranians to Toronto. It is called Tehranto to refer to the large number of Iranians living in the Toronto. (note: Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehranto is the name Toronto and Tehran compounded.)

Similarly: Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victorian morality is a distillation of the moral views of people living at the time of Queen Victoria (reigned 1837 - 1901) in particular, and to the moral climate of Great Britain throughout the 19th century in... The Methodist Rome was a nickname sometimes given to the city of Toronto, Ontario in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Members of Parliament Libby Davies, Ujjal Dosanjh, David Emerson, Hedy Fry, Stephen Owen Members of the Legislative Assembly Gordon Campbell, David Chudnovsky, Adrian Dix, Colin Hansen, Jenny Kwan, Lorne Mayencourt, Wally Oppal, Gregor Robertson, Shane Simpson, Carole Taylor Mayor Sam Sullivan City Manager Judy Rogers Governing Body Vancouver City Council... Queen City can refer to: Queen City, Missouri Queen City, Texas The term Queen City is also used by a number of cities in the United States and Canada. ... In Canadian English, a Québécois (IPA: ) is a native or resident of the province of Quebec, Canada, especially a French-speaking one. ... York was the original name of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Area code 416 is an area code that is surrounded by area code 905 since October of 1993. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Cobourg, Ontario Area code 905 (1-905) (with overlay Area code 289) is a telephone dialling area for southcentral Ontario. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada and is centred around the fifth largest city in North America, Toronto, after Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. ... Hockeytown is a nickname for two cities, Detroit in the United States, and Toronto in Canada. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Toronto Maple Leafs are a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... Earth, also known as Terra, and (mostly in the 19th century) Tellus, is the third-closest planet to the Sun. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ... Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov (born Peter Alexander von Ustinow) (April 16, 1921 – March 28, 2004) was a British-born and raised actor, writer, dramatist and raconteur. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

Look up Portmanteau in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Scarborough (Dissolved), Ontario, Canada location. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ...

Pronunciation

The stress is on the second syllable.


Locals sometimes pronounce the city's name as "Toronno" or "Tronno", "Tronto", "Toranna", "Taranna", "Chronno" (with ch as in chime, not chrome), "Chranna" or even "Terawhnna" (). This is a reflection of the varieties of Canadian pronunciation and does not represent a unique pronunciation for the city name itself. Image File history File links En-CA Toronto (contracted). ... Canadian English is the form of English used in Canada, spoken as a first or second language by over 25 million Canadians (as recorded in the census of 2001. ...


For instance, many Canadians pronounce the number "ninety nine" as something between "9-D-9" and "9-E-9", whereas many Britons or East Indians will distinctly pronounce "9-T-9". Thus while it is natural that many Canadians will say "Toronno", speakers whose dialects pronounce the "T" distinctly in words like "ninety nine" should do likewise when pronouncing "Toronto". In each case, the speaker merely pronounces "Toronto" in the way that is most natural in his or her dialect. Some Torontonians would often identify a local if he/she says "Toronno".


Even for Canadian speakers it is never outright incorrect to pronounce distinctly the second t in Toronto, and some local pedants do so. Pronouncing it "Tor-on-toe" (with equal stress on each syllable) in casual speech is usually seen as a sign of someone who is not a native of the city. Canadian francophones pronounce it, "To-ron-to", in three syllables, with the french nasal on on the second syllable, and the accent on the third syllable. A francophone is a person who speaks French natively or by adoption (i. ...


See also

The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the name of the highest level of municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to 1997. ... This is a list of notable people, mostly entertainers who are from Toronto, Canada, or have spent a large part or formative part of their career in that city. ... This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... See also: 1976 Summer Olympics The 1976 Summer Paralympics were the fifth Paralympic Games to be held. ... The following is a list of hospitals in Toronto: Toronto General Hospital Toronto Grace Hospital Toronto Western Hospital St. ... Toronto is home to several professional sports franchises and annual sporting events. ... The following is a list of malls in Toronto. ... The following is a list of educational institutions in Toronto. ... This is a list of media outlets in Toronto, Canada. ... Toronto, Ontario, Canada is called the city of neighbourhoods because of the strength and vitality of its many communities. ... The following is a list of attractions in Toronto. ... Toronto has almost 1,500 parks (spanning 80 km²). This is a list of parks in Toronto. ... This is an incomplete list of annual events in Toronto, Ontario. ... This is a list of the tallest skyscrapers in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada as of June 2005: First Canadian Place, the tallest skyscraper in Toronto. ... This is a list of sister cities of Toronto, Ontario, Canada: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Some politicians and urban affairs commentators have proposed that the City of Toronto, Canada secede from the Province of Ontario to become the Province of Toronto, the eleventh province of Canada. ... The Tenant Protection Act is a law in Toronto, Canada that is coming under fire by the Parkdale Tenants Association after failing to fulfill its promise to replace the provincial Tenant Protection Act with updated legislation to enhance and protect the rights of tenants and undo the damage done since...

External links

Official websites

  • City of Toronto Official website for the city.
  • Tourism Toronto Official tourism website for the city.

Tourism websites

  • Fodor's Toronto City guide from Fodor's.
  • Frommer's Toronto City guide from Frommer's.
  • Toronto 4 Kids What to do with kids in Toronto? Find out!
  • Toronto Life Restaurant guide, events calendar, city guide, best of the city.
  • TorontoTourist.info Listings of city attractions, restaurants and nightlife.
  • Dine.TO Local bars, restaurants and cafes search engine.

Other websites

Related wikilinks CBC is an abbreviation for: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (TV 8) - Located in Barbados Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting Co. ...

  • Wikitravel Toronto Toronto travel guide at Wikitravel.
  • Wikicities Toronto Toronto Wiki at wikicities.com.

References

North: Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Markham, Thornhill
West: Brampton, Mississauga, Hamilton Toronto East: Pickering, Oshawa
South: Lake Ontario


Alternate use: see Robert Fulford (croquet player) for the English croquet player. ... Vaughan (2001 population 182,022)[1] is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Richmond Hill (population 159,864 as of June 30, 2004) is a town in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Markham is a town in York Region, directly north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Thornhill is a former village in Ontario, Canada, directly north of Toronto, and is currently shared by two municipalities, the city of Vaughan having the portion west of Yonge Street and the town of Markham having the eastern portion. ... Motto: Welcomes you Area: 266. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Pride in our past, Faith in our future City of Mississauga, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Area: 1,117. ... Pickering (2003 population approximately 92,000) is (as of 2003) a city located east of Toronto in Durham Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Oshawa (2004 population 150,000, metropolitan population 296,298) is a city on Lake Ontario located 56 kilometres east of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ...

Provincial and territorial capitals of Canada

Edmonton, ABVictoria, BCWinnipeg, MBFredericton, NBSt. John's, NLYellowknife, NTHalifax, NSIqaluit, NUToronto, ONCharlottetown, PEQuebec City, QCRegina, SKWhitehorse, YT Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... The following are the capitals of Canadas provinces and territories: Provinces Edmonton, Alberta Victoria, British Columbia Winnipeg, Manitoba Fredericton, New Brunswick St. ... Image File history File links National Flag of Canada / lUnifolié For more information, see Department of Canadian Heritage and Image_talk:Canada_flag_large. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Industry Integrity Progress Image:Abedm. ... The arms of Victoria. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) City of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canadas Location. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest) Image:Fredericton, New Brunswick Location. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Avancez (go forward) Nickname: The City of Legends City of St. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) City of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada location. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location 63°45′ N 68°33′ W Land area 52. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength City of Toronto, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... // Alan Owns!!!! Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Birthplace of Confederation) City of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canadas Location. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Québec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Québec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Jean-Paul LAllier 1989-Dec. ... Regina, Saskatchewan Regina is the provincial capital of Saskatchewan, Canada and was incorporated as a city on June 19, 1903. ... Whitehorse is a Canadian city, the territorial capital of the Yukon. ...


Census Divisions of Ontario Flag of Ontario
Counties of Ontario: Bruce | Dufferin | Elgin | Essex | Frontenac | Grey | Haliburton | Hastings | Huron | Lambton | Lanark | Leeds and Grenville | Lennox and Addington | Middlesex | Northumberland | Perth | Peterborough | Prescott and Russell | Renfrew | Simcoe | Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry | Wellington
Regional Municipalities of Ontario: Durham | Halton | Muskoka | Niagara | Oxford | Peel | Waterloo | York
Single Tier Municipalities of Ontario: Brant | Brantford | Chatham-Kent | Greater Sudbury | Haldimand | Hamilton | Kawartha Lakes | Norfolk | Ottawa | Prince Edward | Toronto
Separated municipalities - Historic counties of Ontario
Districts of Ontario: Algoma | Cochrane | Kenora | Manitoulin | Nipissing | Parry Sound | Rainy River | Sudbury | Thunder Bay | Timiskaming

  Results from FactBites:
 
CBC Toronto - Programs - Ontario Morning (167 words)
Ontario Morning is the wake-up show for listeners in Southern Ontario outside of Toronto, from Sarnia in the west to Cornwall in the east, to Parry Sound in the north, and to parts of the Upper Ottawa Valley.
The host of Ontario Morning is Wei Chen.
Ontario Morning tells you what's happening in your world - whether it's down the road or around the globe.
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