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Encyclopedia > Torlaks
Area where Torlakian dialect is spoken
Area where Torlakian dialect is spoken

Torlaks (Torlaci, Торлаци) is a name for inhabitants of south-eastern Serbia who speak the Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. Being an distinctive South Slavic population in the past, Torlaks today consider themselves Serbs. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and by Serbs everywhere. ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in black) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...

Contents


Origin of the name

According to one theory, name Torlak derived from the Serbian word "tor" ("sheepfold" in English), refering to the fact that Torlaks in the past were mainly shepherds by occupation. The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and by Serbs everywhere. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ...


Subgroups

The Torlak population also includes two distinctive ethnic groups - Gorani in Kosovo and Krashovani in Romania. The difference between these two groups and the rest of Torlaks is mainly a religion - while most of the Torlaks are Orthodox Christians, the Gorani population is Muslim and the Krashovani population is Roman Catholic. Gorani or Gorançe or Goranska are a Slavic ethnic group living in Gora region, just south of Prizren in the territory of Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, north-western Macedonia in the Šar-planina region near Tetovo, as well as in north-eastern Albania, most notably in the village os... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Krashovani (Croatian and Serbian: Krašovani, Крашовани, Karašovani or Krašovanje, Karaševci and Koroševci; Romanian: Caraşoveni, Cârşoveni, Cotcoreţi or Cocoşi; also known as Krashovans) are a South Slavic people indigenous to Caraşova and other nearby locations in Caraş-Severin County within... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Connection with Shopi

The Shopi population living in the east of Torlak-inhabited territory (mainly in the western Bulgaria) is cognate to Torlaks. Some researchers even thought that names Torlaks and Shopi are only two names for the same population, but since Torlaks considered themselves different from the Shopi, more accurate definition is that Torlaks and Shopi are two cognate but different groups. In the 19th century, Torlaks knew the exact border between Torlak and Shopi settlements. The Shopi (шопи, scientific transliteration šopi; singular шоп, šop, with various regional names also existing) are are an ethnic subgroup of the Bulgarian people that inhabits the region of the Shopluk (Шоплук, Šopluk) in central western Bulgaria, around the towns of Botevgrad, Svoge, Elin Pelin, Kostinbrod, Slivnitsa, Dragoman, Samokov, Ihtiman, Dupnitsa, Kyustendil, Tran...


References

  • Kosta V. Kostić, Prilog etnoistoriji Torlaka, II izdanje, Novi Sad, 1995.

See also


 
 

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