FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Torgau" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Torgau
Coat of arms Map
Statistics
State: Saxony
Regierungsbezirk: Leipzig
District: Torgau-Oschatz
Area: 42.08 km²
Population: 19,062 (May 2004)
Population density: 452/km²
Elevation: 78 m
Postal code: 04860
Area/distance code: 03421
Location: 51.5667/51°34' N lat.
13° E long.
Municipal code: 14389320
Car designation: TO
Address of the city administration: Markt 15
Torgau 04860
Website: www.torgau.de

Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany. It is the centre of the Torgau-Oschatz and covers about 42km&sup2. In 2003, it had 19,031 inhabitants. The town has a hospital and the main industries are glass and ceramics production, papermills, lumberyards, the building industry, and agriculture.


Sights

Sights include the historic town centre, restored since the unification, a brewery museum, the monument for the meeting of the Russian and American troops on the Elbe and a Russian military cemetery. The early Renaissance Hartenfels castle dominates the town. The chapel was built in 1544 (designed by Nickel Gromann) and combines late gothic with early Renaissance elements. It was consecrated by Martin Luther on October 5, 1544. Brown bears are still kept in the moat.

Entrance to castle Hartenfels, Torgau, with the Saxon arms at display
Entrance to castle Hartenfels, Torgau, with the Saxon arms at display

History

The settlement goes back to a Slavonic settlement Turguo in the shire of Neletici. There was presumably a wooden Slavonic castle located under the present-day Hartenstein castle. In the 10th century if fell under the rule of the Holy Roman Emperors, a castle and a settlement were built. A market is attested in 1119 AD. The town was located on the important trade-road between Leipzig and Frankfurt an der Oder that crossed the river Elbe at a ford east of Torgau.


Torgau belonged to the duchy of Saxony-Wittenberg. After the last Ascanian duke died without issue in 1423, the Electorate passed to the Wettin-dynasty and Torgau became residency. After the Leipzig partition in 1485, Torgau fell to the Ernestine line. The court resided mainly in Weimar and in Torgau. From 1525 onwards, Torgau became the sole residence. After the Battle of Mühlberg in 1547, Torgau fell to the Albertine line.

Russian inscription pointing to mess of Battalion No.2, Torgau
Russian inscription pointing to mess of Battalion No.2, Torgau

During the reformation, the town council closed all cloisters in 1523. Citizens of Torgau destroyed the paintings and statues of Saints in the Churches and stormed the Franciscan monastery. After Luther had driven Andreas Karlstadt (Bodenstein) from Saxony in 1524, he enforced the expulsion of Karlstadt's followers in Torgau in 1529. Katharina von Bora, the wife of Martin Luther is buried in St. Marien, Torgau. The Torgauer Artikel, a draft of the 'Augsburg Confession' was composed by Luther, Melanchthon, Bugenhagen and Jonas in the electoral superindenture in 1530 (Wintergrün).


External links

  • http://www.torgau.de
  • http://www.torgau-oschatz.info

  Results from FactBites:
 
TORGAU - LoveToKnow Article on TORGAU (588 words)
In the vicinity is the royal stud farm of Graditz.
Torgau is said to have existed as the capital of a distinct principality in the time of the German king Henry I., but early in the I4th century it was in the possession of the margraves of Meissen and later of the electors of Saxony, who frequently resided here.
Torgau is particularly celebrated as the scene of a battle fought on the 3rd of November 1760, when Frederick the Great defeated the Austrians (see SEVEN YEARS' WAR).
Torgau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (402 words)
Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany.
Citizens of Torgau destroyed the paintings and statues of Saints in the Churches and stormed the Franciscan monastery.
The Torgauer Artikel, a draft of the 'Augsburg Confession' was composed by Luther, Melanchthon, Bugenhagen and Jonas in the electoral superindenture in 1530 (Wintergrün).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m