FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Top Up TV
Top Up TV
Type DTT Pay TV and Download Service
Founded 2004
Headquarters Flag of Jersey Jersey
Key people David Chance and Ian West
Industry Media
Products Pay TV services
Programming
Slogan Just select and play
Website topuptv.com

Top Up TV is a pay TV service provided in the United Kingdom. In addition to the Freeview channels, Top Up TV, for a monthy payment allows access to the On demand Top Up TV Anytime programme library. Content ranges from Entertainment to Films and Kids to Documentaries and is set over 19 channels such as Cartoon Network, Living, TCM and MTV. The service is delivered overnight via the proprietary Thomson DTI 6300-16 Digital Terrestrial Recorder better known as Top Up TV+ Box. Image File history File links Topuptv_britishtvservice. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jersey. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For Cartoon Network in the United States, see Cartoon Network. ... Living is a British television channel owned by Virgin Media Television. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a digital television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... MTV One is part of MTV Networks Europe. ...

Contents

Company

The company was founded by two former BSkyB executives, David Chance and Ian West. It is 20% owned by Five who took a stake in 2005, its Financial Officer is Nick Humby from Manchester United. The owner of Access Industries, Len Blavatnik, is said to have puchased a 70% stake in January 2007.[citation needed] Top Up TV recently restructured which saw the original company be liquidated under Members voluntary liquidation under the name Minds1. The company was then split up into 3 companies: Top Up TV 1, Top Up TV 2, Top Up TV 3. Aquiva holds the contract for Playout and Distribuation services with Thomson Multimedia solely manufacturing the Top Up TV+ Box. Top Up TV formally used exOnDigital and Top Up TV Ready set top boxes for the original 11 channel timeshare service which is no longer available to subscribe to.


Top Up TV Anytime

On 30 August 2006 Top Up TV announced that it was to launch a new service known as Top Up TV Anytime. This enabled the viewer to watch some programming from new and existing channels once downloaded onto a special digital video recorder known as the Top Up TV+ Box. Existing set-top boxes with slots and PVRs cannot be used for the service however they can be used to subscribe to Setanta Sports 1. Programming is downloaded overnight via Video Streams on Multiplex A (whose space is leased out by Five) and totals to 600 hours of content a month, from July 2007 additional content will be available from some of the 19 subscription channels.


Subscribers have been informed by post about two new channels joining the service in September 2007 but these just turned out to be the two existing Info channel and Showcase. The Info channel provides video help about using the Top Up TV+ Box, and Showcase consists of programming from the Audi Channel and The National Lottery owner Camelot.


Programming

Top Up TV has indicated that Top Up TV Anytime will provide over 100 hours per week of downloaded programmes, meaning about 150 programmes to watch at any one time. The service broadcasts a variety of programmes from the following television channels:

Premium/Bonus services: UKTV Gold, (previously known as UK Gold until March 8, 2004), is a British television channel that shows mainly classic BBC entertainment programmes. ... Living is a British television channel owned by Virgin Media Television. ... The Hallmark Channel is a British TV channel owned by Sparrowhawk Media Group, with the Hallmark brand used under licence from Crown Media (which operates the US Hallmark Channel). ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ... Cartoon Network is a digital television channel created by Turner Broadcasting and dedicated to showing animated programming. ... Cartoon Network TOO (CN Too for short) is a spin-off television channel aimed at 4-17 year olds, that airs a mixture of original and modern classic cartoons from the Cartoon Cartoons umbrella of programming until May 24, 2007 where the channel shows the same shows from Cartoon Network... Boomerangs original logo was the same as the U.S. channel, used from launch to 12 September 2004 Boomerang is a television channel broadcast in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, launched on May 27, 2000. ... Nickelodeon (Nick for short) is a cable and satellite TV network primarily for children and pre-teens. ... For Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... Bloomberg Television are cable television networks around the world that broadcast business and financial news 24 hours a day. ... Animal Planet, launched in 1996, is a cable and satellite television network co-owned by Discovery Communications, Inc. ... UKTV Style (previously UK Style) is a television channel broadcasting in the United Kingdom, as part of the UKTV network of channels, and launched on 1 November 1997. ... UK Food was launched on 5th November 2001. ... Life & Times is an album by American singer/songwriter Jim Croce, released in 1973. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a digital television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... Discovery Real Time is a male oriented factual television channel produced by Discovery Networks Europe. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Paramount Comedy is a television channel shown in the UK. As the name suggests, it is owned by Paramount Pictures (aka Viacom) and concentrates on comedy. ... The History Channel is a cable television channel, dedicated to the presentation of historical events and persons, often with frequent observations and explanations by noted historians as well as reenactors and witnesses to events, if possible. ...

  • PictureBox Additional Monthly Charge.
  • Setanta Sports 1 Additional Monthly Charge.
  • Showcase (available free).
  • Info Channel (available free).

All of the content from the Top Up TV Anytime service (except PictureBox movie service and Setanta Sports) is included in a £9.99 per month price package. Customers may select the channels they wish to receive in order to manage the space on their Hard Disc Drive more efficiently. The PictureBox movie service costs an additional £5 per month to TUTV Anytime subscribers. PictureBox is available as a standalone service costing £7 per month. PictureBox provides one movie from Universal Studios for subscribers to watch each night.[1] Certain "live" programming will be shown as part of British Eurosport, but it is unsure whether any other of the channels will have "live" capability for live events once the "old" streaming service is phased out. Setanta Sports 1 & 2 are the two main Channels for Setanta Sports in the Republic of Ireland and United Kingdom, carrying coverage of association football (including the English Premier League, Scottish Premier League, top-flight European leagues and UEFA Cup), boxing, golf, motorsport, coverage of the Gaelic Athletic Association and... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ...


Concerns have been raised over the security and viability of Setanta's digital terrestrial channel provided by Top Up TV because the encryption system was switched from the MediaGuard encryption system [[5]] (which was cracked in continental Europe in 2004) to the Nagravision encryption system [[6]]according to the conditional access manufacturer Kudelski. Like Mediaguard, the different versions of Nagravision are insecure and have also been compromised according to media industry studies, external appraisals [7] and numerous discussion websites. The key-based encryption systems, like Nagravison, are fundamentally insecure because the keys and control words necessary to decrypt the television signal are themselves broadcast by the service provider. It is therefore very much easier for hackers to intercept the keys and reverse engineer the smartcards needed to hack the system.


In the United Kingdom, advanced conditional access modules for digital televisions and personal video recorders, such as the Dragon, T-Rex and Reality CAMs, that can easily decrypt Nagravision encryptions systems are freely on sale directly from suppliers and on the UK version of Ebay [[8]]. In addition, cloned smartcards for set top boxes that can decrypt Nagravision are now readily available and are already being traded on certain illicit websites within the UK. This has led to growing speculation that digital terrestrial pay-TV piracy is increasing within the United Kingdom during the 2007/2008 football season due to the much greater use of these public hack cloned cards and advanced conditional access modules.


Sky's own Sky Italia service suffered heavy losses due to piracy and more than 3 million Italian homes accessed pay-TV services through hacked decoder cards for conditional access set top boxes and conditional access modules for digital televisions and personal video recorders. Sky Italia had to switch from an insecure key-based system to the secure Videoguard cryptographic algorithm encryption system. This issue has been covered by the Guardian and Financial Times newspapers and the Datamonitor commercial analysis group.



[2] [3] [4] [5]


Equipment

To receive the Top Up TV Anytime programme library, a subscriber must purchase a proprietary Top Up TV+ box built for Top Up TV by Thomson (model DTI 6300-16). The Top Up TV+ box automatically records programmes broadcast overnight. The user can then watch the stored programmes on demand[6].


The Top Up TV+ Box costs from £79.97 currently in Tescos and is also available from Top Up TV direct, Argos, Comet, John Lewis, Amazon, Sainsburys, Empire Direct, Laskys and Asda from between £80 and £100. Before the Top Up TV+ box cost between £139-£210. Special offers have been run in conjunction with The Mirror recently before the price drop to £99 which allowed the customer to buy the box for £99 a get 1 month free. The Mirror is a former and currently informal name for the British tabloid newspaper The Daily Mirror an episode of the television series The Twilight Zone; see The Mirror (The Twilight Zone) a film by Andrei Tarkovsky This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages...


In the box is the Box itself, a viewing card, a Top Up TV bespoke remote control and scart lead, A signal Improvement kit, a RF lead and a power cable. Printed materials include the Top Up TV welcome pack, a remote control codes guide and an instruction manual


The rear of the box has two scart sockets, two tuners, an S-Video output, analogue phono output and Digital Audio output. It features an offline USB port on the front located next to the viewing card slot hidden behind an opening on the front panel. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A tuner is a device to adjust the resonant frequency of an antenna or transmission line to work most efficiently at one frequency or band of frequencies. ... S-Video (also known as Y/C) is a baseband analog video format offering a higher quality signal than composite video, but a lower quality than RGB and component video. ... Phono may refer to: phones in phonology phonograph, an abbreviation regularely used on buttons and jacks RCA connector, called phono since they originally connectted phonographs -phone, the suffix Phono (band) Category: ... Note: USB may also mean upper sideband in radio. ...


For encryption services Top Up TV uses the Nagra France MediaGuard SECA2 system (however they have apparently upgraded to the more secure Nagravision[9]), whilst for interactive services the box has MHEG5 v1.06 software. The System software is developed by Top Up TV together with Nagra. Nagra France is a company which develops and markets the Mediaguard conditional access system for digital television. ... Mediaguard is a conditional access system for digital television developed by SECA (Société Européenne de Contrôle dAccès), which has since become Nagra France. ... Nagravision is a company of the Kudelski Group that develops conditional access systems for cable and satellite television. ... MHEG-5 is a standard devised for the middleware of digital teletext services in the United Kingdom. ...


Firmware

Top Up TV+ Box has received 5 software revisions since its launch:

Version Released Notes
1.50 Shipped firmware.
1.80 First firmware update.
2.00 08/01/2007 Second firmware update.
2.44 12/03/2007 Third firmware update. Fixed problems with the box crashing, rebooting, and missing or deleting recordings. Also added series link, which allows the whole series of a show to be downloaded automatically.
2.81 03/07/2007 Fourth firmware update. Improved general stability and encryption. Also added Subtitles, which although there was a dedicated button on the remote it was functionless. Also fixed the problem with BBCi News Multiscreen.
2.88 08/11/2007 Fifth firmware update. This software includes a number of enhancements and improvements. Specifically EPG & VOD Search (You need to turn this on by going MENU -> 4, 2 and then selecting on from line 5),expanded the Synopsis window, Removed the Anytime Grey Channel bars in the EPG, Revised “Favourites” screen, Series link reliability is now improved and failed series link recordings are re-scheduled, Inclusion of a Channel and VOD Channel Lock facility screen, added facility to “centre” the display off-set. The reliability of VOD downloads has been improved. The ability to save content from the VOD library to the user library has been re-activated. A number of other user interface changes that will make the DTR easier to operate and improved the stability of the DTR generally.

History of Top Up TV

Top Up TV, as Newincco 166 Ltd, attempted to make an application for the multiplex licence bid for multiplex D on the DTT service in 2002 as a joint application with Carlton, Granada and Channel 4, trading as the Digital Terrestrial Alliance (DTA). The company were prepared to offer a "viable" and "lite-pay" service, which would have provided a large number of free to air channels and a few pay-TV ones [10]. The bid was unsuccessful, and the licence was instead awarded to the BBC, BSkyB and Crown Castle, which later became National Grid Wireless. MUX redirects here. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Carlton Television is the United Kingdom Channel 3 (ITV) licensee for London and the surrounding areas from 9:25am every Monday to 5. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the British television station. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ... Crown Castle International Corp. ... National Grid Wireless (formerly Crown Castle UK) is a company which provides telecommunications infrastructure and broadcast transmission facilities in the UK. Its main customers are broadcasters and mobile phone network operators, and its main asset is a network of over 1,000 radio masts and towers. ...


After the turn-down of a multiplex bid, Top Up TV turned to public service broadcasters Five and Channel 4 to gain capacity on the platform. On multiplex A, Top Up TV were granted four long-term streams (one of which previously hosted TV Travel Shop), and on multiplex 2, were granted one short-term stream from Channel 4. They came up with a time-shared system which allowed 10 pay-TV channels to be broadcast in the space of five television streams, two of which were allotted "empty" space, which later became ABC1 and Teachers' TV. The sixth stream was used as a temporary measure (as of the short-term contract with Channel 4), and hosted pay-per-view channels Xtraview and Red Hot. Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British television station. ... S4C Digital Networks Ltd (SDN) is a company that operates Multiplex A, one of the six groups of channels on digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources, so as to avoid it being considered... Digital 3&4 is a consortium run by ITV and Channel 4, which operates a multiplex broadcasting from a number of transmitter sites in the UK, carrying television and radio channels (in addition to interactive services) from both of the broadcasters. ... ABC1 is a United Kingdom based television channel from Disney utilizing the branding of the Disney owned American network, ABC. The channel initially launched exclusively on the British digital terrestrial television platform Freeview on September 27, 2004. ... Teachers TV is a free-to-air television channel in the UK aimed towards people working in education. ... Xtraview is a pay-per-view channel run by Top Up TV on British Digital Terrestrial Television. ... European Chain Store ...


Top Up TV focused less on the premium services which were prominent of ITV Digital prior to 2002. By 2005, eleven channels were available on the service but were all time-shared. Overnight this dropped to as few as two channels (from the main package), in order to make space for premium adult entertainment channels. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Since 2007, Top Up TV Anytime is replacing the original service. Five revoked broadcasting capacity to launch Five Life and Five US. They had to move to the Push Ondemand Top Up TV Anytime service (see below). Five Life is a free-to-air television channel in the United Kingdom owned by Five. ... Five US is a free-to-view entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by Five, launched on October 16, 2006 It was the second digital channel to be launched by Five as part of their multi-channel strategy, the first being Five Life. ...


Original service

From March 2004 Top Up TV provided a package of 10 timeshared TV channels, this was joined by an eleventh in 2005: UKTV Gold, UKTV Style, UKTV Food, Discovery Channel, Discovery Home&Lesiure, TCM, E4, Bloomberg, Cartoon Network and Boomerang. In 2005 British Eurosport replaced E4 and Toonami joined the line-up. Discovery Home&Lesiure was rebranded Discovery Realtime. It is expected that this will fully close down in favour of Top Up TV Anytime. The original service broke even at 250,000 subscribers according to many sources around the Time Top Up TV Anytime was announced. The original service has been stripped down to UKTV Gold, UKTV Style, British Eurosport this is likely to be stripped down even more in the future. From its launch Alice Beer ran an Information Programme viewable by the channel placeholders and the Top Up TV Sampler channel at the time about the service. However in 2007 when Top Up TV Anytime launched, the Top Up TV Promo channel ran a promotion service hosted by Craig Doyle.[Encyclopedic?]


Top Up TV provided additional services such as Xtraview which offered Top Up TV Channels for £1 a day but closed down after Channel 4 wanted the stream back for its own use. This was replaced by Top Up TV Pay As You Go which since closed. Top Up TV Active was an interactive advertising service that replace the off-air MHEG screens on Channel 107, it also featured an audio version of QuizWorld. Xtraview and Top Up TV still remain in a different form today with the off air MHEG being Top Up TV Active and the enter code system for Television X is using Xtraview's method of encryption. Xtraview is a pay-per-view channel run by Top Up TV on British Digital Terrestrial Television. ... Xtraview is a pay-per-view channel run by Top Up TV on British Digital Terrestrial Television. ... Xtraview logo Xtraview is a trademark of Top Up TV. The Xtraview Video Encryption System refers to the patented encryption system used on the the now-defunct Xtraview channel and a number of other Top Up TV services including Setanta Sports, Television X and Red Hot TV. Unlike the other...


Controversy

The BBC, a member of the Freeview Consortium, has accused Top Up TV of confusing customers by re-introducing pay-TV to DTT [6]. The Freeview consortium had intended to push DTT as an entirely free-to-air (FTA) option to avoid scaring off those who did not want to pay to watch TV. However, some suspect that the entirely-FTA proposition was a ploy by the BBC to safeguard the TV Licence, a suspicion confirmed by former BBC Director General Greg Dyke in his autobiography "Inside Story". Initially, the BBC tried to insist that all of Top Up TV's channels were put at the end of the EPG to avoid confusion. In response to this Top Up TV filed a complaint[7] with Ofcom over the BBC’s apparent refusal to list its new subscription channels on the DTT electronic programme guide. Ofcom spoke to the BBC and the matter was resolved between the parties. [11] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... A television licence is an official licence required in some countries for all owners of a television receiver. ... Gregory Dyke (born 20 May 1947) is a journalist and broadcaster. ...


The Red Hot channel, which uses Top Up TV's Xtraview system, found itself with threats of legal action for infringing the Freeview trademark when the channel's advertising initially claimed to be on Freeview and used the Freeview logo. Xtraview is a pay-per-view channel run by Top Up TV on British Digital Terrestrial Television. ...


Top Up TV had also found itself on the wrong side of a number of Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) and Ofcom adjudications [8] [9] [10] [11] [12], which have ruled that Top Up TV's advertising does not make the time-shared nature of the service clear enough. Their advertisements have been criticised in these rulings for appearing to indicate that 11 full channels are on offer when, in fact, the company only has broadcast access to 4.5 channel spaces and none of their channel offerings are broadcast full-time unlike their satellite and cable competitors. The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ...


The time sharing system also lead to criticism as it often cut programmes off before they were finished - especially on British Eurosport, and to a lesser extent on UKTV Gold. In its argument to the Advertising Standards Authority (see above), Top Up TV claimed that its channel suppliers joining the service had given an undertaking to align their channel's schedules to fit around Top Up TV's time sharing but that still left a few programmes cut off part way through. Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... UKTV Gold, (previously known as UK Gold until March 8, 2004), is a British television channel that shows mainly classic BBC entertainment programmes. ...


On May 18, 2006 Top Up TV Ltd, Top Up TV's holding company, changed its name to Minds 1 Limited and entered members voluntary liquidation [13]. According to Top Up TV the move is part of a restructuring programme, and will see the company demerged into three separate companies; Top Up TV 1 Limited, Top Up TV 2 Limited, and Top Up TV 3 Limited. The voluntary liquidation, combined with the initial heavy £7 million loss as reported in its own annual report, has resulted in increased media speculation regarding the viability and future of Top Up TV. is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... Winding up redirects here. ...


There were many complaints about the quality of the Top Up TV+ box made by Thomson and so many customers complained to the BBC's Watchdog consumer programme on BBC1 that they featured this product on the 23 January 2007 edition of the show. The box was described as "not fit for purpose" by one very dissatisfied customer and customers have reported many problems such as box crashing, picture freezing, cooling fans not working, failing to record and failing to pick up signals. Some recent software updates have improved certain aspects of the box like adding new features such as Series Link and Subtitles. However, many people remain unsatisfied with the box performance and have cancelled the service as testified by the postings on media discussion forums within the United Kingdom. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... BT Vision is a service provided in the United Kingdom supplied by BT Group. ...

References

  1. ^ Welsh, James. "Top Up announces movies on demand service", Digital Spy, 2006-09-18. Retrieved on 2006-09-19. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Higham, Nick. "Freeview faces Top Up trouble", BBC News, 2004-02-16. Retrieved on 2006-11-23. 
  7. ^ "BBC won’t let Freeview EPG be topped up", Broadband TV News. Retrieved on 2006-11-23. 
  8. ^ Advertising Standards Authority (2006-03-01) Broadcast Advertising Adjudications 1 March 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  9. ^ Advertising Standards Authority (2005-09-07) Broadcast Advertising Adjudications 7 September 2005. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  10. ^ Advertising Standards Authority (2005-03-02) Broadcast Advertising Adjudications 2 March 2005. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  11. ^ Advertising Standards Authority (2005-01-19) Non-Broadcast Adjudication Details. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  12. ^ Ofcom (2004-07-05) Advertising complaints bulletin. Issue A13. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  13. ^ Tryhorn, Chris. "Top Up TV undergoes restructuring", The Guardian, 2006-05-31. Retrieved on 2006-11-23. 

Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Top Up TV information and advice (2356 words)
Top Up TV launched in March 2004, offering 10 channels not available on Freeview, on a subscription basis.
Top Up TV Anytime officially launched in November 2006, and is a hard-disk based solution that uses a special set-top box to record a selection of TV programmes from TopUp's lineup of channels.
Until 2007, it was possible to get up to 11 extra TV channels with Top Up TV using a Freeview box with a card slot, or a TV that could accept a subscription card.
Top Up TV (281 words)
Top Up TV is a pay television service that operates in the UK on the Digital Terrestrial Television platform alongside the Freeview service.
After the collapse of ITV Digital in 2002 it was thought that pay television would not return to the platform, however on March 31 2004 it returned with the launch of Top Up TV.
Top Up TV has often been critisized for lack of channels and programmes ending in the middle due to the timeshare system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m