FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Top 40 (radio format)

Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. It is also used to refer to record charts which broadcast a countdown of this many hits, such as the UK Top 40 and American Top 40. A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... // A record chart, also known as a music chart, is a method of ranking music according to popularity during a given period of time. ... “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ... American Top 40 (commonly abbreviated to AT40) is an independent internationally-syndicated radio program currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest. ...


The term is also used to refer to the actual list of hit songs, and, by extension, to refer to pop music in general. The term has also been modified to describe Top 50; Top 30; Top 20; Top 10; Hot 100 (each with its number of songs) and Hot Hits radio formats, but carrying more or less the same meaning and having the same creative point of origin with Todd Storz as further refined by Gordon McLendon as well as Bill Drake. For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... Robert Todd Storz (1924 – April 13, 1964) is credited with being the father of the Top 40 radio format, which Gordon McLendon then went on to perfect with great commercial success during the 1950s and 1960s. ... Gordon Barton McLendon (born June 8, 1921 in Paris, Texas; died September 14, 1986) is widely credited for perfecting, with great commercial success, the Top 40 radio format during the 1950s and 1960s which was first invented by Todd Storz. ... His real name is Philip Yarbrough, but he is known by his on-air name, Bill Drake. ...


The Top 40 format is now more commonly known as contemporary hit radio or CHR. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Top 40 (radio format). ...

Contents

History

Although predated by the music marketing concept of the hit parade, the Top 40 radio format was created in response to the drift of USA mass media audiences from radio to television. With the loss of audience came the loss of sponsors and big budget radio productions, and since competing directly with the new visual medium was untenable, putting something on radio that wasn't available on TV became vital. Recorded music provided low-cost and fully produced entertainment requiring only segues between presentations. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. ...


Although hit music shows such as American Bandstand occasionally appeared, television wouldn't attempt to directly compete with Top 40 radio until many years later with the rise of MTV, the early incarnation of which was a cable television version of Top 40. Dick Clark, host of American Bandstand American Bandstand was a long-running dance music television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


The original Top 40 radio concept as devised in the 1950s did not emphasize any one genre of music or set of artists, instead playing, literally, the top 40 songs that people in a given broadcasting area wanted to hear played. While this meant that the up and coming rock and roll genre was often a popular music choice, out-of-genre Top-40 hits included gospel songs ("Oh, Happy Day!" by the Edwin Hawkins Singers), patriotic songs ("Ballad of the Green Berets" by S/Sgt. Barry Sadler), novelties ("The Thing" by Phil Harris), and even the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" as performed by the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. Top 40 also spawned the first generation of star disk jockeys, whose between-song patter and connection with the listeners became as important as the songs themselves. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Gospel, from the Old English good tidings is a calque of Greek () used in the New Testament (see Etymology below). ... Ballad of the Green Berets is a patriotic song in the ballad style about the Green Berets, an elite special force in the U.S. Army. ... SSgt. ... Phil Harris and Alice Faye Phil Harris (born Wonga Philip Harris) (June 24, 1904 – August 11, 1995) was an American singer, songwriter, jazz musician and comedian. ... The Battle Hymn of the Republic is a patriotic anthem written by Julia Ward Howe for the United States during the American Civil War as a replacement for the words to the marching song John Browns Body. ... The Mormon Tabernacle Choir is a large choir sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons). ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Patter is a glib rapid speech, that accompanies and comments some actions, e. ...


According to Eberley (1982, p.219) "The driving rhythms of rock fit snugly into the unity and consistency of Top 40. For if it were one thing that Top 40 compounded, it was unity - all components (commercials, public service announcements, the excitement) were compatible with the music. The Gestalt was greater than the sum of the parts." Look up gestalt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


As a format, Top 40 radio waned in the mid-1970s with the expansion of FM radio with its superior sound and more varied programming. Much of the popular audience moved to more sophisticated and targeted formats such as Album Oriented Rock. Radio stations began to specialize in particular types of music rather than playing current hits regardless of genre. The all-hits format has never completely died, however, and has experienced sporadic resurgences on the FM band, though seldom under the Top 40 name. However, the concept of a closely controlled overall sound for a station that originated with Top 40 radio is now dominant in all genres, basically unchallenged except by a few on-air broadcasters like WFMU, WNUR, and a number of World Wide Web Internet radio broadcasters. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... Album Oriented Rock, abbreviated AOR, was originally an American FM radio format focusing on album tracks by rock music artists rather than singles releases. ... WFMU is a listener supported, noncommercial radio station in Jersey City, New Jersey, broadcasting at 91. ... WNUR (89. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Internet radio (aka e-Radio) is an audio broadcasting service transmitted via the Internet. ...


Key contributors

Todd Storz

Credit for the format is widely given to Todd Storz, who was the director of radio station KOWH-AM in Omaha, Nebraska in the early 1950s. At that time typical AM radio programming consisted largely of blocks of pre-scheduled, sponsored programs of a wide variety, including radio dramas and variety shows. Local popular music hits, if they made it on the air at all, had to be worked in between these segments. Storz noted the great response certain songs got from the record-buying public and compared it to the way certain selections on jukeboxes were played over and over. He expanded his stable of radio stations, purchasing WTIX-AM in New Orleans, Louisiana, gradually converted his stations to an all-hits format, and pioneered the practice of surveying record stores to determine which singles were popular each week. In 1954, Storz purchased WHB-AM, a high-powered station in Kansas City, Missouri which could be heard throughout the Midwest and Great Plains, converted it to an all-hits format, and dubbed the result "Top 40". Shortly thereafter WHB debuted the first top 40 countdown, a reverse-order playing of the station's ranking of hit singles for that week. Within a few years, Top 40 stations appeared all over the country to great success, spurred by the burgeoning popularity of rock and roll music, especially that of Elvis Presley. A 1950's employee at WHB, Ruth Meyer, went on to have tremendous success in the early to mid-60's as program director of New York's premiere top 40 station at that time, WMCA. Robert Todd Storz (1924 – April 13, 1964) is credited with being the father of the Top 40 radio format, which Gordon McLendon then went on to perfect with great commercial success during the 1950s and 1960s. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Nickname: Motto: (Latin) Courageously in every enterprise Location in Nebraska Coordinates: , Country United States State Nebraska County Douglas Founded 1854 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Michael Fahey (D)  - City Clerk Buster Brown  - City Council District 1: Jim Suttle District 2: Frank Brown District 3: Jim Vokal District 4: Garry Gernandt (Council... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Radio drama is a form of audio storytelling broadcast on radio. ... A Zodiac jukebox A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ... WTIX is a All-Talk station based in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... WHB-AM is a commercial sports radio station in Kansas City, Missouri, broadcasting on 810 AM. While its five directional towers are located along Interstate 435 in the Northland, its studios are located in the suburb of Overland Park, Kansas, also the headquarters of its owner, Union Broadcasting. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ...


Gordon McLendon

Although Todd Storz is regarded as the father of the Top 40 format, Gordon McLendon of Dallas, Texas is regarded as the person who took an idea and turned it into a mass media marketing success in combination with the development in that same city of PAMS jingles. McLendon's successful KLIF in Dallas, which went Top 40 around 1953 or 1954, soon became perhaps the most imitated radio station in America. It was the combination of Top 40 and PAMS jingles which became the key to the success of the radio format itself. Not only were the same records played on different stations across America, but so were the same jingle music beds whose lyrics were resung repetitively for each station to create individual station identity. To this basic mix were added contests, games and disc jockey patter. Various groups (including Bartell Broadcasters), emphasized local variations on their Top 40 stations. Gordon Barton McLendon (born June 8, 1921 in Paris, Texas; died September 14, 1986) is widely credited for perfecting, with great commercial success, the Top 40 radio format during the 1950s and 1960s which was first invented by Todd Storz. ... Nickname: Motto: Live Large. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... PAMS of Dallas (Production,Advertising and Merchandising Services)was the most famous jingle production company in American broadcasting. ... For information on the Dallas AM radio station with the call letters KLIF from 1947 through 1990, see KFXR (AM). ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ...


Rick Sklar

In the early 1960s Rick Sklar also developed the Top 40 format for radio station WABC in New York City which was then copied by stations in the eastern and mid-western United States such as WKBW and WLS. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Rick Sklar was the genius behind Musicradio WABC (AM) radio. ... WABC (770 kHz), known as NewsTalkRadio 77, is a radio station in New York City. ... “NY” redirects here. ... WWKB (formerly WKBW) is a radio station in Buffalo, New York that operates on an AM frequency of 1520. ... WLS is a pioneer Chicago radio station. ...


Bill Drake

Bill Drake built upon the foundation established by Storz and McLendon to create a variation called Boss Radio. This format began at KHJ Los Angeles in May of 1965, and0 was further adapted to stations across the western USA. It was later broadcast by American disc jockeys as a hybrid format on Swinging Radio England which broadcast from onboard a ship anchored off the coast of southern England in international waters. At that time there were no commercial radio stations in the UK, and BBC radio offered only sporadic top 40 programming. Other noteworthy North American top 40 stations that used the "Drake" approach included KFRC in San Francisco; CKLW in Windsor, ON; WRKO in Boston; WHBQ in Memphis, TN; WOLF in Syracuse, NY; and WOR-FM in New York City. His real name is Philip Yarbrough, but he is known by his on-air name, Bill Drake. ... Boss Radio was the name chosen to promote two new radio programming formats which were both launched in May, 1965 on both KHJ-AM broadcasting from Los Angeles and on Swinging Radio England broadcasting from the motor vessel Laissez Faire anchored three and a half miles off the Frinton-on... KHJ Radio in Los Angeles, California broadcasting Spanish-language entertainment programming as La Ranchera. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Swinging Radio England (SRE) was a top 40 offshore commercial station billed as the Worlds Most Powerful that operated briefly from 3 May to 13 November of 1966 from a ship anchored in the North Sea, three and a half miles off Frinton-on-Sea, Essex, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands [1]. Oceans and seas, waters... KFRC is an AM and FM broadcast radio station in San Francisco, California in the United States. ... CKLW is a 50,000 watt AM radio station broadcasting at 800 kHz located in Windsor, Ontario. ... WRKO is an AM radio station based in Boston, Massachusetts, currently owned by Entercom and broadcasting on 680 kHz. ... WHBQ is an AM radio station in Memphis, Tennessee, in the United States of America. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Radio station WOR-FM was signed on the air in New York in 1948. ...


Mike Joseph and Hot Hits

Mike Joseph's "Hot Hits" stations of the late 1970s and early 1980s attempted to revitalize the format by refocusing listeners' attention on current, active "box-office" music. Thus, Hot Hits stations played only current hit songs - no oldies unless they were on current chart albums - in a fast, furious and repetitive fashion, with fast-talking personalities and loud, pounding jingles. In 1977, WTIC-FM in Hartford, CT, dropped its long-running classical format for Joseph's format as "96 Tics" and immediately became one of the top radio stations in the market. The first Joseph station to use the term "Hot Hits" on the air was WFBL ("Fire 14", which played its top 14 hits in very tight rotation) in Syracuse, NY, in 1979. Then WCAU-FM in Philadelphia switched to Hot Hits as "98 Now" in the fall of 1981 and was instantly successful. Other major-market stations which adopted the Hot Hits format in the early 1980s included WBBM-FM Chicago, WHYT (now WDVD) Detroit, WMAR-FM (now WWMX) Baltimore, KITS San Francisco, and WNVZ Norfolk. Hot Hits was a radio format created by consultant Mike Joseph in 1980. ... WTIC-FM is a radio station primarily serving the Hartford, Connecticut market, though its signal can be picked up throughout most of Connecticut and into Springfield, Massachusetts. ... WFBL, located at 1390 kHz on the AM dial, is a talk radio station owned by Buckley Broadcasting and serving the city of Syracuse, New York. ... 98. ... WBBM-FM,B96, is a very successful Rhythmic Top 40 outlet in Chicago, Illinois. ... WDVD is a hot adult contemporary radio station in Detroit, Michigan, broadcasting at 96. ... The World-Wide Media eXchange is a protocol and service for GEO coded data that is in development by Microsoft. ... KITS is a San Francisco, California, USA-based radio station broadcasting at 105. ... WNVZ, also known as Z104, is a Rhythmic Top 40 outlet serving the Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth-Hampton-Newport News radio market. ...


Don Pierson

Don Pierson took the formats of Gordon McLendon, Boss Radio and PAMS jingles to the United Kingdom in the form of Wonderful Radio London, (A Pirate Radio Ship) and subsequently revolutionized the popular music format. On the 14th August 1967 The Marine Offences Act was introduced in the UK and the Pirate Stations were shut down. Donald Grey Pierson was born October 11, 1925 and died age 70 on March 30, 1996 at Eastland, Texas. ...


The British Broadcasting Corporation where chosen by the UK Government to come up with a Station to replace the Pirates, And so in 1967 BBC Radio 1 started broadcasting having employed many of the DJ's from the Pirate stations (Tony Blackburn, Kenny Everett & John Peel Etc) and obtained re-sings of the PAM's Jingles.


In fact it was Tony Blackburn who played the first Pop record on Radio 1, The Move. Flowers In The Rain.


See also

A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. ... Urban Top 40 is another form of the Urban Contemporary/Mainstream Urban format, and it is similar to Top 40 radio. ... This is a list of #1 Hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... Radio Caroline is a European radio station that started transmissions on Easter Sunday 1964 from a ship anchored in international waters off the coast of southeast England. ... The term Pirate Radio usually refers to illegal or unregulated radio transmission. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Wonderful Radio Londons transmitter ship, the MV Galaxy Don Pierson in 1964 Wonderful Radio London also known as Big L, was a top 40 (in Londons case, the Fab 40) offshore commercial station that operated from 16 December 1964 to 14 August 1967, from a ship anchored in... The term Pirate Radio usually refers to illegal or unregulated radio transmission. ... Radio Caroline is a European radio station that started transmissions on Easter Sunday 1964 from a ship anchored in international waters off the coast of southeast England. ... Radio London The Fab 40 ( Fabulous Forty) was a weekly playlist of popular records used by the British pirate radio station Wonderful Radio London (also known as Big L) which broadcast off the Essex coast from 1964-7. ... Casey Kasem in 1989 Casey Kasem (born Kemal Amin Kasem on April 27, 1932, in Detroit, Michigan, USA, of Palestinian and Lebanese heritage) is an American radio personality and voice actor. ... Rigdon Ogden Rick Dees III (born March 14, 1950 in Jacksonville, Florida) is a radio disc jockey who currently lives in the San Fernando Valley community of Toluca Lake in Los Angeles, California, USA. Dees is best known for his syndicated radio show Rick Dees Weekly Top 40 and for... Ryan John Seacrest (born December 24, 1974) is an American radio, television personality, and anchorman. ... WHTZ, also known as Z-100, is one of the most successful (and copied) radio stations in America today. ... “NY” redirects here. ... KIIS-FM is a Los Angeles, California, USA-based radio station with a rhythmic leaning top 40 musical format. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Top 40 Mainstream (often also called Mainstream Top 40) is an airplay format from Billboard Magazine. ...

References

  • Mass Media Moments in the United Kingdom, the USSR and the USA, by Gilder, Eric. - "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu Press, Romania. 2003 ISBN 973-651-596-6
  • Music in the Air: America's Changing Tastes in Popular Music (1920-1980), by Eberley, P.K. New York, 1982.
  • Studying Popular Music, by Middleton, Richard. - Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1990/2002. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
  • Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century." Schriner Books, New York City, 1999.
  • Battistini, Pete, "American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s." Authorhouse.com, January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5.
  • Douglas, Susan, "Listening In: Radio and the American Imagination," New York: Times Books, 1999.
  • Fong-Torres, Ben, "The Hits Just Keep On Coming: The History of Top 40 Radio", San Francisco: Backbeat Books, 1998.
  • MacFarland, David, "The Development of the Top 40 Radio Format", New York: Arno Press, 1979.
  • Fisher, Mark, "Something in the Air: Radio, Rock, and the Revolution That Shaped a Generation", New York: Random House, 2007.
  • Goulart, Elwood F. 'Woody', "The Mystique and Mass Persuasion: Bill Drake & Gene Chenault’s Rock and Roll Radio Programming", 2006.

External links

  • Tunecaster Online Pop And Rock Music Encyclopedia - United States music charts and popular artists pages.
  • Puttin' On The Hits - an ebook by former Top 40 Program Director John Long.
  • Boss Radio Forever The History of KHJ Radio, Los Angeles.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m