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Encyclopedia > Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Toomas Hendrik Ilves

Incumbent
Assumed office 
9 October 2006
Preceded by Arnold Rüütel

Born December 26, 1953 (1953-12-26) (age 53)
Flag of Sweden Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality Estonian
Political party Social Democratic Party
Profession Diplomat; journalist

Toomas Hendrik Ilves [IPA: 'toːmɑs 'hendrik 'ilves] (born December 26, 1953) is the current President of Estonia. He is a former diplomat and journalist, was the leader of the Social Democratic Party in the 1990s and later a member of the European Parliament. His term as President began on 9 October 2006. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 3072 pixel, file size: 2. ... The President of Estonia is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia. ... For the ecclesiastical office, see Incumbent (ecclesiastical). ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond or SDE) is a social democratic party in Estonia, led by Ivari Padar. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of Estonia is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond or SDE) is a social democratic party in Estonia, led by Ivari Padar. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Childhood and education

Ilves was born in Stockholm, Sweden; his parents were Estonian refugees.[1] He grew up in the United States and graduated from Leonia High School in Leonia, New Jersey in 1972. He attended and received degrees in psychology from Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania. For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Leonia High School Leonia High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school serving students in Ninth through Twelfth grade from the Borough of Leonia in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, as part of the Leonia Public Schools. ... Map highlighting Leonias location within Bergen County. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private research university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn[3][4]) is a private, coeducational research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Career

During the 1980s, Ilves worked as a journalist for Radio Free Europe and became actively involved in politics prior to Estonia's independence in 1991. Ilves subsequently served as the ambassador of Estonia to the United States, Canada, and Mexico for several years. Cover of Radio Liberty booklet The Most Important Job in the World Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a radio and communications organization which is funded by the United States Congress. ...


In December 1996, Ilves became Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs, serving until resignation in September 1998, when he became member of a small opposition party (Peasants' Party, agrarian-conservative). Ilves was soon elected chairman of the People's Party (reformed Peasants' Party), which formed an electoral cartel with the Moderates, a centrist party. After the March 1999 parliamentary election he became foreign minister again, serving until 2002, when the so-called Triple Alliance collapsed. He supported Estonian membership in the European Union and succeeded in starting the negotiations which led to Estonia joining the European Union on May 1, 2004. From 2001 to 2002 he was the leader of the People's Party Moderates. He resigned from the position after the party's defeat in the October 2002 municipal elections, in which the party received only 4.4% of the total votes nationwide. In early 2004, the Moderates party renamed itself the Estonian Social Democratic Party. The Minister of Foreign Affairs is the senior minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Välsmisteerium) in the Estonian Government. ... The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond or SDE) is a social democratic party in Estonia, led by Ivari Padar. ... Estonian parliamentary election of 1999 was held on 7th March, 1999. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond or SDE) is a social democratic party in Estonia, led by Ivari Padar. ...


In 2003, Ilves became a member of the European Parliament and, on May 1, 2004, a full member. In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Ilves was elected MEP in a landslide victory for the Estonian Social Democratic Party. He sat with the Party of European Socialists group in the Parliament. Katrin Saks took over his MEP seat when Ilves became President of Estonia. Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party whose members are 33 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well as Norway. ...


Presidential elections

President Toomas Hendrik Ilves and President George W. Bush, in Estonia 2006

Ilves was nominated by the Reform Party, Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica and his own Social Democratic Party on 23 March 2006, as a candidate for the 2006 presidential election. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The Estonian Reform Party (Estonian: Eesti Reformierakond) is a free market liberal party in Estonia. ... Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica (in Estonian: Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit) is an Estonian political party. ... The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond or SDE) is a social democratic party in Estonia, led by Ivari Padar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 29 August, Ilves was the only candidate in the second and the third round of the presidential election in Riigikogu, the Parliament of Estonia (he was supported by an electoral coalition consisting of the governing Reform Party plus the Social Democrats and the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica which form the parliamentary opposition). The elections were boycotted by the Centre Party and the People's Union (the MPs were called upon by the party leaders not to participate in the election). Ilves gathered 64 votes out of 65 ballots. Therefore, one deputy of the three party alliance supporting Ilves did not vote in favour of his candidacy. A two-third majority in the 101-seat Riigikogu was required, so he was not elected in Riigikogu. His candidacy was automatically transferred to the next round in the Electors' Assembly on 23 September. is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Riigikogu (from riigi-, of the state, and kogu, assembly) is the parliament of Estonia. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 13, 2006, a broad spectrum of 80 well-known intellectuals published a declaration in support of Ilves' candidacy. Among those who signed were Neeme Järvi, Jaan Kross, Arvo Pärt and Jaan Kaplinski.[2] is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Neeme Järvi (born June 7, 1937) is an Estonian-born conductor. ... Jaan Kross (born 19 February 1920) is the most eminent contemporary Estonian writer. ... Arvo Pärt (born September 11, 1935 in Paide), (IPA: ˈɑr̺vÉ” ˈpær̺t) is an Estonian composer, often identified with the school of minimalism and more specifically, that of mystic minimalism or sacred minimalism. He is considered a pioneer of this style, along with contemporaries Henryk Górecki... Jaan Kaplinski (born January 22, 1941, Tartu) is an Estonian poet, philosopher and culture critic. ...


On September 23, 2006 he received 174 ballots in the first round of the presidential election in the Electors' Assembly, thus having been elected the next president of Estonia. His five-year term started on 9 October 2006. is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ilves has promised to concentrate more on foreign policy; according to Ilves, "The road to Moscow goes via Brussels." He also wishes to move Estonia politically more towards the centre of Europe. With regard to Estonia's domestic policies, he has supported re-affirming the president's role as a moral arbitrator in case of leading politicians' misdeeds. Ilves has severely criticised alleged political pressure exercised by the Centre Party and People's Union leaders over their parliamentary deputies and local politicians. Edgar Savisaar in turn has expressed dissatisfaction with Ilves' victory. Edgar Savisaar Edgar Savisaar (born May 31, 1950 in Harku Commune, Harju County), is an Estonian politician and the leader of the Centre Party. ...


Presidency

Personal life

Toomas Hendrik Ilves has been married twice. With his first wife, American psychologist Dr. Merry Bullock, he has two children: son Luukas (b. 1987), currently attending Stanford University, and daughter Juulia Kristiine (b. 1992). In 2004 he married his long-term partner Evelin Int-Lambot with whom he has one daughter Kadri Keiu (b. 2003). Toomas Hendrik Ilves has a brother, Andres Ilves, head of the Persian and Pashto World Service of the BBC. Andres is an avid follower of hip hop, graduated from Princeton University in the early 1980s and was awarded a fellowship with the prestigious public affairs leadership training program Coro Southern California based in Los Angeles, California. Until the early 2000s, Andres Ilves was head of the Afghanistan bureau of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty based in Prague, Czech Republic. A psychologist is a scientist or clinician who studies psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior and cognition. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... “Stanford” redirects here. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Evelin Ilves (née Int-Lambot; born April 20, 1968 in Tallinn) is the First Lady of Estonia, married to Toomas Hendrik Ilves, the President of Estonia. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Trivia

  • Ilves is the fourth youngest elected head of state in the European Union, after Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov, Latvian President Valdis Zatlers and French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
  • He almost exclusively wears bow ties in public. He claims that this is because his late father used to do so.[3]
  • The Economist listed Ilves as a "Star in the making" in January 2007.[4]
  • Estonians almost never skip his middle name. In Estonian, he is always Toomas Hendrik Ilves, not Toomas Ilves, while president Lennart Georg Meri was always called just Lennart Meri.
  • Ilves was one of the early proponents of the Tiigrihüpe (Tiger's Leap) program. This has been used in political humour, as Ilves means Lynx in Estonian.

Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Bulgarian: ) (born 28 June 1957) has been president of Bulgaria since 22 January 2002. ... Valdis Zatlers (born March 22, 1955) is president-elect of Latvia. ... Nicolas Sarkozy (IPA: —  ), (born Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sárközy de Nagy-Bocsa on 28 January 1955 in Paris, France is the current President of France, elected on 6 May 2007 after defeating Socialist Party contender Ségolène Royal during the second round of the 2007 election. ... One option to tie a bowtie The bowtie is a mens fashion accessory, popularly worn with other formal attire, such as suits. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Lennart Meri Lennart Georg Meri (IPA: ˈlennÉ‘r̺t ˈgÌ¥eÉ”rgÌ¥ ˈmer̺i) (March 29, 1929 – March 14, 2006) was a writer, film director and politician who served as President of Estonia from 1992 to 2001. ... Tiigrihüpe (Estonian for Tigers Leap) was a project undertaken by Republic of Estonia to heavily invest in development and expansion of computer and network infrastructure in Estonia, with a particular emphasis on education. ... Type species Felis lynx Linnaeus, 1758 The overall range of Lynx species. ...

See also

  • Valdas Adamkus, Lithuanian President and, like Ilves, a former U.S. citizen
  • Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga

President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ... Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (left) with Condoleezza Rice Dr. Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (born December 1, 1937 in Riga, Latvia) is the current and first female President of Latvia. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "U.S.-Educated Diplomat Wins in Estonia", Associated Press, September 23, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-09-23. 
  2. ^ "80 kultuuritegelast hakkasid Ilvese usaldusmeesteks", Eesti Päevaleht, September 13, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-09-23. 
  3. ^ "Online intervjuu: Toomas Hendrik Ilves", Eesti Päevaleht, September 3, 2002. Retrieved on 2006-09-23. 
  4. ^ [http://www.economist.com/daily/columns/europeview/displaystory.cfm?story_id=8491837 Europe.view, "The Economist", January 4 2007

The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eesti Päevaleht is an Estonian newspaper. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eesti Päevaleht is an Estonian newspaper. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ...

References

is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • (English) Official Website of the President of the Republic of Estonia
  • (English) Personal website
Preceded by
Siim Kallas
Minister of Foreign Affairs
November 1996October 1998
Succeeded by
Raul Mälk
Preceded by
Raul Mälk
Minister of Foreign Affairs
March 1999January 2002
Succeeded by
Kristiina Ojuland
Preceded by
Arnold Rüütel
President of Estonia
2006 -present
Succeeded by
incumbent
Persondata
NAME Ilves, Toomas Hendrik
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Estonian president
DATE OF BIRTH December 26, 1953
PLACE OF BIRTH Stockholm, Sweden
DATE OF DEATH living
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Toomas Hendrik Ilves - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (264 words)
Toomas Hendrik Ilves (born December 26 1953) is an Estonian diplomat, politician, and journalist.
In 2004, Ilves was elected to the European Parliament for the Estonian Social Democratic Party in a landslide.
He sits with the Party of European Socialists group in the Parliament.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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