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Encyclopedia > Tony Pastor

For Tony Pastor the saxophonist and bandleader, see Tony Pastor (bandleader).


Antonio Pastor (born May 28, 1837 in Brooklyn, New York) was a variety performer and theatre owner who became of the founding forces behind American vaudeville in the mid-to-late nineteenth century. The strongest elements of his entertainments were an almost jingoistic brand of United States patriotism and a strong commitment to attracting a mixed-gender audience, the latter being something revolutionary in the male-oriented variety halls of the mid-century. May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... | Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... Jingoism is a term describing chauvinistic patriotism, usually with a hawkish political stance. ...


Tony Pastor embarked on a show business career at a very young age, obtaining a job singing at P.T. Barnum's New York Museum. During the next few years he worked in minstrel shows, the circus business, and as a comic singer in variety revues. He established himself as a popular songwriter during a four-year run in a saloon at 444 Broadway in the Bowery district. Pastor published "songsters", books of his lyrics which were sung to popular tunes. The music had no notation, as it was assumed that the audience had a collective knowledge of popular song. The subject matter of his music was shocking, but was intended to be bawdy and humorous rather than revolutionary. Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891), American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. ... Detail from cover of The Celebrated Negro Melodies, as Sung by the Virginia Minstrels, 1843. ... Categories: Stub | Streets in Manhattan ...


According to the humor of the time, Pastor wrote several songs that negatively portrayed ethnic stereotypes, such as "The Contraband's Adventures", the story of a freed slave. After the slave is set free by Union soldiers, he attends an anti-slavery meeting where the abolitionists try to scrub off his dark pigment. The slave concludes by singing... This poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influential in mobilizing public opinion against slavery in the United Kingdom and the United States. ...

...De nigger will be nigger till de day of jubilee
For he never was intended for a white man.
Den just skedaddle home-leave de colored man alone;
For you're only making trouble for de nation;
You may fight and you may fuss
But you never will make tings right
Until you all agree for to let de nigger be
For you'll neber, neber, neber wash him white!

Though he separated some ethnic groups in his music, he also intended to unite the lower and middle classes. In songs like "The Upper and Lower Ten Thousand", he defended the common man of the Bowery in lyrics like... Categories: Stub | Streets in Manhattan ...

If an Upper-Ten fellow a swindler should be
And with thousands of dollars of others make free
Should he get into court, why, without any doubt,
The matter's hushed up and they'll let him step out.
If a Lower-Ten Thousand chap happens to steal,
For to keep him from starving, the price of a meal,
Why the law will declare it's a different thing-
For they call him a thief, and he's sent to Sing-Sing!

Though Pastor was popular in the Bowery saloons, he noticed that his audience was primarily male and that his ticket sales would double if he attracted a female audience. Eventually Pastor began to produce variety shows, presenting an evening of clean fun that was a distinct alternative to the bawdy shows of the time and more appropriate for middle class families. In 1865 Pastor opened Tony Pastor's Opera House in Manhattan in partnership with minstrel show performer, Sam Sharpley, whom he later bought out. The same year he organized traveling minstrel troupes who toured the country between April and October of each year. With shows that appealed to women and children as well as the traditional male audience, his theater and touring companies quickly became popular with the middle classes and were soon being imitated. Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A bar in Switzerland. ... A variety show is a show with a variety of acts, often including music and comedy skits. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Detail from cover of The Celebrated Negro Melodies, as Sung by the Virginia Minstrels, 1843. ...


In 1881, Pastor leased the Germania Theatre on Fourteenth Street in New York City that became widely know as Tony Pastor's Theater. He alternated his theater's presentations between operettas and family-oriented variety shows, creating what became known as vaudeville. His theater featured performers such as Ben Harney presenting a new style called "ragtime" as well as other up-and-coming talents such as Lillian Russell, May Irwin and George M. Cohan. Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... Benjamin Robertson Ben Harney (6 March 1871 _ 2 March 1938) was a United States of America songwriter, entertainer, and pioneer of ragtime music. ... Ragtime is an American musical genre, enjoying its peak popularity around the years 1900–1918. ... Lillian Russell (Helen Louise Leonard) (December 4, 1861 - June 6, 1922) was an American actress and singer. ... May Irwin born June 27, 1862 in Whitby, Ontario, Canada – died October 22, 1938 in New York City, United States, was an actress, singer and major star of vaudeville. ... George M. Cohan George Michael Cohan (July 3? 4?, 1878 – November 5, 1942) was a United States entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, director, and producer of Irish descent. ...


Tony Pastor died in 1908 and was interred in the Cemetery of the Evergreens, in Brooklyn, New York. Though greatly mourned at his death as one of the last gentlemen of the early vaudeville halls, the medium had passed him by with the advent of the vaudeville circuit in the 1880s. Pastor had remained a local showman in an epoch that increasingly came to be dominated by regional and national chains. Fighting against the monopolies for the rights of individual local showmen was an undertaking that marked the last years of his life, earning him the nickname of "Little Man Tony". The Cemetery of the Evergreens, is a non-denominational cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. ...


He died on August 26, 1908, in Elmhurst, New York, aged 71. August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Elmhurst is the name of two places in New York State. ...


References

Snyder, Robert W. (1989). The Voice of the City: Vaudeville and Popular Culture in New York, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505285-4.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Victory Ministries International - Pastor Tony Smith (416 words)
PASTOR TONY SMITH is the founder of Victory Ministries International (VMI) of Baltimore, Maryland, which consists of The Victory Center Church, Est.1997 and The Victory Ministries International Amphitheatre, Est.
Pastor Smith is called and committed to pushing people into purpose and developing an army of leaders.
Pastor Smith is also a published author of the inspirational book “Don’t Quit” which has touched and changed the lives of people who had considered giving up.
Tony Pastor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (784 words)
Antonio Pastor (born May 28, 1837 in Brooklyn, New York) was a variety performer and theatre owner who became of the founding forces behind American vaudeville in the mid-to-late nineteenth century.
Eventually Pastor began to produce variety shows, presenting an evening of clean fun that was a distinct alternative to the bawdy shows of the time and more appropriate for middle class families.
Pastor had remained a local showman in an epoch that increasingly came to be dominated by regional and national chains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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