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Encyclopedia > Tony Miles

Anthony John Miles (April 23, 1955November 12, 2001) was an English chess player. April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Inter. ... A chess table is a table with a chessboard painted or engraved on it. ...


Early Start in Chess

Miles was born in Edgbaston in Birmingham, and he learned the game of chess at an early age. In 1968 he won the British under-14 championship, and in 1973 won the silver medal at the World Junior Chess Championship at Teesside, his first important event against international competition. He won the title the following year in Manila. Edgbaston constituency shown within Birmingham Edgbaston is an area in Birmingham, England, UK. It is also a formal district, managed by its own district committee. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 event (players must have been under 20 years old on the 1st of January in the year of competition). ... Teesside is the name given to the conurbation in northern England based on Middlesbrough, Stockton and Redcar, along the banks of the River Tees with a resident population of over 465,000 in 2005. ... // For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ...

Miles entered the University of Sheffield to study mathematics, but dropped out to concentrate on chess. The University of Sheffield is a leading university, located in Sheffield, UK. // History The University of Sheffield was originally formed by the merger of three colleges. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Mathematics Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mathematics Look up Mathematics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mathematics Inter. ...

Career Highlights

In 1976, Miles became the first ever Grandmaster born in the United Kingdom, narrowly beating Raymond Keene to the accolade. (William Hartston came close to beating them both to it in the early 1970s, and naturalised German-born Jacques Mieses was awarded the GM title in 1950; the correspondence player, Keith Richardson, was also awarded the GM title earlier in the 1970s.) In so doing, he won a £5,000 prize. The five original grandmasters of chess, from left to right: Lasker (seated), Alekhine, Capablanca, Marshall, Tarrasch (seated) The title International Grandmaster is awarded to world-class chess masters by the world chess organization FIDE. Apart from World Champion, Grandmaster is the highest title a chess player can attain. ... Raymond Keene is an influential figure in the chess world off the board, bringing many notable chess events to London. ... William Hartston, British chess player who played competitively from 1962 to 1987 with a highest FIDE rating of 2485 (just shy of the requirement for International Grandmaster). ... Jacques Mieses (1865–1954) was a German-born Jewish chess player and writer. ...

Miles had a string of good results in the late 1970s and 1980s, and his success is considered to be one of the most important factors in the explosion in the number of strong British players around that time—shortly after Miles became a GM, Keene, John Nunn, Jon Speelman and a number of others followed him. Miles won games against a number of former World Chess Champions, including Vassily Smyslov, Mikhail Tal and Boris Spassky. John Denis Martin Nunn (born April 25, 1955) is an English chess player and mathematician. ... Jonathan Speelman (born October 2, 1956) is an English chess player. ... The 1984 World Chess Championship was between Anatoly Karpov (left) and Garry Kasparov (right). ... Vasily Smyslov Vasily Vasiliyevich Smyslov (Васи́лий Смысло́в) (born March 24, 1921) is a chess player. ... Mikhail Tal Mikhail Nekhemievich Tal (Latvian: Mihails Tāls, Russian: Михаил Нехемьевич Таль) (November 9, 1936 - June 28, 1992), born in Riga, Latvia, was the eighth World Chess Champion. ... Boris Spassky Boris Vasilievich Spassky (also Spasski) (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский) (born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess player and former world champion. ...

Most famously, in 1980 at the European Team Championship in Skara, he beat reigning world champion Anatoly Karpov with black using the extremely unusual opening 1. e4 a6!? (see algebraic notation), the St. George Defence. (It is often said that Miles learnt this line from weird-openings enthusiast Michael Basman, though in his book Play the St. George, Basman asserts there is no truth to this). Miles beat Karpov again three years later in Bath in a game that was part of the BBC's Mastergame series, but it was never shown on television due to a technicians strike. Skara is a Municipality in Västra Götaland County, in western Sweden. ... Anatoli Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов) (born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion. ... The first moves of a chess game are the opening moves, collectively referred to as the opening. ... Algebraic chess notation is the method used today by all competition chess organizations and most books, magazines, and newspapers to record and describe the play of chess games. ... The St. ... Michael Basman (*1946) is a British chess player, who holds the title of International Master. ... The Palladian-style Pulteney Bridge and the weir at Bath Bath is a city in South West England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national public service broadcaster of the United Kingdom (see British television). ...

Miles won the British Championship just once, in 1982 when the event was held in Torquay. One of his best results was his win at the Tilburg tournament in 1984. The following year, he tied for first there with Robert Hübner and Viktor Korchnoi, playing several of his games while lying face-down on a table, having injured his back. The British Chess Championship is organised by the British Chess Federation. ... Location within the British Isles Part of the Torquay seafront at high tide Torquay is a town on the south coast of England in the county of Devon which has extended along the coast of Torbay to the extent that it is now inextricably intermingled with the neighbouring town of... Tilburg is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. ... Doctor Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948 in West Germany) is a respected German chess Grandmaster and papyrologist (recognised as an expert in Egyptian hieroglyphics). ... Viktor Korchnoi (also Korchnoy, Kortchnoy, Kortschnoj, etc) (Ви́ктор Льво́вич Корчно́й) (born March 23, 1931) is a professional chess player. ...

Against Garry Kasparov, on the other hand, Miles had little success, not winning a game against him, and losing a 1986 match in Basel against him by the overwhelming score of 5.5–0.5. Following this encounter, Miles described Kasparov as a "monster with a thousand eyes who sees all" (some sources alternatively quote Miles as having the opinion that Kasparov had 22 or 27 eyes). Garry Kasparov Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров, pronounced with stress falling on the second syllable: kas-PA-rov) (born April 13, 1963) is a chess grandmaster and is arguably the strongest chess player... Location within Switzerland Basel (English traditionally: Basle , German: Basel , French Bâle , Italian Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (188,000 inhabitants in the canton of Basel-City as of 2004; the 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel...

Miles was in many ways a controversial figure. Once, in the last round of a tournament (Luton, UK, 1975), with Miles needing a draw for first place, and his opponent, Stewart Reuben wanting a draw for a high placing, he agreed a draw without playing any moves. The arbiter decided to give both players no points for this non-game; the protagonists claimed this "game" had been played often, when players pre-arranged a draw - this was the only time it had been scored correctly, rather than playing out some anodyne non-moves. This sparked a hefty amount of correspondence in British chess journals. Luton is a town and local government district in England, located 50km north of central London. ...

Miles also had his disagreements with chess authorities and with his fellow English players, particularly Keene. Miles made accusations regarding payments that Keene had received from the British Chess Federation for acting as his second (assistant) in the 1985 Interzonal tournament in Turin. Miles became rather obsessed with the affair, eventually suffering a mental breakdown over it. He was arrested in September 1987 in Downing Street, apparently under the belief that he had to speak to then-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher about the matter. He was subsequently hospitalised for two months. The British Chess Federation (BCF) was the governing body of chess in England from 1904 until 2005. ... Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by FIDE, the World Chess Federation. ... Turin (Italian Torino) is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Although not a medical term, the phrase nervous breakdown is often used by laymen to describe a sudden and acute attack of mental illness clinical depression, anxiety disorder, in a previously outwardly healthy person. ... Downing Street Downing Street is the famous street in central London which contains the buildings that have been, for over two hundred years, the official residences of two of the most senior British cabinet ministers, the First Lord of the Treasury, an office held by the Prime Minister of the... A prime minister may be either: chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of... The Right Honourable Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925), is a British stateswoman. ...

Shortly after this, Miles moved to the United States. He finished last in the 1988 US Championship, but continued to play there and had some good results. In 1991, he played in the Championship of Australia, but he eventually moved back to England, and began to represent his home country again.

Shifting nationalities again, in 1991 Miles played in the Championship of Australia, but he eventually moved back to England, and began to represent his home country again.

Miles tied for first in the 1999 Continental Open in Los Angeles with Alexander Beliavsky, Lubomir Ftacnik, and Suat Atalik. Another good result later in his career was at the knock-out PCA Intel Rapid Chess Grand Prix in London in 1995, where he knocked out Vladimir Kramnik in the first round and Loek van Wely in the second. (He was eventually knocked out in the semi-final by another English player, Michael Adams.) He also won the Capablanca Memorial in Cuba three times (1995, 1996, and 1999). The City of Los Angeles (from Spanish; Los Ángeles, ) also known simply as L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States in terms of population, as well as one of the worlds most important economic, cultural, and entertainment centers. ... A. Beliavsky, at 35th chess olympiad Bled 2002 Alexander Beliavsky (born December 17, Ukrainian chess grand master, nicknamed Satan. He currently lives in Slovenia and he plays for the Olympic team there. ... Suat Atalik is a Grandmaster of chess. ... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,421,328 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ... Vladimir Kramnik Vladimir Kramnik (Владимир Крамник), born June 25, 1975, is a Russian chess player. ... Loek van Wely (b. ... Michael Adams was born on October 17, 1971 in Truro, England. ... José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (November 19, 1888 - March 8, 1942) was a famous Cuban chess player in the early to mid twentieth century. ...

Miles played in the 2001 British Championship, but withdrew before the final round, apparently because of ill-health. His final two games before his death were short draws in the Four Nations Chess League.

Miles suffered from diabetes, and a post mortem found that this contributed to his death by heart failure in 2001. His body was found at his home in Harborne, Birmingham after a friend called on him to take him to a bridge club. There was a minute's silence before the seventh round of the European Team Championships in León in Spain in his memory. This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... Harborne is an area of Birmingham, England. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... Contract bridge, usually known simply as bridge, is a trick-taking card game for four players who form two partnerships, or sides. The partners on each side sit opposite one another. ... The city of León, located at 42. ...

Personal style

Miles was noted for his acerbic wit. He often attacked chess personalities in published articles. He attacked former World Champion Anatoly Karpov in an article entitled "Has Karpov Lost his Marbles?". Other victims of his published attacks were Woman Grandmaster Martha Fierro (see a rebuttal) and Indian Chess Organizer Umar Koya. His review of Eric Schiller's book Unorthodox Chess Openings (Cardoza Publishing, 1998) which appeared in Kingpin consisted of just two words: "Utter crap". Anatoli Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов) (born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion. ... Woman Grandmaster (WGM) is the highest-ranking chess title restricted to women aside from Womens World Champion. ... Martha L. Fierro Baquero was born in Ecuador in 1977. ... Eric Schiller (born March 20, 1955) is an American chess player, trainer, arbiter and author. ...

Further reading

  • Geoff Lawton (compiler), Tony Miles: "It's Only Me" (Batsford, 2003) - mainly articles by Miles and games annotated by him, with a small number of tributes from other writers

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Tony Miles (787 words)
Miles was born in Edgbaston[?] in Birmingham, and learnt the game at an early age.
Miles made accusations regarding payments that Keene had recieved from the British Chess Federation[?] for acting as his second (assistant) in the 1985 Interzonal tournament in Turin.
Miles suffered from diabetes, and a post mortem found that this contributed to his death by heart failure in 2001.
Obituary: Tony Miles | Obituaries | Guardian Unlimited (839 words)
Tony Miles, Britain's first chess grandmaster, who has died aged 46, inspired a generation of English talent to defeat Russian opponents and challenge the Soviet Union for world supremacy.
Miles learned chess at the age of five, was educated at King Edward's school, Birmingham, won the 1968 British under-14 title and then improved rapidly.
Miles was ranked for a decade among the top 10 grandmasters, but despite his successes, he never reached the candidates round of the world championship.
  More results at FactBites »



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