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Encyclopedia > Tony Award
Tony Award
Current awards 62nd Tony Awards

Designed by Herman Rosse, 1949
Awarded for Excellence in theatre
Presented by American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League
Country Flag of the United States United States
First awarded 1947
Official website

The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American theatre and are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League [1] at an annual ceremony in New York City. The awards are for Broadway productions and performances, as well as discretionary non-competitive Special Tony Awards and the Regional Theatre Tony Award, and the Tony Honors for Excellence in the Theatre.[2] Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... The American Theatre Wing (ATF) is a New York City-based organization dedicated to supporting excellence and education in theatre, according to its mission statement. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... (Mary) Antoinette Perry (1888 – 1946), actress, director, and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, was born in Denver, Colorado on June 27, 1888. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... The American Theatre Wing (ATF) is a New York City-based organization dedicated to supporting excellence and education in theatre, according to its mission statement. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...


The rules for the Tony Awards are set forth in the official document "Rules and Regulations of The American Theatre Wing's Tony Awards", which applies for each season only.[3]


The 2008 Tony Awards ceremony will be held at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on June 15, 2008, and broadcast on CBS television. The nominations were announced on May 13.[4] Radio City Music Hall at Christmas 2005 Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue located in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ...


In British theatre, the equivalent of the Tony award is the Olivier Award, and a number of the world's longest-running and most successful shows have been successful in receiving award nominations for both West End theatre and Broadway productions and a number of leading actors, choreographer and designers have also been successful in receiving award nominations on both sides of the Atlantic. The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre...

Contents

History of the Tony Award

Former logo
Former logo

Awarded by a panel of approximately 700 judges from various areas of the entertainment industry and press, the Tony Award is generally regarded as the theatre's equivalent to the Oscars, for excellence in film; the Grammys for the music industry, and the Emmys for excellence in television. The award was founded by the American Theatre Wing in 1947 at the suggestion of a committee of theatrical producers headed by Brock Pemberton, but it was not until the third awards ceremony in 1949 that the first Tony medallion was actually given to award winners. The award is named for Antoinette Perry, an actress, director, producer, and the wartime leader of the American Theatre Wing who had recently passed away. The first awards ceremony was held on April 6, 1947, at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York City. The entertainment industry consists of a large number of sub-industries devoted to entertainment. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music... The music industry is the business of music. ... An Emmy Award. ... The American Theatre Wing (ATF) is a New York City-based organization dedicated to supporting excellence and education in theatre, according to its mission statement. ... Brock Pemberton Brock Pemberton (December 14, 1885 - March 11, 1950) was a theatrical producer, director and founder of the Tony Awards. ... (Mary) Antoinette Perry (1888 – 1946), actress, director, and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, was born in Denver, Colorado on June 27, 1888. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the hotel. ...


Since 1967, the award ceremony has been broadcast on U.S. national television and includes songs from the nominated musicals, as well as video clips of, or presentations about, nominated plays. The American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League jointly present and administer the awards. Audience size for the telecast is generally well below that of other awards shows, but the program reaches an affluent audience, which is prized by advertisers.[5] This page is about musical songs. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ...


Details of the Tony Awards

Note: all information except the rules for a new play are from: Tony Rules and Regulations


Rules for a "new" play or musical

For the purposes of the award, a "new" play or musical is one that has not previously been produced on Broadway and is not part of the "historical or popular repertoire." This phrase has been the subject of some controversy, as some shows have been ruled ineligible for the "new" categories, meaning that their authors did not have a chance to win the marquee awards of Best Play or Best Musical (or Best Score or Best Book for musicals). On the other hand, some people feel that allowing plays and musicals which are commonly produced to be eligible as new gives them an unfair advantage, because they will have benefited from additional development time as well as additional familiarity with the Tony voters. Shows recently transferred from Off-Broadway or the West End are eligible as new, as are productions based closely on movies. Off-Broadway plays or musicals are performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway, productions. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre...


Committees

The Administration Committee has 24 members: 10 designated by the American Wing, 10 by The Broadway League, and one each by the Dramatists Guild, Actors' Equity Association, United Scenic Artists, and the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers. This committee, among other duties, determines eligibility for nominations in all awards categories. The Administration Committee for 2006-07: Tony Awards site


The Nominating Committee makes the nominations for the various categories. This rotating group of up to 30 theatre professionals is selected by the Tony Awards Administration Committee. Nominators serve three-year terms and are asked to see every new Broadway production. Nominators for 2007-2008 are listed at TonyAwards.com .


There are approximately 750 eligible voters, a number that changes slightly from year to year. These include the board of directors and designated members of the advisory committee of the American Theatre Wing; members of the governing boards of Actors' Equity Association, the Dramatists Guild, the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers, United Scenic Artists, and the Association of Theatrical Press Agents and Managers; those persons whose names appear on the first night press list; members of the Theatrical Council of the Casting Society of America; and voting members of The Broadway League.


Eligibility date ("Season")

To be eligible for Tony Award consideration, a production must have officially opened by the "eligibility date" that the Management Committee establishes each year. For example, the cut-off date for eligibility for the 2006-07 season was May 9, 2007; the cut-off date for the 2007-08 season is May 7, 2008. The "Season" for Tony Award eligibility is defined in the Rules and Regulations.


"Broadway" theatre

A Broadway theatre is defined as having 500 or more seats, among other requirements. While the Rules define a "Broadway" theatre in terms of its size, not its geographical location, the list of "Broadway" theatres is determined solely by the Tony Awards Administration Committee, and as of the 2006-2007 season, the list consists solely of theaters located in or around Times Square in New York City. [6] [7] For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Award Categories

There are presently 27 categories of awards, plus several special awards. Starting with 11 awards in 1947, the names and number of categories have changed over the years; a complete history of each award category was published in 2005. [8] The 2007 categories were as follows:

Special categories A Tony Award for Best Play has been awarded since 1947. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical in that year. ... The Tony Award for Best Revival (Play) has only been awarded since 1994. ... The Tony Award for Best Revival (Musical) has been awarded since 1994. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play is awarded to the actor who was voted as the best actor in a play, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a play, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who was voted as the best actor in a musical play, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... A Tony Award for the Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play has been awarded since 1949. ... A Tony Award for the Best Performance by a Featured Actress has been awarded since 1947. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who is voted the best non-starring actor in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who is voted the best non-starring actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Direction has been given since 1947. ... The Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical has been given since 1960. ... The Tony award for Choreography has been awarded since 1947. ... The Tony Award for Best Orchestrations has been given since 1997. ... The Tony Award for Best Scenic Design is the Tony Award given to a designer for outstanding set design of either a play or musical. ... The Tony Award for Best Scenic Design is the Tony Award given to a designer for outstanding set design of either a play or musical. ... ... ... The Tony Award for Best Lighting Design has been given since 1970. ... The Tony Award for Best Lighting Design has been given since 1970. ... The first Tony Awards for Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical will be given in the 2007-2008 season. ... The first Tony Awards for Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical will be given in the 2007-2008 season. ... A Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event has been awarded since 2001. ...

Obsolete Awards The Regional Theatre Tony Award is a special Tony Award given to a region theatre company in the United States. ... Special Tony Award includes Lifetime Achievement Award: // 1947 Dora Chamberlain for unfailing courtesy as treasurer of the Martin Beck Theatre 1947 Mr. ...

The Tony Award for Best Conductor and Musical Director [1] // In the following list, the winner is displayed first; the non-winning nominees, where known, are second. ... The Tony Award for Best Revival was presented from 1977 until 1994, when it was split up int the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical and the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play. ...

Criticism

While the theatre-going public may consider the Tony Awards to be the Oscars of live theatre, critics have suggested that the Tony Awards are primarily a promotional vehicle for a small number of large production companies and theatre owners in New York City. [9] Only shows playing in one of 39 "Broadway" theatres designated by the Tony Awards Management Committee are eligible for the Tony Awards. The 39 "Broadway" theatres are all large venues located between 40th and 66th Streets and 6th and 10th Avenues in New York City, an area surrounding Broadway from Times Square to Lincoln Center. Shows playing in "off-Broadway" or "off-off-Broadway" theatres, or shows playing outside of New York City, are not eligible. Since there are only 39 theatres, only a portion of which will be featuring a "new" production in any given season, and 27 award categories, it's likely that many "new" shows will reap at least one award.


Award milestones

Some notable records and facts about the Tony Awards include the following:[10]

  • Harold Prince has won 21 Tony Awards, more than anyone else, including eight for directing, eight for producing, two as producer of the year's Best Musical, and three special Tony Awards.
  • The most Tony Awards ever received by a musical was "The Producers" with 12 awards, including best musical.
  • The most Tony Awards ever received by a non-musical was "The Coast of Utopia" with 7 awards including best play, in 2007. "The History Boys" and the original production of "Death of a Salesman" previously held the record with 6 each.
  • Stephen Sondheim has won more Tony Awards than any other composer, with eight Tony Awards: Best Music and Best Lyrics for Company (1971); Best Score for Follies (1972), A Little Night Music (1973), Sweeney Todd (1979), Into the Woods (1988), Passion (1994); and Special Tony Award for Lifetime Achievement (2008).
  • Julie Harris has won the most performance Tony Awards, and has been nominated more than any other performer. She has won five awards for her roles in I Am a Camera - 1952, The Lark - 1956, Forty Carats - 1969, The Last of Mrs. Lincoln - 1973, and The Belle of Amherst - 1977. She has been nominated a total of ten times.
  • Only three actresses have been nominated in two acting categories in the same year: Amanda Plummer, Dana Ivey, and Kate Burton.
  • South Pacific (1950) is the only show (Play or Musical) to win Best Production (Musical), Actor (Ezio Pinza), Actress (Mary Martin), Featured Actor (Myron McCormick), Featured Actress (Juanita Hall) and Direction (Joshua Logan).
  • Bob Fosse has won the most Tony Awards for choreography, eight, and one more for direction. Choreography: The Pajama Game (1955), Damn Yankees (1956), Redhead (1959), Little Me (1963), Sweet Charity (1966), Pippin (1973), Dancin' (1978), and Big Deal (musical) (1986). Direction: Pippin (1973).
  • The musicals that fared most poorly on Tony night were Chicago (1976) and Steel Pier (1997), both of which received 11 nominations but won no awards. Coincidentally, both shows have scores by John Kander and Fred Ebb. Chicago competed against A Chorus Line, which dominated the musical categories with nine awards. Steel Pier saw several of its nominations lose to the revival of Chicago which, on its second outing, took home six awards. The play Indiscretions (1995), was not far behind, being nominated for nine awards and winning none.
  • While several performers have won Tonys for roles that have involved cross dressing, only two have won for performing in roles in which the character is actually a member of the opposite sex: Mary Martin in the title role of Peter Pan (1955) and Harvey Fierstein as Edna Turnblad in Hairspray (2003).
  • Only a handful of shows have won the triple crown of design awards; Tony Awards for Best Scenic Design, Best Costume Design, and Best Lighting Design: Follies (1972), The Phantom of the Opera (1988), The Lion King (1998), The Producers (2001), The Light in the Piazza (2005) and The Coast of Utopia (2007). Oliver Smith is the scenic designer with the most Tony Awards, eight: My Fair Lady (1957), West Side Story (1958), The Sound of Music (1960), Becket (1961), Camelot (1961), Hello, Dolly! (1964) and Baker Street (1965), as well as a special Tony Award (1965). Jules Fisher is the lighting designer with the most Tony Awards, eight: Pippin (1973), Ulysses in Nighttown (1974), Dancin' (1978), Grand Hotel: the Musical (1990), The Will Rogers Follies (1991), Jelly's Last Jam (1992), with Peggy Eisenhauer, Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk (1996), and Assassins (2004). He has received 19 nominations as a lighting designer and one as a producer, of Dancin'.

Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ... This article is about the 2001 stage musical. ... The Coast of Utopia is a 2002 trilogy of plays by Tom Stoppard, focused on the philosophical debates in pre-revolutionary Russia between 1833 and 1866. ... The History Boys is a six-time Tony Award winning play (and later movie) by English playwright Alan Bennett. ... For other uses, see Death of a Salesman (disambiguation). ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... Company is a musical with a book by George Furth and music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. ... This article is about the musical. ... A Little Night Music is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler. ... For other uses, see Sweeney Todd (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musical production. ... Pasión es una obra musical que se estreno en Broadway en 1994, adaptada de la película de Ettore Scola Passione dAmore que, a su vez , se basa en la novela de Igino Tarchetti Fosca. Con libreto de James Lapine y música y letras de Stephen Sondheim. ... Actress Julie Harris photo taken by Carl Van Vechten 1952 Julie Harris (born Julia Ann Harris on December 2, 1925 in Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan) is an American actress. ... Amanda Michael Plummer (born March 23, 1957 in New York, New York) is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning American actress. ... Dana Ivey (born August 14, 1942) is an American actress. ... Kate Burton (born on 10 September 1957 in Geneva, Switzerland) is an American actress. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... Bob Fosse, early promotional image Bob Fosse (June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was a musical theater choreographer and director. ... The Pajama Game is a musical based on the novel 7-1/2 Cents by Richard Bissell. ... Damn Yankees is a musical comedy, a modern retelling of the Faust legend set during the 1950s (when the New York Yankees dominated Major League Baseball), in Washington, D.C., with a script by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and music and lyrics by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross. ... // Redhead (Musical) Redhead is a Broadway musical set in London in the 1880s, around the time of Jack the Ripper. ... Sweet Charity, based on Federico Fellinis screenplay for Nights of Cabiria, is a musical directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse, with music by Cy Coleman, lyrics by Dorothy Fields, and book by Neil Simon. ... Pippin is a stage musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Roger O. Hirson. ... Dancin is a Broadway musical directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse. ... Chicago is a Kander and Ebb musical set in prohibition era Chicago. ... Steel Pier is a musical written by the songwriting team of Kander and Ebb. ... John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927 in Kansas City, Missouri) is the American composer of a series of musical theatre successes as part of the songwriting team of Kander and Ebb. ... Fred Ebb (April 8, 1933 - September 11, 2004) was a musical theatre lyricist. ... A Chorus Line is a musical with a book by James Kirkwood, Jr. ... Mary Virginia Martin (b. ... Harvey Forbes Fierstein (born June 6, 1952 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Jewish Tony Award-winning and Emmy Award-winning [1] American actor, playwright, and screenwriter. ... Categories: Korean War people | People stubs ... Jules Fisher (born November 12, 1937) in Norristown, Pennsylvania is a prolific, award-winning, lighting designer and producer. ...

References in media

In the Seinfeld episode The Summer of George, Jerry and Kramer are at the Tonys and Kramer is seen carrying a Tony for the fictional play, Scarsdale Surprise, that he took along with him. Unfortunately, after a beatdown by Raquel Welch, his Tony is smashed to bits. The Summer of George is the 156th episode of the sitcom Seinfeld. ... Jo Raquel Tejada (born September 5, 1940), best known by her stage name Raquel Welch, is an American actress who reached fame during the 1960s. ...


References

  1. ^ The League of American Theatres and Producers was renamed "The Broadway League" [1]
  2. ^ Tony Homepage and "About the Tonys: Who We Are"
  3. ^ Tony Awards Rules and Regulations for 2006-07 season
  4. ^ The American Theatre Wing Tony Awards - Official Website
  5. ^ Tony Homepage
  6. ^ Tony Awards Rules and Regulations for 2006-07 season
  7. ^ "playbill.com" article, Feb. 7, 2008, ASK PLAYBILL.COM: Broadway or Off-Broadway—Part I
  8. ^ History of Tony categories
  9. ^ Okrent, Daniel. "There's No Business Like Tony Awards Business", The New York Times, May 9, 2004. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. (English) 
  10. ^ Did You Know, Official Tony Website

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Drama Desk Awards are awards given by the organization Drama Desk to honor New York City theater performers, both in Broadway shows but also off-Broadway as well. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... The Obie Awards, short for Off-Broadway Theater Awards, are annual awards bestowed by the newspaper The Village Voice on theater artists performing in New York City. ... The New York Drama Critics Circle is comprised of nineteen drama critics from daily newspapers, magazines, and wire services based in the New York City metropolitan area. ... The Theatre World Award is an American honor given annually to an actor or an actress in recognition of an outstanding breakout performance in their New York City stage debut. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Off-Broadway plays or musicals are performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway, productions. ... Off-Off-Broadway refers to theatrical productions including plays, musicals or performance art pieces performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway productions or off-Broadway productions. ... The Society of London Theatre (previously The Society of West End Theatre) is an umbrella organization for West End theatre in London. ... These artists achieved the rare feat of winning Academy (or Oscar), primetime Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards, the four major awards of American show business. ...

External links

The 1st Tony Awards were held on April 6, 1947 in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. ... The 21st Annual Tony Awards was the ceremonys inaugural broadcast on network television. ... The 40th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS television on June 1, 1986 from the Minskoff Theatre. ... The 41st Annual Tony Awards (1987) was broadcast by CBS television on June 7, 1987 from the Mark Hellinger Theatre. ... The 42nd Tony Awards were hosted by Angela Lansbury and broadcast live on CBS on Sunday, June 5, 1988, from the Minskoff Theatre on Broadway in New York City. ... The 50th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from the Majestic Theatre on June 2, 1996. ... The 51st Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from Radio City Music Hall on June 1, 1997; Launching the Tonys was telecast on PBS television . ... The 52nd Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from Radio City Music Hall on June 7, 1998; a documentaries segment was telecast on PBS television . ... The 53rd Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from the Gershwin Theatre on June 6, 1999; The First Ten awards ceremony was telecast on PBS television. ... The 54th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from Radio City Music Hall on June 4, 2000; The First Ten awards ceremony was telecast on PBS television. ... The 55th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS from Radio City Music Hall on June 3, 2001; The First Ten awards ceremony was telecast on PBS television . ... The 56th Annual Tony Awards (2002) was broadcast by CBS from Radio City Music Hall on June 2, 2002; The First Ten awards ceremony was telecast on PBS television . ... The 57th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS television from Radio City Music Hall on June 3, 2003. ... The 58th Annual Tony Awards were held June 6, 2004 at Radio City Music Hall and broadcast on CBS television. ... The 59th Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS television from Radio City Music Hall on June 5, 2005. ... The 60th Annual Tony Awards took place at Radio City Music Hall on June 11, 2006. ... The 61st Annual Antoinette Perry Tony Awards, celebrating Broadways best, took place on June 10, 2007, at Radio City Music Hall. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tony Award - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (275 words)
The Tony Shalhoub Awards for doing some stuff and not totally sucking at it, also known as the Tony Awards, recognizes individuals who do stuff and don't totally suck at it.
The Tony Awards are considered the OSCAR or GRAMMY of the gay community, although Tony himself is a Heterosexual.
In fact there is only one category that Tony does not award himself the winner in year after year, and thats The Most Likely to Marry Nathan Lane.
Tony Award - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1213 words)
Awarded by a panel of approximately 700 judges from various areas of the industry and press, it is generally regarded as the theatre's equivalent to the Oscars, Grammys and Emmys.
The award was founded in 1947 by a committee of theatrical producers headed by Brock Pemberton, but not until the third awards ceremony in 1949 was the first Tony medallion actually given to award winners.
Eligibility for the awards is restricted to shows playing in Broadway theaters during the season in question; these theaters are defined not strictly by their proximity to Broadway, but by their seating capacity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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