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Encyclopedia > Tonka bean

The tonka bean is the seed of Dipteryx odorata, a legume tree in the neotropics, of the Fabaceae family. The seed is black and wrinkled in appearance, with a smooth brown interior. It is known mostly for its fragrance, which is reminiscent of vanilla, almonds, cinnamon, and cloves: it has sometimes been used commercially as a substitute for vanilla. It is also sometimes used in perfume and is commonly used in tobacco. A ripe red jalapeno cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Species Dipteryx alata Dipteryx lacunifera Dipteryx magnifica Dipteryx micrantha Dipteryx odorata Dipteryx oleifera Dipteryx polyphylla Dipteryx punctata Dipteryx rosea Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Varieties of soybean seeds, a popular legume Pea pods The term legume has two closely related meanings in botany, a situation encountered with many botanical common names of useful plants, whereby an applied name can refer to either the plant itself, or to the edible fruit (or useful part). ... A biogeographic region, that extends from Mexico southwards to Tierra del Fuego, and also includes the Caribbean islands. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... For other uses, see vanilla (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Prunus dulcis (Mill. ... Binomial name Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Cassia (Indonesian cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... Binomial name Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum, syn. ... Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell. ...


The seed contains coumarin, and for this reason its use in food is banned in the US by the FDA. Coumarin is an anti-coagulant and can be lethal in large doses. Many anti-coagulant prescription drugs are based on more powerful forms of coumarin. Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ... The United States Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, biologics and blood products in the United States. ...


To liberate the coumarin, the beans are processed by soaking in alcohol (rum) for 24 hours and drying, whereby a fermentation process takes place. Afterwards, the coumarin content may be as high as 10%. Coumarin crystals are visible under the epidermis of the seed. Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ... In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. ... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ... Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ...


The plant has its origin in Northern South America (Guyana, Orinoco region). Main producers today are Venezuela and also Nigeria. With a length of 2,410 km, the Orinoco is one of the largest rivers of South America, its drainage basin, known as Orinoquia is 880,000 km², 23. ...


The word tonka is taken from the Galibi (Carib) tongue spoken by natives of French Guiana; it also appears in Tupi, another language of the same region, as the name of the tree. The old genus name, Coumarouna, was formed from another Tupi name of the tonka tree, kumarĂș. The latter also lies behind the name of tonka's main constituent, coumarin. The Galibi were a Cariban-speaking people who lived in the Lesser Antilles and northern South America at the time of European settlement. ... Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ...


The use of tonka beans (which was never high), has further decreased, since coumarin is suspected to be poisonous and carcinogenic. In spite of its hypnotic fragrance, the spice does not get mentioned often in cookbooks. Some books suggest adding minute amounts of it to the dough of cakes or cookies; sweets based on coconut, walnuts or poppy are another possible field of application. Lastly, tonka beans are sometimes suggested as a substitute for bitter almonds, especially in countries where usage of bitter almonds is restricted or prohibited by national food laws. Tonka makes an even better substitute for the Middle Eastern mahaleb cherry kernels. It was formerly used as a flavouring in snuff. Coumarin is a chemical compound found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean, woodruff, and bison grass. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... This article is about the walnut tree. ... Poppy at High Wood Cemetery, France. ... This article refers to the plant. ...


External links

  • CFR Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations section prohibiting coumarin and tonka beans
  • Spice Pages: Tonka Beans

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tonka bean - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
The tonka bean is the seed of Dipteryx odorata, a legume tree in the neotropics, of the Fabaceae family.
The word tonka is taken from the Galibi (Carib) tongue spoken by natives of French Guiana; it also appears in Tupi, another language of the same region, as the name of the tree.
Lastly, tonka beans are sometimes suggested as a substitute for bitter almonds, especially in countries where usage of bitter almonds is restricted or prohibited by national food laws.
Tonka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (226 words)
Tonka is a brand of toy trucks popular in America, the United Kingdom and Australia.
Tonka was bought by Hasbro of Pawtucket, Rhode Island in 1991.
Tonka is also a plant that gives the tonka bean.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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