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Encyclopedia > Tongzhi Emperor
Tongzhi Emperor
Clan name: Aixin-Jueluo (愛新覺羅)
Aisin-Gioro
Given name: Zaichun (載淳)
Dzai Šun
Dates of reign: Nov. 11, 1861–Jan. 12, 1875
Era name: Tóngzhì (同治 ; T'ung-chih)
Yooningga Dasan
Era dates: Jan. 30, 1862–Feb. 5, 1875
Temple name: Muzong (穆宗)
Mudzung
Posthumous name:
(short)
Emperor Yi (毅皇帝)
Filingga hūwangdi
Posthumous name:
(full)
Emperor Jitian Kaiyun Shouzhong Juzheng Baoda Dinggong Shengzhi Chengxiao Xinmin Gongkuan Yi
繼天開運受中居正保大定功聖智誠孝信敏恭寬毅皇帝
General note: Names given in Chinese, then in Manchu (full posthumous name in Chinese only).

The Tong Zhi Emperor, born Zai Chun (April 27, 1856January 12, 1875) was the tenth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the eighth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1861 to 1875. Image File history File links 清穆宗同治皇帝朝服像.jpg‎ http://guangxu. ... Like the Mongols, the Manchus were simply called by given name but they had their own clan names (hala in Manchu). ... Aisin Gioro (Simplified Chinese: 爱新觉罗; Traditional Chinese: 愛新覺羅; Pinyin: àixÄ«n juéluó; Manchu: ) was the clan name of the Manchu emperors of the Qing dynasty (as well as the later short-lived regime in Manchukuo). ... Manchu given names were used solely or with titles but not with clan names. ... A Chinese era name (traditional Chinese: 年號, simplified Chinese: 年号, pinyin nían hào) is the era name, reign period, or regnal title used when traditionally numbering years in an emperors reign and naming certain Chinese rulers (see the conventions). ... Temple names (Traditional Chinese: 廟號 Simplified Chinese: 庙号 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Vietnamese (such dynasties as Tran,Anterior Lê and Nguyen Dynasty) and most Korean rulers of the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasties. ... A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... The Manchu language is a member of the Tungusic languages of Altaic family; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 100 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The emperor or huángdì (皇帝) of China was the head of government and head of state of China from the Qin dynasty in 221 BC until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MÇŽnzú, Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeast China). ... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; Pinyin: QÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, is a Chinese term for the Empire of the Great Qing (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: dàqÄ«ngguó), founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what...


The only surviving son of the Xian Feng Emperor and the Xiao Qin Empress (Ci Xi Dowager Empress), Tong Zhi attempted political reform in the period of the Tongzhi Restoration. His first reign name was Qi Xiang (祺祥), but this name was later abandoned by Cixi in favour of Tong Zhi, a contraction of the classical phrase Tong Gui Yu Zhi (同歸與治), which means "to reform/restore together a state of order", although it has been interpreted as "to rule the state with an united mother/son team" (母子同治天下), which fits the description, as his mother, the Ci Xi Dowager Empress, wielded the real power and ruled behind the scene. The traditional Chinese political phrase "attending audiences behind a curtain" (垂簾聽政), which had already been used earlier in Chinese history, was used to describe Dowager Cixi's rule through her son, the Tongzhi Emperor. The phrase can still be heard in contemporary Chinese politics sometimes. The Xianfeng Emperor (July 17, 1831 - August 22, 1861) was the eighth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861. ... The Ci Xi Imperial Dowager Empress (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Cíxǐ Tàihòu; Wade-Giles: Tzu-Hsi Huang Tai-hou) (November 29, 1835 – November 15, 1908), popularly known in China as the West Dowager Empress (Chinese: 西太后), the Nala Dowager Empress (Chinese: 那拉太后) and officially known posthumously as Empress Xiao... ...


Tongzhi became an emperor of the age of five when his father, the Xian Feng Emperor died. His birth mother, Dowager Cixi, his father's Empress, the Empress Dowager Ci'an, and his uncle, the Prince Gong, became regents after getting rid of the former regent, Su Shun. The Xianfeng Emperor (July 17, 1831 - August 22, 1861) was the eighth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861. ... The Ci Xi Imperial Dowager Empress (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Cíxǐ Tàihòu; Wade-Giles: Tzu-Hsi Huang Tai-hou) (November 29, 1835 – November 15, 1908), popularly known in China as the West Dowager Empress (Chinese: 西太后), the Nala Dowager Empress (Chinese: 那拉太后) and officially known posthumously as Empress Xiao... Empress Dowager Cian (zh: 慈安太后) (1837 - April 8, 1881), popularly known in China as the Eastern Empress Dowager (東太后), and officially known posthumously as Empress Xiaozhen Xian (孝貞顯皇后), was the empress consort of the Xianfeng Emperor (b. ... Prince Gong in official dress Prince Gong (Chinese: 恭親王; Wade-Giles: Prince Kung) (January 11, 1833 - May 29, 1898), commonly known in his days as the Sixth Prince (六王爺), was born Yixin (Chinese: 奕訢; Wade-Giles: I-hsin), of the Aisin-Gioro clan (the Qing Manchu imperial family ruling over China). ... Emperor Sushun (崇峻天皇) was the 32nd imperial ruler of Japan (587-592). ...


Tongzhi married Lady Alute from a Mongol clan and died of smallpox at the age of 18. He had no sons to succeed him. There are those who say Tongzhi died from STD, in particular, Syphilis (due to his alleged affairs with prostitutes outside of the palace), and that the smallpox diagnosis was given only because the mere discussions of STD in China is a taboo, even in present day. However, such an allegation cannot be substantiated with credible evidence. // The Jia Shun Empress Alute (Chinese: 嘉顺皇后阿鲁特氏 1854 - 1875 aka Empress Xiao Zhe Yi (Chinese: 孝哲毅皇后) was the Empress Consort of the Tong Zhi Emperor of China. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum. ...


His mothers, the two dowagers, resumed regency after appointing 1st Prince Chun's son, Guang Xu, his reigning title. 1st Prince Chun The 1st Prince Chun (Chinese: 醇賢親王, officially Prince of the First Rank Chun Xian) (October 16, 1840 - January 1, 1891), commonly known in his days as the Seventh Prince (七王爺) was born Yixuan (Chinese: 奕譞; Wade-Giles: I-hsüan), of the Manchu Aisin-Gioro clan (the Qing Dynasty imperial... The Guangxu Emperor (August 14, 1871–November 14, 1908), born Zaitian (載湉), was the tenth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the ninth Qing emperor to rule over China. ...


A few months after Tong Zhi's death, his wife, Jia Shun Empress, also died. It is said that she either committed suicide or that Cixi starved her to death by cutting her food supply. // The Jia Shun Empress Alute (Chinese: 嘉顺皇后阿鲁特氏 1854 - 1875 aka Empress Xiao Zhe Yi (Chinese: 孝哲毅皇后) was the Empress Consort of the Tong Zhi Emperor of China. ... Empress Dowager Cixi Empress Dowager Cixi (Chinese: 慈禧太后; Wade-Giles: Tzu-hsi) (November 29, 1835–November 15, 1908), popularly known in China as the Western Empress Dowager (西太后), and officially known posthumously as Empress Xiaoqin Xian (孝欽顯皇后), was a...


Family

  1. Empress Xiao Zhe Yi, (孝哲毅皇后) of the Alute clan (1854 - 1875)
  2. Shu Shen Imperial Noble Concubine, (淑慎皇贵妃) (1860 - 1905)
  3. Zhuang He Imperial Noble Concubine, (庄和皇贵妃) (1857 - 1921)
  4. Jing Yi Imperial Noble Concubine, (敬懿皇贵妃) (1856 - 1932)
  5. Rong Hui Imperial Noble Concubine, (荣惠皇贵妃) (1854 - 1933)
Qing dynasty
Born: April 27 1856; Died: January 12 1875
Preceded by:
The Xian Feng Emperor
Emperor of China
1861-1875
Succeeded by:
The Guang Xu Emperor

 
 

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