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Encyclopedia > Tongan pa'anga

The pa'anga (or Tongan dollar) is the currency of the Kingdom of Tonga. It is controlled by National Reserve Bank of Tonga (Pangike Pule Fakafonua 'o Tonga) in Nuku'alofa. The pa'anga is not convertible and pegged to a basket of currencies comprising the Australian, New Zealand, and United States dollars and the Japanese yen. Nukualofa, population 21,300 (1986), is the capital of Tonga. ...


One pa'anga equals one hundred seniti, the ISO code is TOP and the usual abbreviation is T$ (¢ for seniti). In Tonga the pa'anga is referred to in English just as dollar and the seniti as cent. There is also the unit of hau (1 hau = 100 pa'anga), but this is not used in every day life and can only be found on commemorative coins of higher denominations.


As of May 2005, €1 is equivalent to about T$2.41.

Contents


Name and history

The name pa'anga derives from bean-shaped playing pieces. When the crew of the Port-au-Prince sank their ship in 1806 to prevent it from being taken by the attacking Tongans, Finau 'Ulukalala, chief of Ha'apai, could not find any valuables in the remains and decided to burn it down. It was later that William Mariner, the only survivor of this attack, told him that the pieces of metal resembling pa'anga were of great value. 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


When Tonga introduced decimal currency, it decided not to call the main unit the dollar because the native word, tola, translated into a pig's snout, the soft end of a coconut, or, in vulgar language, a mouth. Pa'anga, on the other hand, translated into money. Decimal currency is the term used to describe any currency for which the ratio between the basic unit of currency and its sub-unit is a power of 10. ... The dollar (represented by the dollar sign: $) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies and other regions. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Sagittal section of nose mouth, pharynx, and larynx. ...


Mariner also passed down the following statement of Finau 'Ulukalala:

If money were made of iron and could be converted into knives, axes and chisels there would be some sense in placing a value on it; but as it is, I see none. If a man has more yams than he wants, let him exchange some of them away for pork. [...] Certainly money is much handier and more convenient but then, as it will not spoil by being kept, people will store it up instead of sharing it out as a chief ought to do, and thus become selfish. [...] I understand now very well what it is that makes the papalangis [white men] so selfish — it is this money!

Bank notes

Bank notes come in denominations of one, two, five, ten, twenty and fifty pa'anga. The obverse is held in Tongan language and shows the portrait of King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV. The reverse is in English language and shows typical motive and landmarks of Tonga (for instance the Ha'amonga Maui Trilithon, the royal palace, the Tongan Development Bank and the Port of Vava'u). Tongan is an Austronesian language spoken in Tonga. ... King Taufaahau Tupou IV His Majesty King Taufaahau Tupou IV (born July 4, 1918) has been the king of Tonga since the death of his mother Salote Tupou III in 1965. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Coins

Coins come in denominations of one, two, five, ten, twenty and fifty seniti. On the 50¢, 20¢ and 10¢ coins you can again find the king's image. On the 5¢ coin shows a hen with chicks, the 2¢ coin the symbol of the United Nations program for planned families and the 1¢ coin corn. On the reverse you can find a plant and the writing Fakalahi me'akai (Tongan, "More food"); these plants are in declining order: tomatoes, yams, banana, coconuts, taro and vanilla. A specialty is the dodecagonal 50¢ coin (all other coins are round).


Beneath the coins mentioned above there are also some old T$1,T$2 and T$3 coins circulating, but these are considered to be collector's item.


Pictures of the bank notes

1 Pa'anga front
1 Pa'anga front
1 Pa'anga back
1 Pa'anga back
2 Pa'anga front
2 Pa'anga front
2 Pa'anga back
2 Pa'anga back
5 Pa'anga front
5 Pa'anga front
5 Pa'anga back
5 Pa'anga back
10 Pa'anga front
10 Pa'anga front
10 Pa'anga back
10 Pa'anga back

Description: 1 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 1 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 1 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 1 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 2 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 2 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 2 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 2 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 5 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 5 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 5 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 5 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 10 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 10 Paanga (TOP) bank note (front) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 10 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ... Description: 10 Paanga (TOP) bank note (back) Source: http://aes. ...

External links

  • National Reserve Bank of Tonga


Currencies of Asia and the Pacific
Central Afghan afghani | Kazakhstani tenge | Kyrgyzstani som | Mongolian tugrug | Russian ruble | Tajikistani somoni | Turkmenistani manat | Uzbekistani som
East Chinese renminbi | Hong Kong dollar | Japanese yen | Macanese pataca | North Korean won | South Korean won | New Taiwan dollar
South-East Brunei dollar | Cambodian riel | Indonesian rupiah | Lao kip | Malaysian ringgit | Myanmar kyat | Philippine peso | Singapore dollar | Thai baht | US Dollar (East Timor) | Vietnamese dong
South Bangladeshi taka | Bhutanese ngultrum | Indian rupee | Maldivian rufiyaa | Nepalese rupee | Pakistani rupee | Sri Lankan rupee
West Armenian dram | Azeri manat | Bahraini dinar | Egyptian pound | Georgian lari | Iranian rial | Iraqi dinar | New Israeli sheqel | Jordanian dinar | Kuwaiti dinar | Lebanese pound | Omani rial | Qatari riyal | Saudi riyal | Syrian pound | New Turkish lira | UAE dirham | Yemeni rial
Pacific Australian dollar (Kiribati, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Tuvalu) | CFP franc (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna) | Fijian dollar | New Zealand dollar (Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, Pitcairn Islands) | Papua New Guinean kina | Samoan tala | Solomon Islands dollar | Tongan pa'anga | US dollar (American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau) | Vanuatu vatu
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